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and fascinating. Smollett was gifted honour of the author's contemporaries with a keen sense of the comic and ludi- was fully recognized in his own day as crous, which he deftly used, while touches offensive, it is needless now to dwell. – of pathos also occur in his writings. - DOBSON, AUSTIN, 1894, Eighteenth Century

· MACKINTOSH, JOHN, 1878-83-96, The His- Vignettes, Second Series, p. 140. tory of Civilisation in Scotland, vol. IV, p. This charming work, with its multitu199.

dinous lights and shadows, its variety of It is worth while noticing that in “Hum- incident and character, and its easy and phrey Clinker” the veritable British picturesque style of narrative, besides poorly-educated and poor-spelling woman being one of the most mirth-provoking begins to express herself in the actual stories in the language, is a vivid portraidialect of the species, and in the letters ture of the times. Fielding's coarseof Mrs. Winifred Jenkins to her fellow ness belongs to his own time, and is maid-servant Mrs. Mary Jones at Bramble- incidental; Smollett's is ingrained and inton Hall, during a journey made by the herent. -AUBREY, W. H. S., 1896, The Rise family to the North, we have some very and Growth of the English Nation, vol. III, worthy and strongly-marked originals not only of Mrs. Malaprop and Mrs. Parting

POETRY AND DRAMAS ton, but of the immortal Sairey Gamp and of This ode [“Tears of Scotland.”] by Dr. scores of other descendants in Thackeray Smollett does rather more honour to the and Dickens, here and there. -LANIER, author's feelings than his taste. The SIDNEY, 1881, The English Novel, p. 185. mechanical part, with regard to numbers

At Pisa he was visited by Sir Horace and language, is not so perfect as so short Mann, who did what he could for him; a work as this requires; but the pathetic and among other work he wrote his charm- it contains, particularly in the last stanza ing novel of “Humphrey Clinker,” in but one, is exquisitely fine.-GOLDSMITH, which he has evidently figured himself OLIVER, 1767, The Beauties of English under the character of Matthew Bramble, Poetry. whom Hannay calls “the most credible The few poems which he has left have a specimen of the bourru bienfaisant in lit. portion of delicacy which is not to be erature.” The charm of the book lies in found in his novels: but they have not, its sweetness, which is the ripe product like those prose fictions, the strength of a of Southern influence combined with ill master's hand. Were he to live over health. -SCHUYLER, EUGENE, 1889-1901, again, we might wish him to write more Smollett in Search of Health, Italian Influ- poetry, in the belief that his poetical talences, p. 242.

ent would improve by exercise; but we Matthew Bramble and Obadiah Lisma- should be glad to have more of his novels hago, the 'squire's sister and her Metho- just as they are. ---CAMPBELL, THOMAS, dist maid, have passed permanently into 1819, Specimens of the British Poets. literature, and their places are as secure Of Smollett's poems much does not re. as those of Partridge and Parson Adams, main to be said. The “Regicide" is such of Corporal Trim and “my Uncle Toby. a tragedy as might be expected from a Not even the Malapropoism of Sheridan clever youth of eighteen. The language or Dickens is quite as riotously diverting, is declamatory, the thoughts inflated, and as rich in its unexpected turns, as that of the limits of nature and verisimilitude Tabitha Bramble and Winifred Jenkins, transgressed in describing the characters especially Winifred,who remains delightful and passions. Yet there are passages not even when deduction is made of the poor wanting in poetical vigour. His two and very mechanical fun extracted from satires have so much of the rough flavour the parody of her pietistic phraseology of Juvenal, as to retain some relish, now That it could ever have been considered that the occasion which produced them witty to spell "grace" "grease," and has passed away.

The "Ode to Independ“Bible" "byebill, "can only be explained ence," which was not published till after. by the indiscriminate hostility of the his decease, amid much of commonplace, earlier assailants of Enthusiasm. Upon has some very nervous lines. The personthis, as well as upon a particularly evil- ification itself is but an awkward one. The smelling taint of coarseness which, to the term is scarcely abstract and genera!

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enough to be invested with the attributes But if, to crown the labours of my Muse, of an ideal being. In the "Tears of Scot

Thou, inauspicious, should'st the wreath re

fuse, land," patriotism has made him eloquent and pathetic; and the “Ode to Leven

Whoe'er attempts it in this scribbling age

Shall feel the Scotish pow’rs of Critic rage. Water" is sweet and natural. None of

Thus spurn’d, thus disappointed of my aim, the other pieces except the "Ode to

I'll stand a bugbear in the road to Fame; Mirth,” which has some sprightliness of Each future minion's infant hopes undo, fancy, deserves to be particularly noticed. And blast the budding honours of his brow.” -CARY, HENRY FRANCIS, 1821-24-45, -SHAW, CUTHBERT, 1766, The Race. Lives of English Poets, ed. Cary, p. 145.

There was a third, somewhat posterior As a poet, though he takes not a very in time, not in talents, who was indeed a high rank, yet the few poems which he rough driver, and rather too severe to his has left have a delicacy which is not to cattle; but in faith he carried us at a be found in his novels.-CLEVELAND, merry pace, over land or sea; nothing CHARLES D., 1848, A Compendium of came amiss to him, for he was up to both English Literature, p. 607.

elements, and a match for nature in every The “Reprisal,” which appeared in shape, character, and degree; he was not 1757, stands alone in two respects in very courteous, it must be owned, for he Smollett's life. It was his only successful had a capacity for higher things, and was attempt to reach the stage, and it led to above his business; he wanted only a litthe soldering up of an old quarrel. The

tle more suavity and discretion to have plot of this two-act comedy may have

figured with the best. — CUMBERLAND, given Marryat the first idea of “The Three RICHARD, 1795, Henry, bk. ïïi. Cut ers,” and is worked up with no small He has published more volumes, upon liveliness. Its characters have a distinct

more subjects, than perhaps any other comic vis of a rather broad kind. The author of modern date; and, in all, he has sailors Lyon, Haulyard, and Block, are left marks of his genius. The greater good as Smollett’s sailors always were; part of his novels are peculiarly excellent. Oclabber and Maclaymore, the exiled Ja

He is nevertheless a hasty writer; when cobites in the French service, are first he affects us most, we are aware that he drafts of the immortal Lismahago. Like might have done more. In all his works most of Smollett's work in those years, of invention, we find the stamp of a this comedy has its touch of journalism.

mighty mind. In his lightest sketches, -HANNAY, DAVID, 1887, Life of Tobias there is nothing frivolous, trifling and George Smollett, p. 144.

effeminate. In his most glowing portraits, Except for some fiery passages, Smol

we acknowledge a mind at ease, rather lett's Regicide" is not of much account. essaying its powers, than tasking them. Smollett was constitutionally able to ex

We applauded his works; but it is with press anger, and there are indignant profounder sentiment that we meditate explosions in almost every scene, often

his capacity. The style of Smollett has very forcible, but without real feeling. never been greatly admired, and it is The persistent writing of irate lines made brought forward here merely to show in a fire in the author's ears, but his heart what manner men of the highest talents, remained untouched.-DAVIDSON, JOHN, and of great eminence in the belles letres, 1895, Sentences and Paragraphs, p. 46.

could write forty or fifty years ago.

GODWIN, William, 1797, of English Style, GENERAL

The Enquirer, p. 467. Next Smollett came. What author dare

Smollett had much penetration, though resist Historian, critic, bard, and novelist?

he is frequently too vulgar to please; but "To reach thy temple, honour'd Fame," he his knowledge of men and manners is uncried,

questionable. -MATHIAS, THOMAS JAMES, “Where, where's an avenue I have not tried? 1798, The Pursuits of Literature, Eighth But since the glorious present of to-day ed., p. 59. Is meant to grace alone the poet's lay, My claim I wave to every art beside,

There is a vein in Smollett-a Scotch And rest my plea upon the Regicide.

vein—which is always disgusting to people with delicacy; but it is enough to

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