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can conscienciously urge a mere sent of all parties, may not be a quibble to escape the penalty to valid argument for omitting the which he is jusily liable, and to reading of certain forins required by which he ought, we think, peaceably laws, which, in point of fact (like to submit. We furtber thought, a long list of commercial enact: and still think, that the inference is menis some time since repealed en as unsound in law as it is excep- masse), have become obsolete. The tionable in casuistry. The statute clergy may perhaps, and indeed is not, as G. H, supposes, a “mere must, be allowed to use some disnullity;" nor are clergymeamulcted cretion on these subjects; as, for under it " illegally fined;" for, with instance, in the case of certain of every deference to Sir J. Stonhouse the canons which custom has saas well as to our correspondent, we perseded ; and many of them may submit that the magistrates are au- possibly feel satisfied in their conthorized to receive the amount of science, that general desuetude, not the penalty, and to appropriate it to mention public inconvenience, in the same way as the other fines forms as valid a reason for omitting in the same Act are to be appro- to read the Swearing Act as for priated ; and that, had they dove so not using the “ Bidding Prayer" bein the case mentioned by Dr. Stoo. fore their sermons, as enjoined by house, they would without doubt canon 55, or not wearing priests' have been indemnified by the higher cloaks in their journeys,” or “casjudicial authorities. Indeed, in the socks in public,” as commanded in present enlightened state of the canon 74. But let this be as it may, magistracy, we question whether for the general position we contend, a bench of justices would be weak that Christians are bound to keep enough to be terrified by the de- the laws, “not only for wrath but mand for a receipt into a relinquish- for conscience sake," and are not ment of a legal fine, notwithstand- justified in the breach of them, in ing the solitary instance above re- the mere hope of impunity by means ferred to. A similar notion (which of a legal quibble. And even in was the occasion of our alluding the case of requisitions as little exto the subject) has, it seems, been pedient in the general estimation as taken up in some quarters, respect those immediately in question, we ing the provision for reading bave known not a few pious and the Marriage Act; wbich, it has judicious clergymen, who have conbeen alleged, may be evaded, be- tended that the reading of the laws cause no particular penalty hap- against profaneness, &c., is a great pens to be prescribed ; and our ob- public benefit, and, if followed up ject was merely to stale, that both by a ,short sermon on the subject, opinions are not only legally un- so as to enforce the enactments of sound, but, as we think, morally ex- a Christian legislature by the manceptionable. Still we strongly feel dates of the “King of kings," is the inconveniences mentioned byG. calculated to make a deep and saH., and sincerely lament that acts lutary impression on a congregation. should from time to time be passed, The general feeling of the clergy, calculated, though unintentionally, as gathered from their practice, is to interfere with the spiritual cha- certainly not thus favourable to the racter of Divine worship: we bave, useful effect of these so frequently however, no hesitation io saying, recurriug provisions; and this being that, if there be no other alterna. the case, would it not be advisable live, a clergyman had much better for them at once to petition Parliaeven omit his sermon iban break ment, or for the bishops to bring in ihe laws of his country. At the a bill to settle the question, rather same time, we do not contend that than that their minds sbould con. there is no alternative; or that ge- tinue thus painfully agitated by neral desuetude, and the tacit con. these moral and legal difficulties?
REVIEW OF NEW PUBLICATIONS.
The Life of the Red. Thomas Scott, he received from one family arose &c. &c.
from the kind attention which he (Concluded from p. 656.)
had sbewn to a poor person under We come now to the period of Mr. heary affliction : and he states the Scott's acceptance of the living of fact as a remarkable illustration of
the Aston Sandford ; an event which the text, He that hath pity finally removed him from the tumult poor, lendeth unto the Lord ; and and bustle of London, to the retire. that which he hath giren, will he ment of a country life.
pay him again. On the death of Mr. Madan, who
“ During the whole time," observes had alone borne the title of Chap
Mr. Scott," that I was at the Lock, and lain at the Lock, Mr. De Coellogon indeed for some years before, the reand Mr. Scott were appointed joint ceipts from the chapel were small, conchaplains, instead of evening and pared with what they had formerly morning preachers. Mr. Scott was,
been; and, in this way, I was but un
saccessful in my attempts to serve the on some accounts, into which it is
charity. But, if the vnlgar proverb, unnecessary to enter, dissatisfied with this arrangement: and the founded in truth, I must take more cre
A penny saved is a penny gained,' be living of Aston Sandford, which dit to myself, in respect to the finances, was in the gift of a friend, being than has been allowed me. Perhaps it offered to him, he readily accepted would be found, if the case were fully it. About this period, it was re- investigated, that as many hundreds solved at the Lock that there should were saved annnally, in the management be only one chaplain : party-spirit of the institution, by those friends whose seems, as usual, io have been busily plans I supported, and aided by meaat work on the occasion: to save
sures more appropriately my own, as
fell short in the income from the chapel, appearances, both the chaplains at its lowest depression. This, at least, were consequently discharged, and is certain, though but little known, that on the 25th March, 1800, Mr. Scott in the dearest times, when bread (the was re-elected.
main article of provision in the hospi. This new engagement, however, tal) was four times the price, and other did not decide him for a continued articles of consumption donble the price residence in London. On the con- they had been, more patients were curtrary, after due consideration, heed, and the charity had more resources, determined to resign the situation than in the golden days, when the inas soon as it could be transferred
come of the chapel was three times as into the hands of an approved suc
4. When I was appointed sole chapcessor.
Jain, doleful forebodings were expressa We hear much of the vast opu. ed of the ruinous conseqnences which lence of the clergy; and some ra. must follow: but, by a concurrence of dicals argue as if a gown were little circomstances, the single year that I else than a cloak to cover an enor- continued in that situation was peculi. mous income. Mr. Scott certainly arly productive both to the Hospital and was not obnoxious to this charge: so
the Asylum; and I left the united cha. straitened were bis circumstances,
rities much richer at the end of the after he was in possession of his term, than they were at its commenceliving, that without the generosity
“ I wonld only add on this subject, of friends he must have been 'sub
that I can rejoice in the testimony of jected 10 most serious and painful my conscience before God, that I uniinconvenience. It deserves to be formly did my best, often amidst many recorded, that the assistance which censnres, and against much opposition,
pp. 366, 367.
to promote the secular interests of the testified by them, as they successively charities, as far as was consistent with took leave of the society to repair to the great object of both them and the the stations assigned them; and were chapel-bringing sinners to repentance more privately expressed in the corresand salvation ; and that I never suffered pondence, which, as opportunity offermy own gratification, ease, interest, or ed, they afterwards kept up with him. credit, to warp me from that line of
“ The progress wbich they made in conduct which I deemed incumbent on their studies was highly creditable; in me; and that, at least, I was enabled some instances remarkable. I remem, to defeat very many attempts, the suc- ber to have visited Aston, when four of cess of which, it was afterwards allow- them, who had come to my father with ed, would liave been highly detrimen- scarcely any knowledge of language
beyond their mother tongue, were read The village of Aston-Sandford, ing Cicero and Horace, the Greek trato which he removed in the spring gedians, the Hebrew prophets, and the of 1803, is one of the smallest in koran (Arabic), ali in the originals. the kingdom. It consists of the pp. 374, 375. parsonage, which Mr. Scott re
We cannot but pause for one cently rebuilt, of two farm-houses
moment to notice the extraordinary and a few labourers' cottages ; the
energy of a man, who, at the age population being about seventy per- of more than threescore years, sons, young and old; without ale- could begin learning Arabic an house, shop, or mechanic of any Susoo. It is an instance of resokind: a singular field of labour, it lution seldom to be paralleled ; and may be thought, for a man of his
especially when we bear in mind activity and powers! There was, the high motives by which he was however, some opportunity for use- actuated: his object was not to fulness; and the leisure which he acquire literary distinctious, but possessed, by his exemption from simply and solely to do good. parocbial duties, was employed to valuable purposes.
Concerning the general effect of In addition to his publications bís ministerial labours at Aston, his during this period, including the biographer tells uscollection of his theological works
“ Upon the whole, be found it a more in five volumes octavo, he bere com
encouraging situation than any other in menced, and for seven years car
which he had been placed since he quite ried forward an undertaking of great ted the curacy of Ravenstone. In bad importance and utility—the instruc- weather indeed the state of the roads tion of the persons preparing to go was such that a great number of his out as missionaries from the Church hearers were unable to reach the Missionary Society. This employ, church; and, on various accounts, the ment, in ibe year 1814, from the congregation fluctuated from time to declining state of lis, health, and time, especially after the opening of a other causes, he was induced to Baptist meeting in the neighbourhood,
to which no small paios were taken to give up.
draw all persons who manifested any • The persons who came under his religious seriousness; and which was, in instruction in this capacity were several consequence, a source of considerable of them Englishmen, who have since re- obstruction and uneasiness to him. Yet, ceived ordination; but the majoritywere in general, the church was well attend Germans, in general Lutheran clergy, ed, and much good was done. Many men. All of them went forth as mis careless and worldly persons, and not a sionaries into the heathen world, and few who had led even profligate lives, most of them are now usefully employed were converted from the error of their in that character; though some have ways,' and brought forth froits meet died in the service. The sentiments of for repentance :' and a considerable grateful and affectionate veneration body of evidently pious and well-inwhich they, without exception, conceiv. structed Christians was formed around ed for their instructor, were publicly him: thongh he liad to lament, and did
deeply lament over many even of his sider their ways, during that discounearest neighbours, who still held out raging year; besides others, I trust, against all his admonitions and his that I did not know of. Cast thy bread prayers. Nor was this all: by the on the waters, and it shall be fonnd earnest and active character of his after many days. In the morning sow nnited piety and benevolence, an im- thy seed, and in the evening withhold pression was made on the surrounding not thine hand; for thou canst not tell neighbourhood; an interest was excited which shall prosper, or whethier both in behalf of religious institutions; shall be alike good. Endeavour, by schools were established, and associ. laying open the holy law very particuations formed for the relief of the sick larly, to follow men into all the parts of and needy, where previously no sncbtheir lives, and actions, and thoughts. things had been thought of. To stir ap Dwell much on the nature and effects of Christians 'to improve their talents' was regeneration, repentance, faith; and on a prominent object of his iostructious; the peculiarities of the Gospel, especi. and, while be set them so eminent an ally the love of Christ. Pray much for example of ibė duty incalcated, bis direction, assistauce, and a blessing; labour was not,' and could not be, 'io and for simplicity of intention and devain in the Lord.”” pp. 381, 382. pendence. Try not to be stationary ;
From the series of letters belong- but to bring forth things new, as weli ing to the period of ihe last chapter
as old; that your profiting may appear
unto all;' and wait patiently in this we must content ourselves with a single extract, His son has judi
way.” pp. 386, 387. ciously divided them into ihree
From the narrowness of bis inparts : one on the work of the come, Mr. Scolt must have geneMinistry: the second on Provision rally found great difficulty to meet for Families and the Education of the various demands upon him. Children, particularly those of Mi- His publications bad bitherto served nisters; the third, which presents rather to involve bim in additional him to us in a peculiarly amiable embarrassment than to increase bris view, on the Deaih of Children and resources : but he confidently antinear Friends, We select from the cipated an effectual relief by the first.
sale of his Commentary.
" What Perhaps, at first setting out, you
I am to receive," he says, " with might be ready to think that a style what.my bookseller will owe me, of preaching, which was generally ac.
will nearly cover all my debts; and ceptable to pions people, was all that it is bigh time that, on the one needs be aimed at; and that success hand, my borrowed mogey should would follow of course. It may be be paid off ; and, on the other, that needful for you to learn, that pious I should disembarrass myself of persons hear more for theinselves than worldly cares, and set my house in for their unconverted neighbours ; and order, that I may be ready when that you must risk dissatisfying some of
my summons comes.”
He found, them, if you would declare the whole counsel of God, and keep yourself pure
however, on winding up his acfrom the blood of all men. Perhaps counts, an alarming deficiency. from the blood of all men. Perhaps Great quantities of his books, espe you looked at some individuals as mo. dels, and too much proposed imitating cially of the works in five volumes, them; though rather cramping the which he supposed to have been energy of your spirit by so doing. I sold, were still in the printers' say perhaps in these things, merely to warehouses; and, without more imexcite a question. But my prevalent mediate and very considerable as. opinion is, that you are useful, but do sistance, it seemed impossible for not see the effect. Even at Ravenstone him 10 escape from bis pressing I remember complaining in a new-year's
difficulties. sermon, that for a whole twelvemonth I
He appears to have had seen no fruit of my preaching: yet
been much affected by this unex. it appeared, within the course of the pected discovery; and particularly next twelvemonth, that not less than as be charged himself with actual ten or twelve had been brought to con- though unconscious injustice, iu
CHRIST, OBSERV, No. 251. 5 A
~, who, I
disposing, in various ways, on the previously sent. I had only one bandred ground of the erroneous calculation printed..... I was low last week; but of his property, of sums which now not so much about my affairs, as that I turned out not to be his own; and liad written so fully 10 amidst increasing intiroiities and
thought, would mnch censure me; and
because I could not, on a review of disabilities, he began to forebode dying insolvent, and thus, perhaps, many things in myself. And, wheu I
many past years, but deeply condema leaving a stigma upon his character
received Mr. Simeon's letter, and the and profession.” (p. 414.) The bill for so large a sum, I was at first so only plan to be adopted on this overwhelmed with shame at my own un. emergency was to state the case to belief and distrust, that I felt lower a few friends, and, if possible, to than ever. But I liope the Lord's good. procure a sale for those theological ness, and the kinduess of unexpected works which were now lying as
friends, will shame us both, and all, out
of distrust and unbelief. I have not waste paper in the warehouse. This
been too disinterested," &c. plan was foilowed, and the case was
"To his second son, Jannary 17, most prompily and most effectually 1814: 'I have received in all from dif. answered. An individual alone, ferent quarters, and from those of whom the Rev. ('. Simeon, very soon for. I had never heard the name ....
. . qnite warded to liim nearly 6001. as a enough to pay all my debts : and, as I present, from some friends at Cam- have reason to think, that most, if not bridge, besides a considerable suoi
all, the copies of the works will be disfor books, accompanied by a letter posed of, I now have all and abound; which must instantly have removed except that I want more thankfulness to
God and man. I have even declined every feeling of auxiety from bis
some offers made me ..... I hope mine mind. Many others readily came will be considered as an adjadged case, forward on ihe occasion, some of to encourage faith iu God's providence, them resident in places where Mr. in those who are employed in his work.' Scott
was personally unknown. “ To myself, again, February 14, The demand for his books, as we 1814: 'I really expected, at first, little remember to have heard at the more than to dispose of two or three time, was so great, that the binder hundred copies of the works, and I could scarcely prepare them fast
never intimated a desire of furiber help
than in that way. You bave heard enough to meet it; and lie was soon placed in easier circumstances then, mouey lias been sent me, with the
what I received from Mr. S.....Since than he had probably been at any most cordial respectful letters, from former period of his life. It is
persons of whom I never heard : among really delightful to read this inter- the rest, 201. from a Quaker. Offers esting narrative; and the use made were made of raising more, if I desired of it by the venerable man to con- it; which I declined. Probably all the firm his trust in the goodness and copies of the works will be sold. I do providence of God, is precisely that not now owe any thing which I cannot which every Christian would wish, pay on demand-what I never could say under such circumstances, to per- thing in hand, and shall receive more,
you were born! and I have someceive. It is mainly on this account, besides the works. So you see that, if that we are desirous to let this ve
I have too little regarded such matters nerable man speak for himself.
while my need was not urgent, when it “ You will doubtless,” he writes to is how easilythe Lord can do more for me his biographer, fo be astonished at the than all my plans could have done in a contents of this letter. The letter course of years, and in a manner wbich which I wrote to Mr. for Mr. tends to make my publications more Simeon to see, from soine circumstances kuown and circulated; and, I verily seemed likely to produce me a few sub- believe, without in any degree deduciscribers ; and I expected little more. ing from my character. Ob that this
Had I received Mr. S.'s letter be- may make me asbamed of all my disfore I began issuing my circulars, I trast and dejection ! and that it may should have paused; but many were cucourage you, and many others, to go