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tains, as it runs nearly due east from the ture advantage is, that when the genharbour's mouth. We then procured our eral rich, and highly fertile, soil of cargo by drifting the wood down to the brig; the isle should be exhausted by a sucand on our return down the river, Captain cession of crops, or a system of bad Feen made another attempt to sound a passe husbandry, then the lime and marle age, in which he happily succeeded—so that there is no doubt but any vessel that can

will be manures of incalculable value. cross the bar at the entrance, may go with. But so very rich and productive is the in half a mile of the Falls, and lay at an. soil, and so genial the clime to every chor within ten yards of the coal mine. The species of husbandry, that it will be a mountains on the northern shore, where the long series of years before recourse coal is, are barren, but the rest are genere must be had to either one or the other. ally covered with myrtle and pine.Yours, -These are natural advantages the &c. DENNIS M'CARTY."

country of Port Jackson doth not In addition to the above great dis- possess, and which will enable the covery of an inexhaustible mine of agriculturists of Van Diemen's Land coal, coal has been found at various to carry on their concerns with much places on the isle, and more is likely greater success than the inhabitants of to be discovered on continuing our re Port Jackson will ever be enabled to searches. Good slate has been found; do; as neither marle nor limestone have and a limestone quarry has been opened hitherto been found on the eastern and worked within a mile and a half side of the Blue Mountains. of Hobart Town, the mortar from We cannot but highly applaud the which is extremely good for masons' enterprising mind of Mr D. M'Carty, work, but not so good as shell-lime in exploring these harbours. Scarce (which is to be had in the greatest had the discovery of them been anabundance) for the plasterer's use. nounced by Mr Kelly, than he reFor the benefit of the farmer, most solved to visit them. In his first atexcellent marle abounds everywhere; tempt he was so unfortunate as to lose and limestone has been discovered in his schooner at Port Davey. On his various parts of the country. On Mr return to Hobart Town, his ardour to Gunning's beautiful estate at the Coal pursue this object was unsubdued, alRiver, lime of a very good quality has though he had met with so severe a been made, and might be carried on loss-rising superior to the difficulties to any extent. From these two nate he had encountered, and to the haze ural productions, limestone and marle, ards and perils he was likely to meet we derive immediate and future ad- with on a tempestuous and almost une vantages : immediate, from the facility known coast. “He again sailed in his with which lime can be obtained for brig, and was so happy as to surmount erecting buildings on the newly-set- every obstacle in his perilous voyage, tled farms, and for the improvement and to return in safety, with a valuable of the buildings on the old ;-the fu- cargo as the reward of his toil.




Vendicio terre in Waldefgate, 1290. OMNIBUS Christi fidelibus ad quos

presentes litere pervenerint Thomas [The following curious Extract, relating de Ravinischer Salutem in Dno. Noto the sale of lands in Scotland in the thir- verit universitas vestra quod cum ego teenth century, is taken from the MS. Char- tanto ære alieno essem oneratus quod tulary of Kelso, preserved in the Library of creditoribus meis sati ere non possit the Faculty of Advocates. It is valuable, nisi terra mea in Waldefgate in villa because it throws some light on the state of de Berewyc, quam tunc solummodo property in this kingdom during these dark habui in manu meâ vendicetur, atque ages on the manner in which the important contract of sale was conducted on the compulsus essem judicialiter per Baljurisdiction of the Ecclesiastical Courts, and livos Dni Regis et eciam Dni Abbatis the prevalence of the Roman Law at this de Kalchou, modis omnibus ad satisremote period in our Ísland.]

factionem hujusmodi debitorum con

siderans, quod aliunde pecuniam ha COMMISSIOUN FOR EXAMINATING OF bere non potui nisi de dicta terra, ip

WITCHEIS.' sam terram cum omnibus edificijs et alijs pertinencijs suis ad dictam terram, [This and the following article will serve spectantibus, vel spectare valentibus, to illustrate the opinions and practice of our jacentem inter terram quondam Ste- rulers in former times, in regard to that phani de Hose, ex parte orientali, et singular phenomenon in the history of the terram quondam Michel de Abirden

human mind

the supposed crime of witch

craft. The documents are sufficiently plain, ex parte occidentali, per diversas et sufficentes oblaciones factas in curia, ad elucidation or comment. Should we here

and do not seem to require, at present, either exoneracionem hujusmodi debitorum, after resume the subject, it may be useful to dictis abbati et conventui de Kalchou refer to them.] tanquam capitalibus Dnis ejusdem feodi, vendidi et presenti scripto meo (Apud Haliruidhous, Oct. 26, 1591.) confirmavi pro me et heredibus meis vel assignatis, et jus quod habui vel FORSAMEKLE as the kingis Maiestie, habere potui in dicta terra cumædi- with aduyse of the Lordis of his secrete ficiis et pertinencijs suis pro me et here counsale, hes gevin and grantit, and dibus meis vel assignatis, extunc et be thir presentis gevis and grantis, his exnunc per fustem et baculum merâ hienes full power and commissioun, et spontaneâ voluntate, in plena curia expres bidding and charge, to his trusdicti Dni Abbatis apud Berewyc sur- ty and weil-belouit counsallouris, Schir sum reddidi et quietum clamavi pro Johne Cocburne of Ormestoun, Jus. sexaginta libris sterlingorum mihi pre tice Clerk; Maister David Mekgill of manibus totaliter solutis, de qua pe- Nesbitt, advocat; As alswa to Mr Rocunia plene et integre reputo me probert Bruce and Johnne Dunkiesoun, pacato exceptioni non numerate non ministeris; Williame Littill, prouest tradite et non recepte pecunie penitus of Edinburgh; and Johnne Arnot, et expressé renunciando, et si contin- burges thairof; or ony three of thame gat me vel heredes meos contrâ istam coniunctlie; Ali and sindrie personis, vendicionem et quietum clamacionem, alsweill thame quhilkis ar alreddy conseu aliquem alium vice nostra nomine vict, or vtheris quhilkis ar detenit capnostro, mandato, consensu, procuraci- tiue, and hes confessit, and sum that one, vel ratihabicione nostra in aliquo hes not confessit; As alswa as ar difacere vel venire, obligo me et heredes laitit, or that herefter sal be accused meos ad solucionem quatuor viginti and dilaited, off committing, vsing, librarum fabrice ecclesie de Kalchou, and practicing of witchcraft, sorcherie; nomine dampnorum et interesse sol- inchantment, and vtheris divilish divendarum antequam in aliqua lite vysis, to the dishonour of god, sklender audiamur. Subjiciens me et heredes of his worde, perrelling of thair awne meos jurisdictioni et cohercioni Dni saullis, abuseing of the commoun peoArchideaconi Laudonie vel ejus offi- ple, and grite contempt of god, his ciali qui pro tempore fuerint, quod maiestie, auctoritie, and lawis : To call possint me et meos sine causa and convene befoir the saidis commiscognicione et strepitu judiciali per sen- sionaris, or ony three of them coniuncttenciam excommunicacionis in perso- lie, as said is, alsoft as neid beis ; And nas nostras de die in diem fulminan- thame to try, inquire, and examinat; dam compellere et cohercere, ad ob- Thair depositionis to putt in write; servandum omnia et singula premissa, and the same to reporte to his Hienes et eciam quosque eisdem Abbati et and his counsale, To the effect thai conventuị de dictis quatuor viginti may be putt to the knauledge of ane librarum nomine ecclesie sue plenarie assyiss, and Justiceministrat as effeiris; fuerit satisfactum pacto vendicionis Or sic vther ordour takin with thame hujusmodi nihilominus in suo robore as to his Maiestie and his said counsaill duranturo nullo proponendo obstante. sall be thocht maist meit and conveniIn cujus rei testimonium Sigillum ent: The personis wilfull, or refusemeum presentibus est appensum Da- and to declair the veritie, To putt to tum apud Berewyc die Veneris proxic tortour, or sic vther punishment to mâ post festum Sancti Jacobi Apostoli vse, and caus be vsit, as may move anno Dni mocco

nonages. Hijs testi- thame to utter the treuth ; And genbus-(none added.)

erallie all and sindrie vtheris thingis


to do and vse that heirin is requisite and articles alreddie deponit and con, to be done; Firm and stable haldand; fessit aganis the said Margaret, and and for to hald all and quhatsumevir ypoun sic vther circumstances as may thingis the saidis commissionaris, or drawe hir to a discouerie and confesa ony three of thame coniunctlie, as said sioun of the treuth; and for this effect is, sall lauchfullie do herein.

to confront hir and the said John (Acta Sec. Conc.)

Stewart, and sic vther personis as hes' or can depone aganis her: And gif she sall continew constant and obdured in

her denyall, with power to thame to ART AND MARGARET BARCLAY, AC

put her to tortur ; With power also to

thame, or ony tua of thame, Justice CUSED OF WITCHCRAFT.-1618.

courtis, ane or mae, at quhatsomevir JAMES, &c.--Forsamekle as it is vn- place or places, and upon quhatsomevir. derstand to the lordis of secrete coun day or dayis, lauchfuil and convenient, sall, that John Stewart, vagabound, To sett, begin, affix, affirme, and cons and Margaret Barclay, spous to Archi- tinew Suittis, to mak, be callit absentis, bald Deane, burges of Irwing, war lait- to amerchiat vnlawis, escheatis, and alie tane and apprehendit be the magi- merchiamentis of the saidis courtis, to stratis of our burgh of Irwing, vpoun ask, lift, and raise, and for the same, most probable and cleire presumptioun yf neid be, to pound and distrenzie: of thair practizeing of witchcraft aginis And in the saidis courtis, the foirsaidis John Deane, burges of Irwing, And John Stewart and Margaret Barclay procuring thairby the distructioun of vpoun pannell to present, be dittay to the said Johne, and the drowning and acuse, and tham to the knawledge of perisheing of the schip called the Gift ane assyse to put, and as they sal be of God, of Irwing, and of the haill fund culpable or innocent of the said. personis and goods being thairintill; cryme, to cause Justice be ministrat Lykas the said Johne Stewart, vpoun vpoun thame for the said cryme, con: examinatioun, hes cleirlie and pounk- form to the laws of our realme; Asa. tallie confessit the saidis divilishe prac- sysis needfull for this effect, ilk pertizes ; and the said Margaret, foolishe- sone, under the pane of xl pund, to lie presumeing by her denyall to eshew sumond, warne, cheis, elect, and cause tryall and punishment, doeth most oba be sworne, clerkis, serjandis, dempduredlie deny the treuth of that mater, stars, and all vther officiaris, and memnotwithstanding that the said Johnné beris of court neidfull, to mak, create, constantlie avowis the same vpoun substitute, and ordain, for whom they her, and that diuerss vtheris cleir and sal be holdin to answer: And gener evident verificationis ar producit a- allie, &c. ; ffirme and stable, &c.; gainis hir, as in the proces of exami- chargeing, &c. Gevin vnder our signatioun, tane in the mater seene, and net, At Ed?, the second day of Junij : considerit be the lordis of our privie and of our Reigne, the 16. and fyftiecounsell, at length is contentit: Quhair- ane yearis. (Sic subscribitur.) for, necessar it is that Justice be mi,

AL. CHANCEL. MAR. BINING. nistrat vpoun the saidis personis, con

KILSAYTH. forme to the lawis of our realme; For

(Acta Sec. Conc.) quhilk purpois we haif maid and constitut, and be the tennour heirof makis and constitutes, our louittis, John Peeblis, lait provest of Irwing, Alland EARLS OF HUNTLY, MARISCHALL, Dunlop and James Quhyte, bailleis of AND ERROLL.-1543. our said burgh, and John Blair, late

[The following copy of a treaty of al- · baillie of the same, or ony tua of liance, offensive and defensive, between thame conjunctlie, our Justices in three Scottish Chieftains, of great pride and that pairt, to the effect underwrittin: potency in their day, has been transcribed Gevand, grantand, commitand vnto

from the original paper, in the possession thame, or ony tua of thame, our full of a gentleman of this city. James V., powar, commissioun, expres bidding, withstanding his gay and chivalrous man

whose high notions of regal prerogative, nota and charge, To call the saidis personis ners, proved very offensive to many of his befoir thame, and to re-examyne thame factious and arrogant barons, had died on vpoun the said cryme of witchcraft, and the 13th of the preceding December, of a vpoun the particular pointis, headis, broken heart, after the disgraceful rout at





Solway; and a minority, which promised day, yeir, and place aboun writin, such full scope for the pursuit of feudal befor thir witnesses, Alexander Ogilambition or vengeance, was not to be overlooked by a nobility who boasted hereditary wy of that Ilk, Patrick Chene of Esilclaims to more than regal authority in their mount, Knyght, and Thomas Menrespective jurisdictions.-Huntly was killed zies of Petfodellis, Comptrollar, &c. twenty years afterwards in a conflict with (Signed) GEORGE, Erll of Huntly. the Regent, Earl of Murray at Corrichie;

WYLZAM, Erll Marshall. the other two died in their beds. ]

GEORGE, Erll of Errol, The Bond betwix my Lords Erle Mare shall and Erroll.

LETTERS FROM MONTROSE, QUEENSAt Huntlie, the nyntene day of Feb BERRY, &c. TO GRAHAME OF CLAruar, the year of God Im Vo fourty and thre (1543) yeires. It is appointit, aggreit, and finaly endit betwix nobilí [The following letters, addressed to the and mychty Lordis, George Erle of celebrated Colonel Grahame of Claverhouse, Huntlie, William Erle Marscheall, afterwards Viscount Dundee, are printed

from the originals in the possession of a genand George Erle of Errol, in maner as eftir followis, that is to say, for ob- Marquis of Montrose, appears to have been

tleman in Edinburgh. The first, from the serving and keeping of hartlie kind- written about the time that the Duke of ness, according to proximite of bluid, York commenced his infamous career in and allya, and for guid rewle to be Scotland, during his brother's reign. The kepit in the north partis of Scotland, second is addressed to Claverhouse by Queensthe saidis Erle Marscheall and Errolí berry and other members of the privy counsall accompanyin allradis, hosting, and cil, under the immediate apprehension of conuentionis, with kyne, friendis, and Argyle's invasion, in 1685.] servandis dependand on tham, with

For the Laird of Claverhouse. the said George Erle of Huntlie; and Sik, -Yow cannot imagine how overall thre their actionis and causes sall joyed I should be to have any inbe ane; and the said Erle of Huntlie ployment att my disposall that wer sall not do by the saidis William and worthy of your acceptance, nor how Georges counsalis, nor pass to nane

much I am ashamed to offer yow any conuentionne but thair awyss and con- thing so far below yo? merit as that sent thareto, nor thay inlikwyse by of being my lieutenant, tho I be fully his awyss and consent; and that perswaded that it will be a step to a nother of the saidis Erlis sall pur- much more considerable imployment, chess by thamselfes, and of thar and will give yow occasion to confirme causing, otheris kindemen, takkis row- the Duke in the just and good opinion mis, teindis, or steddingis, but otheris which I do assure yow he has of yow ; awysse in tyme cumin ; and in case he being a person that judges not of that ony discord or distance happen people's worth by the ranke they ar in. betuix ony of the saidis Earlis, thar I do not know, after all this, in what friendis or servandis, they sall concur termes nor with what confidence I can incontinently, and cause reformatione express my desyr to have yow accept be made but violence according to the of this mean and inconsiderable offer ; falt; and that nane of the saidis whither by endeavouring to magnifie Erlis sall make equale band but the it all I can, and telling yow ył it is awyss of otheris ; and gif ony insurrec- y first troupe of y? D. of York's retioun ryse within this realme, that giment, yt I am to raise in Scotland, nane of tham sall pass thareto, but the and yt I pretend that non but gentleawyss of otheris, and sall concur for men should rid in it, or by telling the commoun weil of the realme and yow that I am promised to be very thairselfes; and for the fulfilling and quickly advanced, and y? yow shall observing of the premisses, all the ether succeid to me, or share wt me in saidis thre Erles ar suorne and oblist my advancement. I can say no mor, be thair grit aithis, the haly Evangelis but that yow will oblidge me in it tuechit, ilk ane to otheris, and under beyond expression. I do not expect the painis of infamate and perjurie; any answer to this while I arn here; and this present oblissing to indure for I do resolve to be at Edint against for thair lyfetymes. In witness hereof, ye Ist or ad day of ye next moneth, the saidis Erlis hes interchangeably where if yow be not already, I earsubscrivit this writ with their handis, nestly entreat yow would be pleased

to meet, Sir, Yo? most affectionat At Leith there is a Bath-Stove, Ecousin and servant,

rected and set up by William Paul, (Signed) MONTROSE. after the fashion of Poland and Gera London, Feb. 19.

many, which is approven by all the Doctors of Physick and Apothecaries

in Edinburgh, and elsewhere: As also For Collonell Grame of Clavers.

by all Travellers and Gentlemen, To (For his Majestie's special service.)

be a Sovereign Remedy in curing of

all Diseases, and for preventing of SIR,—The Lo. Commissioner shewd sicknesses both of young and old, yletter. If there be any danger by Men, VVomen, and Children, from horse, it must be from the Border; so half-year upward: VVith the help of propose what yow judge expedient, Doctors of Physick thereto. and writt it to y? E. of Dumbarton.

The foresaid Bath-Stove will conThe army is thus posted: the foot, tain twelve or fifteen persons, which horse, and dragoons, which were wt will be bathed in half an hour's time Lt Gen!! Drum and Coll Dowglas, after they enter the Bathe. Likewise are at or near Air; what can be spared if they repair as they do to Bathes in from this will goe thither also. The other countreyes, this Bathe is able to militia, which revendevouzes at Lith- give content to Fourscore Persons agow, are to be posted at Glasgow till day. they be put in order. Marq? of Athole The Diseases that are commonly will have above 3000 in Argylshyr; Cured by the said Bathe are these ; the Marq? of Huntly some more at The Hydropsie, the Gout, Deafnesse, Lochness-head, but not so soon; Athole the Itch, sore eyes, the Cold, unsenbeing already into Argyle. Charles siblenesse of the Flesh, the trembling Campbell

, sonne to Argyle, is levying Axes, the Irish Ague, cold Defluxions in Argyle some heritors; and toward inwardly, the Melancholick disease, 300 commons have joined him. Argyle the Collick, and all naturall diseases keeps ye sea wł 5 ships; the frigats that are Curable. Probatem est. will be with him shortly. The king The Degrees and Prices of the Bathhath sent commissiones to Coll. Dowglas

Stove. and you, as brigadeers both of horse The first Degree) I. sh. d. and foot : Dowglass is prior in date. for preserving the >00 12 00 Scots. Ships by both seas are comeing on

Health.... Argyle; and some armes, both for The second Degree, horse and foot, are comeing hither by for giving or pro- y00 18 00 a yacht. Wee hear y! about 30 hors curing Health,... men came over ye Border, and returned The third Degree, in few hours. Wee have writt to for bringing out Feilding, who is deputy governour of hidden Diseases S01 04 00 Carlyle, to correspond wt yow, and wee out of the Bones desyre yow may wt him. Lett us hear

and Inward parts, freqtly, and yow shall have still return For Bathing of from, Sir, Your affectionat friends and Maids and Chil- 00 06 00 servants,

dren,....... (Signed) QUEENSBERRIE, Com.

For every Cupping | 00 04 00
PERTH, Cancell.


Ye shall have all the dayes of the

week for men to Bathe, except Friday, Ed". 23 May 1685.

which is resery'd for Women and Chil.

dren. Haste Feilding's letter to him. This Bathe is to be used at all times

and seasons, both Summer and Winter; and every Person that comes to

Bathe, must bring clean Linines with [The following curious old handbill is re

them for their own use, especially printed literatim, from a copy preserved

clean Shirts. in the Advocates' Library. It is without

This Bathe-Stove is to be found in pate, but is probably as old, at least, as Alexander Hayes Closse, over against the beginning of last century.]

the Entry of Babylon, betwixt the Tolbooth and the Shore.


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