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BRITISH AND FOREIGN BIBLE influences of which men are allowed


THE following are a few passages from
the "
Monthly Extracts," continued
from our last Number.

From the First Report of the Lutter-
worth Auxiliary Society.
"Towards the middle of the four-
teenth century, an instrument was rais-
ed up of God, peculiarly fitted for the
work he was appointed to execute;
a translation of the Bible into the Eng,
lish tongue was made in 1380, by that
morning star of the reformation, the
renowned John Wickliffe, Rector of
Lutterworth. To him succeeded the
happy Reformation, under the benigu

and encouraged to read the word of God. And in our day the Bible Society has sprung up, under the fostering care culating in a manner that fills the world of which Bibles are multiplying and cirwith wonder. The Auxiliary of Luttering this first year, been enabled to numworth and the neighbourhood has, durber upon its lists, (including that estathirteen Associations, embracing the blished in the town of Lutterworth,) supply of about sixteen villages."

From Mr. Charles Stokes Dudley.

66 Nottingham, 1st Dec. 1821. "It is with feelings of a truly satis. factory nature that I announce the esta

blishment of the Nottingham Ladies' Branch Bible Society, and its seven connected Associations. As the districts are so arranged as to include on an average only about forty houses each, one hour in the week will be found sufficient for the discharge of the duties of a collector. The total number of ladies engaged exceeds three hundred, and the extent of population included may be estimated at 50,000. Of the necessity which existed for such an institution, and the inadequacy of all means of supply short of those which are furnished by Bible Associations,sufficient evidence will be found in the facts, that Nottingham was the second town of Great Britain in which an Auxiliary Society was established, and this institution has distributed within twelve years 20,000 Bibles and Testaments; yet the ladies have already obtained more than two thousand subscribers for copies at cost prices, although scarcely more than one third of the town has been visited." From the Third Annual Report of the

Jersey Female Auxiliary Society. "Some respectable persons refuse to contribute, because, they say, the people were better forty years ago, when there existed no Bible Societies, than they are now. But those persons are requested to recollect, that forty years ago, education and learning were very rare in this island; that scarcely a ser vant or labourer of any description could read; that many masters were nearly as illiterate as their servants; that ladies themselves were but little instructed; that, if vice has increased with learning, it has not been with learn ing acquired from the Bible; for it is not an exaggeration to say, that three years ago not one family in ten of this island possessed a Bible. With the exception of a very few of Ostervald's folio edition, which had passed from hand to hand, there were scarcely any but the Bibles of John Calvin, in old French, printed in the 16th and 17th centuries, and hardly legible by the pre. sent generation. A woman of St. Ouen's parish, who has purchased seven Bibles from this Society, for different members of her family, all labourers or sailors, assured a member of this Committee, that she had saved more than one pound, twelve years ago, to purchase a Bible: that she had commissioned a friend going to Holland to buy her one, but he was not able to procure it. It has not been the Bible, then, which has cor

rupted the morals of the people: but the people have learned to read; the tree of knowledge has become accessible to them, the evil of which has been continually before their eyes, whilst the good has been out of sight. The thirst for knowledge has been fed by pernicious publications from the continent; by obscene songs and romances; and by the writings of sceptical and infidel false philosophers, who would have trampled equally upon the laws of God and man."

From the Annual Report of the Devon and Exeter Auxiliary Society,

"The issues of books from the depository in the past year have amounted to 1359 Bibles; 1098 Testaments;-making a total, from the establishment of the Society, of twenty-six thousand and thirty-three Bibles and Testaments."


From the Secretary of the Hudson's Bay Company.

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I am directed by the Governor and Committee of the Hudson's Bay Company to inform you, that Mr. Garry, a member of the Committee, having visited the territories of the Company in North America, during the past summer,, directed his attention, among the various objects which came under his notice, to the consideration of the best mode of promoting religious instruction, and the consequent improvement of the moral conduct of the servants of the Company and of the other inhabitants of that country. As one mode of promoting these objects, an Auxiliary Bible Society was established." "I beg to inclose a draft for 1037. 11s. the amount of the subscriptions.

"The above Society comprehends the whole of the Hudson's Bay Company's territory; and has appointed officers at each of the following stations, viz. York, Red River Colony, Saschatchwan, Athabasca, Churchill, and Moose."

From the Rev. Dr. Pinkerton. "The whole issues of Van Ess's Testament, up to the present date, have been 431,163 copies. The whole stock on hand will be found to be about 51,000 copies. In his treasury he has 9,000 florins, about 7501. sterling. The Committée of the Russian Bible Society have promised him a grant amounting to about 1401. and he expects to receive an These equal sum from Amsterdam. funds are intended to be employed in binding, for such persons as are too poor even to pay for the binding; whose num

which we had opportunities of becoming thoroughly acquainted with its affairs, we had the pleasure, on the morning of the 10th of June, of attending the meeting of the Committee, at which were

bers, especially among the Catholic peasantry, the Professor states to be very great. The issues of copies from the beginning of this year up to the present date have been 27,096." From the Rev. Drs. Paterson and present, besides the Governor-General,


"Kherson, 28th June O. 8. 1821. "From Khotin we directed our course through the Russian part of Moldavia to Skoulani, in itself an inconsiderable village, but of importance on account of its Quarantine established on the left bank of the Pruth. What rendered it peculiarly interesting at this time, was, its being the great resort of the emigrants from the northern parts of European Turkey, of whom not fewer than 18,000 had passed the Quarantine before our arrival. How many thousands might be in the place, and on the opposite bank of the river, anxiously waiting for an opportunity of passing in the boat, we could not determine; but such a scene of confusion we never before witnessed. Rich and poor were encamped together under the open heavens, surrounded by every thing valuable that they had been able to carry along with them; but, we fear, most of them destitute of the most precious of all treasures, the holy Scriptures. To adopt measures for putting such of them as could read in possession of this invaluable book, we considered to be an object which imperiously demanded the attention of the Committee in Kishinew, and accordingly resolved to bring it before them immediately on our arrival in that place.-It is, perhaps, known to you, that his Eminence, the Exarch Gabriel, who was such a warm friend to the Bible Society, left this earthly scene in the course of last spring; but in his Vicar, the worthy Demetrius, Bishop of Ackermann and Bender, we found one of the most zealous and active promoters of the cause that we have met with in the course of our journey. Having said thus much, (and less in justice we could not have said), we almost feel ourselves at a loss for terms in which to express our high opinion of his valuable coadjutor, the Archimandrite and Rector Ireneus, and his excellency General Insov, who is not only the chief of this government, but has also the care of all the colonies in the south of Russia. After having been favoured with numerous conversations with these and other active members of the Society, in the course of

the Governor, Vice-Governor, and Bishop, the Armenian Archbishop Gregorius, and Daniel, Metropolitan of Adrianople, who, together with several other dignitaries of the Greek Church, have taken refuge in this quarter from the fury of the Turks.

"The attention of the Committee was directed to the subject of the Bulgarian version of the New Testament. They conceived it to be their duty to attempt something towards supplying the wauts of the 30,000 people of that nation, who are settled as colonists in Bessarabia, and accordingly resolved to recommend it to the Committee in Petersburgh, to print 2000 copies of the Gospel of Luke by way of experiment.

"The manner in which the business of this Committee was conducted afforded us the highest satisfaction. They are burning with impatience to recommence their exertions in the northern parts of Turkey, and much may be expected from their zeal for the good cause, when peace shall be restored to those quarters.

"From Kishinew we proceeded to Bender, where we crossed the Dniester, and were obliged to submit to a partial quarantine, and prosecuted our journey across the Steppe to Odessa, where, by the Divine blessing, we arrived in peace and safety on the 12th iustant.

"On account of the preparations that were making for the solemn interment of the late Patriarch of Constantinople, we could not obtain a meeting of the Committee before the evening of the 15th; but this delay was amply recom pensed by its affording an opportunity for the excellent Demetrius, and two of his Archimandrites, who had arrived to assist in the performance of the funeral rites, to favour the meeting with their presence and counsel. Besides going through the routine of business which we usually had to transact with the Committee, and which it is unnecessary to report here, we brought before the meeting the importance of furnishing an adequate supply of the New Testament to the numerons body of Greek refugees at present in the town, and urged the measure by the consideration

of the provision that had just been made for their temporal necessities by the munificent gift of 100,000 roubles, which had been sent for this purpose by his Imperial Majesty. The proposition was cordially agreed to, and it was resolved to carry it into effect without delay."

"Astrachan, 31 Aug. O. S. 1821. "The next Committee we visited, was that of the Don Cossacks, in whose capital (Novo-Tcherkask) we arrived in the forenoon of the 26th, and in the evening waited on the Hetman, from whom we met with the kindest reception, and who, as President of the Society, engaged to make immediate arrangements for a meeting of the Committee. The Bible Society, like almost every institution that exists in the country of the Don Cossacks, being in a great measure established on a military footing, presented quite a novel scene to our view. When visited by the Secretary, he appeared in uniform, with his sword by his side; and, when we attended the meeting of the Committee, we found ourselves to be the only persons in a civil dress, all the members being officers, and some of them of the first rank. It was a source of much pleasure to observe with what spirit they entered into the business, and how anxious they were to listen to any propositions which were made to them, for extending their sphere of usefulness. Since the formation of the Society they have collected not less than 33,163 rubles, which they have remitted to Petersburg for the general purposes of the institution, and brought into circulation about 3,000 copies of the Scriptures. Five shops have been opened for their sale in the town of NovoTcherkask in ten of the most importants stanitzas, or settlements, depôts have been established, besides one in the Quarantine of Yagirlik, another at the mouth of the Don, and a third at that of the Calmius; and seven of the principal authorities in different settlements have charged themselves with the duties of correspondents or active agents of the Society. The Calmucs living in the vicinity of the Don have been furnished with the Gospel in their own language, which they receive with so much eagerness that they pay even a silver ruble for a copy. More than onefifth of the Calmucs in this quarter are able to read; and, as the Cossacks are exceedingly zealous in calling their attention to the Scriptures, there is ground

to hope that much good will be done in this way among these poor deluded votaries of Lamaic superstition. Considering the great number of Cossacks who are capable of reading, and the anxiety they discover to possess the word of God, the friends of the Bible Society may rest assured that their exertions could not have been directed towards a more favourable soil!"

Odessa, Nov. 12, 1821.

"I have lately received a letter from Hilarion, informing me, that the transcription of his MS. was completed, and that he was preparing to depart for his bishopric (Ternova). As you may like to see a little of the good Bishop's sentiments, I translate a portion of his letter. I take with me,' he says, ' my manuscript, that when with God's permission I arrive at my diocese, and enjoy quiet, I may pursue the revision and correction of it. Friend and brother, I implore God, for this reason alone, to grant me life, that I may finish this work, and that I may thus manifest my gratitude to the Bible Society, which has chosen me to be its minister in this labour, and may fulfil my obligations to my nation by the completion of this undertaking which is dear to God.' He then says, he takes with him to Ternova one of his translators, to assist him in the translation and transcription. By the end of March he thinks the whole NewTestament will be ready."


The following interesting and affecting address "To the Friends of Africa," has just been circulated by the African Institution. We copy it into our pages with the hope of assisting its benevolent object, which we earnestly recommend to the attention of our readers. We are grieved to learn that the funds of the Institution are so very inadequate to the magnitude and public interest of its designs.

"Fifteen years have elapsed since Great Britain, by an Act of the Legislature, prohibited its subjects, under heavy penalties, from taking any part in that trade which has since been described, by the unanimous voice of the great powers of Europe, assembled in Congress at Vienna, as 'a scourge which has long desolated Africa, degraded Europe, and afflicted humanity;' and it is now classed by the British Parliament amongst the foulest crimes. Soon after the passing of this Act, a

considerable number of those who had strenuously exerted themselves through a long series of years, to expose the enormities inseparable from this horrid traffic, and to procure the co-operation of the Friends of Humanity in its Abolition, formed themselves into a Society, under the name of THE AFRICAN INSTITUTION, with a view, not only to promote the civilization of much-injured Africa, but also, as essential to this object, to watch most carefully over the conduct of those who might attempt to evade the Abolition Laws.

"Great Britain had the less difficulty in effecting the abolition of this traffic, by reason of the liberty of her Press, and the nature of her Government, which rendered it comparatively easy to convey the necessary information respecting the real character of this trade to all classes of Society. But the case is very different in many of the nations of the Continent. In few, perhaps in none of them, do the same facilities to the diffusion of knowledge and the forming of Societies for the objects of benevolence exist; and consequently very erroneous ideas prevail abroad on the subject of the African Slave Trade. "The information received from time to time by the African Institution of the horrid crimes perpetrated in Africa, and on the high seas, by miscreants who make it their business to buy and sell their fellow-creatures, and of the alarming increase of this abominable traffic under the flags of France, Spain, Portugal, and the Netherlands-is of such a nature, as to render it the duty of the Institution to give the utmost publicity to the facts which are constantly coming to their knowledge, and to call the attention of the British Nation, in a very particular manner, to the enormities now practised upon the persons of the helpless children of Africa; enormities never exceeded in the annals of oppres sion and cruelty. At the present moment vast numbers of innocent men, women, and children, are lauguishing in the bands of their tormentors; many are suffering a most cruel and lingering death, by suffocation in the holds of Slave-ships; thousands are on their way to interminable slavery, to which they will infallibly be consigned, unless previously released by death, or rescued by the intervention of some merciful hand, from those dealers in human blood, whom the American Government has declared to be pirates, and who, in

stead of being protected and sheltered, ought to be branded by every civilized State as enemies to the human race.

"The African Institution is persuaded that in France, now most deeply implicated in this cruel traffic, as well as in the Netherlands, Portugal, and Spain, the public at large are not yet informed of the real nature and vast extent of the crimes daily and hourly perpetrated by the subjects of their respective countries, who are engaged in the African

Slave Trade. The Directors have therefore determined, if furnished with the means, to publish in various languages the facts which are almost daily communicated to them, in the firm conviction that, when these facts shall be generally known, the wise and the good of all nations will rise up, and, with the voice as of one man, solicit their respective Governments to abolish a traffic marked in every stage with blood, disgraceful to every nation that does not use the greatest exertions for its utter extinction, and a standing reproach to the Christian name.

"The African Institution, therefore, invites the friends of humanity and religion to its Sixteenth Anniversary Meeting, to be holden at the FreeMasons' Hall, on Friday the 10th May next; at which meeting his Royal Highness the Duke of Gloucester will take the chair. It is intended, on that occasion, to bring forward certain resolutions, which will doubtless be supported by several of those Members of Parlia ment who have so frequently distinguished themselves by pleading for Africa in the great council of the nation."

We understand that tickets of admission for ladies or gentleman may be had by application at the Office of the Institution, No. 3, Fludyer Street, West


EDUCATION IN RUSSIA. The following account of the esta blishment of the " School of Industry" at Homel in Russia, is taken from the periodical Extracts of "Correspondence' of the British and Foreign School Society."

"The establishment of the Institution for the poor and destitute children of the peasantry at Homel, in the goverument of Mogiloff, was one of those experiments which are considered as mere visionary schemes, until their practicability and utility are clearly demon

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