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unentertaining to you, when I have the pleasure of conversing with you at leisure ; and I am not without hope of enjoying that pleasure, if you continue at Ruscombe, before the term begins. I stay here till the Sessions are over, and would immediately after take


chance of finding you in Berkshire, but am called upon to keep an old promise of visiting the Bishop of St. Afaph near Andover, and must spend a day or two with my friend Poyntz. I can easily conceivę how little time you can have to write


could find a moment to let me know how long you propose to remain in the country, I would not be in your neighbourhood without paying my respects to you, and I would indeed have taken Rufcombe in my way to Oxford, if I had not been engaged to make a visit in Buckinghamshire, As to myself, I find such distraction among my political friends, that I should be glad (if I had no other motive) to be fixed in India, at the distance of 16,000 miles from all their animofities, but I am unhappily

letters, yet

more unsettled than ever; for **** writes me word, that he has nothing more at heart than to open some situation for me in India. What this means I know not, but it looks like some new plan, which may probably hang undecided from session to session. On the whole I greatly fear, that it would have been happy for me, and perhaps for millions, if India had never existed, or if we had kuown as little of it as of Japan.


Oct. 5, 1782. Your friendly letter caught me in Buckinghamshire, before I came to college, where I have been for some days sole governor, and almost fole inhabitant of Alfred's peaceful mansion, till Mr. Windham surprised me agreeably, by coming with a design of passing some time in this academical retreat. You, in the mean while, are taking healthful and pleasing exercise in Norfolk, where Mr. Fox, I understand, is also shooting partridges ; and you are both ready,

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no doubt, to turn your firelocks against the Dutch, should they make their

appearance in your fields : when I was in Zealand they expected us, and if they stand upon the ceremony of the first visit, we shall not, I imagine, meet very soon.

In regard to my expectation of seeing a little good attained for our miserable country, I am not apt to be sanguine, but rather inclined to fear the worst than to expect the best. I rejoice, however, at the distrust conceived by many honest men of those now in power; my opinion is, that power should always be disrupted, in whatever hands it is placed. As to America, I know not what ***** thinks: but this I know, that the sturdy transatlantic yeomanry

will neither be dragooned nor bamboozled out of their liberty. His principles in regard to our internal government are, unless I am deluded by his professions, such as my reason approves, and which is better, such as I know to be approved in clear terms by our recorded constitution. The friends of ***** were too monarchical, and those of

**** far too aristocratical for me, and if it were possible to see an administration too democratical, I should equally dislike it, There must be a mixture of all the powers, in due proportions weighed and measured by the laws, or the nation cannot exist without misery or shame.


write all this consistently with good manners and with friendship, because I know the excellence of your understanding and foundness of

your principles; and independently of my presumption that all your actions must be wise and just, I fee and applaud the motive which must have induced you to resign an office, which you were not at first much inclined to accept. I am confident also, that


would as little endure a Swedish monarchy, as a Venetian aristocracy. I enclose a little jeu d'esprit * which I wrote at Paris. . It was

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* The jeu d'esprit mentioned here, is the dialogue between a Farmer and Country Gentleman on the Principles of Government. In Dr. Towers' Tract on the Rights of Juries, the following passage relating to it


“ After a Bill of Indictment had been found against of the Dean of St. Asaph, for the publication of the

printed here by a society, who, if they will steer clear of party, will do more good to Britain, than all the philosophers and antiquaries of Somerset House. But to speak the truth, I greatly doubt, whether they, or any other men in this country, can do it fubstantial good. The nation, as Demofthenes faid, will be fed like a consumptive patient, with chicken-broth. and panada, which will neither suffer him to expire, nor keep him wholly alive. As to myself, if my

friends are resolved to assail one another, instead of concurring in any great and laudable effort for the general safety, I have no course left, but to act and speak rightly to the best of my understanding; but I have an additional motive for wishing to obtain an office in India, where I might have some prospect of contributing to the happiness of millions, or

“ edition which was printed in Wales, Sir William “ Jones sent a letter to Lord Kenyon, then Chief Jus“ tice of Chester, in which he avowed himself to be the “ author of the dialogue, and maintained that every po“ sition in it was strictly conformable to the laws and « constitution of England." p. 117.

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