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whether payable at sight, or at one or more were not permitted to returh to their Holy days or months, or usages at sight, must chuties before a month or six weeks. This demand payment or acceptance within six measure was arbitrary, but during the whole months from its date, on forfeiture of all reign of Napoleon, the name of the Prince claima upon the endorsers, or even the drawn de Broglie never once reached the public er, if the latter has made provision for it
March 26.CHAMBER OF PEERS. The Duke of Richelieu and the Duke of Feltre were introduced. The former de. The strict prohibition of journals publishlivered to the president his majesty's pro ed in England or the Netherlands, which clamation, conceived in the following had for some time been suspended, is res terms:
newed with great severity, probably on acLouis, by the Grace of God, for count of the popular discontent manifested The session for 1816 of the Chamber of at some late acts of the government. The Peers and the Chamber of Deputies is and frequent arrest for political offences is said remains closed.
to be regarded with particular disgust. (Signed) LOUIS. Letters from Spain of the 4th Feb. state, Thuilleries, March 26, 1817.
that in consequence of a new impóst levied The Chamber broke up immediately af. on charcoal at Valencia, which bore very ter the proclamation had been read. hard on the poor in the winter season, the
people murmured, and at last deputed comNETHERLANDS.
missioners to wait on the governor (Elio) Intelligence has been received at Amster. with their complaints. Instead of listening dam, that the Dutch commissioners receive to them, Elio put the commissioners in ed the island of Java from the English on prison; the people rushed to arms, and lic the 19th of August.
berated them; and the governor, in his On the 19th of February, at Brussels, turn, was obliged to fly to the citadek The the Princess of Orange was delivered of a insurgents kept possession of the city all son, who is to take the title of Duke of the 17th January ; but on the 18th, 'sups Brabant.
plies of troops arriving, they were over: The States General have finally rejected a powered, and the governor liberated. He proposition for prohibiting the exportation attempted to put to death some of the riotof grain.
ers without trial, but the judges of the The Dutch papers communicate a mea High Court of Justice declared, they could sure calculated to injure, if not to ruin, the allow no citizens to be executed without a trade at Antwerp. A toll is ordered to be col. trial. The governor threatened to imprison lected upon all vessels entering or leaving the the judges. The citizens were emboldened Scheldt, in addition to the custom-house du- by this vigorous conduct of the judges and ties. Its weight is represented as incompati- affairs wore so serious an aspect, that Elio ble, not only with any prosperous commerce, posted off to Madrid to lay the matter bien but with any other intention than that of dess fore the king. troying it, for the toll is seven times greater The report of some commotions having than the freight of goods brought from a arisen in Valencia, agrees very well with short distance England for instance. The what we know of the present state of popuking has been petitioned for its removal, lar feeling in Spain, viewed in connection and the latest reports give reason to believe with such instances as the following, of the that the application has been successful. cruelty of their semi-barbarous government.
The episcopal Prince de Broglie at Ghent, -“ Pamplona, Feb. 10th. On the 2d, 3d, still occupies the public attention, by refus- and 4th of this month, and in the prison of ing to acknowledge the temporal supremacy. this city, the torture was inflicted on Captain of the crown. Shortly after BONAPARTE Olivan, who for this purpose was brought assumed the imperial diadem, this prelate down from the citadel, where he had been ventured to act upon the same principle ; confined during eight months, merely bed but the Emperor, as jealous as himself of cause he was suspected of disaffection to his authority, conveyed orders to M. d'Hour government. Amidst the most excruciating DELOT, the prefect, and to M. d'ERLA- pangs, no other than energetic declarationis BURATH, the general of division, to put the of his own innocence were heard, as well as bishop under military arrest, and to com of that of more than thirty other officers pose a regiment of the numerous seminarists confined with him under similar circumwho embrace the orthodox tenets of their stances. unbending pastor. This ridiculous scene The English government lately solicited, really took place. The youths “ un peu that a field in the neighbourhood of Tarragauches," in their black robes, were march gona, in which 300 English soldiers and ed to the place publique ; and, in the pre some officers fell gloriously defending that sence of an immense multitude, were march fortress, should not be cultivated, or othered and countermarched, and taught all the wise disturbed, offering to purchase it: but evolutions of military discipline by corporals the eity of Tarragona,
emulating the feeling and serjeants of the national guard. In the of our government, nobly made a present of night they were quartered in barracks, and the ground.
Previous to the 18th Feb. a great number manner: First, a fixed donation to the Roof persons had been executed at Madrid, man academy of archeology of 600 crowns: under charges of treason against the person Second, 1070 crowns to found annual prizes, and authority of the sovereign. Nothing and a triennial prize for sculpture painting yet has transpired concerning the fate of the and architecture, which the young artists of unfortunate Arguelles and his companions, Rome and the Roman states only are comwho have been transported to a desert island petent to obtain. Third, 100 crowns to the of the Mediterranean. To those who know academy of St Lue. Fourth, 120 crowns the true character of the present Spanish to the academy of the Lynx ; and fifth, government, it will be no matter of surprise 1010 crowns to relieve poor, old, and inif this notice conclude their history.
firm artists residing in Rome. An edict for the prohibition of certain Foreign papers, dated in March, reckon books, divided into two principal classes, above 800 English families to be resident was published at Madrid on the 2d of in the three cities of Florence, Leghorn, March. In the first are comprehended and Pisa. The number of young English those which are prohibited, even to the per- who are receiving their education in various sons to whom the Inquisition may have schools in Italy may be estimated at 1500. granted licenses or particular permissions ; the other comprises works which are only
GERMANY. prohibited to such persons as have not ob By the new regulations in the Prussian tained those licenses. The works of the dominions, heavy taxes are to be imposed first class are eight in number, and are pro- upon English goods, while the manufactures hibited as defamatory of the supreme au. of other countries are to be subject to smallthority of the pope and clergy.-
The second er duties. The continental system seems prohibition falls upon forty-seven works, to have created manufacturers, who are now which are described as full of a corrupt and in danger of being ruined by the competition revolutionary spirit. In this last class, M. of England. De Constant's Principles of Policy--La A German paper contains the following, Croix's Elements of the Rights of the Peo as it is asserted, accurate account of the ple-Blanchard's Felix and Paulina-and Austrian army. Adelaide and Theodore, or Letters on Edu
Infantry, ........ .349,200 cation, are included.
Light Infantry,... 85,800
Total,............530,000 Adria, in Lombardy, and returned thanks The king of Wirtemberg has abolished for having attained his 110th year, without the censorship of the press; and by conciinfirmities or sickness! He was accompani- liatory firmness towards his people, is likely ed by an immense concourse of people, and to become one of the most popular sovechanted the cathedral service in a firm, reigns in Europe. The States were opened manly, and dignified voice.
on the 3d March, at Stutgard, by the king The German papers have brought us a in person, when the project of the new con document of greater importance than usual, stitution was presented to that body. It in the shape of a new constitution for Sicily. consists of 337 articles, and is highly faThat interesting portion of Europe has lost vourable to the liberty of the subject. nothing by the restoration of the legitimate sovereign to the throne of his ancestors.
SWEDEN. The king of Naples, unlike his namesake By the latest accounts, the present go.' and cousin the sovereign of Spain, has sig. vernment of this country appears to stand nalized his restoration by confirming and on very slippery ground ; and something extending the blessings of a free constitu. more than even all the characteristic prution.
dence and worldly wisdom of Bernadotte The emigration of our countrymen to will be required to support him on the ScanItaly is so extensive, that 400 English fam. dinavian throne. -Stockholm, March 18: ilies now reside at Naples alone.
alarming reports of a political nature have Between 500 and 600 English are now arisen, One Lindhorne, a publican, de resident at Rome, including branches from nounced, on the 13th, certain seditious the noble families of Devonshire, Jersey, language which he had overheard. The Westmoreland, Lansdown, Beresford, King, affair, of which the object was no less than Cowper, Compton, Dunstanville, Denbigh, a total subversion of the present order of goCarnarvon, and Breadalbane.-- The dutchessvernment, has immediately given rise to the of Devonshire gives parties every week, and strictest investigation, and has appeared is a great patroness of the fine arts.
sufficiently important to induce all the high Canova.-The pope had attached to the colleges (or public boards), and deputations title of Marquis of Ischia, which he confer- of the armed force,—the nobility, the citired on the sculptor Canova, an annual pen- zens of Stockholm, and the peasants,--to sion of 3000 crowns. This celebrated artist wait on the Crown Prince, and assure him has disposed of this revenue in the following of their fidelity and attachment.
consideration of Congress. On the subject By an ukase of the Emperor Alexander, of finance the president expresses muchosethe 'male population of Poland has, with tisfaction. The actual receipts of the refew exceptions, been made liable to the mi. venue during 1816 are said to amount to litary conscription, from twenty to thirty about 47,000,000 of dollars, and the payyears
age.-A rescript to the governor of ments to only 38,000,000; thus leaving a Cherson, in favour of the Duchobooze, a' surplus in the treasury, at the close of the sect of dissenters from the Greek Church, year, of about 9,000,000 of dollars.
The is highly honourable to the humane feelings aggregate of the funded debt, on the 1st and enlightened views of this monarch. January 1817, is estimated not to exceed
110,000,000 of dollars, the ordinary annual
expenses of government are taken at lessLetters from Constantinople of the 1st than 20,000,000, and the permanent reFebruary state, that the British minister is venue at 25,000,000. The state of the curstill in negotiation relative to the affairs of rency and the establishment of the national the Ionian Islands, of which the divan per- bank are then noticed ; and Mr Madison tinaciously refuses to acknowledge the in- concludes this moderate and well-written dependence. Yet it was not unknown at document, by referring to the near approach Constantinople, that General Maitland had of the period at which he is to retire from arrived at Corfu, and had convoked the public service, and with animated expresGrand Senate to pronounce definitely on sions of satisfaction at the tranquillity and the administration or organization of the prosperity of the country. state. If we may credit letters from Vienna, It is pleasing to observe the facility with inserted in the Paris papers, it would seem which useful institutions are adopted, under that the Porte has to contend with a rebel the harmony at present subsisting among lious subject in the person of the Pacha of mankind. The Provident or Saving Banks, Bagdad, who having been formally deposed which have been established so beneficially by a firman from Constantinople, refused to in Britain, are likely to be soon very generesign his power, and acknowledge his suc- rally resorted to in the United States. The cessor.o. It is also stated in the same jour- plan was in progress at Boston before the nals, that the Pacha of Egypt, the most close of 1816, and was countenanced by a powerful of the Turkish governors in the large body of the state legislature. Mediterranean, is preparing to dispute the From the report of the late secretary to sovereignty of that province with the Otto- the treasury, it appears that the gross revenue man Porte.
for the year 1816 amounted to 59,403,978, and the expenditure to 38,745,799 dollars,
leaving an excess of receipts, amounting to America,
20,658,179, exclusive of the sum in the treasury on the 1st of January 1816.
A bill has been brought into Congress, to The president of the United States trans prevent citizens of the United States from mitted to both Houses of Congress, on the selling vessels of war to the subjects of any 4th December, a message by Mr Todd, his foreign power, and more effectually to présecretary, of which we can only give the vent the arming and equipping of vessels of general outline.
It begins by noticing the war intended to be used against nations in partial failure of the crops, the depression amity with the United States.
This bill is of particular branches of manufactures, and supposed to be chiefly directed against the of navigation,-complains of the British insurgents of Spanish America, and to have government for prohibiting a trade between been brought forward through the represenits colonies and the United States in Ameri. tations of the Spanish minister. rican vessels-notices the attack on the Ame It has been officially announced, that Mr rican flag by a Spanish ship of war, and Monro has been elected president, and Mr the uncertain state of the relations with Tomkins vice-president, for the constituAlgiers-expresses much satisfaction at the tional term of four years from the 4th of tranquillity that has been restored among last month. the Indian tribes, and between these tribes An act of Congress has passed, by which and the United States-recommends a re all British vessels entering the ports of the organization of the militia, provision for the United States, from our colonial possessions, uniformity of weights and measures, the are to be subjected to an additional duty of establishment of a university within the dis two dollars per ton. This proceeding is retrict which contains the seat of government, sorted to, in consequence of the exclusion of an amendment of the criminal law-and the American shipping from our West India suggests, that the regulations which were islands. intended to guard against abuses in the It has been proposed, in the House of slave trade should be rendered more effectu. Representatives, to reduce the peace estab. al. The expediency of a re-modification of lishment to 5000 men, and also to repeal the judiciary establishment, and of an addis all the internal taxes. tional department in the executive branch The exports from the United States, for of the government, are recommended to the the year ending 30th September 1816,
amounted to 81,920,452 dollars, of which shire in Scotland, who was long an officer in 64,781,896 were of domestic materials, and India. He is under thirty years of age, 17,138,566 foreign.
served as a captain with the British army in A report from the committee on manu- Spain, was afterwards colonel in the British factures was presented to the legislature of service, and had a Spanish order of knightthe state of New York on the 20th January, hood conferred upon him, and was allowed which recommends, for the encouragement by the Prince Regent to assume the title in of the infant manufactories of the United his native country. States, particularly of woollen and cotton, The Portuguese troops have invaded the either a permanent augmentation of the territory of Monte Video ; but whether in duties on their import, or a prohibition of consequence of an arrangement with Old all such as can be supplied by the home Spain, or with a view to conquest on their manufactures.
own account, does not seem to be very clear. ly ascertained. It is not likely that their
interference will materially affect the general By the Newfoundland Gazettes, we learn result, except in so far as it may have a tenthat a question of great importance attracts dency to carry the flame of revolution into the attention of the inhabitants of that island, their own transatlantic territories. and one which is of much interest to the inhabitants of Great Britain. The validity of marriages solemnized by dissenting mi. We have received what is called the re: nisters has been disputed, and reference vived constitution of Hayti, or rather of that made on the subject to the statute law of part of the island which is under the governEngland.
• ment of Petion. It is comprehended in 11The legislature of Jamaica, it appears, articles, which are subdivided into upwards have strictly complied with the request of of 200 sections; and, like most other exhihis Majesty's government, to prevent any bitions of this sort, it makes a sufficiently infringement of the laws for the abolition of respectable appearance on paper. the slave trade.
The Haytian Royal Gazettes notice the king of France's proposals to Christophe,
and the indignation of his sable Majesty and The cause of the insurgents in Spanish his minister the Duke of Marmalade, at the America ebbs and flows with such rapid insolent superscription of the papers, which, and uncertain vicissitude, that it is extremely instead of being most respectfully addressed difficult to give any thing like a correct view to “ His Majesty the King of Hayti," were of the state of the contest in these widely directed only to “ Monsieur the General extended regions. We see them defeated, Christophe, at Cape François." The letters and driven from place to place --rallying, were returned unopened. returning, and victorious in their turn; but no decisive advantage seems as yet to have been gained by either party, nor does there
Asía. appear, in the accounts which have reached this country, sufficient materials from which EAST INDIES.--Calcutta papers an. to form a decided opinion on the future pro nounce the agreeable intelligence, that Capgress and final results of a contest which is tain Webb has crossed the several ranges of marked by want of system and energy on
the snowy mountains, and entered Tartary. both sides. Whatever may be the result of It is his opinion that he might, without the present struggle, however, the time can great difficulty, from the situation whence not be far distant when these extensive he last wrote, penetrate into the heart of countries will form several rich, powerful, Russia. Much may be expected from Capand independent states, a consummation de- tain Webb's scientific skill towards a correct voutly to be wished for their own sakes, knowledge of these stupendous heights, and for the general prosperity of the civil. whose summits have been found to rise more ized world, of which they are probably des- than 28,000 feet above the level of the sea, tined to form one of the most valuable and nearly 8,000 feet higher than Chimboraze, interesting divisions.---Lord Cochrane and the loftiest of the Andes. Sir Robert Wilson are said to be about to At a late meeting of the Asiatic Society, embark in the cause of Spanish American a curious document was communicated, rea independence. Such strongly constructed specting several classes of robbers and murand unquiet minds seem to be necessary, to
derers, known in the south of India by the the
progress of human affairs ; and in this name of Phansegars, and in the upper proseene of trouble, their energies may produce vinces by the appellation of Thugs ; the a happy effect upon the hitherto feeble and peculiarity of whose practice is the employ, unenlightened subjects of one of the worst ment of a noose, which they throw round governments that ever oppressed and de. the traveller whom they have fallen in with graded the human race.Sir Gregor M'Gre on the road, apparently by accident, and gor who has so much distinguished himself whom they thus strangle and rob; they live in this contest, is the son of the late Captain in a regular society, and roam the country Daniel M'Gregor, a gentleman of Argyle- in gangs, under a regular sirdar, or chief.
CEYLON.-The dutch planters of Ceylon deed, that the mortality was entirely owing have adopted some judicious regulations for to the land journey beyond these rapids, the gradual abolition of slavery; all children and that Captain Tuckey died of complete born of slaves, after the 12th of August last, exhaustion after leaving the river, and not are to be considered free, but to remain in from fever. their master's house, and serve him for We lament to learn, that when the Doroboard, lodging, and clothing ; the males thy transport was at Cabendo, in the end of till the age of 14, and the females till 12- October last, there were ten Portuguese after which to be fully emancipated. ships in the port waiting for slaves, and two
CHINA-Although noofficial intelligence from Spain. has been received by government from Lord The Congo discovery vessel arrived at Amherst, since his arrival at Pekin, yet Portsmouth from Bahia last month. The there is reason to believe, from private ac journal of the lamented Captain Tuckey is counts from Canton, of the 17th November, said to describe the country he explored for that the British embassy to that court has 226 miles, as a rocky desert, and thinly entirely failed ; though it is impossible at peopled region, not worthy of further represent to assign the reasons. Another cir- search. cumstance mentioned in these letters, threat. March 29.-Information has just been ens to produce still more unfortunate effects. received of the death of Major Peddie, beThe Alceste British frigate, commanded by fore he reached the Niger. Lieutenant Captain Maxwell, was fired at by the forts on Campbell is now the commanding officer ; either side of the river; but the ship, being and, we understand, proceeded to carry immediately moored within pistle shot of into execution the orders received by Major one of them mounting forty guns, with two Peddie. broadsides silenced both batteries. The ST. HELENA..The Orontes frigate, Alceste was then suffered to proceed quietly which left St Helena on the 4th January, to her destination ; and what is most singui. has brought to England Colonel Poniowski, lar, up to the 17th November, not the the Polish officer who followed Bonaparte, slightest notice had been taken of the affair and who was sometime since banished from by the governor of Canton.
that island to the Cape, for improper conPERSIA.-The government of Persia, it duct; and Lord Somerset has now sent him is said, have applied for the permission of to Europe. Les Casas and his son have been the British government to take British offi. also sent to the Cape in the Griffin sloop of cers on half pay into their army, with a war, in consequence, it is said, of their view of introducing modern tactics into the concerting a plan of correspondence with military establishment of that country ; an
France. attack being apprehended on the part of
A letter, addressed by order of Bonaparte Russia. It is even stated in a letter from to Sir Hudson Lowe, governor of St Helena, Calcutta, of the 15th October, that the by General Montholon, brought to this Archduke Constantine has entered Persia country by Napoleon's usher of the cabinet, at the head of 100,000 Russians ; but this M. St Santini, has been published, in report as yet gains little credit in this coun. which the Ex-emperor loudly complains of
the rigorous manner in which he is treated by Sir Hudson Lowe. But the conduct of
this officer was defended by Earl Bathurst, Africa.
in the debate to which Lord Holland's late
motion on the subject gave rise, and the inCoxGo EXPEDITION...The detailed sinuations thrown out by Bonaparte against accounts of the expedition to explore the the British government were very satisfacriver Congo, or Zaire, reached the Ad. torily repelled. miralty some weeks ago. Melancholy as ISLE OF FRANCE.-On the 25th of the result has been, from the great mor September, a great fire happened at Port. tality of officers and men, owing to the ex. Louis, which is said to have destroyed processive fatigue rather than to the effects of perty to the value of a million and a half climate, the journals of Captain Tuckey, Sterling. Nineteen streets were entirely and the gentlemen in the scientific departe consumed, including hospitals, prisons, bar. ments, are, it is said, highly interesting and racks, magazines, and other public buildsatisfactory, as far as they go, and we be- ings. The greater number of the unfortulieve they extend considerably beyond the nate inhabitants have been reduced to absofirst rapid, or cataract. It would seem, in- lute poverty.