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Happy he, whose heart is a stranger to remorse; and who, satisfied with his condition, enjoys the sweet satisfaction of doing good. The freshness of the morning awakes him to action and enjoyment. The day is full of charms, and night invites him to gentle sleep. His mind is always alive to impressions of pleasure; the various beauties of the seasons delight him; and he alone possesses the purest enjoyments of nature.
“But happier far is he, who shares these enjoyments with a companion, whom nature and the graces have formed; with a companion like thee, my Daphne! Since. Hymen united our fortunes, they have been like the harmony of two flutes, gently modulating the same air; whoever hears them is filled with delight. Did my eyes ever express a desire, which thou didst not endeavour to anticipate ? Did I ever enjoy any pleasure which was not increased by thy presence? Have I ever been perplexed with any care," which thou hast not dissipated, even as the sun dissolves the mists? Yes, Daphne, on the day when I led thee to my hut, I saw all the comforts of life attach themselves to thee. Order, neatness, content and cheerfulness, ever attend thy footsteps; and the gods delight in crowning thy works with success.
“ Thou art the sweetener of my life, and causest every thing around me to wear a smiling aspect. Heaven showers down its blessings on my habitation; they are diffused over my flocks, my plantations, and my harvests. The labour of the day is a perpetual source of amusement; and, when I return at night under this peaceful roof, what delight do I experience in meeting thee! The spring appears more gay, the summer and autumn more rich; and when hoary winter covers our humble cot, seated near our comfortable fire, amidst the loved your
most pleasing cares, I taste in thy society the comforts of domestic security. Let Boreas vent his rage,- let the snow conceal the country from my sight,-I am more and more sensible that thou art the source of my happiness. You, loveliest of children; complete my bliss. Adorned with the graces of your mother, what felicity do you not promise to me! The first words which Daphne taught you to say, were, that you
father. Health and cheerfulness beam in your countenances, and the desire of pleasing is evident in
your looks. Your are our present delight, and your happiness will be the comfort of our old age. When 1 return from the fields, you hasten towards me; and you eagerly receive my presents, the fruits which I have gathered; your pleasure enchants me.”
While he thus sung, Daphne entered, holding in each arm a child, more beautiful than the god of love. Tears ran down the cheeks of Daphne, for she had heard his song. “ Ah! Milo, (said she, heaving a sigh,) how happy are we!”
Whoever had seen them at that moment, would have been sensible that virtuous minds alone can enjoy so much felicity.-GESSNER.
A LIVELY dispute has divided the philosophers of Europe :—it is debated, whether the arts and sciences are more serviceable or prejudicial to mankind. They who maintain the cause of literature, endeavour to prove their usefulness, from the impossibility of a large number of men subsisting in a small tract of country, without their assistance; from the pleasure which attends the acquisition; and from the influence of knowledge in promoting practical morality.
They who maintain the contrary opinion, display the happiness and innocence of those uncultivated nations who live without learning; urge the numerous vices which are to be found only in polished society; enlarge upon the impression, the cruelty, and the blood that must necessarily be shed, in order to cement civil society; and draw this consequence, that the happy equality of conditions is preferable to the unnatural subordination of a more refined constitution.
After hearing the arguments of both parties, I thus conclude:-In order to make the sciences useful in any country, it must first become populous; the inhabitants must go through the different stages of hunters, shepherds, and husbandmen. but, when property becomes valuable, and consequently gives cause for injustice; when laws are appointed to repress injury, and secure possession; when men, by the sanction of those laws, become possessed of superfluity; when luxury is thus introduced, and demands its continual supply; then it is that the sciences become necessary and useful, the state cannot subsist without them. Then must they be introduced, to teach men to draw the greatest possible good from circumscribed possession, and to restrain them within the bounds of moderate enjoyment.
The sciences are not the causes of luxury, but its consequences; and the destroyer brings with it an antidote which resists the virulence of its own poison. By asserting that luxury introduces the sciences, we assert a truth; but if, with those who reject the utility of learning, we assert that the sciences also introduce luxury, we shall be at once false, absurd, and ridiculous.-GOLDSMITH.
PHILOCTETES' FAREWELL TO THE ISLE OF LEMNOS
O HAPPY day! O pleasing light, that after so many years manifests thyself at last! I obey thee, I will* depart, the moment I have bid these scenes adieu. Farewell dear cave! ye* nymphs of these humid meads, farewell! I no more shall hear these murmuring billows. Farewell thou* shore where the bleak winds have so often pierced me! Farewell ye* promontories, where echo so often repeated my groans ! Farewell ye* springs, that were so bitter to me! Farewell thou Lemnian land ! happiness awaits me at last, for I am going whither the will of the gods and my friends call me.FENELON.
The sun had long since sunk behind the adjacent mountains, and the sage Ibrahim was retiring to rest, when a knocking at the door of his hermitage drew him thither; he opened it, and there stood before him a youth whose care-marked visage spoke him to be the child of grief: “Sire, (said the youth,) permit a stranger to pass the night beneath your friendly roof, till the returning morn enables him to pursue his way with safety." The hermit bid him welcome to his cot, and spread his homely board before him. Roots supplied the place of costly viands, and water, from a neighbouring spring, the place of blood-inflaming wine. The sigh, the starting tear, and all the behaviour of his guest, filled the sage with emotions of compassion; and desiring, if possible, to alleviate the pains of the stranger, he inquired into the cause of his grief. “ Sire, (said the youth,) your kind in
tentions demand at once my thanks and my compliance."
“My father was a merchant,-in point of wealth, Bagdad had not his equal: early he left me to possess his fortune; the loss of my father was soon forgotten amidst the riches, flatterers, and friends, that then surrounded me. But, when reflection took place, happiness became my desire: I extended my commerce, I trafficked to all parts of the globe, and was successful; but yet I was not happy,—my desires increased with my possessions, and I was yet miserable.
I then determined to become a soldier, and soon obtained a commission; having on several occasions given proofs of my valour, I was sent by the Sultan to oppose a rebellion that had broken out in a distant province. I went,successful, and returned in triumph, laden with honours; and so much was the Sultan prepossessed in my favour, that he offered me his daughter in marriage.
“ Awhile I thought myself happy; but the envy of some, and the artifice of others, soon convinced me of my error.
I now resolved to quit public life, and to seek in pleasure the happiness hitherto unknown. My palace became the scenes of delights; the richest viands were daily on my table; the most costly liquors sparkled in my bowl. But, alas! fre
! quent debauchery impaired my health ; and the diversions of the night embittered the reflection of the morning.
“I now was determined to quit my home; and seek, in solitude and retirement, that happiness I had hitherto sought in vain, and which I am inclined to believe is no more than the object of creative fancy. For this purpose, I consigned to the charge of a friend the care of all my possessions, nd was on the search after a proper place of