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aggerating the errors of other men, First of all, I would observe, or by palliating our own. Cbris- that i he decrees of the old councils, tian love is the only talisman that by which the intermarrying of orcan gain access to the hearts of thodox and heretics are prohibited; our deluded brethren of the Ro. are by no means applicable to mish Church, whether on the con- marriages between Catholics and tinent or nearer home. Let our Protestants; as the latter cannot missionaries, and societies, and be be classed among heretics, either nevolent individuals of all classes, according to the doctrine of the go forth to this " battle of the Bible, or according to the genuine Lord," clad not in human panoply, principles of Catholicism, or acbut with meekness, righteousness, cording to the cunonical law. Noand truth ; distributing the Scrip- thing but the most unchristian artures, educating the poor, comfort- rogance of some Catholic divines ing the afflicted, instructing the can apply to them that odious ignorant," becoming all things to epithet. all men, if by any means they may “ 1. According to the doctrine save some." We commence at the of the Bible, those only are to be wrong end when we begin with considered as heretics, who have disputing about transubstantiation, forsaken their faith in Christ. or ibe seven sacraments, or Catho. (2 Pet. ii. 1; Tit. iii. 10.) The Ro. lic emancipation, or holy water, or man Catechism calls them, in the any similar subject of interminable answer to the third question, ildebate. Let us aim rather at in. legitimate false brethren, who have eulcating devout and heavenly prin- adulterated the Gospel.' But where eiples, " as they are able to bear have the Protestants been guilty of ibem.” Let us endeavour to dif- that crime? fuse among our Catholic brethren “ 2. It may be clearly proved, a fervent love for the Saviour, a that nothing more is required of a penitential and exclusive depen- Christian to ascertain the purity of dence upon his all-sufficient sacri. his faith, than his adherence to the fice, a desire to obey bis commands apostolical creed. and to live 10 his glory. In the " (1.) This is called by Irenzas, excellent spirit of Mr. Jowett's the immoveable rule of truth, missionary sermon, let us exlibit (regula veritatis immobilis); and ourselves to the members of the Hilarius, in still stronger terms, rePapal Church, not as acrimonious presents it as the first and only polemics, but as sincere, zealous, evangelical creed' (prima et sola affectionate Christians, who can evangelicn fides). bear many provocations, and per- “(2.) It is the general opinion of severe with gentleness and patience, all the Catholic doctors, i hat this not for any party purpose, but with apostolical creed is the substance a disinterested view to their spiri- of all those doctrines, which, actual benefit. Let us gladly meet, cording to Divine appointment, instead of repelling, any advance are essential to the salvation of one towards a muinal explanation and and all; whereas salvation is not understanding. We need not, we lost by ignorance of all the other dare not, concede any point of faith articles of faith. And this coinor duty; but we may and ought cides with the doctrine of the to exemplify that Christian affec- fathers, by whom the apostolical tion which leaves a secretly favour- creed is considered the pleniable impression on the minds of tode of faith, the soul of all revemen, even where it is most sturdi- tation, the gate of salvation, the ly repelled ; and which, " if it can- indissoluble covenant with God, pot reconcile all understandings, the seal and the mark of genuine endeavours at least to unite all Christianity.' (Augustine.) hearts,"
P. T. “ (3.) The Roman Pontifical, in the chapter which prescribes re- no means to be classed among be. gulations respecting-ilie re-admis- retics. sion of apostates or schismatics, " The same canonical law bas does not demand more of them, these remarkable words: Whether than their reception of the Apo- an immoral Catholic ought to be stolic Creed.
held in higher esteem than a here“ (4.) The Council of Treut tic, who, with the exception of his styles this creed the fundamental beresy, is blameless in his life and principle, in which necessarily all conduct, is a point upon which we anite who have adopted the Chris. would not venture to give a precitian faith, nay the only and firm pitate opinion. fundamental doctrine. If then “ From these canonical state. this creed constitutes and compre- ments, to which many more might hends the true substance, the ker- be added, it clearly appears, that pel of Christianity, its fundamental heresy essentially includes the idea and distinguishing doctrines; if it of obstinacy, and a tendency to is the soul and seal of genuine introduce and to establish in the Christian faith ; those only deserve church, in defiance of every opto have the name of heretics inflicto portunity to receive better instruced on them, who reject the doc- tion, a doctrine contrary to the trines which it sets forth. But spirit of Catholic Christianity. But wheo or where have the Protestants, can it be laid to the charge of in one single point, departed from Protestants, that they intentionally them? They ought therefore not maintain religious errors, that they to be confounded with those here. wantonly resist the truth, and re. tics against whom earlier synods ject better ioformation? They dif. published their prohibitory laws of fer indeed, in several opinions and matrimony. For those only were doctrinal points, from the Roman reprobates who 'adulterated the Catholic Church. But who dares Gospel, and rejected the Aposto. to assert, that they contradict her lical Creed ; which, on the con. doctrines from wicked obstinacy, trary, is held in holy reverence by and not rather from sincere moall true Protestants, as well as the tives, and on account of arguments, Scripture itself.
which even Catholics cannot con"3. The principles distinctly laid fate without having recourse to all down in the canonical law of the the energies of coutroversial skill, Catholic Church, do not permit us and the aculeness of solid erudi. to apply the name of heretic to tion. Even be is not a heretic, Protestants. For there it is said: who, seeking truth, falls into an The Apostle commands to reject error; for not error, but pride and a man that is a heretic, after the obstioacy, constitute the heretic. first and second admonition; know. The wicked only is guilty before ing that he that is such, is subvert. God: lie that entertains an error ed aud sianeth, being condemned in an honest iniud, has nothing to of himself. But, thus it goes on, fear from God, and is our brother.' Such as do not assert with proud (Words of a German Catholic caobstinacy their opinion, though it suist.) be wrong and erroneous, (especi- “ Thus, it has been proved from ally if their obstinacy do not arise the canonical law of the Catholic from their own distracted brain, Church also, that the title of Herebut originates with their parents, tic cannot with any propriety be who have been carried away by applied to the Protestants;
and that error), but who, on the cootrary, it is only to be considered as the seek truth with candid solicitude, effect of an unchristian spirit of and are ready to forsake their error, persecution, if it is extended to whenever they discover .it, are by them by some Catholic divines."
REVIEW OF NEW PUBLICATIONS.
1. An Inquiry into the Infidelity stem the torrent of infidelity, and
of the Present Times. By the to confirm ihę faith of the sincere Rev. JOHN RAMSAY, A. M. believer. Many of the publica.
Edinburgh. 1821. 8vo. pp. 40. tions to which we allude are well 2. Report to the County of Lanark, calculated to effect both these ob
of a Plan of relieving Public jects, and even those which disDistress, and removing Dis- play least vovelly of argument, content, by giving permanent may, iu their sphere and measure, productive Employment to the have been found serviceable to ibe Poor and Working Classes; un- interests of religion; nor shall their der Arrangements which will es- benevolent and pious authors lose sentially improve their Character their reward. Still the majority of and ameliorate their Condition. them may be viewed as chiefly epheBy ROBERT Owen. Glasgow. meral productions, which, having 1821. 4to. pp. 80.
answered their immediale end, will 3. Hints for conducting Sunday- agajo give place to those standard
Schools; useful also for Day- works which form our regular ChrisSchools and Families ; compiled lian classics upon this branch of by the Committee of the Sunday- divinity, School Society for Ireland. Se- We have however thought, that cond Edition. Dubliu. 1819. though it would not be practicable Hvo. pp. 132.
for us to report upon the numerous
works which have lately been puThe number of sermons, tracts, blished to oppose the advances of essays, reports of societies, ma- infidelity, there is an inquiry closegazines, and miscellaneous pain- ly connected with the subject, phlets, which have issued from the which it is very important to bring presses of the United Kingdom, in before the public ;- -We mean what consequence of the lale alarm re- are the peculiar causes which have specting the increase of infidelity rendered such publications necesand blasphemy, has formed a very sary. Till these causes are underconsiderable portion of the literary stood and seriously weighed, litile, productions of the last three or indeed nothing etfectual, can be four years. We bad at ove time hoped for by way of remedy. The thought of collecting a tolerably recent public alarm seems nearly copious list of these publications, to have subsided; but it does not and presenting our readers with a follow that the same general causes digest of the principal ones; but of infidelity do not still remain, or have abstained from ihe task, part that they are not as potent as ever ly because our limits would not 10 produce the same effects. The have allowed of our devoting so relative changes in the state of the much space as would have been country, the legislative measures *necessary to do justice lo so many adopted at the close of the year authors; and partly because, with 1819 for bridling mischievous few exceptions, the general sub- publications, the exertions of wellstance of their publications inay disposed individuals and charitable be found in most of our standard societies, with the continued proworks on the evidences of Christi- 'gress of religious education, may anity. We mean pot by this re. for the present have skinned over mark to undervalue the zeal, or dis- the wound: but the fountain of all parage the exertions, of those who this blasphemy and sedition, whathave thus laudably endeavoured to ever it may be, is not dried up; nor perhaps are its actual streams much entitled, " An Inquiry into the less abundant than they were two Causes of the Infidelity of the preor three years ago, though they sent Times," by the Rev. J. Ramglide on their noisome way without say; to which we have subjoined exciting the same public outcry as two other publications, which will at first. The seeds of infidelity, so either negatively or positively sugprodigally sown, cannot, we fear, gest some useful biuts respecting have laia inert: The crop is silently the proper cure. We purpose to growing up, and may be found ripe give an outline of Mr. Ramsay's for the barvest when least expected. pamphlet, with a few passing re
If the late success, such as it marks of our own; not so much, was, of the efforts of profane and lowever, by way of discussing the infidel writers had arisen from any question on the present occasion, dearth of suitable books and tracis as with a view to shew its magni. on the evidences of Christianity, tude, and to furnish a few hints the numerous and excellent puh- which our readers may improve lications wbich have recently ap- upon at their leisure. We may peared on this subject would have possibly, at some future opportuniamply supplied the deficiency, and ty, endeavour to go more at length infidelity must have shrunk back into the inquiry; for it well deserves to her caverns and buried herself the most serious attention of every in guilty concealment. Or, if the friend to religion, and morality, and .want of due circulation for such
the public welfare. tractates among the poor bad been The first and fundamental cause the sole or chief cause of the evil, which Mr. Ramsay assigns for the tbe strenuous and praise-worthy infidelity of the present times, is exertions of individuals and socie. " the depravity of the human ties to give publicity to these anti- heart." From this polluted foundotes. must surely have supplied tain proceed all those streams of such a defect. But though anti-in- wickedness which overflow the fidel societies of various kinds exist, land; and till we go to the source and anti infidel books are widely of the evil, all atteinpts at refordistributed, the hydra is not slain : mation will be fruitless. ". This is ils venom is in reality as deadly as the condemnation, that light is ever; and the effects of it, we fear, come into the world, but men loved are rapidly spreading, not only in darkness rather than light, because our large manufacturing towns, but their deeds are evil. They will wherever a radical newspaper or not come to the light, lest their a hawker's basket can find admis- deeds should be reproved.” .sion,-even to the once upcontami
“ Such," remarks the author, “ is nated precincts of our remotest
the nature of sinful pursuits, that they bamlets.
darken the understanding, as well as It is of the utmost importance, corrupt the heart; they inflame the pasunder these circumstances, to as. sions, and render them ungovernable. certain the causes, in order to dis. And when once the passions gain the
proper cure, of this ascendency, they harry those who are - grievous calamity. In vain, as we under their dominion into every species have already remarked, do divines of maligoity and vice; cause them to write, and societies distribute, tbe give up their dearest privileges, their most cogent arguments against infi- most valuable blessings, their most pleasdelity, while the causes which con
ing hopes; nay, to invent arguments to duce to its diffusion remain un
justify their extravagance, to reject the
revelation that condemns them, and to known or unchecked. With a view terminate their views in the gloomy 10 turn the attention of our readers regions of the grave. to the subject, we have takeo up a « The word of God is the instrument sensible and well-written pamphlet, which our Divipe Master, the Head of
the church, employs for convivcing and have expressed themselves greatly converting sinuers, as well as for edify. shocked at the late burst of infiing and building up his followers in delity. For want therefore of holiness and comfort. But before the tracing the evil to its source, their word of God can produce these effects, it must be received into the heart, and remedies have not been sufficient abide there as a living principle.' Oat to penetrate to the core of the of the heart are the issues of life and disease; a list of cold arguments death: but when sin reigns in the heart, in favour of the Gospel is issued it excludes the word of God, so that it from the press or the pulpit, just as cannot gain admission. It deprives us if the understanding only, and not of all those qualities which are neces. the heart, were concerned in the sary to examine the evidences of Di; production of infidel sentiments. vine revelation, so as to be persuaded Such arguments, as might be excontains, so as to be convinced of its pected, for the most part effect importance. The Apostle Paul tells us, little or nothing towards the eradi. that with the heart man believeth unto cation of this “ root of bitterness." righteousness, and speaks of an evil A clergyman who would banisb inheart of unbelief in departing from the fidelity froin his parish, must go living God. A wicked heart, then, is far deeper; in a word, he must the fountain of all evil. It is the source preach the doctrine of Conversion of infidelity, and all its horrid train of he must shew his auditors plainly crimes and sufferings. Because iniquity and affectionately their awfully lapabounds, and times of trial have come, sed condition by nature; the enormany bave made shipwreck of their faith and of a good conscience. They mity and guili of their offences hiave listened to the enticing words of before God; and the indispensable designing men, and have joined in necessity of a radical transforma. league with those who are the emis. tion in the spirit of their minds. saries of satan, and are led captive by There will be found few theoretical him at his pleasure.” Iuquiry, pp. 8, 9. infidels, at least among the poor,
In these remarks we most fully where such points as these have concur. The author has traced been duly impressed upon their the evil to its source, as described consciences. The meagre, tame, in Revelation, and corroborated by balf Christianity which is always the uniform experience of nearly lingering at the threshold of elesix thousand years. At the same ments and evidences, instead of time, for this very reason, the ar- "going on to perfection," too often gument is somewhat out of place leaves the mind open to every idio the present inquiry, which is not fidel suggestion. of a universal but a specific kind; To sbew that Mr. Ramsay has not respecting the source of infi- not insisted upon a superfluous topic delity generally, but the infidelity in thus strongly alleging the docof the present times in particular. trine of human corruption, we may The fall of man is not more the contrast his statements witb those cause of infidelity in the nineteenth of Mr. Owen, of New Lanark, in century, than at any preceding the pamphlet before us. This epoch; and therefore ought not, in gentleman, whose benevolent in. strictness, to have been adduced tentions entitle bim to a degree of as a portion of the author's argu. respect which his plans themselves ment. There are considerations, ill deserve, seems to view mankind bowever, which not only induce us as wholly made up of perfectible to forgive this logical inaccuracy, materials. It is chance alone, or but to thank the author for having rather the necessity of circumso strongly adverted to this particu- slances, that, according to his syslar topic. This real fundamental tem, constitutes the difference because of unbelief in every age, is tween a virtuous and a vicious per too file considered by many who son. There is no such thing in