Page images

strength', and insisted upon paying nd taxes at* all*.

In the meanwhile the Viceroy held a consultation with the Archbishop Filomarini, on the state of affairs ; in which it was resolved, in order to appease the tumult, to grante all the people's demands, hoping thereby to gain time'; and that, when the tranquillity should be restored, the faction would dissolve of itself, and every thing return tos its former orderh. This pusillanimous conduct increased the insolence of the mob, who nowi saw the phanton, which they called Liberty, almost within reach, and would listen to no termsk. The hatred which they nourished against government, turned its dreadful tidel against the nobles; they set fire to their houses, murdered some noblemen", and threatened to exterminate the wholen.

Massaniello, amidst this confusion, covered witho rags, but having under his orders more than one* hundred and* fifty thousand men, appeared mounted on a trestle; his sword was like a sceptre in his hands, and his power was absolute. As the chief of the seditious, he suggested every measure, and ruled over the destinies of the nation: his mere nod' often was a sentence of death, and a looks the sign of plunder and devastation.

The Viceroy forgot himself so fart as to heap on him the greatest honours"; the sudden transition from wretchedness to the height of power, overpowered this wretch; his pride grew so excessive”, that he became insupc sa force ;—d à ne payer aucune ;-e d'accorder ;- par là gagner du temps ;-8 rentrer dans ;—h l'ordre accoutumé ;i alors;k et ne vouloir écouter aucun terme d'accommodement; - cours ;-mon assassiner quelques gentils-hommes ;—n de les exterminer tous ;-o couvert de ;—p haillons ;-9 il régir les destinées ;=r un seul signe de sa tête ;–3 coup d'oeil ;-* jusqu au point ;-de le combler d'honneurs ;—u au plus haut degré de ;augmenter tellement;


portable even to his party; and, on* the 16th of July, when he was murdered in the church Del Carmen, the populace, far from avenging his death, seemed to rejoicey,

Thus ended2 Massaniello's career; and*, soon after his death, his followers resumeda the yoke of Spain. What else is to be expected from revolutions led by men of degraded character ? y sembler s'en réjouir ;– C'est ainsi que finir;—a reprendre ;

que peut-on espérer ;-c dirigées.



Peter the Great was tall and well proportioned; had noble featurese, sprightly eyes, a strong con stitutions, was fit for every exercise, and every laGourk. His judgment was accuratem, whicha is the basiso of all true talentP; to this judgment? was joined a certain restlessness of dispositions, which led him to undertake every thing. His education was far from being worthy of his genius ; it had been the interest of the Princess Sophia to keep himu in ig

The generation which followed that of the partizans of the anrient barbarous manners, looked upon him as a fathery. When Europe saw that the establishments he had founded2 were durable, all Europe admired him; and it was acknowledgeda that he had been inspired more' by an extraordinary wisdom, than a wish to do extraordinary things; that he loved glory as a means of


[ocr errors]
[ocr errors]



RUSSIE ;—e il avoir les traits nobles ;—f animés ;—8 un tempérament robuste ; propre à ;- exercices ;„k travaux ;

esprit;—m juste ;-n ce qui ;– fonds ;—p talens ;-9 à cette justesse ; er se joindre ;- inquiétude ;-t le porter ;-' de l'intérêt ;—" de le laisser ;- celle ; – comme son père ;

qu'il avait formel _a on convenir ;-6 plâtot ;-c'que par

envie de;

doing good; and that his defects had never lessenedd his great qualities. As a* man, he had faultse; but as a* monarch, he was always great. He warred against and conquereds Nature in all, in his subjects, in himselfh, on the earth, and on the seasi. The arts which he has transplanted withk his own hands into a barbarousm country, bear" witness to his genius, and immortalize his memory. The laws, the police, politics°, military discipline, navy, commerce, the arts and sciences, every thing has been improvedp according to his views; and four women, who after him ascendedr the throne, have maintained and perfected his work. Sovereigns of polished states should say to themselves",

** If, in the frozen climes of ancient Scythia“, a man, by his genius alone, has accomplished such* great things, what should we not do iny kingdoms where the labour of many centuries has rendered the execution of every undertaking easy?"-VolTAIRE's HISTORY OF THE EMPIRI OF RUSSIA.

d affaiblir;

:-e défauts;- of combattre ;--maîtriser ;h luimême ;– eaux ;=k transplantés de ;- propres ;_m sauvage; - rendre ;o la politique ;—p tout s'est améliorer;9 selon ; - monter sur ;- Les souverains des ;– policés ;- se dire ; - Scythie ;-* faire de si ;-ý dans des ;-7 ont faciliter l'exécution de toutes les entreprises.

SEBASTIAN, KING OF PORTUGAL. SebasTIAN succeeded to the crown in 1557. His education, and still moreb his character, full of vivacity and ardour, inspired him with the most romantic admiration for valorous exploitsd, and an enthusiastic zeale against the enemies of the Christian religion. In spite off all the remonstrances of his & SEBASTIEN ;–6 plus encore ;- lui inspirer ;-d pour les exploits guerriers ;_ē un zèle d'enthousiaste. Malgré;


wisest counsellors, he undertook a war against Muley Molocs, King of Fez and Morocco”. Having stripti his country of all its military strength, he set sailk in the summer of 1578, and proceeded to Arzilla, There he met a Moorish army much more numerous than his own, commanded by Muley in person, who was so debilitated by sickness" that he was carried in° a litter. In the battle that took place!, the onset9 of the Portuguese troops was so furious that the first line of the Moors was broken. Muley in rallying his soldiers, found himself so much exhausted", that he died in the arms of his guards ; his last action being to lays his finger on his lips, as an injunctiont to keep his death secret'. Sebastian, who was no less brave than powerful" and dexterous in the use of arms, fought until most of his soldiers were slain bys his side. At length he disappeared ; nor was it ever knowna, with any* certaintyø, what became of hime, although a body, supposed to be hisd, was interrede at Belem.

Moloc;-h de Maroc ;-i dépouiller ;_k il faire voile ;—.se rendre ;-m Il y rencontrer ;-n affoiblir pas une maladie ;-• qu'on le porter sur ;—p avoir lieu ;-9 l'attaque ;-r tellement épuisé; s fut de mettre ;— ordre ; – de garder le secret de sa mort;

vigoureux ;-* jusqu'à ce que la plupart ;-y tuer à ;- ses côtés ;-a et l'on n'a jamais su :-_b certitude :-c ce qu'il étre devenu ;--d qu'on a supposé être le sien ;-—e ait été enterré.

FERDINAND AND ISABELLAT. FERDINAND, King of Arragon and Leon, surnamed “the Catholic,' was borns in 1452, and married the Infantah Isabella, of Castile'. They jointly governed those kingdoms; and the firmness with which they caused justice to be administeredk,

s Isabelle ;--& naitre ;--- Infante; - Castille ;-k faire administrer la justice;

without regard to the rank orm condition of their subjects, is laudable".

The Moors being still in possession of the kingdom of Grenada', Ferdinand and Isabella declared war against them- it lasted ten years; and having conquered the Africans, they saw themselves masters of all Spaino. Gonzalvo of Cordova", surnamed 'the Great Captain,' was the instrument of their victories.

It wass under their reign that Columbus' fitted out the expedition' which gave a new world to the crown of Spain : but, alas ! it was also under that reign that the Inquisition appeared; a* monster which has devoured innumerable victims, and has debased the Spanish character.

Isabella seemsu to have had the principal part in the direction of public affairs; the fervour of her religious zeal bordered ony fanaticism ; her character was proud, imperious, and enterprising. Ferdinand, on the contrary?, was cold and suspicious ; he acquired the highest reputation as a skilful politician, but he owed it greatlya to his profound dissimulation and bad faith. Oaths and the most sacred treaties never could bind himb; yet, with all those vices, he showed some moderation and justice towards his subjects. I égard pour ;-m et ;-n digne de louanges ;–0 Grenade ;p leur déclarer la guerre ;–9 l'Espagne ;- -" Gonzalve de Cordoue ;— Ce être ; – Colomb;-varmer l'escadre ;_u Isabelle paraître ;-* la plus grande ;-y approcher du ;—2 au contraire ; -a en grande partie ;-b ne le lier jamais.


The laborious exercise to which he had been accustomed fromd bis youth, had rendered him indefatigable ; he suffered, with patience, cold, heat,

c exercises ;—d dès ;

« PreviousContinue »