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thy therand maketh them to drinke a pourgacion; whan they be pourged from thence she bringeth them into the vertues. How is this, quoth I ? I understād it not well yet. But thou shalt understande it, quoth he. In lykewyse as yf a man the whiche is verye sicke, cometh to a Phisicion, the Phisicion doth first by purgacion expell all those thinges that caused the sicknes: and so after restoreth the Pacient to his recovery and helth again. If the Pacient do not obey to those thinges the whíche the Phisicion comaundeth he should, not without a cause he is caste up of the Physicion and undooen by the syckenesse. This I understande (quoth I). Even in the same maner, quoth he, it is whan a man commeth to Learning, she cureth him and maketh 'bim drinke hir, vertue, first to purge him and to caste awaye all the evils the whiche he had whan he came to hir. What be those ? Ignoraunce and Errour, the whiche he drancke of Deceyte, and pryde also and arrogance, concupiscence, intemperaunce, furie, covetousnesse, and all other with whiche he was replenished in the first copasse. Then when he is pourged, whyther doeth she sende him? In (quoth he) to knowlage, and to other vertues. To whạt vertues ? Dooest thou not see (quoth he) within the gate a companye of women, the whiche seemę to be of good disposition and well ordred, having their apparell not gaie but symple, nor thei be not so trymme, nor so pickedly atA a 3

tired

Yea yf

tired as the other be. I see theim (quoth I) but what be theị called ? The first (quoth he) is called Knowlage, the other be hyr systers, Strength of minde, Justice, Goodnesse, Temperance, Sobernesse, Liberalitee, Continence and Mekenesse. O these be marvelous goodly, quoth 1, in how greate an hope be we nowe. ye understande, quoth he, and wyll roote in you by practyse those thynges, the whiche you heare. We shall assaie as diligently as we can quoth I. Than you shall bee safe, quoth he."

At the end of the volume we find

“ Imprinted at London in Fletestreete in the house late Thomas Berthelettes.

Cum privilegio."

There is no date.

The copy to which I have had access, formerly belonged to Mr. Herbert, but is now in the possession of Mr. Douce,

ORIGIN OF PRINTING.

THE book hereafter described is the most diminutive printed book I ever saw. The page is not more than two inches in length and one in breadth. It extends to one hundred and twenty-three pages. Except this, with the use of which I have been favoured by Mr. Douce, I know but of one other copy, which I believe is in the possession of Mr. Edwards, of Pall-mall.

The following is its title.

A SHOR'T ACCOUNT OF THE FIRST RISE AND PROGRESS OF PRINTING.

With a compleat List of the First Books that were printed

London. Printed for T. Parker, Jun. in Jewin Street." No date:

In Mr. Douce's copy some one has added in manuscript the date of 1703.

The book is full of inaccuracies, but I give a short extract.

“ After Mentz and Harlem, it (Printing) seems next of all to have been practised at Oxford: for by the care and at the charge of King Henry vi, and of Thomas Bourchier, then Archbishop of Canterbury and Chancellor or A a 4

the

the University of Oxford, Robert Turner, Master of the robe, and William Caxton a merchant of London, were for that purpose sent to Harlem at the expence partly of the King and partly of the Archbishop, who then (because these of Harlem were very careful of the Secret) prevailed privately with one Frederick Corseles an under Workman for a sum of money to come over hither, so that at Oxford Printing was first practised in England, which was before there was any printing press or printer 'in France, Italy, Venice or Germany, except only Menti, which claims seniority (in regard to printing) even of Harlem itself, calling herself Urbem Moguntinam Artis Typographicæ primam, though, it is known to be otherwise, that City gaining that art by the brother of one of the workmen of Harlem, who had learned it at home of his brother, and after set up for himself at Mentz.

The Press at Oxford was at least ten years before there was any printing in Europe (except at Harlem and Mentz), where also it was but new born. · The Press at Oxford was afterwards found inconvenient to be the only Printing place of England, and being too far from London and the Sea : whereupon the King set up a Press at St. Albans, and another in Westminster Abbey, where they printed several books of Divinity and Physic; for the King, for reasons

best

best known to himself and Council, permitted then no law-books to be printed, nor did any Printer exercise that art but only such as were the Kings sworn servants: the King himself having the price and emolument for Printing books. It

may be objected, that the year 1467 cannot bring it within the reign of Henry vs., who had been deposed six years before, but I answer that the manuscript does not assert the Dutch Printers came not into England till that Year, but that their Press was not set up till then, and though this happened in another reign, yet it will still be true that King Henry caused them to be brought over whilst he was upon the throne, though the civil Wars and his being deposed put a stop to their proceedings for six or seven years.

As for its complimenting the Archbishop with having been at the whole expence of the journey, it may be imputed to want of better information, or partiality to that Prelate, who might still be in great esteem under King Edward, whilst the good King Henry was striped of his loyal dignity and wholly neglected.

With respect to the two Printers that came from Harlem; the first is probably the same Theodoric Rood who printed afterwards by himself, and of whom we have but two editions 8

printed

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