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curse of a colony - the low out of deference to the interests, white were to become an in large measure, of the small established institution.
tradesmen, who feared that such But we have no wish to dis an influx might have estabcuss in detail a question upon lished a wholesome competition, which such copious floods of such as has, in Natal, greatly illogical declamation, sectarian lowered their profits and cheaprancour, and political trickery ened the cost of living. During have been poured. The frothy the whole of the debate the fury which has been spent upon arguments—if it is necessary it is only subsiding now, when to call them by so flattering a the hope is rapidly disappear- name—by which Chinese labour ing of the possibility of bring- were opposed were very simple ing the unthinking mass of the and very plainly stated. Only nation to the arbitrament of a four of the members of the general election while prejudice legislative council of thirty was still at its height. For a spoke against the measure. calm discussion of possible al- Their arguments were only ternatives, leading to the in- two. First, that no ordinances, evitable conclusion that the however carefully drawn, would proposal to introduce Chinese prove any real impediment to labour was the only possible the establishment of the Chinese scheme, we must refer in lucrative trade in the Colony; readers to Mr Buchan's pages. and, second, that if more labour But the course of the con were necessary, it could easily troversy since Mr Buchan's be obtained by forcing the Kaffir book was published serves in to labour. One working-man itself to show how absolutely representative caused much dishonest was the opposition amusement by naïvely proposwhich this proposal aroused. ing that Kaffir la bour might be The preliminary discussion in obtained in abundance by the the Legislative Assembly at simple process of “enlisting the Pretoria upon
Sir George influence of the chiefs"!1 Four Farrar's motion took place Dutch members spoke strongly last December. It would have in favour of the measure; and been quite legal to have in- Louis Botha was so indignant troduced Chinese labour by a at being quoted as opposed to it free issue of permits. The lead- that he compelled the member ing members of the Chamber who so used his authority to of Mines had from the first recant his statement, by the pledged themselves against this, threat that if he did not do so
1 One of the most amusing episodes of the Parliamentary discussion at Westminster occurred in a question put by a Scottish Radical member. He asked if it was true that a rule was being enforced which prevented the Kaffir from using the side-paths. The answer was received with the usual shouts of “Slavery again!” But it was not known-or was conveniently ignored—that this Boer regulation, which still stands on the Statute-Book, was enforced at the instance of Mr Loveday, a member of the Transvaal Legislative Assembly, who opposes Chinese labour because, in his opinion, the Kaffir “ should be forced to work.
Botha would supply a contra- specious appeal to its supposed diction to one of the members result, and at the same time of the Government. By 24 to flout the openly expressed votes against 4 the proposal opinion of the vast majority of was affirmed. The decision every class of the colonists; to was received with acclamation form an alliance with a handful by Johannesburg, and no one of men who opposed the mass who then mixed with any grade of their fellow-colonists, and at of society in that town could the same time to use arguments doubt that had there been which were the very converse free representative government of those which their new allies in the Colony last January, employed,—such were the descarcely one member who ven vices to which a political party tured to oppose it would have have not hesitated to resort. had a chance of election.
We rejoice to think that such Such were the arguments of devices have only resulted in a the men in whom the facile short-lived semblance of success. consciences of
Radical We have not space to follow leaders, and of those renegades Mr Buchan in his discussion of to party allegiance who were other administrative questions in search of any means of in- of the first moment. We have juring the Government which entered more fully into this they were elected to support, particular question because his found allies ready to their judicial exposition of it stands hands. The arguments of their in so marked a contrast with new allies were scarcely suited the fanatical outburst of prefor consumption at home; but judice which it has provoked nothing was easier than to
easier than to since his book appeared. His adopt the conclusions on words are the more weighty tirely different arguments, and because they were written beto make a dishonest appeal to fore that outburst began. If the possible reversion of the other topics of pregnant importproposal by representative ance for South Africa should government at a moment when provoke a similar appeal to representative government was factious malignity, we are conout of the question! The fatu- fident that on these also he ity of factious blindness has will be found sound and rarely proceeded to greater trustworthy guide.
His surabsurdities, nor has political vey of South African adminisrancour often resorted to tricks tration is a wide and compreso base. To interfere with a hensive one, and we rejoice to great industry, the check upon find that while he has learned which was injuring all the the difficulty and complexity of markets of the world; to im- the problems before us, he has pede the prosperous settlement the confident hopefulness of of a great colony, the destinies the final issue which is characof which had only recently come teristic of the distinguished into our keeping; to mock re Chief under whom he served presentative government by a in South Africa.
As the evening gun flashed "twenty yoke of the 40and reverberated over the huge pounder train." durbar camp at Moghul Delhi, From time immemorial the studded with twinkling lights heavy guns, called in and merry camp-fires, I, James shrewd jest the “true politiForesight, a simple captain of cals ” of India, had been drawn artillery in general and of a by elephants, and only their heavy battery in particular, ammunition-waggons by bulstepped out of the gunner locks; and now, by a recent mess-tent into the cool moon- ediot, elephants had been dislight, loosened my jacket, and, carded—discarded at any rate weary of dessert and mess till a 40-pounder next jams in chatter, leant against a how- the Khyber. So, down by the itzer in the battery gun-park. gun-park I dreamed of the
The spirit of reverie that past pomp of my battery, now haunts an Indian evening de- dimmed by the loss of our scended on me, and there in famous elephants, and mused the durbar
within on, on the varying phases of rifle-shot of “the Ridge," a a soldier's life in India ; of thousand thoughts crowded on my subaltern service with the each other, of ancient India, mountain artillery, lightest of of Prince Gautama and Alex- the dogs of war yet hardly ander of Macedon, of Timur- least; of my first sojourn with lang and the mighty Babar, elephants in Burma, when we and then of the India of “ John hoisted our 7-pounders on their Company," down to my own backs to thread the Pinmana poor wanderings, while the jungles. Then on to years band from the Viceroy's pa- spent with the jingling gunvilion sounded clear across the mule all the frontier round, camps, even as the strains of wandering on to stories of mutineer bands, playing Brit- Clive and Cornwallis, of Lake ish airs to the imperial pup- and Wellesley, and of the pet, must have reached as the romance of Indian soldiering, masters” as they clung to that that, descending through ridge close on half a century Donald Stewart and Roberts, ago.
still lingers on the Afghan The moonlight glinted from marches, with the four long khaki barrels of the heavy guns, and their That whistles shrill, “ All flesh is grass,
“ The flying bullet down the pass, howitzer satellites, no longer drawn by giant elephants, where my best friend lies, but confided to the lumbering shot through the heart as he
breasted a kotal at the head and has been with Scindiah of his battery.
since the Great Fear; men say “Salaam, sahib,” broke on he carried Carnwallis sahib, and my dreams, the salute of a even the Horrible Istink1 sahib. muffled figure that had ap- Gopi Nath has just repainted proached from the bullock- his head, and three chirags (oillines. It was none other than lamps] burn on his skull-top; my old friend Sheikh Bhulloo, will not the Presence come for some time jemadar of and see him. Shisha Nag mahouts in my battery, now who used to be head elephant chief of the hathi - khana in No. 4 gun in the Huzoor's (elephant-stable) of Scindiah, battery, is with him, and as the in whose retinue he had come prince-born knows, Shisha Nag with the State elephants to drew Lord Lake's guns when the durbar, and had hastened the Huzoors first came to Delhi; to greet us the first spare but Seevaji is older than he.” moment he had had. He 6. Of course I'll come and see had been with our artillery Seevaji, and old Shisha Nag elephants at Pinmana, and I too; but wait till I get my had met him again in charge cloak, for I've had ague these of the beasts carrying com two nights." When I returned missariat grain - bags to our with my cape I found the old posts on the Yunan frontier. man examining the new breechIn those days a bottle of loading howitzers with intense chlorodyne and a tin of Swiss interest: cannon have always milk had enabled me to cure fascinated the Asiatic. the old man of what he firmly “ The Presence has ague ! believed to be cholera, so he he must have üfeem” (opium), was proportionately grateful, said Sheikh Bhulloo, and I was and delighted beyond measure at once presented with an opium at meeting me at Delhi, and pill of considerable size. finding me the captain of his “It won't hurt the Presence," former heavy battery. He had said the old mahout anxiously, returned the chlorodyne favour and so, not without a qualm, by curing me of ague in those I swallowed it, and followed same frontiers by giving me him towards Scindiah's camp. some of his pet opium pills, The chiefs' camps lay far and as ague had been threat- through the ening me for the last two camps; past the native cavalry, nights, I felt inclined to ask row after row of hobbled squadfor a pill now.
rons and forests of lances and Well, Sheikh Bhulloo, how pennons; past the horse and goes the hathi-kana ?”
field artillery, every gun-muzzle “By the favour of the Pres- in scrupulous dressing; past the ence, all is well. To-night is squat vixen screw-guns of the old Seevaji’s festival; he is the mountain batteries ; through oldest elephant in Hindostan, street on street of close-packed
1 The Honourable Mr Hastings.
but a span.
battalions, British and native; and Shisha Nag, I felt hardly past camp - fires and cheery surprised at the weird effect of sing-songs
the lighted chirags flickering
on the former's crown, or the “ Jolly good song, jolly well sung, Jolly good comrades every one
elaborate painting on his fore
head that showed up fitfully till we came to the medlied as the wicks flared and sank establishments of the native again. chiefs. Slipping past the “That's Seevaji, the worldspreading tents and shamianas compeller, the mover of mounof the potentates, we came to tains," whispered my guide. their cavalry camps and gun- “See his tusks, mounted with park, differing scarcely at all gold; Scindiah had that done from a gathering of Moghul when Seevaji charged through feudatories of perhaps a couple his own mutinous troops at the of centuries ago, since in the time of the Terror, and enabled immutable East a century is him to escape to the British, so
that he preserved his honour In the rajwara gun - park and his fidelity. Forty-five there was little of the sombre years ago to-day, and his Highorder obtaining in the Sirkar's ness always gives bukhsheesh to camp a mile or so away. Big the hathi-khana and decorates guns and little guns, silver and Seevaji, the Amir-i-filam [Prince even gilt, dragon-mouthed and of elephants), lest he turn on us ostentatious, lay in delightful and kill his mahout: seven medley. Field-guns that Scotch mahouts has he killed in my Sangster had cast at Agra for memory, Huzoor, and what he De Boigne's French - trained has seen and what he knows no contingent a century ago, silver man can tell. See the garlands coehorns on rosewood carriages of roses the Maharajah sent from Indore, rakish swivel- him this morning; he will only guns, bell-mouthed zumbooraks, wear them if his temper is long-barrelled sher butchas from good. mountain fortresses, every fan Weird indeed, wise and untastic piece of ordnance that earthly certainly, loomed that oriental ingenuity could devise, mountain of flesh and bone, the stood cheek by jowl on the wrinkles in brow and trunk nitre flats by the Jumna, while forming a rugged silhouette in beyond them loomed two huge the full fragrant moonlight that elephants, and some fifty yards the white nitre efflorescence on farther on a dozen more. By the ground reflected with the this time my āfeem pill had brilliance of an arc-lamp. A allayed the incipient chattering couple of yards behind stood of the ague, and was producing my old friend Shisha Nag, the a feeling altogether novel, so erstwhile leader of four gun, a much so, that when finally contemporary of Gerald Lake, settled on the trail of a huge of Delhi and lumbering bombard, within a “Lucky Lake"
called dozen yards or so of Seevaji him, for all the hazards he