Page images

Continuation. At these words the Roman people remained as if petrified with sorrową. Apollonius was silent": his tears flowed; he fells upon the corse of Marcus Aurelius, pressed it to his breast'; then rising suddenly', he exclaimed—“ But thou, who art about to succeedų this great man, O! son of Marcus Aurelius, O! my son! permitan old man, who saw thee when first borny, to call thee so; reflect upon thez burthen the gods have compelled thee to beara. Reflect upon the duty of him who commands, upon the rights of those who obey. By destiny called to reign, thou wilt be the most just or the most guilty of men. Will the son of Marcus Aurelius hesitate ind choosing? Thou wilt be told that thou art great, that thou art adored by thy people. Listen! when Nero had poisoned his brother, he was tolds that he had saved Rome; when he caused his wife to be assassinated", he was praised for his justice; after he had murdered his mother, they kissed his parricidal hand, and flew to the temples to return thanks to the gods. Be not dazzledn by the respect which will be paid thee°; thou wilt receive homageP, although thou art not9 virtuous; but remember, that thou wilt be hated. the people are not easily imposed upon"; insulteds justice is alive in every heartt. Master •of the

Believe me,

9 morne et immobile ;-* se taire ;- Il se laisser tomber ;t le serrer dans ses bras ;—et se relever tout à-coup ;-—u vas succéder à ;-* permettre à ;-y qui t'a voir naître ; songer au ;—a que t'ont imposé les dieux ;– Destiné à ;-c tu vas être ou ;—d Le fils de Marc Aurèle hésiter-t-il à ;_e On te dire ;- adoré de ;—6 on lui dire ; quand il eut faire égorger sa femme;- on louer ;-* on baiser ;- et l'on courir ;pour remercier ;—.

- éblouir ;-o qu’on te rendre ;—p des hommages ;—4 quand même tu ne être pas ;-on n'abuser pas aisé. ment les peuples ; outragée ;-i veiller dans tous les cours;


world, thou canst compel me to die, but not to esteem theeu. O! Son of Marcus Aurelius, forgive me*, for I speak to thee in the name of the gods, in the name of the universe confided to thy carey; I speak for the happiness of mankind, and for thine own: no, thou wilt not be insensible to so pure a glory. I have not long to live; soon shall I joina thy father. If thou art to beb just, may Ie live to seed thy virtues ! If one day thou shouldst


On a sudden, Commodus, who was dressed as af warrior, brandished his lance in a movement of anger, and knit his browse. The Romans, who surrounded him, turned paleh; and Apollonius, struck withi the idea of the ills that awaitedk Rome, could not conclude'. The venerable sagem covered his face", and the funeral procession which had stopped, continued its way. The people followed in a profound silence: they had just discovered? that Marcus Aurelius left nothing on earth to console them for his loss'.—THOMAS. " m'ordonner de ;-u mais non de t'estimer ;-* au ;-) soins ;—2 je te parler pour ;-a j'aller rejoindre ;–6 Si tu dois être ;-c pouvoir je ;-pour contempler ;_e si tu devais être un jour;= habillé en; fronçer le sourcil ;-h pâlir ;i frappé de ;=k menaçer; ne put achever ;—m vieillard; n se voiler le visage ;-o la pompe funèbre qui avait être sus. pendue ;—p reprendre sa marche ;-9 il venir d'apprendre ;i de sa perte.


[ocr errors]


How will you be able to confide in each others, if you violate your sincerity, which is the only bandt of society and confidence. When you have laid it down as a' maxim, that the laws of probity and • pouvoir-vous vous fier les uns aux autres ;-t l'unique lien; Après que vous avoir posé pour ;

[ocr errors]

fidelity may be disregarded for the sake of* : signal advantage*; which of you will trusty another, since another may find it very advantageous to break his worda and deceive you?. Where will you be thenb? Who will not endeavour to prevent the artifices of his neighbour by his own? What will be the fate of a confederacyd of so many nations, when they have agreede among themselves, after a general discussion of the matterf, that it is lawful to deceives one's neighbourh? What will not* be your mutual distrust, your dissention, your zeal to destroy each otheri! Adrastus will have no occasion tok attack you; you will sufficiently distress one anotherl and justify his perfidies. Yen sage and magnanimous princes ! ye, who so wisely govern innumerable multitudes, disdain not too hearken to the counsels of a young man.

Should you fall into the most terrible extremities into whichP war sometimes precipitates men, you may rise againg by your vigilance, and the struggle of your virtues, for true courage is never reduced to despair; but, if you

have once broken down the barrier of honour and probity, your ruin is inevitable; you can never revivet the confidence which is necessary to the success of all important affairs; you cannot recallmen to the principles of virtue, which you have taught" them to despise. And what do you apprehend? Are you not courageous enough to conquerx without treachery? Is noty your valour, u pouvoir se violer ;– grand intérêt;—y pouvoir se fier à ;z pourra trouver un grand avantage à ;-a manquer à sa parole ; - Où en être vous alors ;—. Quel est celui d'entre vous qui ne chercher point;,d ligne ;-e ils être convenus ;–f délibération commune;—8 permis de surprendre ;—h son voisin ;-i à vous détruire les uns les autres ;-* n'avoir plus besoin de ; vous vous déchirer assez vous mémes ;—m 0 ;-n d'écouter ;- Si vous tomber ;—p où ;–4 pouvoir vous relever ;-r les efforts ; - vertu ;– ne pourriez jamais rétablir;—v rappeler ;-u auriez anpris ;-* pour vaincre --- Etre ce que

[ocr errors]

together with thez forces of so many nations, sufficienta? Let us fight, die, if it be necessaryb, rather than conquerc by such vile means. Adrastus, the impious Adrastus, is in our power, provided we abhor imitating his baseness and perfidy.-Fenelon.

2 jointe aux ;-a ne suffire pas ;-6 s'il le falloir ;—c que de vaincre ;—d pourvu que nous ayons horreur d'imiter.


In the year 1647, an insurrection broke oute in the kingdom of Naples, which, by its character and rapid progress, threatened the utter ruin of the state. The peculiarf circumstances of the times having caused additional taxes to be laidh on the people, already much burthened', murmurs and menaces were heard on all sides, riotous assemblies of the mob were heldk in public places, and crowds repaired to the palace of the Viceroy, asking form redress", and threatening vengeance.

The want of union among the people, who appeared to have noP leaders to guide and direct them, so farq tranquillized the Duke of Arcos, who governed Naples in the name of the king of Spain, that he thoughts it* useless to take any measures to repress

the insurrection in its infancy'; but, in circumstances like these, men have always been found watching* with anxiety the progress of discontent, in order to seize the favourable moment to appear with more eclat or security, and to forward their

e éclater ;_f particulières ;-& de ce temps ;-h ayant fait mettre de nouveaux impôts; i qui en être déjà surchargé ;k il se faire des rassemblemens tumultueux de la populace ;i la foule se présenter devant;_m demander ;-n justice ;-o de se venger ;--p n'avoir point de ;-9 tellement ;~ au nom ;s croire;- inutile de;" commencement;-0 semblables ; * il s'est toujours trouver des hommes qui épient;


owny interested views, under the cloak2 of patriotism.

Among the persons of this description", who were waiting for events, were several priests, clothed ind hypocrisy, and impatient toe shake off the restraint of monastic humility. Unwilling to appear at the head of the faction, they sought amongst the mob for a man that might becomeh the instrument of their purpose', and thought they had found him in the person of Massaniello. Although very young, te was firm, courageous, and enterprising: he entered into the sedition with greatk avidity, and waited with equal impatience for an occasion to act. It soon presented itself; on the 7th of July, of the same year, some excise-officersm happening to have an quarrel with peasants in the market, Massaniello and his followersP took the part of the country-people?; and, being armed with sticks they beat off the officerss. This was no sooner done, than Massaniello, accompanied by a great crowd of people', directed his steps to theu palace, where he loudly asked for redress in the name of the nation. The Viceroy, a* weak and irresolute man, perceiving that things were arrived at a dangerous crisis, was frightened at the sight of so many people, and granted immediately the abolition of the duty on fruity, which was considered the greatest grievance?. Such a measure, which might have preventeda the evil a few days before, did not even stop itsb progress : the people began to feel their y et pour poursuivre leurs ;—z voile; :—a espèce ;_b attendre les ;-c se trouver ;- revêtus de ;—e impatiens de ;— secouer le joug ;--& Ne voulant pas ;-h qui devenir ;-i desseins ;une grande ; – l'occasion

um douaniers ;-n ayant pris ;• au marché ;-P compagnons ;—9 gens ;—r armés de ;-s douaniers ;-t accompagné de ;-v monde ;u vers le ;-* demander; -y les fruits ;-i ce dont on se plaindre le plus ;-a pu prévenir ;-b n'en arrêter pas même les ;



« PreviousContinue »