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whether of real or of fictitious neces. course of piety were going on between sity, that may be raised by our ap- our men of respectable station, on the pearance amongst them. So soon as it one hand, and our men of labour and is understood, that all which is given of poverty on the other. We know of by such an adventurons philanthropist nothing which would serve more poweris given by himself; and so soon as ac- fully to link and to harmonize into one quaintanceship is formed between him fine system of social order, the various and the families; and so soon as the classes of our community. We know conviction of his good will has been not a finer exhibition, on the one settled in their hearts, by the repeated band, than the man of wealth acting observation they have made of his the man of piety, and throwing the kindness and personal trouble, for their goodly adornment of Christian benevosakes;-then the sordid appetite which lence over the splendour of those civil would have been maintained, in full distinctions, which give a weight and vigonr, so long as there was the ima. a lustre to his name in society. And gination of a fuod, of which he was we know not a more wholesome influ. merely an agent of conveyance, will be ence, on the other hand, than that sbamed, and that nearly into extinction, which sach a man must carry around the moment that this imagination is dis with him, when he enters the habitasolved. Such an individual will meet
tions of our operatives, and diguifies, with a limit to his sacrifices, in the by his visits, the people who occupy very delicacy of the poor themselves; them; and talks with them, as the heirs and it will be possible for him to ex
of one hope and of one immortality; patiate among hondreds of his fellows, and cheers, by the united power of reand to give a Christian reception to ligion and of sympathy, the very bumevery proposal he meets with; and yet, blest of misfortune's generation; and after all, with the bumble fraction of a
convinces them of a real and a longing hamble revenue, to earn the credit of affection after their best interests; and liberality amongst them." pp. 270—272. leaves them with the impression that
“ In this world,” he observes again, here, at least, is one man who is our * the poor shall be with us always ; and friend ; that here, at least, is one proof under the imperative duty of giving such that we are not altogether destitute of things as we have, all who do have the consideration amongst our fellows; that silver and gold are under the obligation of here, at least, is one quarter on which being willing to distribute and ready to
our confidence may rest; aye, and communicate.” p. 279.
amidst all the insignificance in which · Nay, he supposes, as we have al
we lie buried from the observation of ready intimated, that the minister or society, we are sure, at least, of one elder, when delivered from the task who, in the most exalted sense of the
term, is now ready to befriend us, and of distributing compulsory relief, to look after us, and to care for us.” and going round his parish in the pp. 296, 297. capacity of a friend and Christian adviser, shall still have “ a certain Indeed, to attribute to Dr. Chalproportion of silver and gold to mers such a meaning as we know dispose of, out of his private has been ascribed to him, would means.". p. 287.
be to suppose, that he was at war “ And though, out of any public trea- not only with all he had ever writsury, he neither has gold nor silver tó ten (and who so ably ?) on the give, yet, let him just do with his means subject of private benevolence, and and opportunities as every Christian should its happy effect, both on him who do, and feel as every Christian should exercises it, and on him who is its feel, and he will rarely meet with a object, but with the plain and difamily so poor as to ondervalue his atteptions, or a family so profligate as to
rect authority of Scripture, as depersist in despising them.” p. 292.
rived either from the precepts it But this is not all. The follow. gives or tbe facts it records. ing extract will place the matter
Towards the conclusion of the beyond doubt.
Essay now before us, we have some “We know of nothing which will tell valuable observations on the duties more effectually, in the way of huma. of Eldership; which, though we have uizing our families, than if an inter. no lay elders to avail themselves of Them, we will take the liberty of bor- connected. But they should remember Jowing for all, wbether of the clergy that the very circumstance of being or laily, who are anxious to culii conspicuous forms a double call upon vate the high graces of the Chris. their attention to certain prescribed doliar character. If Dr. Chalmers
ties of the New Testament. It is this
which gives so peculiar an importance chances to possess a few such
to their example. It is this which, by elders as be has sketched, we are making their light shine before men, the less surprised at liis otherwise renders it a more powerful instrument almost incredible success in his for glorifying God. And it is this, too, parish. In that case, our poor which stamps a tenfold malignity apon solitary ministers
indeed their misconduct. And under the imfiud reason to covet the many. pression of this, should they be careful handed machinery by which lis Jest their good be evil spoken ofte schools and societies are worked. be, in all things, an example to the flock But we can suppose a case where the overseers to remember that their
over which God hath appointed therus these elders must be a grievous in- conduct has a more decided bearing cumbrance on the shoulders of the upon others than it had formerly—and clergy; where worldliness, like a that, as it is their duty to look, not to moosoon, must set in from this their own things, but to the things of quarter, and threaten to sweep others also, so it is their most solemn away every vestige of spirituality and imperious obligation, to take heed, froni the face of the church. and give no just offence, in any thiog, We sincerely hope, that if any such that the religiou of which they are the cases exist to the annoyance of our
declared and the visible functionaries,
be, not blamed. We know not how a Scottish brethren, ibe evil may greater ontrage can be practised on find its remedy in the admirable Christianity, we kvow not how a dead. counsels of Dr. Chalmers; and lier wound can be given to its interest that every elder may fairly merit and its reputation iv the world, we his important station and litle by know not how a sorer infliction can be his ripe experience, and mellowed devised ou a part of greater tendertemper, and purity of conduct, Dess, thian for a man to usurp a place and unwearied' assiduity in well- of authority and of lofty standing, in doing. But let us hear Dr. Chal. the church of our Redeemer, and then
to exhibit such a life, and to maintain
such a lukewarm iodifference, and to “ Those who have entered on the im. hold out such a conformity to the world, portant and honourable office of the
as to all the levities, and all the seculacldership, should have a full impres- rities which abound in it, and above sion of its sacredness. We are fully all, so to deform the path of his own aware that there is not a professiog personal history, by what is profane, Christian who does not forfeit all title
and profligate, and unseemly, that the to the name and character of a Chris report of his misdoings shall spread tian, if he do not honestly, avd with itself over the neighbourhood, and, all the energies of his soul, aspire at
into whatever company it may enter, being not merely almost, but altogether it shall scandalize the friends of Jesus, a disciple of the Lord Jesus. It is the
and become matter of triumph and of duty of the obscurest individual in a
bitter derision to his enemies," pp. 297, congregation, to be as heavenly in bis 298. desires, and as peculiar in the whole There is another passage in this style of his behaviour, and as upright Essay which we caunot persuade iu b:s transactions, and as circumspect ourselves 10 withhold from in his walk, and as devoted, in lieart readers ; Though we quote it, not and in service, to the God of his redemption, as the minister who labours
as it is introduced by the author amongst them in word and in doctrine, for the encouragement of elders, or as the elders that assist him in the but for the encouragement of administration of ordinances, or as the those thousands of laborious mi. most conspicuous among the office. nisters, who, compelled to pick bearers of ile church with which he is up the bread of carefulness upop
a meagre curacy, are sometimes out of darkness inte light, of many be. tempied to despair of all success ing turned unto righteousness,
* The Cbristian elder who has rein their spiritual labours, from the pressure of want, and ibe scanti- signed the temporalities of his office
shonld not think that, on that account, ness of their worldly resources. he has little in his power. His pre
sence has a power. His advice has a « All the dispensations of Providence, power. His friendship has a power. and all the great events in the train of 'The moral energy of his kind attentions buman history, are on the side of the and Christian arguments has a power, Christian philanthropist. He has only His prayers at the bed of sickness, and to watch his opportunity, and there is at the funeral of a departed parishioner, not a family so hardened in the ways have a power. The books that he reof impiety, where he way not, in time, commends to his people, and the minisestablish himself. The stoutest-bearted ter whom he prevails on them to lear, şinder be may have to deal with must, and the habit of regular attendance in a few little years, meet with some.
upon the ordinances to which he intro.' thing to soften and to bring bim down. duces them, have a power. His supe Death may make its inroads apon his plications to God for them, in secret, bousehold, and disease may come, with have a power. Dependence upon him, its symptoms of threatening import, and upon his blessing, for the success upon bis own person; and, in that bed of his own feeble endeavours, has a of siekdess which he dreads to be his power. And when all these are brought last, may the terrors and reproaches of to bear on the rising generation ; when conscience be preparing a welcome for the children lave learned both to know the elder of his district; and he who was and to love him; when they come to wont to laugh the miuistrations of his feel the force of his approbation, and, Christian friend away from him will, on every recurring visit, receive a fresh at length, send an imploring message impulse from him to diligence at school, and supplicate his prayers. Such is and dutiful behaviour ont of it; when the omnipotence of Christian charity! the capabilities of his simple Christian, At the very outset of its enterprise, it relationship with the people thus come will find a great and an effectual door to be estimated ;-it is not saying too opened to it; and, in the course of much, to say that, with such as him, montbs, its own perseverance will work there lies the precious interest of for it; and Providence will work for the growth and transmission of Christit; and the mournful changes which ianity, in the age that is now passing take place in every family will work for over us; and that, in respect of his own it; and all the frailties of misforinne selected neighbourhood, he is the de: and mortality to which our nature is pository of the moral and spiritual liable, will work for it; and thus mayone destinies of the future age.” pp. 292 single individual, acting in the capacity 295. of a Christian friend, and ever on the Mr. Burke is said, when asked alert with all the aid of Christian what he meant, in his celebrated. counsel, and all the offices of Christian sympathy, in behalf
of his assigned eulogy on the Age of Chivalry, by population, be the honoured instrument
cheap defence of nations," of reviving another spirit, and setting to have replied jestingly, "Lieutés up another style of practice and ob- uants upon half pay." The term servation, in the nidst of them. Thus appears to us to be still more ap. may he obtain a secure hold of ascen. plicable to the curates of many of deney over the affections of bandreds ; our 11,000 parishes, whose pay is and, like unto a leaven for good, in the quite as scanty, as their labours are neighbourhood which has been entrust- far more importantihan those of their ed io bis care, may he, by the blessing military compatriots. We can conof God, infuse into that mass of human ceive such a passage as that just ex. immortality with which he is associated the fermentation of soch holy desires, tracted to be a real solace to one of and penitential feelings, and earnest those meritorious individuals. What aspirations, and close inqniries after a consolation is it to remember, with the truth, as may, at length, issue in Dr. Chalmers, that those dispensathe solid result of many being called tions of Providence, wbich seem to.
be even destroying the happiness and idolatry. Little seems as yet, of the families around us, are all, indeed, to be done. And yet the however melancholy in themselves, world has probably made more • on the side of the Christian phi- moral progress in the last thirty lanthropist !” And this reflection years than in the three centuries may be extended from our own which preceded them. And every parish, or our own country, to the day gives us larger promise that wide surface of the globe. As the Christian minister at home and wars and rumours of wars gather abroad, with affection in bis heart around us as storms darken upon and the Bible in bis band, will be whatever point of the political ho- making more and more successful rizon we cast our eye—it is indeed inroads ou the strong places of the ebeering to hope that these storms human heart, and bringing back are carrying on their wings the seed larger and larger spoils to cast at of the Gospel, to scatter it over the the feet of bis Heavenly Master. dark mountains of Mobammedanism
: LITERARY AND PHILOSOPHICAL INTELLIGENCE,
series of Tracts have been since written PREPARING for publicatiov :-The Mis.' by Mr. Watkins, for the St. Swithen's cellaneons Tracts of Dr. Withering, by Association; suited for distribution by W. Withering ;-Europe, by a Citizen country clergymen, at marriages, bap, of the United States; - History and tisms, deaths, sickpeas, &c. They are Manners of Japan, by M. Titsinghi;- sold very cheaply, and subscribers to Av Atlas of Ancient Geography, by Dr. the above association may have two8. Butler ;-Memoirs of the Life of the thirds of their subscriptions returned Rev. Joseph Benson, Author of “ Notes in tracts. on the Holy Scriptures, and other Theological Works; by the Rev. James The following subjects are proposed Macdonald.
for the Chancellor's Prizes, for the In the press :- A Tour through Bel. ensuing year; Latin Verses-Alpes ab gium, by the Duke of Rutland, embel. Annibale snperatæ,” English Essay lished with plates after drawings by “On the Studyof Moral Evidence.”Latin her Grace the Duchess ;-Elements of Essay—“An re vera, prævaluerit apud Self-knowledge, by the Rev. T. Finch; Eruditiores Antiquorum Polytheismus." -A Celestial Atlas, by A. Jamieson;- Sir Roger Newdigate's Prize for the best A Mother's Portrait sketched for the composition in English Verse, not con: Study of her Children, by their sur- taining either more or fewer than fifty viving Parent.
lipes, “ Palmyra." The excellent“Sunday-school Tracts" Shortly will be published, several originally published separately, may now different sized editious of the Holy be bad in three volumes, to form part of Bible, with three hundred engravings, Kitchen and Cottage Libraries. Seventy copied by Mr. Craig, from the designs five of these tracts were entirely original, of the great masters in the different from the pen of the Rev. H. G. Watkins; schools of painting. For Pocket Bibles, thie remainder were curtailed or en- impressions of one hundred and fifty, or larged, and in a great measure re- upwards, of the best subjects, will be written, by the same author, with a taken on India paper as proofs. Also, view to fill a half sheet, and to make Ornamental Testaments, and Common the style uniform. There have been Prayer. books will be prepared of every already 286 editions of the 108 tracts, size, from the large octavo to the small most of them consisting of 6,000 copies, 32mo, illustrated with engravings.-Fo: so that nearly one million and a half reigo booksellers and Missionary Sohave been prioted. Ten, also, of a new cieties may be supplied with sets of
the engravings with inscriptions in any the double purpose of keeping off the language for the ornament and illustra. cold and the wolves. The expedition tion of Bibles and Testaments. The ad- passed several other rapids and falls, vance of price above common Bibles, along a flat, woody, and swampy counTestaments, and Prayer-books will be try, across wbicb the eye could not see from one to five or six shillings.
five miles. After a tedious journey of ITALY.
forty-six days, the dangers and distresses The sculptor Canova bas been em- of which rather increased thạn dimi: ployed on a statue of General Washing- pished as they advanced, the expedition ton, representing him as writing his arrived at Cumberland, a post situated farewell address. He is seated, in an on the banks of a beautiful lake, and ancient Roman chair, holding in one fortified against the incursions of saband a pen and in the other a scroll. vages, the attacks of wolves and bears, The costume is Roman; consisting of a and the more ferocious assaults of rival close vest and bracæ, with a girdle, npon
traders. Here the winter of 1819 was wbich are displayed classical emblems, passed. lo June 1820 they set forward NORTH AMERICA.
in canoes manned by Canadians. On In the Arctic Land Expedition, Lieu- the 29th of July they arrived at the tenant Franklin proceeded from York north side of Slave Lake. A party of Factory towards the intended wintering Copper Indians was engaged to acground at Camberland, a distance of company them, and they commenced about 900 miles from the coast. Lieute- the work of discovery. On the 1st of sant Franklin, Dr. Richardson, Mr.Back, September they reached the banks of and Mr. Hood, attended by some Ork- the Copper Mine River, in lat. 65o. deymen who had been engaged to man 15'. N., long. 113o, w., a magnificent the boats in the rivers of the interior, body of water two miles wide. They and who understood the language of had penetrated into a country destitute many of the ludian tribes, left the face of wood, and the men were exbausted tory on the 7th of September, 1819. with the labour of carrying their canoes, As the travellers advanced, the mild cargoes, &c. amounting to three tons, season not having yet begun to disap. from lake to lake. Their broken spirits pear, vast herds of grey decr were ob. were revived by success ; but the season served passing the rivers towards the was too far advanced to make fartber Esquimaux lands. They entered upon progress. They therefore returned to Lake Winnipie, at the farther side of a small wood of pines, and erected their which they had to encounter the grand winter residence of mud and timber, rapid, extending nearly three miles, and which they named Fort Enterprize. abounding in obstructions quite insur. By Indian report, the above river runs mountable. Here they were obliged into the Northern Sea, in west longi. to drag their boats on shore, and carry tude 110°, and in in lat. 72o. In June, them over the land. The wouds along 1821, they proposed to re-embark, and the bauks were in a fame, it being it was supposed that the river would the custom of the patives, as well as of enable them to reach the sea in a fort. the traders, to set fire to the trees, for night.
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