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Hos. 2:2, 5. While these scriptures were fulfilled in Judah's and Israel's apostasy, and had direct reference to that time, they indirectly reached a fulfilment in the apostasy of the church, for Israel was a type of the church. Israel was planted “a noble vine”; but she treacherously departed from the Lord, went into open idolatry, committed adultery with stones and stocks. She played the harlot with many lovers, and the land was greatly polluted. For this cause the Lord put her away and gave her a bill of divorcement. "Thus saith the Lord, Where is the bill of your mother's divorcement, whom I have put away? or which of my creditors is it to whom I have sold you? Behold, for your iniquities have ye sold yourselves, and for your transgressions is your mother put away." Isa. 50:1.

In the legal dispensation, when a man put away his wife, he gave her a bill of divorcement. So the Lord uses this language to express the condition of Israel when she forsook him. He no longer recognized her as his wife, or people. This is expressed by divorcement. In this dispensation, however, divorcing is not recognized. The divorce law was abolished.

Nevertheless, for one certain cause-fornication or adultery-a man may put away his wifeseparate. Now, just as Israel departed from God, the faithful city, Zion, “departed from her husband and became a harlot.” She committed fornication, became “a great whore." The Lord could not acknowledge her in this condition as his wife; this is expressed by apostasia - separation. Thus we learn what Paul meant when he said the falling away-departure, apostasia, separation shall first come before the end. It came, and Israel's apostasy was a type of it.

The apostate church is brought to view in Revelation 17 under the symbol of a corrupt woman having a golden cup in her hand, full of abominations and filthiness of her fornications. She is called “Babylon the great, the mother of harlots." This corrupt woman is not the bride of Christ. There is no communication with the living head. She apostatizedseparated from the truth, played the harlotand at last she will have her portion in the lake of fire and brimstone. This is the great apostasy.

The Reign of Popery.

We will again return to 2 Thessalonians 2. Simultaneously with the falling away-apostasy—“that man of sin,” “the son of perdition,” would be revealed; "who opposeth and exalteth himself above all that is called God, or that is worshiped; so that he as God, sitteth in the temple of God, showing himself that he is God.” Verses 3, 4. This man of sin refers to the church of Rome, and especially to her bishop, or pope. In these every specification of the prophecy is fulfilled. The pope was exalted to be the head of the so-called church. In the previous chapters we have traced the church from the time of the humble equality of her ministers, as seen in the days of the apostles, to the time when this order was changed and a third office was created-a bishop raised over the common elders, or overseers-and then to the time when archbishops were appointed over other bishops. This exalting of man kept right on, lifting the archbishop higher and higher, until the whole thing ripened into popery.

This exaltation was the work of darkness, and the pope himself, “the son of perdition.” He "exalteth himself above all that is called God, or that is worshiped.' This certainly was fulfilled in popery. The pope, it is said, claimed power to remit the blasphemy against the Holy Ghost-something that neither Christ nor the Father claimed to do. The pope was exalted above every object of adoration; God and Christ were secondary. The pope became the source whence emanated every institution relative to divine worship, all the doctrines of religion, and all rites and ceremonies. He held the highest authority and place in the church, setting himself up as the universal head of the church. He acted as God, taking upon himself God's titles and attributes, and arrogating to himself the authority that belongs to the Most High. The pope claimed infallibility; power to damn and to save. Such titles were conferred upon him as “Vicegerent of the Son of God," “Most Holy Pope," etc. 2 Thess. 2:9, 10 describes this awful reign of deception and darkness, which continued over one thousand years.

Popery was foretold in the prophecy of Daniel. “Daniel spake and said, I saw in my vision by night, and, behold, the four winds of the heaven strove upon the great sea. And four great beasts came up from the sea, diverse one from another. The first was like a lion, and had eagle's wings: I beheld till the wings thereof were plucked, and it was lifted up from the earth, and made to stand upon the feet as a man, and a man's heart was given to it. And behold another beast, a second, like to a bear, and it raised up itself on one side, and it had three ribs in the mouth of it between the teeth of it: and they said thus unto it, Arise, devour much flesh. After this I beheld, and lo, another, like a leopard, which had upon the back of it four wings of a fowl; the beast had also four heads; and dominion was given to it. After this I saw in the night visions, and behold a fourth beast, dreadful and terrible, and strong exceedingly; and it had great iron teeth: it devoured and brake in pieces, and stamped the residue with the feet of it: and it was diverse from all the beasts that were before it; and it had ten horns. I considered the horns, and, behold, there came up among them another little horn, before whom there were three of the first horns plucked up by the roots: and, behold, in this horn were eyes like the eyes of

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