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much in the evils which lie around If then there be in any man's breast him, as in those which spring up a secret longing after self-rightewithin him. The control of sin- ousness; if ibere be a disposition, ful appetites and desires does in- however faint, to justify himself by deed demand his constant care and his own performance-any lurking vigilance ; but it is the pride of his conceit that he, being so much betheart which presents the chief ob- ter than others, stands less in need stacle. He cannot bear to be told of that atoning merit than the that his nature is a corrupt, a fal- worst of his fellow-creatures; let len, a sinful nature; that the car- not such an one think that he will nal, or in other words the natural, receive any thing from the Lord. mind is at enmity with God; that He may perhaps, upon examination, if he seeks to be reconciled with find that he has exercised himself God, he must seek it alone through in doing what he thinks his dutythe merits of a Redeemer. To that he has abstained from excessHim,-not to his own doings, how- that he bas dealt justly, and work. ever diligently he may labour in ed diligently for the good of manthe regulation of his own mind, or kind—that he has even practised in the service of his fellow-crea- many of those virtues which are tures,-10 bis Saviour he must refer most truly Christian—that he has the whole merit and the whole effi- been kind, patient, humble, charicacy of bis salvation. Tbat Savi. table, meek, forgiving ; yet if his our hath said, that · he came to heart be a stranger to God, giving seek and to save them that were its affectious not to things above lost.' And every man who would but to things on the earth-if he be his disciple, let him be the suffer it to plead any one of these wisest and the most virtuous of services as entitled to reward from men, must believe that he himself God, or as fit even to bear his inwas one of those lost creatures spection, he is still in his sins-he whom Christ came to save. He will be left to wander on according must not only acknowledge with his to his own wayward fancies, and lips, but in his heart he must feel, will never find the gate of salvation. that in the sight of God his best “ Such was of old the pharisaical deeds are nothing worth ; tbat how- pride which provoked the severe reever they may tend, as they cer

buke of our Saviour ; · Verily I say tainly will tend, to make him hap- unto you, Even the publicans and pier upon earth, they have no power the harlots enter into the kingdom whatever to raise him to heaven. of God before you.' The case of

" Nay, more than this, if he trust gross sinners is less desperate ihan to himself, if he indulge bimself in yours. It is possible they may be setting a value before God upon brought to a sense of their wretched. any thing that he does, these very ness, and may throw themselves deeds will be the instrumental cause upon the only Refuge that is open of his ruin: they will lead him to them; but you who not only nefrom that gate through which alone glect this belp, but who wilfully behe can enter, and will carry him take yourselves to another, are al. farther and farther in a wrong di- together without bope. Ye shall rection. His good works will never die in your sins. Be your deeds bring him to Christ; but if he lay what they may in the sight of men bold on Christ in sincerity of faith, be they just, upright, benevolent, He will easily and quickly bring liberal, humane-while they spring him 10 good works. He is the Way, from a corrupt and unregenerate the Truth, and the Life. He is source they cannot please God. emphatically called the Door of For without faith it is impossible to the kingdom of heaven. No man please him; and without boliness cometh to the Father but by him. no man shall see the Lord. CHRIST. OBSERV. No. 246.

2 Y

“If now we reflect on the preva- Tothe Editor of the Christian Observer. lence of this proud spirit among men, on their proneness to value A CONSTANT reader would be themselves upon their own worth, much obliged to any correspondent on the unwelcome and humiliating who would favour him with a sober confession required by the Gospel and scriptural definition of the exfrom the best and wisest of man- pression, “ The leadings of Provikind, as well as from the wickedest dence,” and point out under what and the most ignorant, we shall circumstances a person may be said not wonder at the strong compari- 10 follow those leadings. That a son by which our Lord illustrates good and useful meaning may be the straitness of that road through attached to the expression, there which we must pass to salvation. can be no doubt; but is it not often For not only our sinful appetites, employed in a rash and enthusiastic but, what is much barder, every manner, so as 10 favour a sort of • high thought and vain imagina- superstitious dependence upon untion that exalteth itself against the controllable circumstances, (at least knowledge of God, must be brought when those circumstances happen into captivity to the obedience of to fall in with the inclination of Christ.'

the party,) instead of the exercise “ Neither have we yet described of an impartial judgment, and a the full extent of that humility to careful examination of all the parwhich the heart of man must bow ticulars of the case, with prayer before he can be a disciple of for the Divine blessing and direcChrist. And the part which re- tion? I remember once asking a mains 10 be told will perbaps to clergyman, who spent the greater many minds appear much barder part of his life in wandering from than what has been already stated. place to place, instead of confin

“ For in thus turning from the ing bimself to the quiet, unostenlying vanities of self-righteousness tatious duties of his parish, when to the true and living God, he must he should return home to bis flock, not faller himself that the change and being told in reply that he must is his own work. He must not watch the leadings of Providence, take credit to himself for the vic- wbich might direct him to some tory, but must give God the praise distant part of the kingdom, where for having called him out of dark- his presence might be wanted. He ness into his unarvellous light. ' No accordingly, a few days after, acman cometh 10 me,' saith our Lord, cepted a casual invitation to pass 'except my Father draw him.' Tó some months with a friend who proGod then be our thanks and praise mised him " a sphere of usefulness.” rendered, as the Giver not only of To my mind, the leadings of Proour natural but of our spiritual life. vidence clearly pointed my reverend He is, as our church often con- friend to his “ few poor sheep in fesses, the Author of all godliness. the wilderness ;” and I cannot but • Of his own will begat be us with think his own conscience would have the word of truth.' • It is God told him so, and have goaded him that worketh in us both to will and homeward, had he not satisfied him. to do of his good pleasure.' His self with a plea which not only often grace brought us to the knowledge favours indolence and indecision of of the truth; and unless we resist character, but allows of the graor neglect his gracious influence, in tification of almost every preferspite of all the powers of darkness ence and impulse, under the plau. bis grace will preserve us in it." sible semblance of implicit sub

mission to the providential arrangeinents of the Almighty.


To the Editor of the Christian Observer. To the Editor of the Christian Observer. Permit me to add to the remarks I HAVE bad occasion 10 remark which have lately appeared in your that some professed Christians enwork on the regular performance of tertain very lax ideas respecting the the church service, a few observa- nature and extent of the Moral Law. tions on an impropriety of wbich Though they admit the authority some ministers are guilty; I mean of that code, they hold it right to that of sitting in the vestry during do many things which appear to me the reading of the prayers. This quite inconsistent with Chiristian manifest impropriety I have witness. obedience to it, as a rule of life. ed principally in my own church, The point which especially attracts the pulpit of which is not upfre my attention, is obedience, on quently occupied by some of the Christiau principles, to the laws more popular and eminent preachers of the land, as part of the Moral of the day. I am aware that fa- Law. Many there are who think, tigue is sometimes pleaded in ex- or seem to think, that laws not cuse; and sometimes the necessity founded on the express letter of of a little quiet recollection : but the Decalogue, are not entitled to what are such apologies as these, respect for conscience-sake, and when opposed to the evils which that all that is necessary is to avoid manifesily arise from the practice ? detection in the breach of them. I The formalist is disgusted, and refer, in particular, to buying game will probably transfer his disgust or smuggled goods; sending letters from the preacher to his doctrine. in parcels, in cases in which it is · The man of the world feels con. prohibited to do so under a petempt for that apparent spirit of self- nalty; marrying by banns without indulgence to wbich he attributes residence ; evading an assessment the practice, and that egotistical for articles subject 10 taxes ; givpreference which he considers the ing receipts on unstamped paper; preacher as evincing towards his and similar practices; most of own performance above the esta- which have been often and justly blished ordinances of the church. reprehended in your pages. The mere “ hearer of the word” is The view I take of the subject encouraged in his slight attention is this; That Christians are bound, to the devotional parts of the ser- as such, to obey every law of the vice, and confirmed in his notion land which is not repugnant to the of the almost exclusive importance law of God, as fully and as conof the sermon. And, not to men- scientiously as if that law were extion any further evil consequence, pressed in the Ten Cominandments; “ the hearts of the righteous are and that whenever the law enacts rendered sad,” especially in times that an act shall not be done under like these, when it is so emphati- a certain penalty, it is to be regardcally the duty of the clergy to urge ed, in foro conscientiæ, as prohiupon their people by example, as biting that act altogether; and that well as by precept, the importance the committer of the act is not, in of prayer and a devotional frame foro conscientiæ, excusable by his of mind,—not to rest satisfied with willingness to pay or suffer the peknowing, or even delighting in, the - nally in case of conviction. truths of the Gospel as a system,

These matters are not, I think, but to study to imbibe the real sufficiently considered or underspirit of Christianity, and a love stood ; and I could wish therefore for communion with God.

that the hints thrown out by two J.J. of your correspondents, in your

Numbers for last September and
December, were followed up by a

fuller discussion of the subject, beset the Christian pilgrim in his with special reference to the guilt journey to the heavenly Capaan! of such practices as a breach of

E. W. the Moral Law.

0. " It is difficult to form a cor

rect idea of a desert, without hav

ing been in one: it is an endless To the Editor of the Christian Observer.

plain of sand and stones, someThere are no paris of Scripture times intermixed with mountains of which more require illustration to all sizes and heights, without roads a Northern reader, than those in or shelter, without any sort of prowhich allusion is made, and that duce for food. The few scattered often incidentally and almost im- trees and shrubs of thorns, that perceptibly, to the habits and clioply appear when the rainy season mate of Oriental nations. Our leaves some moisture, barely serve commercial and military intercourse to feed wild animals, and a few throughout the world, with the birds. Every thing is left to namany modern publications in the ture; the wandering inhabitants do line of voyages, travels, and bibli- not care to cultivate even these few cal criticism and illustration, have plants, and when there is no more however rendered foreign manners of thein in one place, they go to more familiar to us than they were another. When these trees become to most of our forefathers; and al- old and lose their vegetation, the most every new publication of any sun which constantly beams upon value from the pen of Oriental them, burns and reduces them to tourists, is adding new accessions ashes. I have seen many of them to our riches in this interesting de- entirely burnt. The other smaller partment of sacred literature. The plants have no sooner risen out of following extract from the recent the earth than they are dried up, travels of Signor Belzoni, in Egypt, and all take the colour of straw, with appears to me to deserve insertion the exception of the plant harack : in your pages, as affording an in- this falls off before it is dry. teresting illustration of those nu- Generally speaking, in a demerous passages in Scripture u bich sert, there are few springs of water, speak of the miseries of a thirsty some of them at the distance of and parched land, and the perils four, six, and eight days' journey of a tropical desert. Let the reader, from one another, and not all of as he peruses the passage, imagine sweet water: on the contrary, it is 10 bimself the children of Israel generally salt or bitter; so that, if in their perilous journey from Egypt the thirsty traveller driuks of it, it to Canaan, and he will obiain a increases his thirst, and he suffers lively idea of that “ land of de- more than before. But, wben the serts and of piis, of drought and calamity happens that the next of the shadow of death, a land well, which is so anxiously sought that no man passed through, and for, is found dry, the misery of where no man dwelt,” which Jeho- such a situation cannot be well devah chose as ihe scene of their trial, scribed. The camels, which afford “ 10 prove them, and to know what the ouly means of escape, are so was in their heart, whether they thirsty, that they cannot proceed would serye him or no ;" wbere he to another well: and, if ibe tradisplayed his providential care and vellers kill them, to extract the litguidance in all their necessities, tle liquid which remains in their and through which he conducted stomachs, they themselves cannot them at length to the promised in- advance any farther. The situaheritance ;-apt emblem of the pre- tion must be dreadful, and admits sent world, aud of the perils which of no resource. Many perish, victims of the most horrible thirst. rible situation that a man can be It is then that the value of a cup placed in, and one of the greatest of water is really felt. He that has sufferings that a human being can a senzabia of it is the richest of all. sustain: the eyes grow inflamed ; In such a case there is no distinc- the tongue and lips swell ; a hollow tion. If the master has none, the sound is heard in the ears, which servant will not give it to him ; for brings on deafness, and the brains very few are the instances, where a appear to grow thick und inflamed: man will voluntarily lose his life to all these feelings arise from the save that of another, particularly want of a little water. In the midst in a caravan in the desert, where of all this misery, the deceitful mopeople are strangers to each other. rasses appear before the traveller What a situation for a man, though at no great distance, something like a rich one, perhaps the owner of a lake or river of clear fresh water. all the caravan Ae is dying for If perchance a traveller is not una cup of water~no one gives it to deceived, he hasteus his pace to him : ke offers all he possesses —no reach it sooner: the more he adone hears him ; they are all dying vances towards it, the more it

goes -though by walking a few hours from him, till at last it vanishes enfarther they might be saved. If tirely, and the deluded passenger the camels are lying down, and can- often asks, where is the water be not be made to rise-No one has saw at no great distance ? He can strength to walk: only he that bas scarcely believe that he was so dea glass of that precious liquor livesceived: he protests that he saw the to walk a mile farther, and perhaps waves running before the wind, and dies too. If the voyages on seas

the reflection of the high rocks in are dangerous, so are those in the the water. deserts. At sea, the provisions

“ If unfortunately any one falls very often fail; in the desert, it is sick on the road, there is no alterworse: at sea, storms are met with; native: he must endure the fatigue in the desert, there cannot be a of travelling on a camel, which is greater storm than to find a dry troublesome even to healthy peowell ;-at sea, one meets with pi. ple; or he must be left behind on rates—we escape—we surrender- the sand, without any assistance, we die; in the desert, they rub the and remain so till a slow death traveller of all his property and come to relieve him. What horror! water: they let him live perhaps, What a brutal proceeding to an unbut what a life! to die ihe most fortunate sick man! No one rebarbarous and agonising death. In mains with him, not even his old short, to be thirsty in a desert, with- and faithful servant; no one will out water, exposed to the burning stay and die with him: all pity his . sun without shelter, and no HOPES fate, but no one will be bis compaof finding either, is the most ter- nion."


the adjoining room that the agents REMARKS DURING A JOURNEY

of the African Colonization SoTHROUGH NORTH AMERIOA.

ciety, and their supporters, as(Continued from p. 291.) sembled for prayer the night preWhile visiting a friend in New vious to the sailing of the first exYork, I was informed that it was in pedition, of whose melancholy fate

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