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holy. The blood shed upon Mount with our feeble apprehensions of Calvary to expiate their transgres- repose and felicity. They have sions, has cleansed them from every washed their robes, stained with vestige of corruption. They are the dust and wounds of their late meet for the society of angels ; warfare. They enjoy communion meet for that world where nothing with God, the fountain of all true that defileth can enter; meet even blessedness; no longer, as on earth, to appear before the throne of God, beholding him through a glass darkto behold him in his unveiled pre ly, through the veil of divine ordisence, and to serve him day and pances, or as shadowed forth in night in his temple. What a con- bis works of nature, and provitrast this to their former condition, dence, and grace, but viewing him when, at their best estate, they in the brighiness of his immediate were surrounded with innumerable glory, and dwelling with him and temptations, and felt, even after be with them. Thus admitted with their regeneration, the infection of angels and archangels to sensible sin, and were often fearful lest access 10 Him in whose presence after all their past experience of there is fulness of joy, and at whose God's goodness, they should one right hand there are pleasures for day perish by the land of their evermore, they are occupied in the spiritual enemies.
exalted employment so partially, But the text also describes so feebly, begun upon earth, of their occupations and their happi- worshipping and serving him; not ness, when thus freed from the bur- as now amidst many cares and inden of the flesh, and admitted to the terruptions, often with an enfeebled enjoyments of the eternal world. body and wearied mind, with a Not only are they arrayed in white heart ill at ease, and with innumera robes, the emblem of their spotless able temptations and impediments, purity, but they have palms in their but “ day and night," uninterhands, as more than conquerors, ruptedly, eternally, with cherubim through him that loved them, over and seraphim, who “ continually sin, and death, and the power of cry Holy, holy, holy, Lord God the devil. Their warfare is ended; of hosts." Thus engaged in an and they are received to the palace occupation with which they never of their King, with acclamations of shall be wearied, and wbich, after joy. Here they are eternally em- endless ages of praise and adoraployed in singing anthems of praise tion, sball, if possible, become and adoration; happy in themselves, more delightful as their spirits aphappy in their beloved occupatiou, proach nearer and nearer to the and happy in that blissful company great Object of their celebration, to whom they are introduced ; they are raised above all earthly where, presiding over all, and ren- wants and pains, above every thing dering all infinitely blessed, they that would interfere with their eterbehold Him, whom, while they nal enjoyment: “ they hunger no were on earth, not having seen, more, neither thirst any more, peithey loved, and in whom though ther shall the sun light upon them then they saw him not, yet believe nor any heat; for the Lamb which ing they often, even amidst their is in the midst of the throne shall severest afflictions, rejoiced with feed them, and shall lead them joy unspeakable and full of glory. unto living fountains of water, and They have been changed into his God shall
wipe away all tears from image : ibey “ see hiin as he is.”
their eyes." The text is well adapted to raise And now let us seriously ask oura our ideas of this exalted state of selves, Are we pressing forwards enjoyment, by its enumeration of towards this heavenly felicity? Is Trious particulars, corresponding it our first object to serve God here, looking forward to the en- in answer to the appeal of J.M.W., joyment of his presence for ever with whose exposition they will not hereafter? Are we conscious of be found to disagree in the main, our alievation from all just hope though they aim at being more parof this blessedness by our own
ticular and explanatory. merits on account of our sins ? The words of the passage are Have we repaired to the Saviour “ When he, the Comforter, is come, for pardon?' And are we making it he will reprove the world of sin, and our great business in life to obey his of righteousness, and of judgment. commands and to live to his glory? Of sin, because they believe not on If we are proud, or self-righteous, me; of righteousness, because I go or covetous, or unjust, or unfor- to my Father, and ye see me no giving, or worldly, we are not fit more; of judgment, because the to join this blessed society. We prince of this world is judged.” biust have a new heart given us by It is remarkable, that he whose the Holy Spirit of God; we must name is the Comforter should begin be prepared by that holiness witb- his office with reproof. Perhaps out which no man shall see the indeed the word, which is here Lord. The greatness of the prize translated reprove, might better be should encourage us to fresh ardour rendered enlighten, or inform so as iu our pursuit of it. It is no trifle to produce conviction. But, since that is at stake : if we lose heaven, to enlighten the world concerning we lose all. What would it pro- sin cannot fail to have all the effect 'fit us if we could gain the whole of a reproof, the sense is sufficiently world at the risk of our immortal preserved by either expression. souls ? What would be our feel- First then, the Holy Ghost was ings if, while the heavenly gates are to enlighten the world concerning 'opened 10 the innumerable com- sin.- What was the notion of sin
pany of whom we have heard, they prevailing in the world before the are shut against us? Let us bring coming of that Comforter, whom ourselves to the test; let us from our ascended Saviour hath sent to this moment make a decided choice; enlighten us? Was it thought to let us forsake every thing that is consist in resistance to the holy inconsistent with the hopes of this will of God? Or was it not rather glorious inheritance, and follow thought to consist only in the every thing that leads to it. Let actual perpetration of those crimes us imitate “ the patience of the which are injurious to society? But saints,” and “ keep the command. what does the Holy Ghost teach us ments of God, and the faith of to be the great sin of the world ? Jesus." The blessing is freely of- He shall “ convince the world of fered : “ The Spirit and the bride sin, because ” (says the Saviour) say,Come:"it is only our own hard. they believe not in me.” Unbeness of heart, and love of the world lief in the Saviour is the great sin and sin that keep us back. Let, of the world. He was preached at then, “ him that hearetlı" say to the beginning to Adam; and the himself, and to all around him, rejection of him brought on the “ Come; and let bia that is athirst flood: and, when our Lord apcome; and whosever will, let him pointed that he should be preached take the water of life freely.”— again to all the world, bis language Amen.'
was, “ Go ye into all the world,
and preach the Gospel to every Tothe Editorof the ChristianObserver.
creature ! He that believeth and
is baptized, shall be saved. But The following remarks on a diffi- he that believeth not, shall be cult passage in the sixteenth chap- damned." So also St. John the ter of St. John's Gospel, are offered, Baptist told us : " He that believeth on the Son, hath everlast- fil all righteousness.” Accordingly ing life: and he that believeth he did fulfil it. He obeyed his not the Son shall not see life, but parents faithfully as a ebild, and the wrath of God abideth on him.” his governors as a man. He subAnd our Lord himself used almost mitted to every ordinance of the the same language : “He that be- Mosaic ritual, and performed every lieveth on bim, is not condemned; duty of the Moral Law. In short, but he that believeth not, is con- he not only offered a perfect alonedemned already, because he bath ment for sin, but a perfect obenot believed in the name of the dience unto righteousness. God only begotten Son of God."-He acknowledged this righteousness, that believeth not is condemned when he raised him from the dead ; already. He requires no new con- and rewarded it, when he ascended demnation. The 'wrath of God into heaven. This is that accepted abideth on bim. It is not necessary righteousness, in wbich there is no for it to be sent down hereafter. It fault or blemish. Our own is an is on him already; and it abides: unworthy, unacceptable, unprofitfor from the time of the transgres- able righteousness. This is ihat sion of Adam, the wrath of God crown of righteousness, laid up for has been in the world ; and the us with our Redeemer in heaven, effects of it can be avoided in no which the Lord, the righteous Judge, other way than by believing in the shall give at that day to all who name of the only begotten Son of love his appearing. Henee it is, God. Hence it is, that the Holy that the Holy Ghost will enlighten Ghost will enlighten the world con- the world concerning righteousness, cerning sin, because they believe because our Saviour, who is emno: in the Saviour.
phatically called “ the Lord our He will also eulighten the world Rigbteousness," has gone to the concerning righteousness. And this Father, and we see him again no again is taught by the Holy Spirit more till the last great day of acof God in a very different way from count. that in which men naturally ap- He will, lastly, enlighten the prehend it. Men in a state of world concerning judgment. --The nature, (ibat is, men who are sin- world bas never been allogether ning every day), yet dream of at- without an apprehension of judg. taining beaven by their own righte- ment to come. The expeetation of ousness. They dream of living a that judgment has always formed a more righteous life than their neigh- part of the religion even of heabours, of abstaining from some thens. But their conceptions regross offences, and although, after specting it were vague and erroneall, their lives must be marked by ous. They had a confused notion many faults, they yet trust, that as to what crimes would bring down their virtues will atone for their condemnation at that tribunal, while errors, or that the forgiveness of they hoped that a very imperfect God will pass by the deficiency. righteousness would ensure their But this is very different from the acquittal. But the Holy Ghost righteousness which the Holy Ghost overthrows this judgment, by subteaches. “ He will enlighten the stituting another. “ He will enworld," (said the Saviour,) " con- lighten the world concerning judg. cerning righteousness, because I goment, because the prince of this to my Father, and ye see me no world is judged." The prince of more.” The ascension of our bless. this world -- who had poisoned, and ed Saviour completed that work of still poisons, the minds of men by righteousnuss which he wrought delusive expectations, which lull for the salvation of the world. It them in a fatal security-is himself becometh us” (said he) “ to ful- judged and condemued : and the kingdoms of this world are become things : he thinks on them rightly; the kingdoms of our Lord and of be is convinced of their reality and his Christ; and be shall reign for importance: and then the Holy ever and ever. Satan is represent- Spirit of God is indeed a Comforter. ed, as contending with Christ for A new light seems to break forth the empire of this world : the cause in the soul, by wbich it discerns is tried before God; and satan, the the Father, as reconciled, and the usurping prince of this world, is Soo, as the reconciler, and, castcast out. This judgment took ing all the burden of its sins upon place, when the atonement of Christ hiin, from whom also it expects its was accepted; on which occasion he righteousness, looks forward with overcame the world, and the prince anxious but lively hope, through of it, and led the powers of hell in the merits of Christ, to that future captivity, triumphing over them in judgment, in which the final dishis cross.
And, when the final tinction will be made between the judgment shall be passed on all the prince and adherents of this world, world, it will be seen not merely and the heirs through hope of a who have abstained from gross sins, better. and who have fallen into them, but
C.C. who are on God's part, and who are on satan's ; who have fled from To the Editorof the ChristianObserver. all their sins and acknowledged the sovereignty of a crucified Master, Those who are familiar with the and who have given themselves up writings of St. John, must have to the delusions of the evil one ;
observed with what frequency and who, in short, are they, that, being delight he dwells upon the love of entangled in the sins of this world, God. At one time, contemplating have known nothing of the righte- it in its intrinsic magnitude and ousness of a Saviour, and who are
richness, he exclaims, • Behold they that have forsaken their what manner of love the Father sins, and laid hold on that perfect bath bestowed upon us, that we Righteousness which alone can save
should be called the sons of God." them from the wratb to come. The At another, viewing it in its effect former will go out with the prince, upon its recipients in enkiudling a whom they have served, into evere corresponding love towards its Aulasting destruction; while the latter thor, he affirins, “ We love him will be received into the joy of their because he first loved us." And Lord and Master. Hence it is, that in order that this reflexion of God's the Holy Ghost will enlighten the love to us may be seen in its native world concerning judgmeni, because splendour, he shews that where in the prince of this world is judged, any man there exists true love to
But, in fact, the Holy Ghost en- Christ, evinced by love for his ways, lightens the world on these three and a desire to obey his commandmomentous subjects, not only by tents, it is unnecessary and uncorrecting their views upon them, scriptural to disquiet the mind with but by disposing them to think fears respecting Christ's love to upon them at all: for there are few him. • There is no fear," says lie, subjects on which men are natu
“ in love." rally less inclined to reflect than It is certain, however, that in sin, and righteousness, and judg- other parts of holy writ, the fear of ment. But when the Spirit of God is represented as the beginning God awakens the wind to a sense
of wisdom, and is enforced upon of its danger, when he kindles a Christians with a sanctity and a desire to pray, and excites a serious solemnity that may at first sight concern for the business of salva- appear somewhat at variance with tion, the individual thinks on these the assertion of St. John. The object of the present remarks is to from bis most hidden faults. God point out the real nature of godly is also omnipresent; and the befear by an attempt to reconcile these liever, practically affected by this apparently contradictory assertions, truth, remembers that “the angel and to shew its practical, and even of the Lord encampeth round about consoling, influence upon the mind them that fear him, and delivereth of the believer in life and death. them.” Tbe constant sentiment of
The word used by St. John (pobos) his heart is, “Wherever I go, whatimplies, and is frequently used to ever I do, thou God seest me; and if imply, agitating and distracting ter- thou art with me, though an host ror, and includes something of that should encamp against me, I will fear state of mind which a slave feels no evil.” Thus, in this Divine at: towards a iyrannising master. It tribute, he finds not only a check is a servile horror and dread, and against sin, but a rock of defence excludes every thing approaching against temptation. So again, God towards affection. But the word is omnipotent; and they that have rendered fear in another part of the fear of God before their eyes, Scripture, where it is said, “ Serve entertain such a holy and reverenthe Lord with fear" (Psalin ii. 11), tial awe of bis majesty and power, does not admit of the same inter- that they dare not offend him. pretation, but exactly corresponds That arm of power, they know, is with the Greek words aiềws and lifted up against “ all ungodliness evlaseca, in Heb. xii. 28. rendered of men;" and while the fear of it in our version « reverence and deters them from the commission of
godly fear.” We have thus two sin, it also strengthens them in the descriptions of fear, not only dis- ways of holiness; for if God, who tinct from, but strongly opposed to, is all-powerful, be for us, who can each other; the one approaching be against us? Thus the fear of to dread and confusion; the other God has the effect of overcoming the mingled with the gentler and more
fear of man. Again : God is just attractive' influence of love, and and holy; and the Christian, with completing that lowly but truly the church trimphant in heaven, honourable principle of the soul, cries, "Who would not fear thee, O which our Saviour described when Lord, and glorify thy name, for ihou he said, “ Blessed are the poor in only art holy ?" And even wben all spirit.”. The former of these St. these attributes of the Deity rush as John declared inconsistent with it were upon the soul at once : they Christian love; the latter the wisest do not crush with terror the man of men pronounced to be “ the who truly fears God; for how terrific beginning of wisdom.” The nature soever they may be to the workers of godly fear being thus ascertain- of iniquity, to the Christian they ed, let us view it in its connexion present source of joy and confi. with the sentiments and conduct of dence. The devils fear and iremble: the Christian.
he fears, and loves, and hopes. And, first, how does it operate Now, in what manner is this fear as respects the contemplation of connected with faith in God? the perfections and attributes of Those who fear God, must bave God? God is omniscient; and the first believed “ that he is, and that believer's fear of God therefore he is a rewarder of them that dimakes bim keep strict watch over ligently seek bim." Job was an his inmost thoughts, as well as eminent example of faith and fear: his outward actions ; and though “ Though be slay me, yet will I conscious of many an unwelcome in- trust in him." Thus, though faith truder, he earnestly strives against is antecedent 10 this godly fear, temptation, and prays to his Father they mutually support each other. who sees in secret, to cleanse him Again : how is the fear of God