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DIRECTIONS TO THE BINDER.
IN consequence of the two volumes of the Memoirs being prefixed to the Works of Sir William Jones, the 1st, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9,10 and 11th volumes, become now the 3d, 4, 5, &c. two volumes onward. The Binder will therefore be very careful to place the plates in the following order :
All the Plates marked with Volume I. to be placed in Volume III.
VIII. Errata. Place the Plates marked vol. VI. page 26, Nos. 1, 2, 3, &c. to 11, at page 189.....
The etched head of Sir WILLIAM JONES to be placed opposite the title-page of volume I. of the Memoirs; the fac-simile of his writing at p. 513 of volume II. of the Memoirs; and the engraved head of Sir WILLIAM JONES to be placed opposite the title to volume III.
LIFE, WRITINGS, AND CORRESPONDENCE,
SIR WILLIAM JONES.
THE origin of the family of Sir William Jones on the maternal side, has been traced, by the industry of Lewis Morris, a learned British antiquary, to the ancient Princes and Chieftains of North Wales. With whatever delight, however, the Cambrian genealogist might pursue the line of his ancestry, a barren catalogue of uncouth names would furnish no entertainment to the reader. I shall only transcribe from the list a single and remarkable name in one of the collateral branches, that of William o Dregaian, who died in one thousand five hundred and eighty
one, at the age of one hundred and five years; with the note annexeď to it, that by three wives he had thirty-six children, seven more by two concubines, and that eighty of his issue, during his life, were living in the parish of Tregaian, in Anglesey.
But I insert, without apology for the anticipation, a letter addressed by Mr. Morris to the father of Sir William Jones, as an interesting memorial of an ancient custom which is daily falling into disuse, and a pleasing specimen of the mind and talents of the writer.
To WILLIAM Jones, Esquire.
January 1, 1748. It was a custom among the Ancient Britons (and still retained in Anglesey) for the most knowing among them in the descent of families, to send their friends of the fame stock or family, a dydd calan Ionawr a calennig, a present of their pedigree; which was in order, I presume, to keep up a friendfhip among relations, which these people
preserved surprisingly, and do to this day among the meanest of them, to the sixth and seventh degree.
Some writers take notice that the Gauls also were noted for this affection and regard for their own people, though ever so distantly related. These things, to be sure, are trifles : but all other things in the world are trifles
I take men's bodies in the same sense as I take vegetables. Young trees propagated by seed or grafts, from a good old tree, certainly owe fome regard to their primitive stock, provided trees could act and think; and as for my part, the very thought of those brave people, who struggled so long with a superior power for their liberty, inspires me with such an idea of them, that I almost adore their memories. Therefore, to keep up that old laudable custom, I herewith send you a calennig of the same kind as that above mentioned; which I desire
will I have reason to know, it is founded on good authority; for both my father and mo
ther were related to your mother, and came from the same stock mentioned in the inclosed; which is the reason I am so well acquainted with
mother's descent; and on the same account, till further enquiry, an utter stranger to your father's family.
As you were young when you left the country, it cannot be supposed that
could know much of these things. I have had too much time there; I wish I had not; for I might have applied it to better use than I have. If this gives you any pleasure, I shall be glad of it ; if not, commit it to the flames : and believe me to be, with truth and sincerity, &c.
Leaving the genealogical splendour of the family of Sir William Jones to the contemplation of the antiquary, it may
be remarked with pleasure, that its latest descendants have a claim to reputation, founded upon the honourable and unambiguous testimony of perfonal merit. His father was the celebrated philosopher and mathematician who fo emi