Instruction: Theoretical and Applied Perspectives
Ronna F. Dillon, James W. Pellegrino
Praeger, 1991 - Education - 190 pages
Researchers from major military personnel research organizations and universities contributed to this volume. The essays study: student cognitive attributes and performance in a computer-based instructional setting; factors in retention of procedural tasks; experimental investigation of text comprehension in bilinguals; functional context theory; literary and electronics training; problem solving in technical domains; motivation, learning, and prescriptions for change; teaching interpretive skills; training analysis and design for complex aircrew tasks; and implementation of instructional system development in the U.S. Army. This book will be invaluable to educators in the academic and military worlds.
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Smith and Goodman presented three major findings of interest : First , subjects read the steps faster with hierarchical / structural and functional instructions than with linear ones . They suggest that hierarchically organized ...
functional instruction would perform and retain the assembly task better than subjects receiving either structural or picture - only instructions . It was also expected that a relationship would be found among subject background ...
than the structural instruction group , and both explanation groups had longer than the picture - only group . The outcome for the undergraduates ( Experiment 1 ) replicates the results of Smith and Goodman , whose subjects were all ...
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Student Cognitive Attributes and Performance in a Computer
Cognitive Factors in Learning and Retention of Procedural Tasks
Functional Context Theory Literacy and Electronics Training
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