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der Providence, to advance the glory of of printing versions of the holy Scrip. God, and the highest interests of man. tures, if a statement already alluded to It is designed to be strictly collegiate, may be credited", provision for some in constitution, in discipline, and in time will probably have been made : but character."
for printing versions of the Liturgy, of “ The intention is, to make the dis. short Religious Treatises and Tracts, cipline and studies established in our such as those of the Society for promot. English universities, with so much be- ing Christian Knowledge, of elemennefit to the cause of true religion and tary books of science, and of school sound learning, the basis of the consti. books, a considerable fund will in time tution of the college near Calcutta; be required : and from the very com. and to raise upon them such a super- mencement of the college labours some. structure as the circumstances of this thing may be attempted in this way. country and the particular destination « 5 & 6. Both Christian and Native of the students may require. In their Schools are within the contemplation of studies, theology, with all that is sub-' the Society. One of the former kind sidiary to it, will form the prominent will be indispensable to every mission. employment of those who are designed ary station; and such might be establishfor the ministry; combining with the ed to great advantage, in some instances, study of the holy Scriptures, Hebrew where no missionary station could conand the learned languages, ecclesias. veniently be formed. In Native schools, tical and profane history, the elements the elements of useful knowledge and of natural philosophy, and so much of the English language will be taught, mathematical knowledge as may tend wherever it may seem desirable, with. to invigorate their minds and facilitate out any immediate reference to Christi. all other acquirements. There is no di. anity. In either case, it will be among strict within the limits of the British pos. the objects of the college to supply sessions in the East, to which the bene- masters well qualified for the underfits of the college may not eventually be taking. extended."
“7. The College Buildings, it is ex. The objects and expected items of pected, will be of as durable construcexpenditure of the college are thus enu. tion as any wbich have lately been merated by his lordship.
erected in this country; but the expe“ 1. The Society, in founding the col- diency is manifest, especially consider. lege, contemplates the establishment of ing the ravages made by the climate, Inissionary stations, wherever an open- of having a small fund in reserve for ing shall seem to present itself for ac- repairs. complishing their benevolent purposes. To supply such stations with mission.
UNITED STATES COLONIZATION aries and their proper assistants, and
SOCIETY, to keep up a never failing succession of them, is their primary object; to Our readers will recollect the pain. which every thing else is collateral and
ful reverses which befel the United subsidiary. 2. The foundation of scholarships is
States Colonization Society's first mis.
sion to Africa, to form a settlement on only second in importance to the preceding head, and even prior to it in ac
the Sherbro for recaptured Negroes and tual operation. A scholarship, it is
Free People of Colour ; and we regret compuied, taking the average on the that the mass of current religious in. difference of expense in maintaining telligence has hitherto prevented our European students (or those of Euro- stating subsequent proceedings on this pean habits) and Natives, and reckoning subject, which, we are bappy to say, are on a moderate rate of interest, may be founded and endowed for 5000 Sicca Ru
of a more auspicious character.
The misfortunes of the first expedi. pees. On the interest of this sum, one studevt at a time may be constantly edu
tion being clearly traced to circumcated in the college, free of every
stances of a peculiar kind, and capable charge.
3. The College Library is calculated to receive nearly 5000 volumes. It • His lordship alludes to 50001. voted will be desirable to store it with the by the Bible Society, in aid of the transmost approved works; the purchase of lation and publication of the Scriptures which will obviously be attended with by the College; a report, but not the considerable expense.
official communication, of which seems " 4. The College Press will embrace to have reached India. His lordship has an important and efficient department of since handsomely acknowledged the the college labours. For the expense grant.
of being guarded against in future, a quantity to begin a colony in the Bassa second expedition was sent out from conntry. It appears that the king of the United States, and arrived at Sierra
that country is in earnest, or he would
not have sent his son ; which may be Leone, where the survivers of the first party had found a hospitable resuge. spect to his promise of the land.
taken as a token of his sincerity in re. The delay which had occurred in con.
“ Oor people were in the evening sequence of the first failure, gave time school when William Davis and the for a deliberate consideration of the Prince arrived. I took the Prince to advantages and disadvantages of locate the school-house; and, had our friends' ing the intended American settlement in England seen the sight, they would in the Sherbro country, on the very con- who were standing in their respective
have wept for joy. His countrymen fines of Sierra Leone ; in consequence
classes, left them withont asking leave, of which it was wisely determined to
surrounded the son of their king, shook fix upon a spot further down the coast, bands with him in the most affectionate where there would be an ample field manner, and inquired after their rela. for the exertions of the settlers of botu tives. Some leaped for joy when they nations, without danger of collision, heard that their parents were alive : and with much greater facilities for and the prospect of the Gospel being effecting the humane object common to
soon carried to them, cansed such senboth. Accordingly, Mr. Andrus and
sations as cannot well be described.
David Noah heard that his father and Mr. Bacon proceeded in a schooner
brothers were all alive and well. Wile down the coast towards the Bassa conn
liam Davis said that he had seen some try, to fix upon avd negociate for an of the persons who had sold him; and eligible site for the intended colony, who tried to hide themselves, being taking with them two converted natives, ashamed to look at him. He heard that with whose names our readers are fa. his mother was alive; but she was too miliar, William Davis and William far in the interior to enable him to pay Tamba. They reached the Bassa coun
her a visit this time: he, however, sent try at the beginning of April of last hoped soon to see her, and to have her in
her a present, and a message that he year. The old King, John, who had
his family. Some of the people were so received Mr. Cates so cordially on his struck when they saw Davis, that they visit to these parts, was dead. On the scarcely would believe that he was the 12th of April, the new King and the same; as an instance of one returning, Headmen held a palaver with their vi. who had been sold out of the country, sitors; when an agreement was made had never occurred before. Is this uot for a quantity of land, to be held by like the case of Joseph? Oh, how won.
derful are the ways of the Lord ! an annual payment, or tribute, of two
“ The Missionaries have agreed to casks of rum, two casks of manufac
settle on the shores of the Bassa tured tobacco, one box of pipes, twenty country, in the beginning of next dry pieces of cloth, and other articles.
The following extract of a letter from It had been the intention of the the Rev. W. Johnson to the Church Mis Church Missionary Society, to embrace sionary Society, dated Regent's Town, the first opportunity of entering on the April 27, 1821, states some of the cir- promising field of missionary exertion cumstances under which the negocia- late Mr. Cates's visit had opened. The
among the Bassa people, which the tion was brought to a successful termi. friends of the Society must rejoice nation.
that Anierican Christians have gained “ Last night, I was agreeably sur. a footing there; and that the previous prised at the return of Mr. Bacon, who researches of their Missionary have had been down the coast to the Bassa led, in any measure, to the attainment country. William Davis also returned; of this object. The new colony will and they were accompanied by the serve as a point of support to the exKing's son of that country. William ertions of Native, as well as of AmeriTamba is gone again on a missionary can and English, Christians, to diffuse visit to the Sherbro people,
the light of the Gospel on these long, · The Missionaries have succeeded in injured shores. obtaining land : they have a sufficient
* For a rariely of interesting Religious Intelligence, we refer our readers to the
Appendix for 1821.
VIEW OF PUBLIC AFFAIRS.
the substitution of what in this counFRANCE.-The new French ministry try we should call a star-chamber, have begun to develop, in no very con- that renders the proposed law so fatal ciliating or prudent manner,their views to honest discussion. Some modifirespecting ihe internal administration cations, which might abate the oppresof the country. The keeper of the seals sive tendency of this measure, were (M. Peyronnet), in introducing the expected from the committee to whom project of a new law for the regulation it was referred to report upon the of the press, in the place of the cen- provisions; but not only have all the sorship, which is about to expire, obnoxious parts of the law been perbegan with stating the necessity of mitted to remain in full force, but farrestraining the licentiousness of the ther severities appear to have been political journals, and the difficulty of introduced. The reading of the report framing laws for that purpose; espe- of the committee caused the most tucially as an article in a paper, and multuous agitation in the chamber of still mure a series of articles, might deputies; and we may look forward to have a decidedly libellous or seditious very stormy debates upon every stage tendency, though so cautiously drawn of the progress of this projết. Among up as to afford no ground for legal various other provisions proposed to be conviction. He considered, therefore, adopted, and some of which strike us that a
“ mural appreciation” is ne- as highly exceptionable, is one which cessary to prevent the effects of in- permits the restoration of the censorflammatory writings which evade the ship in the interval of the sessions, technical provisions of statutes. To whenever ministers may consider it remedy the evil, the new project pro- expedient. poses to take into consideration the ge- It is curious to remark the language neral spirit and tendency of periodical employed by the committee in making publications, and to try offenders, not its report. They deny the necessity by a jury, but by the judges of the of the existence of public journals to royal courts, who are stipendiaries of the preservation of liberty, so long as government. Under such a system, the right of petition is secured, the it is plain that no opposition paper, tribune is free and public, the admihowever moderate, can be safe; for, stration of justice is pure, and every temperate as may be each individual
one may print his opinions in another article, it will be easy to denounce the form. They admit their possible usejournal, in the language of the pro- fulness, but represent the danger aris
injurious in its spirit and ing from them as much greater than tendency to public peace, to respect their usefulness. In short, their prinfor the religion of the state or the ciples would lead to the suppression of other religions legally recognized in all public journals which treat of politiFrance, to the authority of the king, cal subjects, and which are not dictated or the stability of the constitutional and controlled by the state. Should institutions;" nor, we conclude, will it this projet be adopted in its present be difficult under such circumstances form, the boasted charter of France. to procure its“
suspension," if not will be little more than a dead letter; its a suppression,” by the royal courts. and the will of the minister of the It is this last point that constitutes, in day, and not the principles of the our view, the chief enormity of the constitution, will regulate the freedom measure; for, to a certain extent, the of public discussion. What is to be “spirit" of a writing is always taken expected from the present cabinet, may into the account by a jury, as well as be augured from this initial project, to the precise words ; 'nor should we which their conduct in the mean time greatly fear for the cause of liberty, has exactly corresponded; for though, either in France or England, if even they came into office with a pledge to a more considerable latitude were abolish the censorship, they have not given in this respect to twelve impar- only brought forward a measure før ital persons, in forming their opinion more injurious and tyrannical (aoineaof alleged libels. But it is the super- sure also which puts it into their power cession of a constitutional jury, and to re-appoint a censorship whenever
ject, as “
it shall suit their views to do so); but territory, and that the Greeks have they have employed the unexpired mo- succeeded in getting possession of ments of the existing law-a law which some more of the fortified places of the they themselves bad most vehemently Morea and the adjacent provinces. reprobated with a rigour hitherto un- The report of an unjustifiable outrage known; not only mutilating or reject- committed by the Greeks on the caping articles in the journals at their ture of one of these places, Tripolizpleasure, but, in the case of the pro- za, where, it was said, that in the posed law on the press, prohibiting all teeth of a capitulation they had indisDiscussion whatever, even of the most criminately massacred the Turks, men, moderate description.
women, and children, who had fallen The only relieving circumstance into their power, produced a strong which we can discover in their mea- sensation to their disadvantage in this sure, is, that offences against Chris- country. There is great reason to betianity, whether as established or tole- lieve, however, that the report is either rated, are considered weighty enough altogether untrue, or essentially misto be noticed; though even here we represented. But even if it were true, shall be agreeably surprised if in ope- much as we should lament the ocration the effect of this clause is not currence, and strongly as we should found somewhat to resemble the cele- . reprobate the conduct of the Greeks, brated Declaration of Janies the Se- we should no more be induced by it cond, which, under a specious plea of to change our view of the intrinsic liberality, was covertly intended to justice of their cause, and of the duty serve only the purposes of intolerance of aiding it, than we should be led ta and bigotry.
abandon the cause of the African race On the foreign policy of the new because the captives in a slave ship cabinet we can have no remarks to had risen on their keepers, and thrown offer, as no decisive indications of its them into the sea, or because some bearing have yet been given. The signal instance of bad faith had atviscount de Chateaubriand, well known tended an insurrection of slaves in by his writings, is appointed ambas- the West Indies. Our general views sador to the court of St. James's. on the subject of Greece remain un
SPAIN.—The capital and provinces altered. We refer for them to our of Spain still remain in a state of former Numbers. great agitation, from the struggle of UNITED STATES.—The President's contending parties. The Cortes have message, at the opening of Congress, declared that the cause of these dis- speaks of the relations of the United turbances is to be found in the con- states with Great Britain, as conduct and measures of administration, tinuing on an amicable footing. With which have alieuated the affections France there had been some interand destroyed the confidence of the ruption of direct commerce on acrount country. They particularly dwell upon of the refusal of that country to acthe evils which have arisen from a cept the terms of maritime intercourse licentious press, which they consider proposed by the United States, and might have been checked by an effi, agreed to by England. The message eient executive ; and they recommend intimates without disguise the satisthe formation of a new cabinet. faction of the President at the success The old ministers have accordingly of the Independent party in South been removed. Whoever may be ap- America; and even goes so far as to pointed to succeed them, will have a avow it to be the inteation of the sufficiently onerous and invidious task government of the United States to to perform in steering the vessel of recommend to the government of the state through the dangers which Spain to acknowledge the indepeninenace it, and preventing the civil dence of its Trans-atlantic provinces. war which seems to impend over this The treasury report presents a most agitated country.
economical view of the public exTURKEY.-The last month has af- penses; the civil, military, diplomatic, forded no new light respecting the naval, and miscellaneous expenditure intentions of Russia with regard to being only about two million one Turkey; nor any decisive intelligence hundred and fifty thousand pounds respecting the internal affairs of the sterling. The message briefly alļudes latter power, excepting, that it would to the efforts which continue to be appear that Persia does not continue made by the American navy for the her hostile advance into the Turkish entire suppression of the Slave Trade.
contrivance which the wit of man Meetings have been held in various can suggest, will avail, under existing counties of England, to consider the circumstances, to prevent the necessity causes and the remedy of the present of this result. As for the notion agricultural distress. These meetings promulgated by some individuals of have been attended chiefly by land reverting to the ruinous system of a owners and farmers, who certainly paper currency, unsupported by a have not thrown much light on the metallic basis, with the view of raissubject of their consideration, how- ing the price of the necessaries of ever loud and well founded may be life, it is too extravagant to require a their complaints of growing difficulty single remark. and depression. That, however, which The state of Ireland, or rather of is their main grievance at the present the only part of Ireland which has moment-namely, the lowness of the experienced any serious disturbance, price of the necessaries of life—is so the county of Limerick, is becoming direct a consequence of the bounty of more tranquil. We hope soon to ena gracious Providence in multiplying ter at some length into the circumthe fruits of the earth, that we dare stances of this part of the empire, not regard it, whatever may be the in- when we shall endeavour to point out convenience caused by it to a part of the causes which retard its improvethe community,in any other light than ment, and retain it in its present un that of a signal blessing for which we civilized and semi-savage state. In cannot be too grateful. The obvious the mean time, we beg to call the atremedy for the evils under which the tention of the public to a pamphlet * farmers labour is a reduction of which has recently been published rent fairly adapted to the new circum- by that tried and indefatigable friend stances of the country.
A farther of Ireland, Mr. Robert Steven, as relief might doubtless be obtained by full of valuable information and ima reformation of the poor laws, and portant suggestions. He has contemby such a diminution of the public plated the state of that country with expenditure as would lead to a dimi- the eye of a Christian philanthropist; nution of taxes ; but it is vain to and we trust that his representations anticipate any early or sensible relief will obtain the attention they defrom this source, either to the farmer serve, The pamphlet reached us at or the landlord. The latter, we ap- too late a period of the month, to prehend, must submit to a considerar admit of our doing more than giving ble abridgment of the income he has this brief annunciation of its appearof late been deriving from land, and ance and import. which has been progressively increas- • “ Remarks on the present State of ing for the last twenty-five or thirty Ireland," &c. printed for Smith and years: nor do we conceive that any Elder, Fenchurch Street.
ANSWERS TO CORRESPONDENTS. A.; S. H.; D, R. N.; R. A.; J. S.; P. T.; BENEVOLUS; LAICUS; Misis; PACI
Ficus; R. N. O.; CLERICUS ; J. M. W.; F. S.; and a Memoir of Mrs. K.; are
under consideration. We cannot pledge onrselves respecting the proposed papers of ANGLO-AMERI.
CANUS, on the condition of Episcopacy in the United States of America, till we see them. Some particulars in his letter seem also to require an authentic signature, with which he will perhaps be kind enough to favour us. We are sorry a correspondent has had the trouble to transcribe Bishop Bur
net's Letter to Charles II. as it has already appeared in our pages. See Vol.
for 1808, page 753. J. F. G. was probably not aware that the Memoir of Dr. Bateman, which he
wishes to reprint, has been reprinted by Mr. Butterworth, Fleet Street; and
by the Edinburgh Tract Society. C. D. will find that the proceedings of the Church Tract Society have been regu
larly reported in our pages. We are requested to state, that the half of a Bank Note, No. 6981, for 1001. has
been received by the British and Foreign Bible Society. We refer the Correspondents who have addressed us relative to the plan of our
work on completing our Twentieth Volume, to the statements on that subject in'the Prefatory Remarks, in the Appendix for 1831, published with the present Number.