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And turning to his men,
Quoth our brave Henry then:
Though they to one be ten

Be not amazed!
Yet have we well begun:
Battles so bravely won
Have ever to the sun

By Fame been raised !

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“And for myself,' quoth he, “This my full rests shall be: England ne'er mourn for me,

Nor more esteem me!
Victor I will remain,
Or on this earth lie slain;
Never shall She sustain

Loss to redeem me!

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“Poitiers and ('ressy tell,
When most their pride did swell,“
Under cur swords they fell.

No less our skill is,
Than when our Grandsıre great,
Claiming the regal seat,
By many a warlike feat

Lopped the French lilies."

96

That like to serpents stung,

Piercing the weather. None from his fellow starts; But, playing manly parts, And like true English hearts,

Stuck close togs ther.
When down their bows they threw,
And forth their bilboeso drew,
And on the French they flew:

Not one was tardy.
Arms were from shoulders sent,
Scalps to the teeth were rent,
Down the French peasants went:

Our men were hardy.
This while our noble King,
His broad sword brandishing,
Down the French host did ding,

As to o'erwhelm it;
And many a deep wound lent;
His arms with blood besprent,
And many a cruel dent

Bruised his helmet.
Gloucester, that duke so good,
Next of the royal blood,
Fer famous England stood

With his brave brother;
Clarence, in steel so bright,
Though but a maiden knight,
Yet in that furious fight

Scarce such another!
Warwick in blood did wade,
Oxford, the foe invade,
And cruel slaughter made,

Still as they ran up.
Suffolk his axe did ply;
Beaumont and Willoughby
Bare them right doughtily;

Ferrers and Fanhope. Upon Saint ('rispin's Day Fought was this noble Fray; Which Fame did not delay

To England to carry. O when shall English men With such acts fill a pen? Or England breed again

Such a King Harry!

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The Duke of York so dread
The eager vanward led;
With the main, Henry speil

Amongst his henchmen:
Exeter had the rear,
A braver man not there!
O Lord, how bot they were

On the false Frenchmen!

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They now to fight are gone; Armour on armour shone; Drun now to drum id groan:

To hear, was wonder; That, with the cries they make, The very earth did shake; Trumpet to trumpet spake;

Thunder to thunder.

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BEN JONSON (1573?-1637)

To CELIA Drink to me only with thine eyes,

And I will pledge with mine; Or leave a kiss but in the cup

And I'll not look for wine.

With Spanish yew so strong; Arrows a cloth-yard long,

resolution

I swords

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THE ELIZABETHAN AGE-DRAMA

waxen

CHRISTOPHER MARLOWE That shortly he was grac'd with doctor's

name,
(1564-1593)

Excelling all, and sweetly can dispute
FROM

In th' heavenly matters of theology;
THE TRAGICAL HISTORY OF DOCTOR

Till swoln with cunning, of a self-conceit, FAUSTUS.*

His

wings did mount above his reach,

20 Enter Chorus.

And, melting, heavens conspir'd his overCHORUS. Not marching in the fields of Thrasy.

throw; mene, 1

For, falling to a devilish exercise, Where Mars did mate? the warlike Car- And glutted now with learning's golden gifts, thagens;

He surfeits upon cursèd necromancy; Nor sporting in the dalliance of love,

Nothing so sweet as magic is to him, In courts of kings where state3 is over- Which he prefers before his chiefest bliss : turn'd;

And this the man that in his study sits. Nor in the pomp of proud audacious deeds,

[Exit. Intends our Muse to vaunt her heavenly

[SCENE I.] verse: Only this, gentles,—we must now perform

Faustus discovered in his study. The form of Faustus' fortunes, good or bad: Faustus. Settles thy studies, Faustus, and beAnd now to patient judgments we appeal,

gin And speak for Faustus in his infancy.

10

To sound the depth of that thou wilt proNow is he born of parents base of stock,

fess: 9 In Germany, within a town call'd Rhodes : + Having commenc'd,10 be a divine in show, At riper years, to Wittenberg he went,

Yet level at the endii of every art, Whereasi his kinsmen chiefly brought him up. And live and die in Aristotle's works. So much he profits in divinity,

Sweet Analytics, 'tis thou hast ravish'd me! i The scene of Hannibal's defeat of the Romans, Bene disserere est finis logices.12 217 B. C. Marlowe means that his drama is

Is, to dispute well, logic's chiefest end? not to deal, like others, with wars and intrigues.

Affords this art no greater miracle? 2 cope with 4 Roda, near Weimar.

Then read no more; thou hast attain 'd that 3 statehood, majesty 5 where

10 * The Faust legend, which embodies the old fancy of a compact with the Evil One, had its origin the life

A greater subject fitteth Faustus’ wit: of а certain German doctor (i. e. learned man) of evil character, Johann Bid Economy farewell, and Galen 13 come: Faustus, who, dying about 1538, was reputed

The to have been carried off by the devil.

Be a physician, Faustus; heap up golil, tales that grew up about his memory were And be eterniz'd for some wondrous cure: collected in The History of Dr. Faustus, the

Summum bonum medicinae sanitas, Notorious Magician and Master of the Black Art." published at Frankfort-on-the-Main in The end of physie is our body's health. 1387. A translation was printed in England and Marlowe immediately

Why, Faustus, hast thou not attain 'd that

dramatized (1389); since then the story has appeared in

end! many forms. Marlowe's drama was probably

Are not thy billsit hung up as monuments, not printed in his lifetime. The editions dated 1604 and 1616 differ in many particu. Whereby whole cities have escape the plague', lars and certainly neither of them gives us the text as he left it. It is possible that none of the comic scenes, the mingling, of which

6 knowledge

11 aim at the goal (viz., with tragedy came to be one of the charac

7 Alluding to the story metaphysics) teristics of Elizabethan drama, were from his

of Icarus.

12 "To dispute weli is pin.

the end of logic." The extracts given above present only

8 fix upon the central tragic theme. The 1616 text is 9 choose for a profes. 13,1 famous physician followed, with scene numbers inserted to cor

of the second cen

sion trapond with A. W. Ward's divisions of the 10 taken the doctor's

tury. 1604 text.

degree

1+ prescriptions

end:

And thousand desperate maladies been / WAG. I will, sir.

[Exit. cur 'd?

20 Faust. Their conferencelo will be a greater Yet art thou still but Faustus, and a man.

help to me Couldst thou make men to live eternally, Than all my labours, plod I ne'er so fast. Or, being dead, raise them to life again,

Enter Good Angel and Evil Angel. Then this profession were to be esteem 'd. G. Ang. O, Faustus, lay that damned book Physic, farewell! Where is Justinian ?13

aside,

[Reads. And gaze not on it, lest it tempt thy soul, Si una eademque res legatur duobus, alter And heap God's heavy wrath upon thy head! rem, alter valorem rei, &c.16

Read, read the Scriptures:—that is blasA petty case of paltry legacies! [Reails.

phemy. Exhæreditare filium non potest pater, nisi, E. Ang. Go forward, Faustus, in that famous foc.17

art21

70 Such is the subject of the institute,

Wherein all Nature's treasure is contain 'd: And universal body of the law:

Be thou on earth as Jove is in the sky, This study fits a mercenary drudge,

Lord and commander of these elements. Who aims at nothing but external trash;

[Exeunt Angels. Too servile and illiberal for me.

FAUST. How am I glutted with conceit of this! When all is done, divinity is best :

Shall I make spirits fetch me what I please, Jerome's Bible,18 Faustus; view it well.

Resolve me of?” all ambiguities,

[Reads. Perform what desperate enterprise I will ? Stipendium peccati mors est. Ha! Stipen

I'll have them fly to India for goli, dium, &c. The reward of sin is death; that's

Ransack the ocean for orient pearl, hard.

And search all corners of the new-found [Reads. world23

80 Si peccasse negamus, fallimur, et nulla est in nobis veritas; If we say that we have

For pleasant fruits and princely delicates;24 no sin, we deceive ourselves, and there is

I'll have them read me strange philosophy, no truth in us. Why, then, belike we must

And tell the secrets of all foreign kings; sin, and so consequently die:

I'll have them wall all Germany with brass, Ay, we must die an everlasting death.

And make swift Rhine circle fair WittenWhat doctrine call you this, Che sera, sera,

berg; What will be, shall be? Divinity, adieu! 19

I'll have them fill the public schools with silk, These metaphysics of magicians,

Wherewith the students shall be bravely elad; And necromantic books are heavenly;

I'll levy soldiers with the coin they bring, Lines, circles, scenes, letters, and characters;

And chase the Prince of Parma* from our Ay, these are those that Faustus most desires.

land, 0, what a world of profit and delight,

And reign sole king of all the provinces; 90 Of power, of honour, and omnipotence,

Yea, stranger engines for the brunt of war, Is promis'd to the studious artizan!

Than was the fiery keel at Antwerp-bridge, All things that move between the quiet poles

I'll make my servile spirits to invent. Shall be at my command:

emperors and

Enter Valdes and Cornelius. kings Are but obeyed in their several provinces;

Come, German Valdes, and Cornelius, But his dominion that exceeds in this,

And make me blest with your sage conference. Stretcheth as far as doth the mind of man;

Valdes, sweet Valdes, and Cornelius, A sound magician is a demigod :

Know that your words have won me at the

last Here tire, my brains, to gain a deity.

To practise magic and concealed arts.
Enter Wagner.

Philosophy is odious and obscure;
Wagner, commend me to my dearest friends, 60 Both law and physic are for petty wits:
The German Valdes and ('ornelius;

'Tis magic, magic that hath ravish'd me. Request them earnestly to visit me.

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50

20 conversation

23 America 15 A Roman emperor and law-giver.

21 black art, i, e., magic 21 delicacies 16 “If one and the same think be bequeathed to 22 interpret for me

two, one (shall have) the thing, the other its * Alexander Farnese, the famous Governor of the value. etc.'

Netherlands, who subduer Antwerp in 1353 17 "A father may not disinherit his son, unless, and later planned at Philip II's orders to in

vade England. IS The Vulgate

† Ships set on fire and driven against the Antwerp 19 Here Faustus turns to bis books of magic.

bridge to burn it down.

etc."

150

Then, gentle friends, aid me in this attempt; The Hebrew Psalter, and New Testament; And I, that have with subtle syllogisms

And whatsoever else is requisite Gravell do the pastors of the German church, We will inform thee ere our conference cease. And made the flowering pride of Wittenberg CoRn. Valdes, first let him know the words of Swarm to my problems, as th’infernal spirits

art; On sweet Musa’us when he came to hell,20 And then, all other ceremonies learn 'd, Will be as cumning as Agrippa27 was,

Faustus may try his cunning by himself. Whose shadow made all Europe honour him. Vald. First I'll instruct thee in the rudiments, l'ALD. Faustus, these books, thy wit, and our And then wilt thou be perfecter than I. experience,

110 Faust. Then come and dine with me, and Shall make all nations to canonize us.

after meat, As Indian Moors28 obey their Spanish lcrds, We'll canvass every quiddity. thereof; So shall the spirits of every element

For, ere I sleep, I'll try what I can do ; Be always serviceable to us three;

This night I'll conjure, though I die there. Like lions shall they guard us when we

fore.

[Exeunt. please; Like Almain rutters29 with their horsemen 's

[SCENE II.) staves,

Enter tuo Scholars. Or Lapland giants, trotting by our sides; Sometimes like women, or unwedded maids, FIRST SCHOL. I wonder what's become vi Faus. Shadowing more beauty in30 their airy brows

tus, that was wont to make our schools Than have the white breasts of the queen of

ring with sic probo.5 love:

120 SEC. SCHOL. That shall we presently know; From Venice shall they drag huge argosies,

here comes his boy. And from America the golden fleece

Enter Wagner.
That yearly stuff's old Philip's treasury;
If learned Faustus will be resolute.

First SCHOL. How now, sirrah! where's thy FAUST. Valdes, as resolute am I in this

master? As thou to live: therefore object it not.1

Wag. God in heaven knows. Corn. The miracles that magic will perform

SEC. SCHOL. Why, dost not thou know, then? Will make thee vow to study nothing else.

WAG. Yes, I know; but that follows not. He that is grounded in astrology,

First Schol. Go to, sirrah! leave your jesting,

and tell us where he is. Enrich'd with tongues, well seen? in min. erals,

WAG. Truly, my dear brethren, my master is Hath all the principles magic doth require:

within at dinner, with Valdes and Cornelius, Then doubt not, Faustus, but to be renown'd,

as this wine, if it could speak, would inform And more frequented for this mystery

your worships: and so, the Lord bless you, Than heretofore the Delphian oracle.

preserve you, and keep you, my dear brethren!

[Exit. The spirits tell me they can dry the sea, And fetch the treasure of all foreign wrecks, First Schol. O Faustus!

Then I fear that which I have long suspected, Yea, all the wealth that our forefathers hid

That thou art fall 'n into that damned art Within the massy entrails of the earth;

For which they two are infamous through the Then tell me, Faustus, what shall we three

world. want? Faust. Nothing, Cornelius. O, this cheers my

Sec. Schol. Were he a stranger, not allied soul!

140 Come, show me some demonstrations magical,

The danger of his soul would make me That I may conjure in some bushy grove, And have these joys in full possession.

But, come, let us go and inform the Rector; Vald. Then haste thee to some solitary grove,

It may be his grave counsel may reclaim

him. And bear wise Bacon's and Albertus 's works,

FIRST SCHOL. I fear me nothing will reclaim 25 puzzled

28 American Indians 25 Sep Eneid VI., 666.

him now. 29 German horsemen 27 å magician

30 Perhaps in= under SEC. SCHOL. Yet let us see what we can do. Johann Faustus.

[Excunt. i make it no objection

2 skilled 3 Roger Bacon and Albertus Magnus, mediæval

scholars popularly reputed to have practiced - "Thus I prove" (a formula in logical demonmagic.

stration.

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to me,

mourn.

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at

the

time

of

4 matter

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