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DESCRIPTION OF THE ASS. The Ass is not, as it has been supposed', a degenerated horse: he is neither an intruder" nor a bastard; he has, like all other animals his dis

ctu family, his species, and his rank; his blood is uncontaminatedr, and, though his birthy be less illustrious, it is fulle as honourable and as ancient as that of the horse. Why then is this animal, so sober, good, patient, and useful, so much despised? Do men contemn, even in the brute creationa, those who serve them best, and at the least expenceb? We educate the horse",—we attendd, instruct, and exercise him; while the poor ass, abandoned to the brutality of the mearest servantse, or to the

malice of children, far from acquiring, cannot but · lose, by his education. If he had not a great stockf

of good qualities, the manner in which he is treated would leave him none at allh; he is the sport and the butt of rustics’, who drive him before them with a stick, who beat, overload, and work him to excessk, without either precaution orl pity.

The ass is by his disposition as humble, as patient, and as quiet, as the horse is proud, ardent, and impetuous; he enduresh with constancy, and perhaps with courage, the punishmento and blows he receives; he is temperate both as top the quantity and the quality of his food; he is satisfied with the most tough and disagreeable herbs, which the horse and other animals disdain, and leave to him. He is dainty ins the choice of water; he


i comme on l'a supposé ;- intrus;-4 propre ;--* pur;- naissance;—2 toute ;-a les animaux ;-bmoins de frais ;-C On donne au cheval de l'éducation ;--d soigne ;—e derniers valets af fonds;_2 dont on le traite ;=h ne lui en laisserait aucune; - le plastron des rustres ;-l'excèdent ; et sans; -mde son naturel ;_ souffre ;- -o les châtimens ;-;p dans ;-9 comine dans ;--r il se contente de ;- délicat sur ;


drinks of the clearest only, and out of rivulets which are known to him'; he drinks as sparinglyu as he eats, and never sinks his nose in the water, being afraid", it is said>, of the shadow of his

As no one takes the trouble of combing hima, he often rollsa on the grass, on thistles, or fern, without caring aboutb his load; he lies down and rolls as often as he can', seeming therebyd to reproache his master with the littlef care he takes of him. He turns aside tos avoid the dirt, and consequently his legs are drier and neater than those of the horse.

The ass, when young, is gay, pretty and even gracefulk; but he soon loses those qualities, either by age or illm treatment, and becomes sluggish, untractable, and stubborn. He, however, attaches himself to his master, whom he scents at a distance and distinguisheso from every other man; his eyesight is good, his sense of smellingP admirable, and in general the health of the ass is more steady, than that of the horse: like him he lives twenty-five or thirty years.--BUFFON. t et des ;- -v lui sont connus ;-0 sobrement, ay int peur x dit-on ;- Comme personne ne ;—z l'étı ller ;-a se i souvent; - se soucier de ;— qu'il le peut ;-~-d et semble parlà ;—e reprocher à ; peu de ;-& se détou ne pour;- il les jambes ;- cuand il est ;-k a de la grâce ;– soit ;-m soit par les mauvais ;—n de loin ;~ qu'il distingue ;—p odorat;q ferme ;-* à trente.


PETER THE 1Stv. On the 8thu of July, in the year 1709, was foughty the decisive battle of Pultowa, between the two most singular monarchs that then existed ina the DE ;~ DOUZE;" PREMIER ;– Ce fut le huitième; de,

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world-Charles the 12th, illustrious by nine years of victories; Peter Alexiowitz, by nine years' labourså to render his troops equal tob those of Sweden: the one glorying in giving away* states; the other in having civilized themd : Charles delighting ine dangerf, and fighting for glory alones, Alexiowitz not shunningh peril, and fighting only for his interests: the Swedish monarch liberal fromk greatness of mind; the Muscovitel never giving without some end in viewm : the formern sober and continent to the highest degree', noble-mindede, and having been cruel but once; the latter, not freed from? the defects of his education and his country, as much dreaded by his subjects as he was admired by strangers, and too much given to thoser excesses which contributed to shorten his days, Charles had the title of Invincible, of* which one moment might deprive hims; the world had already givent Peter the name of Great, which a defeat could not wrest from him' because he did not owe it to his victories.-VOLTAIRE. a peines ; pour former des troupes égales à ;ếc glorieux de ; _d de les avoir civilisés ;ze aimant;— dangers ;—8 ne com. battant que pour la gloire ;—h ne fuyant point ; et ne faisant la guerre que ;—k par ;- Moscovite ;—m que par quelque vue ; n celui-là ;_ó d'un continence et d'une sobriété sans exemple; -P d'un naturel magnanime ;-9 celui-ci n'avait pas dépouillé ; - adonné à des ; pouvait lui ôter ;-t donné à ;-) lui enlever.



A POOR woman of Zehra owneda a piece of ground adjoining theb gardens of the Caliph Hak ham. This prince, wishing to enlarge his palace, W MANIERE ;-* D'UN CADI POUR FAIRE SENTIR ;—Ý CALIPHE; - QU'IL COMMETTAIT ;—a possédait ;—b contigue aux ;

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proposed to the womand to sell it to hime. But she refused all the offers which were made herf, and would not part withs the inheritance of her forefathers. The surveyorh of the buildings of the prince tooki by force that which she would not give upk with good willl. The womanı almost distracted,m went to Cordova" and imploredo the assistance of the lawsP.-Bembekir was then the* cadi, or judge of that town. The case was difficulty, for, though the law was explicit', it was not an easy matters to enforce itt against a prince, who, from his rank, thought himself above the law". Bembekir, however mounting his ass*, takes with him a very large sacky, and presents himself before Hakham, who was in a pavilion, which he had constructed on the poor woman's ground. The appearance of the cadi, and particularly the sack which he had on his shoulders, astonished the prince. Bembekir, after having prostrated himself, asked his leaved to fill his sack withe the earth on which he stoodf. Hakham consenteds. When the sack was full, he entreated the caliph to help him load his ass with ith. Surprised at such a requesti the caliph told himk the burden was too heavy : “Prince," replied Bembekir, with a noble couragel “this sack contains, however, butm a small part of the earth which you have so unjustly taken";


d cette femme ;~e de la lui vendre ;-* qu'on lui fit;-8 se dessaisir de ;—h intendant ;-i s'empara de ;-k accorder ;- de bonne grâce ;–m désolée ; – Cordoue ;—o implorer ;—p justice ; -9 embarrassant;– formelle ;- aisé ;-t de la mettre force ; — par;

;-W des lois ;_* monte aussitôt sur son âne et ;y un sac d'une énorme grandeur ; qu'il avait fait construire ; - L'arrivée ;_b plus encore ;—« s'être prosterné ;-d lui demanda la permission ;-e de remplir son sac de ;-f était ;s y consentit ; —h de lui aider à le charger sur son ane;~ d'une pareille demande ;-lui dit que;- hardiesse ;-m ne que ;ü enlevée;

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how will you be ableo to sustain the weight of the wholep at the day of judgmento?” Hakham, instead of being incensed against the cadi, generously acknowledged the fault he had committed ; and returnedt to the woman the land he had taken possession ofu, with all the buildings that he had constructedx thereon.

Lo comment pourrez-vous ;—p de toute cette terre ;-9 au jour du jugement dernier ;- loin ;- irrité ;— rendit ;-" terrain ; Zu dont il s'était emparé ;-* qu'il avait fait construire.


HOLLAND has produced few statesmeny so wise, and so patriotic, as this great man.

He was employed in various negociations, in whicha he succeeded even beyond theb hopes of his countrymen. The States of Holland made him their Grand Pensionary; and his patriotic zeal induced himd to limite the authority of Maurice, Prince of Orange, which brought upon himf the hatred of the partizans of that prince, who falsely accused him of a design to deliver his country into the handsh of the Spaniards. Beingi tried and found guilty, Prince Maurice was strongly petitioned' to grant him his! life ; but he remained inexorable, declaring", however, that he would grant his pardon, if the family of Barneveldt asked for* it, but they refused to take a step which would imply the guilt of their venerable chief. His head was struck off9 in the seventy-second year of his age, on the 13th of May, 1619. His memory has been revered ever y d'hommes d'état ;—z aussi habiles ;—a où ;—6 même au delà des ;—c la Hollande ;-.d l'induisit ;_e à limiter ;ce qui lui attira ;-8 du dessein de ;--h entre les mains ; Ayant été ;* on demanda avec instance au Prince Maurice ;- de lui accorder la ;-m en déclarant ;-n elle refusa ;-o de faire une démarche ;—p culpabilité ;-9 Il fut décapité ;


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