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him, so that he shouted to his after that, when they had men and hit a native officer brought Burman bells from over the head, when the Rangoon to cast more siegeregiment then doubled after guns, and also twenty-seven us,

and all the Mahratta Mingoon elephants from Ava army fled or was captured. to draw them, that Lard Com

“So I entered the English bermere bahadur, the service and ate their sugar- war - lard, marched against cane for many a long year, Bhurtpur with an army as big but shall never forget Wellesley as Carnwallis sahib's in the old sahib that day, and how the days. All Hindustan believed English colonels were afraid the English could not take the of him.

fortress, since Lard Lake failed “Back I came to Poona, twenty years before; but I, who perhaps twelve years later, had carried Carnwallis sahib when Bajee Rao had forgotten and Arthur Wellesley too, Wellesley sahib. There was a knew better. battle at Kirkee, and I helped “ Because men told him that the English bullocks drag their I had carried those two Rusguns through the Sangam tums, Combermere sahib must marsh. Bajee Rao fled with fain ride me also, and close the Nana Dundoo Punt, the under the Bhurtpur walls we cowherd's son. They hid in the rode, while Colonel Skinner's cave temple near Bamburda, rissalah marched close behind, where men say the old priest with all the elephants in the who urged the Nana to kill the Purab drawing big guns: perEnglish at Cawnpore still lives haps you were there too, Shisha to this day. They also say, Nag ? though I believe it not, that “Outside Bhurtpur was the the English knew

knew he was Begum Sanru, who had come there but would not take him. all the way from Sardhana to Men say, too, the English are help the white English, for the changed since those days. Lard sake of her dead lover, with Carnwallis sahibwould not have 500 gorcheras (irregular cavalliked that, even though he did ry) and three brass zumbooraks. spare Tippu. 'Twas not_long Lard Combermere got down ago that three Mahratta Brah- from my back to receive her, mins came to Gwalior, who said kissing her before all the army, that that Bamburda priest was after the English fashion, as alive, and had planned the Lard Lake had done before murder of the English com- him, till the young sahibs missioner who brought the laughed again, though why great sickness five years ago; the Lard sahib should kiss a but who knows? for all shrivelled old woman beats my Mahrattas lie, even as they lied comprehension, since even her to Arthur Wellesley sahib. brass guns were honeycombed

“But who had seen the like and not worth having. Two of the English in those days, O days later one hundred cannon Shisha Nag? It was

soon opened against the town.


“ Years after, when the Sir- sahib, bahadur-z-bahaduran, to kar had given me to Scindiah, need me once again. And and he in the Terror had lent here that weird beast trumpeted me to the English, and I helped shrilly, and the line of elephants bring the siege-guns to Delhi in rear seemed to move in the with Jan Nikalseyn, I heard dust and the smoke of the fires, the cannon during the last while mingled with them came days on the Ridge; but there horse and foot, Tippu and was nothing like those at Bajee Rao, with their trains of Bhurtpur, not even when the artillery, Lord Cornwallis himEnglish sacked Lucknow. self on old Seevaji, in tie-wig and That was the last time I heard Kevenheuller hat, Arthur Wella gun fired in anger, and the esley on the missing Arab, spare Sirkar gave

back to and trim, De Boigne and Perron, Scindiah when fortress Gwalior with their French batteries, was restored to him. So now Colonel Skinner in his canary I live in peace, Shisha Nag; regimentals, swarthy and eager, but it's dull enough, for there's the Begum Samru beside him, never a fight and rarely a rape, Pathan and Rohilla, Mahratta year in, year out: it's years and Pindari, Moplah and Vilasince I've seen the English yati in one ghostly panorama, cannon till to-day, though now with myself in gunner mess-kit, I've seen more white soldiers astride the devil


harnessed than ever marched with Carn- in the procession, till—I awoke wallis sahib and his Grand in my own Kabul tent in the Army; but why they don't use grey Indian dawn, still in unielephants to draw their guns form, my imperturbable khidI know not, and perhaps am matgar standing at my side too old to care. That jemadar with my tea, while glancing mahout who lights these foolish furtively through the openchirags sees me well fed, lest I ing of the tent, his opiumtear him limb from limb, as I box suggestively in his hand, served the last who stole my stood old Sheikh Bhulloo, sugar;

and that's all I now whom I had last seen cowercare about,--for I'm old, Shisha ing by that devil gun, as a Nag, and weak, and have century of Indian history filed waited a hundred years and before us. for Lard Carnwallis






IN a French work of refer- north-east corner of Scotland. ence published about ten years Aberdeen is prouder of its ago there appeared the entry : scholars than is Chicago of its

millionaires. And in the case “ABERDEEN.—1 Scottish city of Bain the feeling of pride was on the North Sea. Birthplace of Bain."

justly intensified by the recol

lection that from the ranks of To the present generation its humblest mechanics he had this selection from Aberdeen's risen, in a manner so proudly long roll of honour may seem identified with the history of capricious and arbitrary; but Aberdeen University, to the at the time when it was written, eminence of a European repuand for twenty years before it, tation. the citizens of Aberdeen would

Perhaps nowhere than in have accepted the Frenchman's the north-eastern counties are definition. Among its special there to be found attributes, many of them ad- genuine passion for education mirable and some otherwise, it and a more perfect educational would appear that we must machinery. University, in its credit Aberdeen with a laud- truest and best sense, signifies able readiness to do honour to a place open to all; and this its own prophets. During the ideal has been loyally sought score of years in which, as a after by the colleges founded teacher, he shed lustre on his by Bishop Elphinstone and university, Professor Bain was Earl Marischal. With no lack regarded by Aberdeen as its of respect for Aberdonians, we intellectual champion, and re venture to believe that they ceived a homage which may are least likely of any people not have been exempt from to look too curiously at the exaggeration, but which cer mouth of a gift-horse. Accordtainly did honour to those who ingly, we are not surprised to gave and to him who received. learn that they have availed The most interesting feature themselves to the fullest extent about this homage was its of Mr Carnegie's munificent

Of the qualities that tribute to the cause of Scottish make for personal popularity education. We are certainly Bain had few or none. Of not of those who would pull a the graces required to bring long face over this cheerful Philosophy out of closets and acceptance of the good things libraries, schools and colleges, sent by fate-vià Pittsburg. to dwell in clubs and assem Mr Carnegie's dollars will not blies, at tea - tables, and in be spent in vain, if they exempt coffee-houses,” he had certainly some of the best and the poorest none at all. But none of these of Scottish students from the things is necessary to win repu- necessity of adding to their tation and respect in that proper work the ill-paid drudg



ery of private tuition. Apart But this is assuredly a case from this small, but not unim "where glory from defect may portant, matter, we take leave rise.” For a century and more to doubt if Mr Carnegie's liber- the Bursary Competition at ality will effect any change in Aberdeen has exercised an exthe social status of the students traordinary influence over the of Aberdeen University. For intellectual history of the north at least a century and a half of Scotland. Critics, again, before his gift, we believe that have suggested that the envery few, if any, of the poorest thusiasm was begotten of a youths, either in the city or in love for pounds, shillings, and the neighbouring counties, pro- pence. Nothing could be wider vided that they showed marked of the mark. The bursaries ability, had any real difficulty only ranged from ten to in forcing an entrance to the thirty pounds

excelold quadrangle of King's Col- lently adapted to plain living lege. In days not very remote, and high thinking, but sufficient the “lad o' pairts” was in these to rescue from a life of manual quarters the village hero; the labour many scores of eminent town schools were eager for his men who have adorned the patronage; and both town and public services and the litcounty awaited with breathless erature of the country. In a interest the results of the Olym- work published not very long pio games—to wit, the Bursary ago, a comparison was inCompetition. In Aberdeen the stituted as to which counties university holds a unique posi- had yielded the greatest number tion in the eyes of its citizens.

of eminent men. AberdeenUniversity news forms an im- shire easily headed the list.

. portant feature in the daily We are not sufficiently acjournalism of the city, and an quainted with the history of event of such transcendent im- Aberdeen University to say portance as the Bursary Com who was the sagacious originapetition is treated at not less tor of its Bursary Competition. length than a London evening But we are quite sure that paper devotes to the Derby or to that possibly unknown the Boat Race. Critics—and

Critics—and genius, as well as to Bishop in the matter of criticism Aber- Elphinstone and to Earl Mardeen has paid the full penalty ischal, Aberdeen three of success—have not been back enduring monuments of its ward in suggesting that all most flawless granite. In no this argues a want of propor

two counties have so many tion and of humour. It may men been promoted from the well be so. Where there is ranks to commissions in the smoke, there is fire; or, to give army of intellectual progress the axiom its suitable Aber as in Aberdeen and Banff, and donian form

for this the credit is due to the

University of Aberdeen and " There's aye some water whaur the its ancient Grammar School. stirkie droons."

Alexander Bain must have



made his mark, it is true, of purpose, coupled with powers under any circumstances. It of endurance, far above the is enough for our point to say usual run of his class, or of any that, while his genius was ex class. He was not without ceptional, his career is quite amiability and affection, but typical of that of many north- wanted the power of expressing country students. At the age what he really may have felt; of seventeen he was a hand- and, consequently, his demeanloom weaver; seven years later, our toward his family was hard thanks to the efficiency of and severe, and did not inspire Aberdeen's educational

affection on our side.” At the chinery, he had the honour to time of his father's death, Bain be asked by John Stuart Mill had secured his first university to revise the 'System of Logic.' appointment, “but I did not The story of this development communicate the fact to my was well worth telling in de- dying father.

This was

in tail: we have it here 1 pre- keeping with the stiffness of sented in an autobiography of the relationship between us, all no ordinary interest and im- through life.” His mother portance.

was vigorous, active, most inNone of the toilers canonised dustrious, and a good manager by Samuel Smiles waged a of limited means.” Of his sturdier fight against adverse brothers and sisters, none of circumstances than is revealed whom survived the age of forty, in the early life of Bain. His we are briefly told that “they father was a handloom weaver, were all failures in life. who had served nearly twelve Such a melancholy history years with the Gordon High- made a lasting impression on landers. To support his family my mind.” Even as a child of eight children George Bain Bain appears to have been able did not grudge a working-day to detach himself from his surof thirteen or fifteen hours, but roundings; but it is plain that in spite of his skill and assiduity, to some extent the iron entered it was not possible for him to into his soul, and that his early earn much more than a pound experiences gave a colour to a-week. Of his parents Bain his philosophy, as Mill's did to writes a characteristically dis- his. passionate account. His father If Bain showed no very rehe describes as “not specially markable precocity, he at least distinguished for intellect, al- astonished some of his very inthough a good average Scots- different teachers by his matheman, with a fair education, and matical aptitude. Before he a ready, fluent talker, within was seven he had “done” arithhis range of subjects. He was metic and was deep in algebra. more remarkable on the moral Desultory reading was an adside—for an unflinching energy vantage naturally denied to

1 Autobiography. By Alexander Bain, LL.D., with Supplementary Chapter. Longmans. VOL CLXXVI.—NO. MLXV.


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