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to have been an undertaking worthy of Mr. Hey, and demanding an Herculean strength of principle and perseverance. That he should in one instance have been discouraged in his efforts by the highest judicial authority, to which he was more than once compelled to ap. peal, forms, we are happy to say, a rare exception to the usual conduct of a Bench, the purest, perhaps, which has ever been called to preside over national justice and morality; and is indeed too rare an occurrence, though happening to be combined in the present case with singular ignorance and levity on the part of the Judge, to invalidate the statement of Mr. Christian, in a letter to Mr. Hey, in which he says, "Your intention of putting in execution the laws against immorality is very laudable, though it will necessarily create you enemies. But while you shew an anxiety to proceed strictly according to law, YOU ARE SURE TO MEET WITH THE PROTEC


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(p. 114). We are happy in setting our seal to this important declara tion, as far as we have observed the course of proceedings in a great variety of successful prosecutions by the Society for the Suppression of Vice. And whoever needs encouragement to proceed in all just and legal exertions for the main tenance of public decorum and sound morals, may turn over, which he cannot fail to do with deep interest, the details given in this volume by Mr. Pearson, from the pen of Mr. Hardy, of Mr. Hey's operations at Leeds; the ultimate result of which, be it observed, proved no less beneficial to the public than honourable to their author. The following observation speaks volumes, as to the principles which guided him in this as well as every other department of duty, and will correspond to the experience perhaps of every man who is truly conscientious in the discharge of his public functions.


"The faithful execution of his office was frequently not less painful to himself than to others, and he was wont to remark, that he had often incurred the greatest obloquy from those actions which had required the greatest sacrifice of feeling to perform, and to which he was conscious nothing could have impelled him but a deep sense of his duty."" Moral and Social Life, p. 147. .

A very interesting law case, respecting a young man brought before Mr. Hey, as a magistrate, on a charge of forgery, concludes this chapter.

The following chapter, the fourth, "On the zeal and public spirit of Mr. Hey in promoting whatever promised benefit to the true interests of mankind," might afford us many most interesting extracts, in which we should view Mr. Hey, at one time, supporting the abolition of the Slave Trade; at another, forwarding the objects of the British and Foreign Bible Society; at another, promoting Sunday and other Schools, Missions, &c. all these different topics his remarks are of the most solid and


judicious nature, and shew an original and independent mind. Of such a mind, the first natural verdict with respect to the nature and objects of the British and Foreign Bible Society is particularly valuable. We shall give it, with Mr. Pearson's sensible observations upon it, which evidently proceed from a kindred spirit.

"I was simple enough,' he would say, to think that all must admire and zealously support a society which seems to be so evidently designed, by a gracious Providence, for ushering in the long-expected period of Zion's glory. But I was deceived.'-He lamented the absence of that open, enlarged, and generous spirit, which, on great occasions and those of general concern, will cheerfully overstep the narrow boundaries prescribed too often by prejudice and misconception, and hastily adopted by political caution, as the rule and

measure of ecclesiastical security. That the good purposes of the Bible Society may be abused, is too true; but it is equally true of every institution, sacred

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tending Israelites,

or civil. What has not the perverseness, the hypocrisy, the selfishness, the depravity of the evil heart of man abused? And are we to withhold our co-operation, and stand aloof when our fellow-Christians are labouring for the benefit of mankind, until we have ascertained that no possible inconvenience can result from their undertakings? The state of imperfection in which we are placed, the whole constitution of the natural and moral world, will seldom permit the light of demonstration to shine and serve as the guide of our decisions and the regulation of our practice; while the corruption and malignity of human nature exert too con. stant and powerful an influence on the thoughts and determinations of free agents, to leave them secure against the perversion of good into evil. Some persons have apprehended, that the free diffusion of the Sacred Scriptures, withont note or comment, may prove detrimental to the interests of the Church of England? Let this be conceded for the sake of argument, and what then? Can they prove injurious to the Established Church only? May not every other church, sect, or denomination of Christians, adopt the same objection with equal force; unless it be supposed by the authors of the objection, that the knowledge of the Bible would militate more powerfully against the National Establishment, thau against any other confession of faith, or form of ecclesiastical regimen? But a conclusion so harsh and unfounded would be intolerable, and could only find supporters and abettors among the most uncha ritable enemies of the English Church. Those who have studied most largely and profoundly the grounds and foundation of the Established Church, will be the least fearful of bringing her doc. trines and discipline to the test of the Holy Scriptures; those who are the best satisfied, on due examination, that she is built upon the foundation of the Apostles and Prophets, Jesus Christ himself being the chief corner-stone,' cannot consistently oppose the circulation of the inspired writings, or concur in withholding from her members the pure uncoloured light of Divine truth. The Churchman, as a Protestant, must regard the extensive diffusion of the words of eternal life' as an imperious duty; he will address to each denomination of the Christian church, the admonition given by Moses to the con

Ye are brethren,

why strive ye?' he will urge them to combine their efforts with his against the antichrists of the day, and treat their profane and infidel productions as Moses did the Egyptian, Slay them, and bury them in the sand.' Whatever supposed inconveniences may have induced some well-intentioned persons to engage in a conscientious hostility against the Bible Society, they must allow, that the arguments they employ are merely probable; nay, that they rest upon a very low and slender foundation of probability; while the duty of spreading abroad the sacred oracles, which are able to make us wise unto salvation,' is taught without obscurity, or qualification, by the same authority as that on which all our religious hopes and expectations are grounded.

"There are many considerations connected with this subject which might induce a man of a candid, modest, and charitable spirit, to suspend his positive condemnation of such a Society; to hesitate, before he break forth into acts of open and violent hostility against it; to exercise a holy fear, lest, in a case which admits at least of some doubt on his part, he should be directing his opposition against the best interests of mankind, and be found,' eventually, fighting against God." Moral and Social Life, pp. 168-171.

Not having the same ambition for our corporate selves as Christian Observers, which Mr. Foster recommends to all individuals, of writing their own memoirs; nor, on the other hand, having the still more magnificent ambition of concealing our origin-honoris causá

as the Nile is said to derive its chief dignity from the concealment of its source; we may perhaps be permitted, with no sacrifice either to or of our personal vanity, to add the concluding work of piety attributed to Mr. Hey in this chapter.

"In the years 1800 and 1801, Mr. Hey reflected frequently on the probable advantages that might result from a monthly publication so conducted, that it should oppose the inroads of infidelity and heresy, support the doctrines and discipline of the Church of England, and tend to promote serious piety and godliness throughout the va

rious ranks and orders of society. He commenced a correspondence on this subject with several persons in different parts of the kingdom; he promised his own assistance, and engaged to use his best exertions in procuring the aid of learned and pious men, wherever his influence might extend; and it is to be ascribed, in a great measure, to his zeal and activity, that the CHRISTIAN OB SERVER was introduced to the world. "This periodical work has now been so many years in circulation, that its merits may be safely left to speak for themselves; and, although it has participated in the lot of many other useful productions-that of being misunderstood by some, misrepresented by others,

and opposed by the enemies of the faith and hope of the Gospel; yet it has surmounted all opposition, and, through the Divine assistance, has been eminent ly and extensively beneficial both to the clergy and laity of this kingdom. The Christian Observer has displayed good temper, and a spirit of moderation and candour towards the various denominations of Christians; it has demonstrated that

and fervent exist without ignorance or fanaticism; that polemical discussions may be conducted without railing, bitterness, or asperity; and that sobriety of mind and cautions investigation, are not hostile to purity of faith or soundness of doc trine. Above all, the Christian Observer has been the unwearied and zea,

lous advocate of scriptural morality; it has enlarged on the extent and holi ness of the Divine law; rescued the preceptive parts of the Gospel from the cold, heartless, insipid commentaries of those who would reduce Christianity to a round of formal observances, and a decent conformity to social duties; and by inculcating the necessity of combining gracious and spiritual affections with an orderly and correct practice, it has laboured to convey and excite the most enlarged, noble, generous, and

animated conceptions of the nature and genius of true religion. What has the world to exhibit in its greatest and most illustrious votaries, that can bear a com parison with the dignity and elevation of the Christian character? With him, whose ruling principle and intention it is to please God in all things; whose heart dilates with the love of God and

man; in whose mind peace, gentleness, and goodness, hold their habitual residence; whose spirit is sustained by

faith, and hope, and holy joy; who, having the temper of heaven implanted in his soul, anticipates with lively expectation the revelation of that glorious day, when he shall enter into the promised possession of moral perfection and never-ending blessedness. To disseminate and inculcate such views and representations of the power and efficacy of our holy religion, have the efforts of this work been directed; and it has pleased God to bless its endea vours with an abundant success. Let their works praise them.' Moral and Social Life, pp. 204-206.

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wishes rather than of our works, in If Mr. Pearson had spoken of our the above paragraph, we can only say he would have most accurately expressed the truth. As it is, he has our most unfeigned acknowledgements for that friendly and cordial regard which has so much outstepped the sense we have of what, we trust, are our most earour inadequate performance of nest purposes. We only hope that praise for the past may quicken our diligence for the future; and that commendations of such weight, so enforced, may act as a guide, no less than a stimulus, to those duties by which we may best adorn the doctrine of God our Saviour, and benefit our fellow-candidates for an eternal crown. Then, indeed, we shall feel that the volumes of the Christian Observer, whatever their imperfections, have not been written in vain.

With the above remarks Mr. Pearson, honourably to us, but we fear not very appropriately to his own subject, concludes the body of his work. From one of the subsequent "Miscellanea" we extract the

following short and imperfect notices, being all that were afforded by the late and languishing, but triumphant, death-bed of Mr. Hey. They seem to us, by some mistake of the printer, to have crept out of their proper place at the conclusion of the Moral and Social Life, into the appended documents.

"It only now remains to record some short notices of what occurred during

the last sickness of Mr. Hey, which were collected by one of his old and affectionate friends.

"It has pleased our heavenly Father to call the happy spirit of our beloved friend to that rest which remaineth for the people of God.' About a quarter before six o'clock in the evening of the 23d (March, 1819), he took his flight to those bright regions of which he was already a citizen (Philippians iii. 20), on which his affections had long been placed, and towards which he has been enabled, through grace, to tread with steady steps from early youth to a venerable old age. His end was peace.

"During a great part of his illness, which was attended with much weakness, he slumbered, or was affected by slight and interrupted attacks of delirium. These were of short duration, and his friends had the relief of witnessing many lucid intervals. On Sunday morning, March the 14th, he wrote the following note to his beloved pastor and friend, the Rev. Miles Jackson.

"My dear Friend;

"With unfeigned gratitude, I desire to inform you that I am free from pain, (though extremely weak), except when the hiccough comes on, which is generally excited by any exertion. I desire to be as clay in the hands of the potter, and to have the Lord Jesus for my strength and stay.


"On Saturday forenoon, March 20, about twelve o'clock, as he came out of a slumber, he inquired, 'Is it day or night? What a clock is it?' When told, he said, 'I should like to know my real state; but I am not anxious about it. I would truly wish to lie as clay in the hands of the potter, from the ground of my heart.'

"I saw our dear friend on the Monday morning, before his death, for the first time; he was in a kind of slumber. Miss Hey mentioned my name. He just said, with a faint voice, 'My friends are all very kind in coming to see me.' He then sunk into his previous state of stupor.

"The Rev. Mr. Jackson called upon him about half-past twelve the same day; he moved his hand out of the bed, and pressed Mr. Jackson's hand with his usual warmth of feeling. Mr. Jackson said, Shall I offer up a short prayer?' He replied,' By all means, by all means.' During the recommendatory prayer, he repeated Amen several

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"After I left him, he revived a little, and said to his daughter, Miss Hey, My love,-you are my love, I must take my leave of you. Farewell! Farewell!' She said to him, Is the blessed Jesus precious to you?' After a pause, he replied, Is it for me to make a confession of my faith?-My trust is in Christ.-He is my Saviour.He is my Redeemer!'-repeating the expressions more than once.

After a short pause had elapsed, Mrs. Hey came and took hold of his hand. He looked at her, and said with a pleasant voice, "What are you come for, my dear love? To see me before I die ?-My dear wife, you see your husband laid upon his death-bed ;—you see him dying.'

"At intervals he was heard to say in broken accents, 'To worship God; to worship the Lord Jesus ChristThese expressions were connected with other words, which could not be collected, from the weakness of his voice.

"Some time after twelve o'clock, he said to Miss Hey, O let us awake from sin! My dear love, awake to righteousness! I die very soon,' repeating these words several times.

"On one occasion, as he was lying with his eyes open, Miss Hey heard him say, Glory-praise-glory————————— l3 as if his soul had been wrapt in holy meditation, and he saw the heavenly Ca

naan near.

"I called again on Tuesday morning, March 23, and found him much reduced. Mr. William and Miss Hey expressed a desire that we should offer up our united petitions, commending his soul to God. The family was assembled, and we poured out our hearts around the bed of our dying friend. In the afternoon, Miss Hey and Mr. William Hey only being with me in the room, we rendered our humble supplications at the Throne of Grace.

"About twenty minutes before six o'clock, Mrs. Hey came to the bed-side. She had been informed, I believe, of the nearness of Mr. Hey's departure. Feeble and trembling, I took her by the hand to conduct her to her chair; while I was leading her from the bed-side,

Mr. Hey made a peculiar kind of shrill noise: I thought that it was, probably, the last effort of expiring nature. When I had placed Mrs. Hey in her chair, I returned to the bed; looked for a minute or two; but perceived no heaving of the breast. Miss Hey, who was aware of his situation, sat with her hands before her face, near her beloved parent. Mr. William Hey was sitting beside his aged mother. I went to him and said, I think your father breathes no more. He rose and stood for some minutes with his eyes steadily fixed on his revered parent, and then, after placing his hand upon the breast, retired. The silver cord was loosed, the happy spirit had taken its everlasting flight." Moral and Social Life, pp. 288-292.

To this and the following paragraphs, carried back to their natural position, we should have been glad also to have seen subjoined the conclusion of Part I. from p. 104: as we do not see the peculiar connexion which such a conclusion had with

the Professional Life of Mr. Hey. The traits of his character are indeed greatly diversified, and have necessarily led to a mass of miscellaneous matter, which required much judgment in the disposition. The outpouring, moreover, of Mr. Pearson's own full mind, added to the many original remarks or documents of Mr. Hey, and notices of personages introduced in very pleas ing variety into the piece-such as Ely Bates, the Jowett family, Dr. Isaac Milner Dean of Carlisle, &c. &c.-all add to the difficulty of arrangement, which we are inclined to think is the only difficulty our able and excellent biographer has not fully mastered. We do not presume to dictate; but our own opinion is, that a chronological series, from the commencement to the close of the volume, or something in approximation to it, is generally the best method of arrangement. An excellent model of this plan has been laid in Hayley's Life • We may probably find room in some future Number to extract the Memoir of this eminent character, but little known to the public, except through his works.

of Cowper, and has been extensively followed by subsequent memorialists.

We cannot conclude our notice of the present work without repeating the testimony which we have already given of the high honour which it reflects, as a whole, both on the biographer and on the subject of it. If we contemplate Mr. Hey himself, we see a man of the most firm and unbending, yet feeling and considerate mind, detracting nothing from his exertions in a profession, of which he was one of the highest provincial ornaments, yet finding time and thought for the good offices and undertakings for prosecution of many great and the more general benefit of his fellow-creatures: a most wise and

tender father; and, under circumstances of peculiar domestic trial, as well as in the general tone and temper of his mind, exhibiting the most devoted piety to God, grounded on a sense of his obligation to his Divine Lord and Saviour, and regulated by a sober and stedfast attachment to established order and public forms. We see him practising a stern, it might be occasionally, as is noticed by Mr. Pearson, a scrupulous, morality; but adorning it with the grace and embellishment of the lighter arts, particularly music, of which he was passionately fond, but which never detained him in the parlour or the concertroom one minute beyond the time he had previously allotted to it. In short, we behold a man faithful-of course, as a human and fallen being, we speak only comparatively -to himself, to his family, to the public, and to God. We see one, who, in language more expressive than that of any human writing, acknowledged "the Almighty God, and walked before Him," and, in the sense alone applicable to human frailty and infirmity," was perfect in his generation." And if, after such an expression of our honest conviction of Mr. Hey's character, on rising from the perusal of this

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