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proceed to the erection of the maiu cole. One of the Professors, the Rev. Mr. lege edifice, large enough to accommo- Woods, has been in London, collecting date three or four hundred students. for the object; and to bim comnuni. The college was incorporated by an Act cations may be addressed, at No. 3, of Congress in February 1821 ; and its Wardrobe Place, Doctors' Commons. operations commenced in January 1822, The Columbian College will afford fresha under the care of the Rev. W. Staugh, facilities for the instruction of mission, top, D.D. president, with six professaries to the beatben. Most of the missors, two tutors, and thirty students, sionaries who have been hitherto sent The nomber of students has since been out from the United States, have star considerably augmented. This institu, died in the Theological Institution at tion, though promisiog to have an extea, Andover, in Massacbusetts; and the sire national influence, relies solely on Columbian College will supply similar individual liberality for support; and advantages to missionary students in the trustees hope that their friends in the Middle and Southem States of the Great Britain will cheerfuly assist them Union. in their undertaking.
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CHURCH MISSIONARY SOCIÉTY. chiefs, at the age of four or five years, We hope io onr Appendix to present sitting among the chiefs, and paying the onr readers with an outline of the So. closest attention to what was said. The ciety's last and very interesting Report, children never appear under any embarwhich will shortly issue from the press : rassment when they address a 'stranger. in the mean time, we are desirons of de- “ In every village, the children, as voting a few pages to a selection of ex- soon as they learned any of onr names, tracts from the Society's correspoudence came up to ns and spake to as with during the last few months. As our li- the greatest familiarity. At the age of mits require us to confine ourselves at eight or ten years, they appear to be present to a small portion of the Socie- initiated into all the customs and manty's labours, we shall select our extracts ners of their ancestors, by being the from the documents relative to two constant companions of their fathers, stations only ;-New Zealand and Sierra and attending them in all their public Leone. From the former of these the councils, and in the field of military intelligence bas of late been deeply glory. afflicting; the latter continues to afford “ The power of their chiefs, the rites abundant cause for gratitude to Him and ceremonies of their religion, and who alone can render the efforts of his the glory of war, are the grand subjects servants conducive to the promotion of of their conversation. Their memories his glory and the salvation of mankind. are very strong, and they shew much New Zealand.
anxiety to increase their knowledge. The ferocious wars at present raging They are great and enterprising traamong the native' chiefs, instigated by vellers in their own country. Many of Shanghee, a powerful vative who visit them are absent on their journeys ten ed this country some time since, have and twelve months at a time. not only seriously impeded the opera. “ In walking through the village of tions of the mission, but may even, it is Rangheehoo, one morning, I observed feared, render a temporary suspension Towbee tattooing the son of the late of it necessary. The following pas- Tippahee. The operation was very sages from the journal of the Rev. Mr. painful. It was performed with a small Marsden, during his late visits to New chisel made of the wing.bone of a piZealand, will illustrate the character geon or wild fowl. This chisel was and customs of these uncivilized but not about a quarter of an inch broad; and hopeless islanders; and we trust will was fixed in a handle, four inches long, lead every reader to pray earuestly to so as to form an acute angle at the head; the “ Lord of the harvest,” ou bebalf of something like a little pick, with one this benighted region, that he would end. With this chisel he cnt all the dispel its delusions by the introduction straight and spiral lines, by striking the of his Gospel, and bring its hitherto bead with a stick about one foot long, wild and leathen inhabitants to a prac. in the same manner as a farrier 'opens tical and saving knowledge of " the the vein of a horse with a flean. One truth as it is in Jesus."
end of this stick was cut flat like a * “ While we reinained here, we had knife, to scrape off the blood as it gushlong conversations on the advantages of ed from the cuts. The chisel appeared education, agriculture, navigation, &c. to pass through the skin at every stroke, The chiefs are, in general, very seusible and cut it as a carver cats a piece of men, and wish for information on all wood. The chisel was constantly dipt subjects. They are accustomed to pub- in a liquid made from a particular tree, lic discussions from their infancy. The and afterward mixed with water; which chiefs take their children, from their communicates the blackness, or, as they mothers' breasts, to all their public as- call it, the ' amoko.' L observed proudsemblies ; wliere they hear all that is Aesh rising in some parts, wbich had said on politics, war, religion, &c. by been cut almost a month before. The the oldest men. Children will frequente operatiou is so painful, that the whole ly ask questions in public conversation, tattooing cannot be borne at one time; and are answered by the chiefs. I have and it appears to be several years bee often been surprised to see the sons of fore the chiefs are perfectly tattooed,
6 When a chief is killed in a regular tection of the Atua, or god, of the debattle, the victors cry aloud, as soon as parted spirit, he falls, ' Throw us the nuan,' if he falls " As these people have no regular within the lines of his own party. If established government, it appears that the party, whose chief is dead, are in. all crimes are punished, either by an timidated, they immediately comply appeal to the sword, or by plundering with the command. As soon as the vic. the offender, of his little property and tim is received, bis head is immediate. laying waste his potatoe-grounds. ly cut off ; and a proclamation is issued “ The people of a village between for all the chiefs who belong to the vic- . Whangarooa and the North Cape had torious part
to attend to assist in per- taken the bones of the father of Shung. forming the accustomed religious cere- hee's wife from the sepulchre, and bad mony, in order to ascertain, by angury, made fish-hooks of them. Having satiswhether their god will prosper them in fied himself of the fact, Shungbee prothe present battle. If the priest, after ceeded to the village, where the people the performance of the ceremony, says lived who had committed the sacrilege ; that their god is propitions, they are in- and, going up within gun-shot of them, spired with fresli courage to attack the iu the open day, informed them that he enemy; but if the priest returns answer, was come to punish them for spoiling the that their god will not be propitious, sepulchre where his wife's father's bones they quit the field of battle in sullen had been deposited, and for making his silence. The head already in posses. bones into fishi-hooks. They admitted sion, is preserved for the chief on whose his charge, and the jostice of his conaccount the war was nndertaken, as a duct: he then, without entering the satisfaction for the injury which he, or village, fired upon them and killed five some one of his tribe, had received from men; whereupon the party attacked the enemy.
requested him to fire no more; for the “ When the war is over, and the head death of those who were shot was a properly cured, it is sent ronnd to all sufficient atonement for the offence cointhe chief's friends, as a gratification to mitted. Shunghee answered, that he them, and to shew them that justice bad was satisfied; and the business was thus been obtained from the offendiug party. decided, with the mutual consent of
“ With respect to the body of the both parties. chief, it is cut up into small portions, “ The death of a chief may be reaud dressed for those who were in the venged by his children's children, if the battle, under the immediate direction of tribe to which he belonged should ever the cbief who retains the head: and if have strength to retaliate. Hence a he wishes to gratify any of his friends foundation is continually laid for uew who are not present, small portions are acts of cruelty and blood, from generareserved for them; on the receipt of tion to generation; as the remembrance which they give thanks to their god for of these injuries seems never to be forthe victory obtained over the enemy. gotten by them. If the flesh should be so putrid, from « We now took our leave of Shungthe length of time before it is received, hee's family, and went to see the Atua, that it cannot be eaten, a substitute is the lamentations still continuing. On eaten instead.
our arrival, we found a dead chief “ They not only eat the flesh of the seated in great state. His bair was chiefs, but are wont to take their bones, dressed according to their custom, and and distribute them among their friends, ornamented with feathers and a garland who make whistles of some of them, of green leaves. His countenance was and fish-looks of others. These they bright and clear, having been recently value and preserve with care, as me- anointed with oil; and retained iķs morials of the death of their enemies. natural colour. Whether there was a
“ It is also customary with them, for body or not, we could not tell: for the a man, when he kills another in battle, mats covered the whole up to the chin. to taste the blood of the slain. He iina. He had the appearance of a living man, gines that he shall then be safe from the sitting upright in his chair. I had seen wrath of the god of him that is fallen; one, some time before, whose head was believing, that, from the moment he dressed in a similar way; and the body tastes the blood of the man whom he has had been preserved and dried as well killed, tbe dead man becomes a part of as the head. This chief was a young himself, and places him under the pro. man when he died, apparently aboạt thirty years old. His mother, wife, and “ Tool conducted himself with great children, were seated before him; and propriety: he suppressed all the wild the skulls and bones of his family and feelings of an uncaltivated mind, and ancestors were placed in a row on his yet shewed all the soft and tender feel. Jeft hand. I inquired where he died, ings of nature toward his sister. I could and was told that he was killed in battle, not but view his conduct with admira. .beyond the River Thames, some months tion; and told him to indulge bis affec. ago.
tion for his sister, without any respect “ This chief was called the Atna, of to my being present. I saw that he was whom we had heard so much the pre- anxious, lest the warmth of his sister's ceding day. The New Zealanders ap: affection, and the strong manner in pear to entertain an idea that the Deity which she manifested it, should overresides in the head of a chief; as they come his manly fortitude, and canse him always pay the most sacred veneration to imitate her example ; as he had done to the bead. If they worship any idol, on a former occasion, when I first visited it is the head of their chief, so far as New Zealand. I am able to form au opinion of their " At day-break this morning, we worship.”
heard the lamentations of a poor wi. Yet, amidst all these superstitions dow, on the summit of the hill
, weepand barbarities, there are varions traces ing for her children. Her affliction of of better feelings among them; and the mind was very heavy. She was left mission las not been unsaccessful in wholly to the feelings of nature, which creating many favonrable impressions, appeared to be intolerable. The conwhich, it may be confidently hoped, solations of religion could not pour the will eventually lead to important bene- oil of joy into her wounded spirit. She fits. The education of the children of knew not God, and evidently had no the natives, which has been the chief refuge to fly to for relief. In the fullest immediate object of the missionary sense of the Apostle's meaning, she was settlers, though attended with many withont hope, and without God in the difficulties, has not been unrewarded; world ; and this is the sitaation of the and to this quarter must we chiefly whole of her countrymen, wbed under Jook, in the ordinary course of Divide affliction. They will sit for months, Providence, for the ultimate success of might and day, mourning in a similar their benevolent labours. That we may manner, for the loss of their dearest rénot leave the foregoing extracts wholly latives. unrelieved, we subjoin the following, " It was very gratifying to our feelin which the natives appear under a ings, and afforded us a pleasing profairer aspect.
spect, to be able to perform the woT“ We told them, tliát Pomare, King of ship of the True God in the open ait, Otaheite, thonglit, some time ago, as without any sensations of fear or danger, they did. He tabooed his houses and though surrounded by cannibals with provisions, and was constantly under their spears stuck in the ground, and fear lest his god should kill him and his their pattoo-pattoos and daggers conpeople: but, since the Missionaries have cealed under their mats. We could not lived at Otaheite, and be and his people doubt but that the time was at hand, for had been taught the ineaning of God's gathering to the fold of Christ this noble Book, he had abolished all tabooing; race of men, whosc temporal and spiriand had eaten any proper food, and liad tual wants are incouceivably great, and slept any where, like the Europeans; call loudly on the Christian world for and was under no fear of being killed relief. Their misery is extreme. by his former gods. They were much " When I have conversed with the pasurprised at this information, and in- rents of our deceased youths, I have been quired how long it was since Pomare much struck with the patient resigna. had ceased to taboo. We told them tion of some of them to the afflictive disthat it was more than three years ago pensation. One of the principal chiefs, since Pomare had embraced our reli- when he heard that his son was dead at gion. The chiefs then replied, that if Parramatta, came on board the Dromewe would send missionaries to instruct dary with his wife. They both wept them, and to convince them that their much. He was a fiue youth, and their religion was wrong, and to prevent their only son. He requested me not to fret gods from killing them, they would for his son, obrerving that, as tre was think and act as we did.
dead, he was happy that he had died at Parramatta; for he was sure that he me--me bad too much--I sorry for my. would want for nothing in his sickness self. that would do him good. His wife said Q. Do you pray? that she was childless now; that they A Yes, I pray; but I am afraid God bad large possessions of land, but po
no hear my prayer. heir; and requested me to send thein Q. Do not you feel glad sometimes one of my children, whom they would wheu you pray? adopt as their owy, and who should A. Yes, sir : I feel sometimes glad succeed to their lauds. They both ar
and sometimes sorry. dently wished to have their son's bones Q. Do you believe that the Lord conveyed to New Zealand, that they Jesns Christ is able to save you? might be deposited in their family se. A. Sometimes I am afraid, because pulchre; and requested that one or my sivs too much; but He is God, both of them might be allowed to go to and can do all things: that make me New South Wales for them.
glad." Sierra Leone.
The following remarks of one of the From these scenes of barbarism and Christian Negroes form a simple but temporary disappointment, we turn with forcible illustration of the Apostle's humble thanksgiving to God, to the con- words“I was alive, without the law, Irast presented by the progress of Chris. once; but, when the commandment tianily, and its attendant blessings, came, sin revived, and I died :"among the liberated Negroes in the “ Yesterday morning, when you preach, colony of Sierra Leone. We offer no you shew we that the Law be our apology for the simplicity of some of schoolmaster to bring us to Christ. You the following particulars, which ap- talk abont the Ten Commandments. peal to the heart far more powerfully You begin at the first, and me say to than more elaborate statements.
myself, 'Me guilty !'-the second, Me In examining some candidates for guilty!'-the third, "Me guilty !--the baptism, Mr. Johnston was so much fourth, “Me guilty!'—the fiftb, “Me struck by the intelligent piety of one
Then you say the sixth, of the women, that he wrote down the Thou shalt not kill. Me say, ' Ah! examination. The following is part of me no guilty ! me never kill some per. the conclusion: the whole was equally son. You say, 'I suppose plenty peosatisfactory.
ple live here, who say—Me no guilty of “ Q. What does God the Holy Ghost that! Me say again in my heart, 'Ah! teach you ?
me no guilty.' Then you say, ' Did you A. He shew me my sin.
never hate any person ? Did you never Q. Does he teach any thing else?
wish that such a person, such a man, or A. Yes : He shew people that they such a woman, was dead? Massa, you can be saved by Jesus Christ.
talk plenty about that; and what I feel Q. When He has shewu them that, that time I can't tell you. I talk in my does He teach them any thing else? heart, and say, 'Me the same person!'
A. He make them heart feel glad: My heart begin to beat-me want to He give them peace,
cry-my heart heave so much me don't Q. You said that the Son of God re- know what to do. Massa, me thiok me deemed you; what did He redeem or kill ten people before breakfast! I save you with?
never think I so bad. Afterward you A. He pay His own blood for sinners. talk about the Lord Jesus Christ, how Q. Why don't you say for me?
He take all our sip. I think I stand the A. Me 'fraid, Massa : me so bad, me same like a person that have a big stone can't say 'for me'yet.
upon bim head, aud can't walk -want Q. Tell me, did not you know any lo fall down. O Massa! I have trouble thing before you felt your sins?
too much-I no sleep all night. (Wept A. No, Massa ; me know nothing be much.) I bope the Lord Jesus Christ fore: me careless: me po hear: but will take my sins from me! Suppose when I see all the bad things I do before, He no save me, I shall go to hell for then I glad to hear something.
ever." Q. Do you think you shall do good The liberated Negroes continue to pow?
subscribe with great promptitude and A. O Massa! if God belp me, I want affection, to the Church Missionary As. to do good; but I cannot do any thing sociations established in Sierra Leone. by myself. I hope the Lord will belp We extract a passage or two from their CHRIST. OBSERV. No. 252. 5 M