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No doubt they have a perfect right
To manage as they please,
Another sort to these;
Brave men, and self-denying,
It's not for want of trying.
I have a friend of sterling parts,
A man without a taint-
Although his head is quaint;
The dreadful fate have meted, That he should always be in love,
And always be defeated!
It were a dismal deed to plant
A dagger in the breast
Despite his level best;
'Twould seem a sad beginning To tax a soul so freely sinned
Against, so free from sinning.
No. Tax whomever else you choose
The man that won't, but could— And tax the ladies who refuse
(Do them a power of good !) But do not sink to this device
For raising ready money;
MUSINGS WITHOUT METHOD.
LORD DUNDONALD'S WARNING-THE MILITARY POSITION IN CANADA
ALGERNON CHARLES SWINBURNE THE DAWN OF MODERN LITER-
THE dismissal of Lord Dun- marily dismissed him. Sir donald, commanding the Cana- Wilfrid Laurier enhanced the dian Militia, from his post is amenity of the situation by dea misfortune, the gravity of claring that the General Officer which it is idle to underrate. commanding the Militia in We will not insult the soldier Canada was a “foreigner”; himself with our pity or con and Lord Dundonald has no dolence. None knows better option but to return home. than he how to preserve his
Once relieved of his command, dignity and to
his the distinguished officer had the country. And if Canada wan- right to explain and justify his tonly casts aside Lord Dun- conduct, and he has taken an donald's knowledge and ex- informal farewell of his soldiers perience, the blame is all her in a document which the Cana
But we, too, must take dian Ministers will read without our share in Canada's discom- pleasure. Disagreement was fiture, and, from whatever point plainly inevitable from the first; of view we regard the episode, and even if Mr Fisher, who holds it is a blow foolishly struck at the portfolio of Agriculture, had the unity and stability of our not cancelled an appointment Empire.
made by Lord Dundonald, anThe immediate cause of the other cause of dispute would quarrel is doubtless misleading doubtless have been found. and immaterial. But it may In his eloquent apology Lord be briefly recalled : Lord Dun- Dundonald declares that he has donald resented, with perfect retained the command so long reason, the interference of a merely to benefit the Militia of Canadian Minister with a cer Canada, but that all the efforts tain appointment, and, being which he made to that end were outspoken, as his illustrious rendered useless by the resolute ancestor, he protested against opposition of Ministers. His the Minister's action, on the reports were either garbled or ground that he was confusing suppressed; his suggestions politics and military adminis- were heard without heeding; tration. The Canada Govern- and while the Government ment, on the other hand, bit- vindicated its own supremacy terly resented Lord Dundonald's and independence, it allowed its protest, and having pointed Militia to fall into a state of out that, being merely its paid miserable inefficiency. For his servant, he was not privileged own part, he asserts that he to express an opinion, sum has sedulously avoided the
politics of the Dominion; he tional government.” In other has loyally attempted to carry words, the Canadian Ministers out the wishes of the Govern- reserve to themselves a right, ment; and he merely demanded, which would never be exercised what should be the right of in England, of interfering with every commander—a free hand a soldier in the simple exercise in the technical administration of his duty. “ Lord Dunof his force. Moreover, it is in donald's recommendation,” says no spirit of selfishness that he the Order in Council, “ of any makes his protest, and he utters gentleman for appointment as a final warning, which Canada an officer of the militia would will do well to accept in all in itself have no force or effect.” seriousness of heart. "It may There is a singular advantage be a matter of indifference to in this plain speaking, because some," says he, "whether the it will reveal to English soldiers Militia lacks guns, rifles, am
what amount of sympathy they munition, equipment, and all may expect in Canada. That that is necessary to make a Lord Dundonald was guilty of fighting force efficient. It may a breach of discipline we are be a matter of indifference to willing to allow. He was techsome whether the great North- nically wrong when he uttered West, with its splendid fighting his complaint. But complaint material, be left in a defenceless was necessary; and no more state without guns, with pat- can be said than that he would riotic offers to organise urgently have been more wisely guided needed corps ignored. . . . But had he resigned first and com
I desire here emphatically plained afterwards. On the to warn the people of Canada other hand, it is difficult to find that, though they may be in any excuse for the Canadian debted for the integrity of their Ministers, whose high-handed territory, and, indeed, for their action made compromise imnational existence, to the for- possible. We may readily grant bearance of others, they are, as that the situation was delicate. regards their preparation for Statesmen are as jealous of war and their state of readiness their power as soldiers are of to resist aggression, living in a their independence. Neverthefool's paradise.” Lord Dun- less a compromise was not imdonald, at any rate, has made possible until the Order in an effective protest; it remains Council was issued; and comto be seen whether the Can- promise is, or should be, the adians will profit by it. essence of politics.
We fear it is unlikely, for at To-day there is no the outset they asserted them- talk of compromise ; Lord Dunselves with an undue severity. donald is relieved of his comThe Order in Council, which mand; the Canadians are left relieved Lord Dundonald of his in their fool's paradise; and command, regretted that that probably
is satisfied officer failed to appreciate the save the Radical politician, principles of British constitu- who would always do his
utmost to cut colonies in the face of recent events, loose from the mother coun can we believe that she feels a try. But it is especially un- pride in her own defence. A fortunate that the difference vague vanity partially reassures should have arisen at the very her, as it reassured the Russians moment when a gallant at. before Japan declared war; tempt is being made to tighten and with the inert optimism the links which unite us with which too often weakens our our dominions across the sea. colonies she believes that in the Brothers seldom live together last resort the mother country in amity: they resemble one will stand by her. But those another too closely for easy colonies which will not help agreement; they oppose not themselves no mother country a flat surface, but a similar can help; and if America once angularity, to each other's makes up her mind to invade, corners ; and nothing save it will be too late for Canada the kindest forbearance will to ask aid and protection from ensure a constant friendship. us. The United States, comCanada has not shown this manding the lakes, will have no forbearance, and the
difficulty in throwing an army quence is that not merely is into Canada, and when once our attempt at a closer union that army is established on our discouraged, but that never frontiers, nothing save reckless again will she have the ad- gallantry, and still more reckvantage of England's counsel less expenditure, will dislodge in her military organisation. it.
For after Canada's treat It is true that Canada is ment of Lord Dundonald, no mistress in her own house, as British officer will be found to she is never tired of telling us. take his place. Yet it must not But her house is so near to our be forgotten that in punishing own that we cannot ignore Canada we punish also our- the danger that threatens it. selves. It is in no mood of “Tunc tua res agitur, paries recrimination that we empha- cum proximus ardet,” and we sise the unhappiness of the ourselves shall be involved position. If Canada is living in the general conflagration. in a fool's paradise, we cannot Nevertheless, we are powerless but share the sad bliss of her to move. We cannot insist ignorance. There is but one upon a reform of the Canadian end to keep in view, and that is Militia, though we cannot forthe defence of the Canadian get that a misfortune which frontier. Across a crooked and falls upon Canada falls also arbitrary line is a nation, ener- upon us. Indeed, we getio and alert.
no more than point out the ever have a difference with risk which the Dominion is now America, her first exploit will running. Though her long be to invade Canada, and frontier is unguarded, she will Canada is not and will not be pay no more than half-a-crown able to defend herself. Nor, a-head for the purposes
military defence; and, while she help herself. She declines to depends upon England to pro- pay taxes for her own defence, tect her in time of stress, she and she is satisfied that the will not treat England's soldiers nucleus of her army should be with forbearance or respect. a training-school. And, worse Our warships could and would than all, she has allowed defend her coasts, but we politics to play their part in demand of her that she should a matter which should be above do her share on land, and and beyond politics. Now, apparently we demand in vain. when the administration of an
What, then, does Canada army is perplexed by political need for her own protection ? considerations, there is an end A small permanent force, which of discipline and efficiency. should be ready to strike any. There is only one motive which where and at short notice. If should influence the governan invasion were repelled for a ment of an army, and that is month, we should get have merit. Where policy is pertime to transport an army mitted to intervene, there you across the sea. But if the get intrigue and incapacity. Americans were permitted to During the last few years we enter Canada unmolested, it have witnessed crisis in might take us years to drive France, which was
was brought them out. And though the about merely because Paris problem is simple enough, confused the conduct of the Canada declines to solve it. French army with the inAs we have said, she is a veterate bitterness of party
the inordinate, if politics; and we throw our amiable, vanity which over- opportunity away if we take takes young peoples. She no warning by the experience believes herself unvanquished of our neighbours. However, and invincible. In her foolish we have done our best and security she deems the details failed; henceforth the Canadian of guns and men dull and Militia must be commanded by sordid. Who are the eri a Canadian ; it will be our fate cans that they should dare to to prepare for the defence of a assail the greatest of British colony over whose military Colonies ? If there is to be organisation we have no conannexation, surely
surely the trol; and oven the loyal NorthCanadians will
the West is powerless to support us. United States. Did they not The patriotism which expresses beat them before, and are they itself in toasts and anthems is not all the more ready to beat well enough; we are grateful them again? A vain boast. for the aid which the faithful What shall six millions do Canadians gave us in South against seventy?
Africa; but should be Meanwhile, though, in Lord better pleased if we thought Dundonald's words, Canada is that our fellow-citizens across living in a fool's paradise, she the sea recognised the danger will do little or nothing to of their situation, and were