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thren and friends, to whose liberality we recommend this case of distress."
dency. Thus we received very lately, a very seasonable and unexpected present of two hundred and fifty rix-dollars from the directors of our missions, by which we shall be enabled to prepare a meal three times a-week for all the poor women and children without exception, for the space of four weeks. Upwards of two hundred are partakers of this charity: we, however, always set them to do some work for their own and the public good, before they are fed; for instance, to clean the water-course, enlarge the burial-ground, clear the chanuel of the Bavian's Revier, in order to prevent inundations, &c. What we are to do, when the above sum is exhausted, I do not know; but it appears to me as if we should be obliged to continue this distribution for a couple of months longer, from whatever quarter the means may be obtained. The wretched sufferers may indeed protract their existence for a few days by eating grass, as they do at present; but unless they get a meal of warm and nourishing food now and then, they cannot live long in that way. And rather than suffer them to perish under our eyes, we must sacrifice whatever we have to dispose of."
The accounts from Gnadenthal are still more distressing. The followingisan extract from another letter from Mr. Hallbeck, dated Goadenthal, August 26, 1822.-"The severe weather which made such havock at Groenekloof and the surrounding country, has been no less detrimental to Guadenthal and its neighbourhood. By the mercy of God, however, none of the missionaries' buildings had fallen. But our poor Hottentots have suffered most severely; forty-eight houses have been very materially injured and rendered uninhabitable for some time, and of this number upwards of twenty lie quite in ruins. Besides the loss sustained by the falling of houses, our poor Hottentots have also lost a great many head of cattle by wet and cold. In brief, we are ruined outright, and all the fond hopes of progressive improvement, which once cheered the spirits of us missionaries, are entirely blighted, unless God disposes the hearts of benevolent friends to come to our assistance. But why do I torment myself with looking into dark futurity? Is not the misery of the present moment more than enough for my feeble strengil? Often have I used that expression, emaciated with hunger; but never did I feel the force of the phrase so powerfully as in these days, when my door is incessantly besieged by women and children, who present to my eyes the frightful reality of what was hitherto only a faint pic ture in my imagination. Indeed, I wonder that after all the distress of mind which we have experienced, some of us have not long ago been laid up with sickness, and rendered unfit for further exertions. It is alone by Divine assistance, and by various proofs of God's kind providence, that I and my fellow labourers here are thus far preserved in health, and have not wholly sunk into despon
The same missionarywrites, Aug. 28, 1822;—“I had hardly sealed and dispatched the letter to your father, when the doleful lamentations of the wretched and emaciated sufferers at mydoor again began to shake my cofidence, knowing that our means are so very insufficient to meet the exigency of our situation.
But all at once, a Hottentot made his appearance, and handed over a letter, which he had received in Caledon, stating, that as a surplus of eighty rix-dollars remained out of the fund appropriated by Government for the supply of grain to the poor of this district, the Landrost had determined to send it to Gnadenthal, to buy rice for distribution among the poorest in that settlement. With
what feelings of gratitude and astonishment I first read these lines, you may easily imagine. I hardly remember ever to have experienced a more remarkable interposition of God's kind providence in my whole life. A couple of Hottentot women are just busy preparing the dinner, in nine huge pots, while upwards of 200 women and children, in joyful anticipation of the promised meal, are busy cleaning the water-courses, planting hedges, making new ditches, &c.; and I am just hastening to arrange the company and distribute the dinner. You must therefore excuse my breaking off rather abruptly. I cannot possibly deny myself the satisfaction of being present on this joyful occasion."
This extreme distress has induced the Committee of "The London Association in Aid of the Missions" to open a separate fund for the relief of the Hottentot congregations, and the repair of the damages sustained by the storms and floods.
While bringing before the Chris tian public the above afflicting details, the Committee rejoice to record the blessing with which God has been pleased to accompany the preaching of his Gospel in another mission-that among the Calmuc Tartars; in the prosecution of which, the faith and patience of the brethren have been for a long period most severely tried.
The following is an extract from a letter from a friend of the Society at Sarepta." You have been frequently in my thoughts, while I contemplated the peculiar occurrences to which it has pleased the Lord to grant us to be witnesses in this place; when after long waiting, and, to appearance, hopeless endeavours, the light of his precious Gospel begins to shine upon many heathen among the Calmuc
nation. I have often wished that you could partake with us of the joy we feel, and your eyes also were blessed to see what we do at present. It has now gone so far, that the small Calmuc congregation have quitted the horde and taken refuge with us. This step was rendered necessary and proper, as the powers of darkness began to exert themselves with increasing malignity against this incipient work of God; and well-grounded hopes are entertained of protection by Government. They have settled for the present on our land, on a small island in the river Wolga, about an hour's walk from hence. I shall never forget the impression made upon my mind, when I beheld these dear firstlings from a heathen nation, thrust out from their own people and connexions, after a wearisome journey, arrive on our land, accompanied by their faithful missionary, Brother Schill. How I wish all my friends could witness how completely the grace of God transforms the whole man; how it has changed the generally rough and dark countenances of this nation, into mild and cheerful faces; how the fierce tone of their voices has become gentle and modest, and their unmannerly and boisterous behaviour,quiet and peaceable; and how their disorderly and filthy babits have yielded to regularity and cleanliness. Their conduct would put many a nominal Christian to shame, and might even be a lesson to many of those who profess to walk after the rules of Christ."
The general fund of the missions labours under a debt of between 30007. and 40007. and is subject to a heavy annual deficiency. Contributions to the general or separate fund are received by the treasurer and bankers, whose names are inserted in au advertisement on the cover of our December Number.
LONDON MISSIONARY SOCIETY.
THE success with which it has pleased God to reward the benevolent exertions of this institution in Otaheite, and various neighbouring islands in the South Pacific ocean, must have afforded great delight to every Christian mind. We have already given many in teresting facts on this subject; and our readers, we are persuaded, will be gratified with learning a few additional details.
The new code of Otaheitean laws enacted by the late King and the Chiefs, in concurrence with the people, has been posted up in every district; so that the people, having in general learnt to read, have become well acquainted with their civil and social duties. These laws are adapted to the state of society, and great care is taken to secure a prompt and impartial administration of justice. Article 16 contains the names of the Judges, 400 in number. Articles 18 and 19 prescribe that Courts of Justice shall be erected all round Otaheite and Eimeo; and that they shall be used solely for the administra tion of justice. The trial by jury is introduced. Murder is made punishable by death. The following is a specimen of these enact
"It is a great sin in the eye of God to work on the Sabbath-day. Let that which agrees with the word of God be done; and that which does not, let that be left alone. No houses or canoes must be built, no land must be cultivated nor any work done, nor must persons go any long distance, on a Sabbathday. If they desire to hear a Missionary preach, they may go, although it be a long distance; but let not the excuse of going to hear the word of God be the cover for some other business: let not this be done it is evil. Those who desire to hear Missionaries preach on a Sabbath, let them come near at hand on the Saturday: that is CHRIST. OBSERV. APP.
good. Persons on the first offence shall be warned; but if they be obstinate and persist, they shall be compelled to do work for the King, The Judges shall appoint the work."
The adoption of the following enactment in our own and many other countries, would be an almost infallible expedient for insuring good roads.
"If a person raises a false report of another, as of murder or blasphemy, stealing, or of any thing bad, that person commits a great sin. The punishment of those who do so is this: he must make a path four miles long and four yards wide
he must clear all the grass, &c. away, and make it a good path. If a person raises a false report of another, but which may be less injurious than that of blasphemy, &c. he shall make a path of one or two miles in length, and four yards wide.. If a false report be raised about some very trifling affair, no punishment shall be awarded. When the paths are made, the person who is the owner of the land where the ways are made, shall keep them in repair: let them be high in the middle, that the water in wet weather may run down on each side. Should the relations of the person who is required to make a path wish to assist him, they are at liberty to do so. The Chiefs of the land where the man is at work must provide him food: he must not be ill-treated: he must not be compelled to work without ceasing, from morning till night; but when he is tired, let him cease, and begin again the next day; and when he has finished what he was appointed to do, he has fulfilled his punishment."
From a report of one of the Missionary Meetings, held at Raiatea, we select two or three specimens of the speeches of the natives. One remarked; "My friends, let us, this afternoon, re
member our former state-how of his bread-fruit, take the largest many children were killed, and of his taros, take the finest of his how few were kept alive; but, now, sugar-canes and the ripest of his none are killed: the cruel prac- bananas, and even take out the tice is abolished: parents have very posts of his house for firenow the pleasure of seeing their wood to cook them with. Is there three, five, and some their ten chil- not a man present who was obliged, dren, the principal part of which and actually did bury his new canoe would not have been alive had not under the sand, to secure it from God sent his word to us: now, our these desperate men? But now all land is full of children; and hun these customs are abolished: we dreds are daily taught the word of are now living in peace, and without God. We did not know that we fear. But what is it that has abopossessed that invaluable property, lished all these customs? Is it our a living soul: our ancestors, who own goodness ?-is it our own were called a wise people, never strength? No: it is the good name told us so neither Oro, nor any of Jesus. We have now no need of the other evil spirits, ever in- to place our pigs underneath our formed us of it: but God caused beds, and our little rolls of cloth compassion to grow in the hearts of for our pillows, to secure them: the good Christians of Biritane' our pigs may run about where they (Britain): they formed a Missionary please; and our little property may Society, purchased a ship, and sent hang in the different parts of our out Missionaries to tell us that we house, and no one touches it: we possessed living souls-souls that are now sleeping on bedsteads: we never die; and now we are dwell- have now decent seats to sit on: ing in comfort, and hope of salva- we have now neat plastered houses tion through Jesus Christ. But to dwell in; and the little property are all those lands of darkness which we have we can call our [pointing to the islands to the own. Let us look around us at the southward] possessed of the house we are in; Oro never shewed same knowledge? Do all know us any thing of this kind: look at that they have never-dying souls? our wives-what a decent appearDo all know that there is one good ance they make in their gowns and and one bad place, for every soul bonnets! Compare ourselves, this after death? Are all enjoying a day, with the poor people of Ruruhope of salvation through Jesus tu, who have lately drifted to our Christ? No! some are worship- island, and behold our superiority! ping idols-some are killing them- And by what means have we obselves-some are killing their chil- tained all this? By our own indusdren: then let us use all the means try? by our own goodness? No! in our power that Missionaries may it is to the good name of Jesus we be sent to teach them the good word are indebted. Then let us send that we have been taught." this name to other lands, that they may enjoy the same good."
Another said; "Two captivities existed formerly among us: one was our captivity to satan-the other was our captivity to the servants of the kings or chiefs. These would enter into a person's house, and commit the greatest depredations: the master of the house would sit as a poor captive; and look on, without daring to say a word: they would seize his bundle of cloth, kill his largest pigs, pluck the best
We much regret to learn that the London Missionary Society have been deprived by death of the labours of their excellent and indefatigable missionary, Dr. Milue of Malacca. He was a principal conductor of the Chinese Magazine, and the "Indo-Chinese Gleaner," and the author of an Account of the first Ten Years of the Mission to China, and other publications.
The following is an extract from the last letter received by the Directors of the Society from him, dated Pulo-Penang, April 17, 1822, a few weeks before his death. It shews how fully his heart was set upon his missionary undertakings. "As to my own case, I think a great and peculiar uncertainty hangs upon it: there is a complication in my disorder. I believe that a long sea-voyage would be useful; and yet I am so tied at Malacca, that I cannot take it. I must hang on, till I see persons able to carry on the work. Make haste and send them, or I shall be 'gone before they come. "When heart and flesh fail, be thou, O God, the strength of my heart, and my portion for ever. Pray abundantly for me. The mission here is doing well."
How much the labours of such men as the late Dr.Milne are needed for the moral as well as spiritual welfare of China, will appear from the following passage in the IndoChinese Gleaner, relative to the prevalence of infanticide among the Chinese. Let any man who doubts the value of Christianity, or disparages the efforts made for its extension, compare this statement respecting a people call ing themselves civilized, with the gratifying communications from the newly Christianized islands in the South Seas.
"That infanticide exists in China, we have the evidence afforded by the confessions of the natives themselves-of original moral essays, dehorting parents from committing this crime-and of Europeans, who have been naturalized and domici. liated in China. In opposition to this, the observation of official travellers, post haste along the high road or through the rivers, has no weight as a negative proof. A tub of water is quite sufficient to drown an infant, without carrying it out of doors; and this is, in general, the way in which the rich destroy their female infants, when they do commit that inhuman crime. At the same time, it is not a practice that the Chinese glory in; and therefore, like the crime of drunkenness, and like other crimes in a polished nation not far from England, they observe a sort of decency in the perpetration of it. They do not expose these things to foreigners at Canton, nor to embassy travellers, before whom they assume the best and most imposing attitude: the soldiers brighten their helmets, and the police sweep the paths that were never swept before. As to the extent of infanticide in China, it is, we believe, impossible to give any numerical statement. We can however assure our readers, that it is not by the Chinese generally considered a strange, a rare, or a horrible occurrence."
MERCHANT-SEAMEN'S AUXILIARY BIBLE SOCIETY.
To awaken in the minds of our sailors a desire to possess, and peruse the word of God, was the great object of the founders of this institution. It must therefore be truly gratifying to them, and to the friends of sailors in general, to witness the most unequivocal evidences of the growing prevalence of this desire. The following comparison is very satisfactory:-In 1818, the first year of the Society, the number of Bibles and Testaments left on board vessels at
Gravesend, without payment, amounted to 5773; and 597 copies were sold; the proportion of those given to those sold, being rather more than nine to one. In the second year the proportion was about five to one; in the third, two and a half to one; and, in the last year, only one and one-eighth to one,the whole number of Bibles and Testaments being 877 left without payment, and 774 sold. Many of the copies left, in the first instance, without payment, have been after