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wards paid for on application to the owners or their brokers in London.

We shall quote a few of the remarks made by seamen to the Society's agents, as they are extracted from their weekly reports. From these it will appear that a considerable moral improvement is taking place in the minds of many seamen: Indeed, the testimonies to this fact are now so numerous, that it is no longer necessary, remark the Committee, "to confine ourselves to the cautious language of hope and doubtful hesitation; we would rather congratulate our country on the important change which is visibly passing in the moral and religious habits of seamen, under the blessing of God, through the instrumentality of this and other kindred Societies; and would use this fact as an argument to further exertion." "No. 31. I fancy you will find few sailors now who cannot read,' said the Mate, and not so many as formerly destitute of the Scriptures. One of the crew had a Bible, which he brought with him from the L-: he said the Captain gave it him.”

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A respectable man, who keeps a lodging-house for seamen in London, said, a few days ago, that he had forty prime seamen at his house waiting for ships, and that he count ed twenty-five Bibles amongst them, most of which had been purchased of the Society."

"No. 50. When the crew found on what business I had come, several of them applied immediately to the Captain for money, to enable them to purchase. The Captain said, It is a good thing to have plenty of Bibles on board; but we are rather in want. I could not advance you any money, my lads,' said he (addressing himself to some of the crew), for any other purpose, for I am reduced to my last shilling; but I cannot refuse you on such an occasion as this.'

"No. 60. We are well off for Bibles,' said the Captain; and

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we hope it is no vain thing to possess them; and I am glad to hear, from time to time, what is doing among seamen: they certainly are an altered people: I do not hear those dreadful oaths, or witness those drunken frolics among them I formerly did."

"No. 83. The Captain cheerfully came forward, and offered to advance any money the crew might want, to enable them to purchase the Scriptures. Two of the crew, who were destitute, seemed glad of the offer, and appeared highly pleased with the books when they got them. The Captain's conduct was, in every respect, creditable.” "No. 231.

After some conver

sation with the owner, who was on board, he said, Let me have two Bibles and two Testaments: you have supplied a ship of mine before; and send in your bill, and I will pay for them.' This gentleman has since become an annual subscriber to the Society.

"No. 243. My people may want many things, and no doubt but they do,' said the Captain:

but I know they are not in want of the Scriptures, for each man fore and aft has got a Bible.'-A vessel in good order."

"No. 259. Spanish. I could not make any one understand why I visited their vessel, until I produced a Spanish Testament, which they received with much astonishment and apparent satisfaction, crying out, at the same time, 'Good, good; thank you, thank you.' Each one seemed anxious to get hold of it."

"No. 285. A ship well supplied with the Scriptures. It ap peared the Captain takes much pains with his little crew, to make them acquainted with religion; and the moral condition of the vessel proved that his endeavours had not been in vain. One man was pleased to shew me a Bible, which he said he got from a Bible Society at Malta, and that it was his chief comfort."

"No. 308. Well supplied with Bibles, prayer-books, and religious tracts. It was quite a phenomenon, a little while back, to see a Bible in a sailor's chest,' said the captain; but now it is a thing quite familiar. Foreign sailors formerly paid more attention to religious things than British sailors; and who knows but the last may be first? We are not destitute of the means of instruction here; and my people are, at present, very orderly.""

"No. 196. This vessel I found well supplied when I visited her. On my re-visit, the Captain said, "I have a Bible and Testament, which I brought with me for the use of the crew, from the now in the coasting trade.' He invited all to purchase, and called out to one at the mast-head, 'Do you want a Bible?' 'No, sir,' replied the man; but I shall be glad if you will buy me a prayer-book.' One observed, that it was quite a new thing for a seaman employed about the rigging at the fore-topmast-crosstrees, to call to his captain upon deck to purchase him a prayer-book."

"No. 876. I found the former crew well supplied. There is not that cursing and swearing now,' said the Captain, which there used to be among seamen. I am sure there is a wonderful difference in the manners of most sailors."

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No. 31. I want a Bible sorely,' said one of the crew, and now I will have one.' And so will I,' said another, although it is the last money I have. I shall not want money when crossing the Atlantic; but I may want a Bible.""

"No. 170. Observing this ship to be paying, I went on board, and sold four Bibles. This is the best thing ever thought of for sailors,' said one of the crew; for some sailors would be ashamed to buy a Bible on shore but when they are brought to them in this manner, they are glad of the opportunity of getting one; and having

never heard but very little of its contents, when they come to read, their eyes are, in a measure, opened; and they begin to think it is an excellent thing indeed."

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"No. 1649. The day after I re-visited this ship, some of the crew sent messages, no less than four times, by different watermen, requesting of me to go on board again with Bibles for sale, as they had received some pay, and wished to buy.--I went, and sold five Bibles."

"No. 698. The Captain was attentive, and the crew well-behaved. One man said, 'I was cast away a little while ago, and I thank God I was enabled to save my Bible and my Baxter's Saint's Everlasting Rest.""

"No. 1583. One of the crew said, 'I suppose you have not got such a thing as a Gaelic Bible ;' finding I had, he was much pleased, and went, fore and aft,to endeavour to borrow money enough to pay for it, but in vain. The next day the ship was paid, and I visited her again; and he seemed highly gratified at getting a book he so much wanted, especially on such moderate terms.'

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"No. 628. Now is your time, my lads,' said the Mate to the crew, 'if you want a cheap Bible. Ah! there is a vast difference in the

manners of sailors now, and what they were six years ago.' A steady waterman standing by, replied,

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Men may say what they please; but this I know, that I don't find so much wickedness amongst sailors as formerly.""

It appears that Lieutenant Cox has visited, at Gravesend, during the last year, 1554 vessels: of this number 1117 had been formerly supplied with the holy Scriptures by this Society. The remaining 437 ships, containing 8086 men of whom 7147 were reported to be able to read, had been furnished with 265 Bibles, and 612 Testaments. The sale in London has been nearly equal. The num

ber of ships found wholly destitute of the Scriptures has been gradually decreasing from year to year, since the formation of the Society. The active exertions of Marine Bible Societies now formed in many of the principal out-ports of the United Kingdom have done much towards effecting this desirable object.

A Ladies' Association has been formed, of which the Duchess of Beaufort is patroness, for the purpose of raising funds, to be equally divided between the Naval and Military Bible Society and the Merchant-Seamen's Auxiliary Bible Society. The Society's annual subscriptions amount only to 1887. and


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Schools have been very successfully conducted in some of the prisons; in particular, in the county gaols of Sligo and Cork. The Society has also carried its system of instruction into three new counties. Of the thirty-two counties of which. the island consists, twenty-three are now enjoying, some of them to a considerable extent, the benefits of the Society's labours. The conviction of the necessity of scriptural knowledge to better the condition of Ireland, is considered to be spreading among enlightened Roman Catholics themselves. By the Catholic laity it is deeply felt: and many of the Society's schools

the demands upon its liberality are still urgent and numerous. It ought however to be mentioned, to the credit ofthe merchants, shipowners, and others who take a lively interest in the moral and religious welfare of seamen, that no less a sum than 38541. has been raised since the formation of the Society, for the exclusive purpose of supplying this valuable body of men with the holy Scriptures. We are convinced that no cost or efforts made for this benevolent and useful object will be ill bestowed; and we strongly recommend the institution to the liberal encouragement of those who have it in their power to assist its efforts.


are under the actual superintendence of Catholic priests. Wherever the sanction of the Catholic priest can be obtained, the schools are crowded to excess.

The growing desire of the Catholic parents to obtain education for their children has induced the priests, in many instances, to open schools as a measure of self-defence. In these schools, however, although reading is taught, the Scriptures are withheld. A member of the Committee visited a great number of these schools, and never found in any one of them a single copy of either the Protestant or Catholic version of the Scriptures. They appeared indeed, for the most part, altogether destitute of books; no provision being made for their supply.

The Reports of the Inspectors are very interesting; but having lately given some specimens of them (see Christ. Observer for 1822, p. 724), we shall not cite largely from them at present. The following are a few passages :—

"The people of this large village never heard of the Bible, and are consequently very dark and ignorant. On the Sabbath, I read a considerable portion to the fa

mily, in the morning and afternoon. They were greatly surprised to see so small a book contain such won derful things; and inquired how I obtained it, and what country it came from! I informed them that it was the book of God; that it was written by the holy prophets of the Lord, many hundred years ago; and that it contained an account of the nativity, life, and death of the Son of God. They were all perfectly astonished; and, after I had read a few chapters in the beginning of Matthew, the man of the house ran out in haste to two of his next-door neighbours, and brought them in to see and hear the book of God;' for by this name my little Bible is now known. These individuals also expressed their surprize: and, after hearing me read of the birth, miracles, and death of our Saviour, they went out and brought in their wives to hear the same glorious news."


Again, on a subsequent day"This day, I was employed, morning and afternoon, in reading the Scriptures; and experienced great pleasure at beholding the attention paid and the knowledge acquired. The people are anxious for the winter, in order that they may have the long nights to hear the Scriptures read; and are devising means to raise a fund to provide candle-light for that purpose."

Another correspondent reports, that he visited an evening school, in which many adults had assembled, in very inclement weather, who all evinced a great desire to learn, and adds

"In the evening, I read the Scriptures to a number of individuals who came to my lodgings. They were very attentive, and, when it became late, left very reluctantly. In the morning, before it was quite light, they again assembled, and called the man of the house out of his bed to let them in to hear the Scriptures read. I accordingly arose, and read to them a considerable time."

One of the readers in the Irish tongue says-" I classed eight fathers, three grandfathers, fourteen adults, and the remainder boys. The old men could not see a letter without spectacles; and I was astonished when I again visited the school to see the great progress which they had made."

Of another school he says"There are five men who were accustomed to come with their children, and to return with them after school-hours, as they had to cross mountains and bogs. These men, perceiving the progress made by old men who attended the school, were were encouraged to commence spelling themselves; and now they can read the Scriptures tolerably well. On the Sabbath they sit together, and read the Testament; and one of them has become not only the teacher of the rest, but of the surrounding villages."

Of the progress of the aged people, the same reader adds

Fathers and grandfathers, whom I arranged a few months before in the junior classes, are now reading the Scriptures, and rejoicing that they are so privileged."

A correspondent mentions the instance of a poor man who had two children under education in the Society's school at Ballentopher. He was himself a “ribband man." For the first time in his life he met with the New Testament, which was the class book of his eldest boy: he read it, and so powerful was the effect of Divine truth on his mind, that his first conviction was, that he could not be a Christian and remain a " ribband man."

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are engaged every evening reading their Testaments."

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"Previously to the establishment of evening schools, it was the practice of many persons to go from house to house, and from village to village, carrying their cards and dice with them; while others were running to dances and every wicked place. Now the reading of the Scriptures is substituted in their stead; and, as the boys who do not attend the schools are looked upon as bad characters, many have been induced to remove the stigma by attending them, and have derived much benefit."

In concluding their Report, the

Committee advert to the only serious obstacle which fetters their exertions. Every day, the most promising openings for the formation of schools present themselves, of which they are unable to take advantage, on account of the insufficiency of the Society's income to meet even the present expenditure. ture. In one county, a clergyman could point out eligible situations for at least thirty schools, were the funds of the Society such as to authorize their establishment. In the counties of Londonderry and Tipperary more especially, most important spheres of usefulness invite the efforts of the Society.


Rev.R.Tredcroft (Rector of Combes), to the Prebend of Hampstead in Winchester Cathedral.

Rev. G. Wells (Rector of Weston), to a Prebend in Chichester Cathedral. Rev. W. O. Bartlett, Worth Maltravers V. Dorset.

Rev. B. Cheese, B. D. Tendring R. Essex.

Rev. W. B. Coulcher, Bawsey R. Norfolk.

Rev. Mr. Curtis (Vicar of Leominster), Sudbury R. Suffolk.

Rev. William Flower, M. A. Malton Curacy.

Rev. G. H. L. Gretton, M. A. Allensmoor and Clehanger VV. Herefordshire, vice Pearce, res.

Rev. Hen. R. Moody, M. A. Chatham R. Kent.

Rev. J. P. Prust, Langtree R. Devon. Rev. E. Southcomb, Rose Ash R. Devon.

Rev. Robert Simpson, Warslow and Elkston Perp. Curacies, co. Stafford.:

Rev. Wm. Wells, Harting R. Sussex. Rev. E. Wright, Kilverstone R. Norfolk.

Rev. P. Perring, M. A. Domestic Chaplain to the Duke of Cambridge. Rev. Wm. Cockburn, M. A. to be Dean of York.

Hon. and Rev. George Pellew, to a Canonry or Prebend in Canterbury Cathedral.

The Ven. J. H. Pott, the Prebend of Mora in the Cathedral Church of St. Paul.

Rev. G. Pearson, to a Minor Canonry in Chester Cathedral.

Rev. S. Archer, Lewannick V. Cornwall.

Rev. T. B. Atkinson, Holy Trinity Chap. Richmond, Yorkshire.

Rev. Mr. Benson, Ledsham V. Yorkshire.

Rev. J. M. Colson, St. Peter's R. Dorchester.

Rev. R. Dickinson (Rector of Headley, Hants), Milton, in the New Forest, P. C.

Rev. Richard Exton, Athelington R. Suffolk.

Rev. J. B. Graham, Holy Trinity V. Micklegate, co. York.

Rev. R. Green, Whorlton P. C. Durbam.

Rev. H. Hubbard, Hinton Ampner R. Hants.

Rev. W. Martin, Gwenapp V. Cornwall.

Rev.John Moore, Otterton V. Devon. Rev. A. C. Payler, Headcorn V. Kent, Rev. T. L. Strong, B. D. St. Michael Queenhithe R. London.

Rev. Wm. Vaux, Patching with Tar. ring R. Sussex.

Rev. Wm. Whitelock, Sulhamstead Abbots and Sulhampstead Banister RR. Berks.

The Rev. J. H. Dakins, to be Domestic Chaplain to the Duke of York.


Rev. W. Pritchard to hold the V. of Great Wakering, with the R. of Great Yaldham, Essex.

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