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pleasure to receive any of your friends who may visit this country, and to shew them all the attention in my power. I recollect, with great interest, the connection which exists between us; and regret much, that, while in England, I had not the pleasure of cultivating a more intimate personal acquaintance with you, in consequence of your engagements at that period in Scotland. With great respect and regard, I am, Dear Sir John, sincerely yours,

James MONROE.

VI.

WILLIAM PINKNEY, ESQ. MINISTER FROM THE UNITED

STATES OF AMERICA TO GREAT BRITAIN.

It is a maxim in the American government, to send none but their ablest men on diplomatic missions ; and amongst these Mr Pinkney was eminently distinguished. I had great pleasure in a friendly intercourse with him, and the following letters are a sufficient proof on what friendly terms we corresponded.

No. 1.

London, October 7. 1808. DEAR SIR, I have had the honour to receive your letter of the 3d instant, and will, without delay, communicate the object of it to the Secretary of State, for the purpose of being made known to the President.

It cannot but give him pleasure to promote the interests of agriculture in every part of the world, and especially here; and I am persuaded, that an intimation having that tendency will need, to his enlightened mind, no recommendation. If any recommendation were necessary, I know of none that would be more likely to be effectual than yours; and I shall, accordingly, in my letter, make use of your name.

I need not say how cordially I join in your wish, that the intercourse between our countries may be speedily revived.

Mr Hall is much indebted to you, as very many of his countrymen (and none more than myself) have been, for your kindness.

I beg you to be assured of the sincerity, of the respect, and esteem, with which I have the honour to be, Dear Sir, your faithful humble servant,

WM. PINKNEY.

No. 2.

London, December 5. 1808. DEAR SIR, One of my young countrymen, (Mr Robert Walsh), for whom I have a particular regard, is on a visit to Edinburgh, where he intends to pass part of the winter. Will you permit me to introduce him to you, and to recommend him to your kindness?

I can assure you, that he is deservedly valued by all who know him, for the goodness of his heart, and for those various attainments in useful and ornamental knowledge, which are so emphatically in their place in the charming society of your capital.

I am sure that I do not yield too much to the partiality and friendship when I say, that to a highly cultivated taste for literature and the arts, this gentleman unites a rich and vigorous understanding, an elegant and ardent genius, and the best disposition in the world.

With England, Ireland and France, he is already well acquainted; but he very justly considers, that he has done nothing while Scotland remains to be seen and studied.

He is, of course, ambitious of being known to you; and he pays me the compliment of supposing, that my introduction will be no disadvantage to his reception.

I beg you to excuse the liberty I venture to take with you, and to believe me to be, with the greatest respect and the most sincere esteem, Dear Sir, your faithful and obedient servant,

WM. PINKNEY.

VII.

RICHARD RUSH.

From my correspondence with the father, the celebrated Dr Rush, I took an early opportunity to offer my services to the son, when he arrived in England, more especially as he was accompanied by his lady, who was an excellent specimen of the American female character. I do not recollect, indeed, having spent a pleasanter day, than when they visited us, at Ormly Lodge, on Ham Common. He was in appearance quite the republican, wearing his owị hair, unpowdered, even when he went to court; but his manners were in the highest degree polite, courteous and agreeable, and his correspondence was equally distinguished by its politeness.

His first communication was as follows:

Mr Rush presents his compliments to Sir John Sinclair, and begs to acknowledge the receipt of his obliging note of the 9th of this month, inclosing a letter for the President of the United States, which Mr R. will have great pleasure in forwarding by an early opportunity to America.

Mr R. is greatly sensible to the kind intentions which Sir John is so good as to express towards him; and at some future day, when he may be able to command the leisure, knows of few things that would yield him so much pleasure as the opportunity of visiting Ormly Lodge.

London, April 12. 1818.

It was July before he could conveniently pay us a visit in the country, when he wrote me, that if Friday the 24th of July, was convenient for Lady Sinclair and myself, it would give Mrs Rush and him more than a common gratification to pass

it with us. The following communication, introducing his friend Mr Weeks, shows the friendly terms on which we corresponded :

London, June 15. 1821, 51. Baker Street. DEAR SIR John, Mr Weeks, a citizen of the United States, of great respectability and worth, intending to be present at the Holkham sheep-shearing this season, I have led him to believe it probable that he may meet you there. Should this be the case, he will have the honour to hand you this letter; and as one of his objects in coming abroad is to see and hear what appertains to good agriculture, I have told him, and he himself knows, how much he would lose, should no opportunity be offered to him of making your acquaintance. Permit me, therefore, to commend him to your kind conversation and auspices during the Holkham festival.

With a full sense of your many past kindnesses to me, I remain, Dear Sir, with very cordial respect and esteem, your most faithful and obedient servant,

RICHARD Rush.

VIII.

COUNT RUMFORD.

From similarity of pursuits, I had contracted a cordial friendship with Count Rumford, a well-known native of America. He was a man of an ardent mind, which enabled him to conquer many difficulties ; and by his inquiries regarding the proper application of heat, he introduced many useful discoveries, which will find their way to many countries, even where the name of the inventor may remain unknown.

Among a number of communications, the following is one of the most important, as it exhibits the distinguished philosopher, placed at the head of an army in a foreign country, yet anxious to withdraw from active life, and to resume the more pleasing employment of scientific investigation.

Munich, 16th October 1796. I thank you, my dear Sir John, for your friendly letter, which I have just received. I am glad your new kitchen answers your expectations, and hope it will be imitated. I ought to have begun my letter by acquainting you, that immediately on my arrival here from England, I delivered to the Elector the diploma you sent him; and that I had it in charge from his most Serene Highness, to express to you his thanks for your attentions to him. He appeared to me to be much pleased at being chosen a member of your Board, and will, I am confident, have great satisfaction in contributing as much as possible to the success of your laudable undertakings. I have projected several new experiments, from the results of which I hope to get some new light with respect to vegetation and nutrition; but I am at present so much employed with business of a very different kind, (the command of the Bavarian army), that I have no leisure to give to my favourite pursuits. But as the alarms which were the occasion of my being called upon to take the command in chief of the Bavarian troops, have subsided since the French armies have left our neighbourhood, I hope soon to be able to put up my sword, and resume the more pleasing occupations of science and philosophical experiment.

Wishing you much success in your endeavours to promote the prosperity of mankind, by the introduction of useful improvements, I am, my Dear Sir John, with unfeigned regard and esteem, your affectionate and most obedient servant,

RUMFORD.

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