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try, to second the humane designs in this institution, and the nature of the Ladies' Associations, bas of the relief extended to them :been highly praiseworthy: with W. B. aged fourteen. This lad their concurreuce, visiting female was corrupted by some bad boys commillees have been formed in in the neighbourhood where his the prisons at Bedford, Bristol, parents resided. They persuaded Carlisle, Chester, Colchester, Dere him to abscond from his home; by, , Durham, Dumfries, Exeter, and by them he was initiated into Glasgow, Lancaster, Liverpool, the ways of vice. After having Nottinghaun, Plymouth, and York, been a short time in prison, he was and also at Dublin.
received into this establishment. lu Ireland, the progress of im- He expressed a wish to go to sea, provement has been very satisfac- and was sent on a voyage in the tory. The Irish Governnent have merchants' service. He conducts evinced great anxiety on this sub- himself well, and to his master's ject; and the manyexcellent charges satisfaction. of the judges on the circuits have J. G. aged twelve. This child had great influence in impressing absconded from his father's house, the magistracy and grand jurics and associated with bad boys for with the importance of correcting two months. He was then taken the abuses of the county gaols. up for theft, and after trial was The legislative acts lately passed received into the Temporary Rehave given a powerful stimulus to fuge, where he remained eight amendment. By one of these acts months: he was then delivered to gaol fees have been abolished in bis father. He now couducts himIreland ; a grievance long and se- self extremely well, and works at verely felt. Prison schools, labour, bis father's trade. Twelve months and classification, are exciting great bave elapsed since his discharge. attention in this country.
H. P. aged thirteen.-The father The Committee have continued of this boy has been separated for 10 extend relief to distressed boys, many years from the mother, and and others who were destitule, on lives with another womao. their discharge from the prisons of She declared that she would not the metropolis, and were desirous continue with him, if his child reof abandoning their vicious habits. mained under the same roof. lu During the past year, a consider- consequence of this, the unnalural able number bave been received father turned bim out of doors. into the Temporary Refuge, who, He maintained himself for about on their liberation, were without six weeks by begging and holding money, character, or friends, and horses in tbe street: at length, in a who possessed uo means of pro- state of starvation, he stole a loaf curing employment. Without the. of bread out of a baker's shop, was assistance thus afforded by the apprebended, and sent to prison Society, it is scarcely possible but for one month. From the Tempothat these guilty, yet unfortunate, rary Refuge, he was, after some objects, must have again resorted time, sent on a voyage in a merto crime for support. The Com- chant vessel, and has bebaved so mittee refer, nith great satisfaction, well that the captain bas desired to the success which has altended that he may be apprenticed to him. their exertions in this establish- J.S. aged sixteen. He never knew ment; but add, that the number of his failer, and his mother has been objects relieved has necessarily dead some years. He was in three becu limited by the low state of several employments; the first with ibe Society's funds. The follow- a stationer, where he learned part ing particulars will convey a gene- of the business, and in the two ral idea of the history of the lads others as an errand boy. Unfortu
nately for him, two of his employ- was not one sick person in the hosers became bankrupts; and upon pital, although before the present the failure of the last, this lad was regulations were in force, nine or thrown upon the town completely ten persons were usually sick in destitute. He then fell inio evil each ward. Auxiliary Prison Socourses, and was imprisoned twice; cieties have been formed at Archonce for passing forged notes, and angel and Orel, with a Ladies' the second time for picking agentle- Committee attached to each, for man's pocket. Upon his discharge the purpose of visiting and relievfrom Newgate, he solicited admis- ing the prisoners; and encouraging sion into the Temporary Refuge, prospects are held out that similar and, after remaining there four associations will speedily be orgamonths, was received into the per- pized in all the principal towns. manent establishment. He is now From the capital of Russia, these engaged in the bookbinding de. benevolent exertions have extended partment, where he takes a leading even to the remote districts of Sipart, and bids fair to be a useful beria. New prisons, on the peni. member of society.
tentiary system, are to be erected The Committee next invite the in different parts of Russia, after attention of the public to the pro- the most approved models. gress of prison improvement in In Prussia also, encouraging prosforeign countries.
pects are now presented. A soAt their last anniversary, they ciety was forming at Berlin for the bad the pleasure to announce sone improvement of the gaols in the bighly interesting particulars re- Prussian dominions. lative to the proceediugs of the The Paris Society, for the amePrison Society of Russia, formed lioration of the prisons in France, under the immer'iate patronage of have collected and published a large the Emperor Alexander. This no- body of useful information, on the ble institution is pursuing its im- state of the gaols throughout that portant objects with great
zeal and country; and some valuable reports success. Many improvements have have been drawn up by the counbeen effected in the prisons of St. cil, for their regulation and imPetersburg: regular employmeuts provement. The king contributes are carried on by the prisoners, 50,000 francs annually, towards and a depôt is established for the the promotion of the Society's sale of goods made by them, the views, and bis munificence is libeproduce of which has amounted to rally supported by other branches a considerable sum. Various arti- of the royal family. The effects cles are made for the service of the of improved discipline are strikarmy, and some of the public de ingly exhibited in the prison Monpartments. Hard labour is enforced taign, for soldiers committed for on criminal prisoners, and a salu- insubordination and other crimes. tary provision has been made for This prison has for the last three debtors, who were before in a very years been under the occasional destitute condition. The Ladies' inspection of Marshal Suchet, who Committee, under the personal in- states, that, when he first entered fluence of the Princess Mestcher- upon his duty as visitor, the prisky, is indefatigable in this Chris- soners were in a dreadful state of tian work. This distinguished fe- vice and disorder; and that, for male daily visits the prisons, and some time after the commencereads a portion of the Scriptures to ment of his visits, he was obliged the convicts. From a report of the to be attended by guards for prostate of the town prison in Septem- tection. The present state of the ber last, it appears that, of upwards gaol exhibits a very pleasing conof two hundred prisoners, there irast: all is restored to order and CHRIST, OBSERV, APP.
decorum. Mr. Jolio Venning (the were long the scenes of grief and brother and worthy successor of suffering, have in consequence been the late Mr. Walter Venning, in destroyed. In some of them forthe charitable work of prison re- was secretly applied, and formation) found one hundred and chains were used of intolerable twenty prisoners learning to read weight. The dungeons were dark, and write, and submissively al- dreary, and unventilated. At Matending to the instructions of a drid, cells were in use from which young teacher,
They were closely prisoners have come forth in utter employed, and several had been and incurable blindvess. There so completely reformed in their were others, in which the body babits, ihat, on being discharged, could rest in no natural position, .they were, by the Marshal's recom- neilher sitting, standing, kneeling, mendation, restored to their regi- nor lying down! ments, and bave since obtained One of the first steps of the promotion.
Cortes was to appoint from their Dr. Holst, of Christiana, is en- own body a prison committee, whose gaged in preparing for the press a attention is specifically directed to work, containing an account of the the state and improvement of the best regulated prisons in England, prisons. The Committee of the Corwith suggestions calculated to fa- tes, in their Report, propose, that cilitate the introduction of similar in all the cities and principal towns improvements in Norway. The in the kingdom, prisons shall be necessity of ameliorating ihe state built in the most approved situaof the prisons in that country ap- tions, and on the best principles of pears to be strongly felt.
construction; that the government The patriotic zeal evinced by of a gaol shall be deemed ad bomany distinguished individuals in nourable appointment, and be given the cantons of Switzerland, to im- to a military officer of established prove the condition of the prisoners character, who shall be personally has been highly praise woriby. The responsible for the security and Council of State at Geneva have discipline of the prisoners, and for passed a law for ihe establishment carrying into effect the prison reof a new penitentiary prison. gulations; that tbe magistrates shall
It is with no ordinary pleasure we elect all other officers of the pristate, that the kingdoms of Spain son, and frame the regulations, and Portugal may now be ranked which must be submitted to the among ibe foremost of those Eu- approval of the Government; that ropean states whose earnest desire all prison-fees shall be abolished ; to ameliorate the state of prisons that there shall be a system of clas. promises so much to the interests sification according to age, chaof humanity. It appears that, im- racter, and crime ; and that labour mediately after the re-establish- shall be introduced, the severity of ment of the Constitutional Govern- which shall be proportioned to the ment in Spain, the Cortes then offence of the prisoner, and his elected occupied themselves in condrict during confinement. The applying remedies to some of the Committee of the Cortes further inost obvious evils of the prison remark, that the loss of liberty, system. They decreed that no pri- and the punishment adjudged by soner should be confined in any law, are all that society has a unwholesome or subterranean apart. right to inflict upon the convicted ment, or in any place not visited by criminal; that it has no authority the natural light of day. They to add to his miseries, by confirme also ordered that no chains or fet. ing the hardened in their guilt, ters should on any occasion be em. eradicating every remaining feeling ployed. Those diswal cells which of virtue, or by corruptly associ
ating the young and timid with the bars with persons in the street. A daring and irreclaimable offender. great proportion of the crimes comThey conclude their Report by de- mitted in Lisbon are planned by claring, that the time has at length ibe prisoners and their associates arrived for the termination of ihe at large, between whom a cons miseries which they feelingly de- stant and unchecked communica. scribe ; and they strongly urge on tion is kept up. By means of the ibe Government the wecessity of bars, food, clothes, liquors, tools, immediately adopting remedial mea- weapons, &c. are introduced into
the prison. The number of priThe Cortes of Portugal have soners at one time has been as great evinced a like earnestness for the as seven hundred: the usual numamendment of the prisuns in that ber is four hundred. The state of kingdom. A committee of six in the apartments is described to be dividuals has been appointed, with most dreadful. directions to occupy themselves in The Appendix to the Report the immediate improvement of the contaius inuch interesting intelligaols. · They have already begun gence, a part of which we bope to their good work in a manner which be able 10 extract in some future promises the bappiest results. The Number. At present we conclude principal prisou at Lisbon is de- with earnestly recommending this scribed as a miserable place of con- excellent justitution to public patinement. It is a representation, on trobage. We greatly lament to an enlarged scale, of all the tilth learn that the funds of the Society and wretchedness so conspicuous are very inadequate to the extent in the Spanish gaols. The prisone of its meritorious designs, ers can communicate through the
BRITISH AND FOREIGN BIBLE SOCIETY. THE Eighteenth Report of the of the Paris Society, by the Duke Society presents a condensed but de Cazes, while on his embassy in very satisfactory account of the England. “I was unable, until principal occurrences in connexion my visit to this country, duly to with the institution during the year. appreciate the good that may be We must restrict ourselves to the expected from the publication of leading particulars.
the Bible. I have found that book The Protestant Bible Society in in every cottage, esteemed by the France promises to redeen the peasant as the most valuable furnipledge given in its First Report, iure of his humble habitation. His that it would one day occupy a Grace, the Duke of Rochefoucault distinguished station among the las requested me to bring him continental Bible Societies. “Qur copies of books published for the resources," it is observed in the use of the poor in England. I Third Report of the Paris Society, have made diligent inquiries on “ have increased through the gene- the subject, and shall conclude rosity of the friends of tbe Gospel them by presenting him with the in France and abroad; lwenty- Bible, which supplies all the moral eight new Bible Societies, of more wauts of a country, of whose naor less importance, have been form- tioval religion it forms the basis, ed in our country; and upwards and of whose political institutions, of 11,000 copies of the holy Scrip- it is the safeguard and the surest tures have been issued from the guarantee.” depository of the Society.” The The Parisian Society had distrifollowing testimony is coutained in buted in the capital itsell' about a leiter addressed to the President 900 copies of the Scriptures. The
“ The su
prisons and poor-houses have been ' and Foreign Bible Society. Among supplied by its liberality; and the the channels in which the Catholie Committee record with satisfaction, Scriptures have thus been made 10 a striking instance of the value at- circulate, may be mentioned sehools tached to the sacred boon, in the of mutual instruction, prisons, hoscase of a poor woman at the Sal. pitals, and asylums. The Society petriere hospital, who, on being for Mutual Instruction,on receiving questioned respecting a copy of the the first offer of New Testaments, Scriptures which had been pre- stated that “it accepted with gra. sented to her, confessed that she titude so generous a gift, and would had lent it to a poor friend who be happy to spread in all the prowas busily engaged in copying it, vinces of the kingdom the code of A gratifying report has been given the Christian doctrine, which also, of the effects produced by the being put into the hands of the perusal of the Scriptures upon the children and of their families, can prisoners in the hulks.
alone expedite that moral and reperintendent of these prisons," saysligious improvement which is the ibe Rev. Mr. Martin,“ had the object of all their wishes.” The goodness to assure me, that tbere acceptance of a similar offer made was a remarkable difference be- to the council of administration for tween the Protestants and ibe other the prisons of Paris, was announced prisoners; that the former were gé. by the Duke de la Rochefoucault, nerally more docile and more duti- in very gratifying terms. ful, and that their moral conduct The Strasburg Bible Society, in was much more regular ; and it was the course of five years, has brought not doubted, that this difference into circulation 10,313 copies of must be ascribed, in a great mea- the Scriptures. Throughout the sure, to the religious instruction sphere of this Society " a deep which the Protestants derive from conviction of the necessity and utireading and meditating upon the lity of a free dissemination of the holy Scriptures.”
word of God has made a rapid Guernsey and Jersey have profit- progress beyond all expectation." ed by the facilities afforded by the The United Netherlands Bible Parisian Bible Society for supply- Society exbibits a detail of facts ing them with the French version which demonstrate tbe growing of the Scriptures. There are few prosperity and usefulness of that points on the globe where so many national institution. Its funds have copies of the Scriptures have been been augmented, not only by liberal distributed, in proportion to the donations, but also by considerable population; and yet the demands legacies; and its issue of Bibles and multiply every year.
Testaments exceeds that of the preWhile the Protestant Scriptures ceding year by nearly 6,000 copies. have been diffused among the mem- The Marine Bible Society of Ambers of the Lutheran and Reformed sterdam, in the course of the past churches in France, considerable year, has distributed copies of the progress has also been made in Scriptures in the Dutch, English, promoting among the Catholics Swedish, Danish, German, French, à dissemination of the version of and even Hebrew and Malay lagDe Sacy, of which not fewer than guages, among seamen of various 30,000 copies had been printed countries and denominations. A during ihe last year. As the Pro- similar association has been estatestant Bible Society at Paris is blished in Rotterdam. Wbat is precluded by its constitution from stated in the Report with regard to taking any part in this undertaking, the activity and influence of the it has been executed through the Central Society at Amsterdam, may medium of an agent of the British be considered as representing,