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pastors entirely depending upon private contributions. The established clergy would then be like professors in the universities, who have salaries from the state, and who likewise receive fees from those who attend their lectures. But though there should be in every state an established religion, that should not entitle those who profess it to any peculiar political privileges. In this respect, all sects should be upon the same footing

My reason for dwelling so much on this subject is, the infinite importance of religion. Man is the only being on the face of the earth who can be called religious, or who can form an idea of a Spirit who created and governs the universe, before whom he is afterwards to appear, and to whom he is accountable for all his actions. What a pre-eminence does not this give to the human species over all other creatures by whom this world is inhabited ? How despicable and ridiculous the idea, that man, who is so fearfully and wonderfully made, has sprung from an accidental combination of atoms, that he is not obliged to any superior being for his existence, and that, when his life terminates, he perishes for ever!

6. A belief in the existence of a Divine Being necessarily inculcates the necessity of worshipping him, and, from the remotest antiquity, every seventh day has, in various countries, been fixed upon for that purpose. That we should abstain from our common labours on that day, and make it a day of rest from secular occupations, is, in every point of view, highly useful. In every age and country, the observance of a Sabbath ever has been, and ever must be, the great support of religion and virtue among mankind; and no practice can be more advantageous to human society, than to assemble, in a place appropriate to public worship, every seventh day, and to dedicate it to social and religious purposes.

7. The last point I shall venture to touch upon, I do with great reluctance; but it is well known, that in republican governments, the services of those who are placed in public stations are, in general, very inadequately paid while they hold those offices, and that there is afterwards no subsidiary remuneration. This is not only a cruel, but it seems to me a very impolitic system. It restricts the great offices of the state to those who, after being deprived of their employments, are able to support themselves on their private fortunes. It has been said, indeed, that some of these have been reduced, in their old age, to the greatest pecuniary difficulties, without any imputation of extravagance. If I were an American, I should say, “ This ought not to be ;” and I should, with great deference, beg to suggest, that persons who have held the highest offices of state, in the great empire of America, should be entitled, during their lives, to one-third, or even to one-half of the salary they enjoyed, as a public benefaction for the services they have performed to their fellowcitizens.

I hope that the good people of the United States of America will excuse the liberty I have taken in submitting these hints to their candid consideration, as it could only have originated from an anxious wish to promote their permanent prosperity, which I consider to be of peculiar importance to the human race, as an example to other nations.

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As I visited France on three different occasions, my account of it might have been extended to several volumes ; but so many details of travels in that country have been already published by British subjects, that I think it advisable to suppress many observations which otherwise I should

probably have inserted.

I.

TOUR IN 1775.

My first excursion was taken soon after I came of age, with the view of accompanying, to the south of France, for the recovery of his health, a younger brother, (Lieutenant James Sinclair,) to whom I was much attached. After visiting Paris we went to Dijon, and thence by Avignon to Aix en Provence, to which we were recommended as salutary for his complaints.

We were much delighted with the gaiety and good humour which seemed every where to characterise the peasantry. One trait occurred at a village in Burgundy, which I still recollect with pleasure : Observing some grotesque

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