A Philosophical and Practical Treatise on the Will: Forming the Third Volume of a System of Mental Philosophy

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Harper & bros., 1843 - Will - 411 pages
 

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Contents

The intellectual part the foundation or basis of the action of the other parts of the mind
41
The connexion of the understanding with the will
42
The connexion of the understanding with the will shown from its connexion with action
43
Further proof from an observation of the conduct of
45
Illustration of the statements of the preceding section
46
Of the nature of the connexion between the understanding and will 7 Of the opinions of Mr Locke on this point
49
Opinions of Sir James Mackintosh on the same subject
51
The understanding reaches the will through the sensibilities
53
The acts of the intellect the direct antecedents to emotions
54
Emotions change with changes in the intellectual perceptions
55
The powers of the will not perfectly correspondent to those of the intellect
56
An energetic will sometimes found in connexion with limited powers of intellect
58
CHAPTER III
60
Of what are strictly included under the sensibilities
61
Acts of the intellect in immediate proximity with emotions
64
Emotions not in proximity with volitions
66
Emotions followed by desires and feelings of obligation
67
Obligatory feelings also in proximity with the will
68
Further remarks and illustrations on this subject
70
Of the strength of the desires
72
Of the strength of feelings of obligation
75
Of the influence of the sensibilities on the understanding
76
CHAPTER IV
78
Remarks on the nature of the will
80
Of the nature of the acts of the will or volitions
81
Volition never exists without some object
82
It exists only in reference to what we believe to be in our power
83
Volition relates to our own action and to whatever else may be dependent upon
84
Volitions involve a prospective element
87
Volitions may exist with various degrees of strength
88
Causes of the variation of the strength of the voluntary exercise
89
Further illustrations of the same subject
90
Of preference or indifference as applicable to the will
91
CHAPTER V
94
Probable cause of desires and volitions being confounded
95
The distinction of desires and volitions asserted by consciousness
96
Desires differ from volitions in fixedness and permanency
98
Further proof of this distinction from language
99
Sentiments of esteem and honour often imply this distinction
100
Of some strictures on the foregoing remarks of Reid
101
Volition may exist in respect to those complex acts which the mind can embrace as
103
If the distinction in question do not exist the foundation of morals becomes unsettled
105
Other instances in illustration of proof
108
Proofs drawn from some facts in the consti he constitution of the mind
109
Of the chastisements of the Supreme Being inflicted on those he loves
111
Objected that these views lead to contradictions
113
Opinions of Mr Locke and others on this subject
115
PART II
117
CHAPTER I
119
Of the importance of the topics now entered upon
120
The inquiry whether the will has its laws preliminary to that of its freedom
122
The character of motives depends in part on the constitutional
124
Reference to remarks of Hooker on the universality of law
125
Laws of the will deducible from the first principles of moral gov
131
Inferred also from the application of rewards and punishments
137
CHAPTER V
142
On the practical tendency of the general doctrine of law in its
202
Their character depends in part on temporary influences
208
Nature of the influence of motives
214
CHAPTER I
223
Distinction between the idea and reality of liberty
230
Of the circumstances under which this mental harmony may
236
Objected that the foregoing views are necessarily and in their very
242
Evidence of the freedom of the will from consciousness
249
154
253
Objected that the will is necessarily governed by the strongest
256
CHAPTER IV
257
Of the elements of mans moral nature
258
Evidence of freedom of the will from feelings of approval and dis approval
259
Proof of freedom from feelings of remorse
260
Without the possession of liberty of will man could never have framed the abstract notions of right and wrong
261
Proof from feelings of moral obligation
263
Evidence from mens views of crimes and punishments
264
Prevalent opinions of mankind on this subject
266
CHAPTER V
267
Evidence from the occasional suspension of the wills acts
268
Evidence of the freedom of the will from the control which every man has over his own motives of action
269
The freedom of the will further shown from the attempts of men to influence the conduct of their fellowmen 271 168 Further evidence from the obs...
271
Argued further from the view taken in the Scriptures
273
Practical importance of the doctrine of liberty 273
274
CHAPTER VI
277
Answered that they result necessarily from the evidence
278
Denial of the alleged contradiction
280
Admission of inexplicableness or mystery
281
Of the limited powers of the human mind
283
We find things which cannot be explained everywhere
284
Illustrated from the influence of one man over another
285
The opposite supposition attended with equal difficulty
286
Both views are to be fully received 180 The doctrine of the wills freedom equally important with that of its subjection to law 200
287
CHAPTER VII
289
Inability to define enthralment or slavery
291
The nature of mental enthralment illustrated by a reference to extorted promises
292
Historical illustrations of the subject
295
The will enthralled by the indulgence of the appetites
297
The will enthralled by inordinate ambition
300
The will enslaved by the indulgence of the passions
301
Of the slavery of the will in connexion with moral accountability
304
NATURE OF MENTAL POWER
309
Occasions of the origin of the idea of power
315
articular subjects
322
Illustrated from the prosecution of some general plan
334
Of the objective or outward sphere of the minds activity
340
Remarks on constitutional weakness of the will
346
Instances of want of energy of the will
348
Energy of the will as shown in martyrdoms
354
Practical application of these views
362
Of the value of consistency in the religious character
368
Selfpossession an element of consistency of character
374
A due balance of all the powers the most favourable state
380
Importance of repressing the outward signs of the passions
387
Of aiding the will by a reference to the regard of others
394
Of the effects of habit in giving strength to the will
400

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Page 403 - The condition of man, after the fall of Adam, is such, that he cannot turn and prepare himself, by his own natural strength and good works, to faith, and calling upon God : wherefore we have no power to do good works pleasant and acceptable to God, without the grace of God by Christ preventing us, that we may have a good will, and working with us, when we have that good will.
Page 123 - ... her seat is the bosom of God, her voice the harmony of the world; all things in heaven and earth do her homage, the very least as feeling her care, and the greatest as not exempted from her power; both angels and men and creatures of what condition soever, though each in different sort and manner, yet all with uniform consent, admiring her as the mother of their peace and joy.
Page 141 - LORD, thou hast searched me, and known me. Thou knowest my downsitting and mine uprising, thou understandest my thought afar off. Thou compassest my path and my lying down, and art acquainted with all my ways.
Page 187 - Would you know the sentiments, inclinations, and course of life of the Greeks and Romans ? Study well the temper and actions of the French and English.
Page 123 - Of law there can be no less acknowledged, than that her seat is the bosom of God, her voice the harmony of the world ; all things in heaven and earth do her homage, the very least as feeling her care, and the greatest as not exempted from her power...
Page 143 - Remember the former things of old: For I am God, and there is none else; I am God, and there is none like me, Declaring the end from the beginning, And from ancient times the things that are not yet done, Saying, My counsel shall stand, And I will do all my pleasure...
Page 367 - If any of you lack wisdom, let him ask of God that giveth to all men liberally, and upbraideth not; and it shall be given him. But let him ask in faith, nothing wavering: for he that wavereth is like a wave of the sea, driven with the wind, and tossed. For let not that man think that he shall receive any thing of the Lord.
Page 142 - Neither is there any creature that is not manifest in his sight : but all things are naked and opened unto the eyes of him with whom we have to do.
Page 347 - A man so various that he seemed to be Not one, but all mankind's epitome : Stiff in opinions, always in the wrong, Was everything by starts and nothing long; But in the course of one revolving moon Was chymist, fiddler, statesman, and buffoon ; Then all for women, painting, rhyming, drinking, Besides ten thousand freaks that died in thinking.
Page 275 - For whosoever hath, to him shall be given, and he shall have more abundance: but whosoever hath not, from him shall be taken away even that he hath.

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