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ment and peace there shall be no end, upon the throne of David, and upon his kingdom, to order it, and to establish it with judgment and with justice from henceforth even for ever.” Isa. 9:6, 7. Here it will be seen that the new-testament church has government, but that Christ himself is the governor of his people. “The government shall be upon his shoulder.” He is the chief shepherd, the ruler, the head, “that in all things he might have the preeminence."

As governor and head of his church, he has given us a perfect law. That law is the truth, the gospel. The church of God is a divine institution; hence the divine law which the Lord has given is sufficient for its government. So there is no excuse for the modern creeds of men. Modern sects are of human origin and hence need human, or man-made, rules or discipline. But had the church of God needed more than the New Testament, the allwise Lawgiver would certainly have given us more. Modern creeds and disciplines being the products of men who are fallible, they are very imperfect and need revision. So from time to time, sectarians meet in conference, synod, or presbytéry, and change and revise their articles of faith to suit the times. But the divine law which governs the true church of God being perfect, it needs no revision. It remains forever the same. So in discarding all the creeds of men and accepting, teaching, and practising the whole truth contained in the gospel of Christ, we have the same perfect rule of faith, the same government and disciplinė, that was enjoined upon the primitive Christians. This is government divine.

The Lord by his Spirit calls and qualifies certain ones for the work of the ministry. These he places in authority in his church, and they execute his law. In this sense “governments” are placed within the church (1 Cor. 12: 28). But those who feel this responsibility and labor in such capacity labor under the direction and guidance of the Chief Shepherd, the Chief Governor of his people. God's ministers are only under-shepherds, and what government is administered, and whatever law is enforced by them, is simply by the direction of him upon whom the real government of the church rests and who works “all in all” the members.

Classification of the Primitive Ministry.

The whole ministry of the church of God is classified by the apostle Paul as follows: “And he gave some, apostles; and some, prophets; and some, evangelists; and some, pastors and teachers; for the perfecting of the saints, for the work of the ministry, for the edifying of the body of Christ: till we all come in the unity of the faith, and of the knowledge of the Son of God, unto a perfect man, unto the measure of the stature of the fulness of Christ: that we henceforth be no more children tossed to and fro, and carried about with every wind of doctrine, by the sleight of men, and cunning craftiness, whereby they lie in wait to deceive." Eph. 4:11-14. “And God hath set some in the church, first apostles, secondarily prophets, thirdly teachers, after that miracles, then gifts of healings, helps, governments, diversities of tongues." 1 Cor. 12:28.

The ministers classified in these two scriptures are identical. They are properly divided into two classes, traveling and local. Traveling preachers plant churches and water the

same; while the local, shepherd and feed the flocks. All these gifts were necessary to the perfect government of the early church, and they are just as necessary today. Whatever was essential then is essential now.

As before stated, the early ministry were properly divided into two classes-local and traveling. The term “elder” applies in Scripture to both the traveling and the local ministry. First, to the traveling. “The elders which are among you I exhort, who am also an elder, and a witness of the sufferings of Christ, and also a partaker of the glory that shall be revealed.' 1 Pet. 5:1. “The elder unto the elect lady and her children, whom I love in the truth; and not I only, but also all they that have known the truth." 2 John 1. “The elder unto the well beloved Gaius, whom I love in the truth.” 3 John 1. Secondly, to the local. “And when they had preached the gospel to that city, and had taught many, they returned again to Lystra, and to Iconium, and Antioch, confirming the souls of the disciples, and exhorting them to continue in the faith, and that we must through much tribulation enter into the kingdom of God. And when they had ordained them elders in ev

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