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the greatest daily heat is only half a degree more ; and that the actual temperature at 10 a. m. is even lower this year than last. The thermometer last year stood once at 73, and once at 72, during the month of June; this year it stood once at 76, once at 73, once at 72, once at 71, and once at 70°. During June 1817, the temperature rose 18 times to 60 and upwards; but during the same month 1816, it rose in the same way 22 times. From various other circumstances that might be stated, we suspect that the present year has appeared warmer, only because there has been more sunshine, which has of course produced an astonishing difference in the appearance of the crops. The moist state of the atmosphere, too, might perhaps prevent evaporation at night, to the same extent as prevailed last year, which would of course prevent also the same depression of temperature. Thiş conjecture is confirmed two facts. In the first place, the average height of the hygrometer, at 10 p. m. for June last year, was 144-this year it is only 104; and in the second place, the difference between the mean temperatures of the two years is almost wholly owing to the difference between the temperatures of the nights.

METEOROLOGICAL TABLE, extracted from the Register kept on the Banks of the Tay, four miles east from Perth, Latitude 56° 25', Elevation 185 feet.

JUNE 1817.
Means.

Extremesa
THERMOMETER. Degrees.

THERMOMETER. Degrees. Mean of greatest daily heat, 62.983 Greatest Heat, 25th day,

76.000 .....cold, 48.366 Greatest cold, 14th,

41.000 ........ temperature, 10 A.M. 57.233 Highest, 10 A.M. 25th,

70.500 10 P.M. 51.583 Lowest ditto,.. 14th,

49.500 ......... of daily extremes, 55.675 Highest, 10 P.M. 24th,

62.000 ............ 10 A.M. and 10 P.M. 54.408 Lowest ditto, 14th,

46.000
BAROMETER.
Inches,
BAROMETER.

Inches. Mean of 10 A.M. (temp. of mer. 59°) 29.643

Highest, 10 A. M. 16th,

30.070 29.662 Lowest ditto, 14th,

29.110 ............ 10 P.M. (temp. of mer. 59)

29.652 TE.... both, (temp. of mer. 59)

Highest, 10 P. M. 15th,

30.160 Lowest ditto, 13th,

29.200 HYGROMETER (LESLIE'S.) Degrees.

HYGROMETER. Degrees. Mean dryness, 10 A. M.

24.233
Highest, 10 A. M. 5th,

45.000 • F............... 10 P. M.

10.500
Lowest ditto, 28th,

5.000 ................of both,

17.366
Highest, 10 P. M. 7th,

22.000 Rain in inches and decimals,

4.345
Lowest ditto, 19th,

2.000 Evaporation in ditto,

2.0501 Fair days 12; rainy days 18. Wind west of meridian, including North, 14; East of meridian,

including South, 16.

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METEOROLOGICAL TABLE, extracted from the Register kept at Edinburgh, in

the Observatory, Calton-hill. N.B.-The Observations are made twice every day, at eight o'clock in the morning, and eight

o'clock in the evening.

(Attach. Ther. Barom. Ther.

Attach,
Ther. Barom.

Ther. Wind.

Wind.

N.W. mild.

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E, 51

.561 M.57Cble. Fair.
.582 M.59 w.

M.51

mild day.

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June 1
SIM.49 29.551M.54

Fair, and

June 16
E. 49

.389E. 55
M.51

.351 M.55
2
Cble.

17
E. 48

loudy.
.244 E. 55 )
M.50 .160 M.54
3
S.W. Showers.

18
E. 51 .175 E. 55)
M.53 128.704 M.55
W. Showers.

19
E. 49 29.186 E.53
SM.53
5

20
.553 E. 55 )
M.54

Fair.

21 E. 55 ,582 E. 59

M.55 .430 M.58 73

Rain.

22
E. 55 .416 E. 59
M.49 .319 M.56

S.W.
Showers with

23
E. 49
.565 E. 56

thunder.
M.55
.457 M.60 E.
Fair A. M.

24
E. 66 .431 E. 60

frain P. M. M.55 .517 M.59

E.

Hail, with
OLE. 50 .669 E.58) thunder.
.722 M.55
Fair, and

26
E. 55 .613 E. 60
M.49

.328 M.54 s.W. Rain. 12 E.51

.290 E, 66
M.54
.290 M.59E Rain.

28
13E. 47 28.902 E. 52 )
M.45 .941 M.60 n.w. Rain.

29 14 E.51 29.368 E. 54 ) M.50 .840 M 56 w. Fair.

30 15 E. 58 .982 E. 59)

E.

M.51 29.982 M.55

Cloudy, with E. 54 .811E. 56

showers. M.59

.762 M.621
E. 57 .698 E. 625

Cble. Fair.
M.49 .614 M.58
E. 49

E.
.534 E. 57

Fair.
M.49 .502 M.511

Fog A.M.

N. E.
E. 56
.579/E. 61

thunder PM. M.57 .618 M.59 Fair, fog in E. 53

N.E. .704 E. 60) morning. .812 M.58

Fog morn.

E.
E. 51 .861 E. 60 S
M.57 .926 M.63

Fog morn.

E.
E. 60 .917 E. 64 ) fair & mild.
M.60 .917 M.641 Fog morn.
E. 56

.842 E. 64 S
M.61 .761 M.66

E.

Fog morn. E. 61 .691 E. 64 )

fair.
M.64 .691 M. 8

Cble. Fair.
.703 E. 70 S
M.63
.665 M.71

Fair.
E. 54 .480E. 64
M.53 .415 M.61

E.
.566 E, 62

Cloudy. 1
M 56 .314M,61

Cble. Rain
E.55 .366 E. 61
M.60 .535 M.65

w. Fair.
E. 60 .566 E, 64

Fair.
E. 62

.416 E. 65 S
Rain, 294 inches.

fair.

25 E. 65

M.50

W.

very mild.

271 E.54

IM.58

.205 M.61w.

BIRTHS, MARRIAGES, AND DEATHS.

BIRTHS.

man.

daughter of the late Rear-Admiral Scott of May 28. At Hale Hall, the lady of John Springhill, Southampton.-22. Osmond Ri: Ireland Blackburn, Esq. M. P. a son and cardo, Esq. eldest son of David Ricardo, heir.-31.

At Stappleton Park, the Right riet, youngest daughter of Robert H. Mal. Hon. Lady Sophia Witchcote, a son.

Lately-At Balgray, parish of Cannobie, lory, Esq. Woodcote, co. Warwick.-24. the wife of Edward Irving, of twins, mak: Edmund Phelps, Esq. to Anne Catherine, ing four children in eleven months.At Countess of Antrim. 29. Captain R. H. London, the lady of Colonel Carmichael Snead, Bengal cavalry, to Jane, youngest Smith, R. E. a son. -The lady of Robert daughter of the late William Dumber, Esqs

LatelyThe Right Hon. Lord George Michaelson, Esq. of the Isle of Barra, a

William Russell, second son of the Duke daughter. The Right Hon. Lady Rivers, of Bedford, to Miss Elizabeth Anne Rawa daughter.

June 1.-At Parkhouse, the lady of don, only child of the late Hon. John Rawa
Lieutenant-Colonel
Gordon, a son. At 24, don, and niece to the Marquis of Hastings.

-Mr Milbank, to Lady Augusta Vane, Queen-street, Edinburgh, Mrs. J. S. Ro

second daughter of the Earl of Darlington. bertson, a son.-2. The lady of James

June 2. At Stratforth, near Barnard, Ker, Esq. younger of Blackshiels, a son. At Pennycuick-house, the lady of Sir castle, Mr C. Addison, to Miss B. Bow

This lady had been long detained a George Clerk, Bart. a daughter.-3. At Knowel-farm, Sussex, the wife of Major. prisoner

in the

seraglio of the Dey of AlGeneral Beatson, a son.-4. At Mussel- giers, from which she lately made her e burgh, the lady of Major Dodds, late of the scape...3, At London, Sigismund,

Marquis

de Nadaillac, son of the Duke d’Escars, Royal Scots, a son. At the Chateau de Neuilly, the Duchess of Orleans, a daughter. Charles'-street, Berkley-square.

to C. Maria, daughter of Mr Mitchell,

4. At 5. At Whitehouse, Mrs L. Horner, a

Edinburgh, Mr Adam Black, bookseller, daughter.-10. At St Omers, the lady of Captain Bonnycastle, royal engineers, a

to Isabella, only daughter of James Tait, daughter.-11. At Edinburgh, Mrs Molle Erskine, son of J. F. Erskine, Esq. of Marr,

Esq.-At Warkworth, the Rev. Thomas of Mains, a daughter. -At London, Lady Elizabeth Campbell, the lady of the Right Watson, 61st regiment.-5. At Broughton..

to Charlotte, daughter of the late Major Hon. J. F. Campbell, a son and heir.--16. The lady of Sir Robert Dick of Preston. park, Edinburgh, Capt. Robert Clephane,

R. N. to Anne, daughter of the late Archifield, Bart. a daughter.-17. At Rosebank. house, the lady of Kenneth Macleay, Esq. William Scott, Esq. stockbroker, London,

bald Borthwick, Esq.- At Pittenweem, of Newmore, a son.-18. Lady Flint, a son.

to Miss Anne E. Nairne, youngest daugh-20. At Brignall Vicarage, near Greta.

· ter of the Rey. Dr Nairne of Clermont. -6. bridge, the Hon. Mrs Kilvington, a son.21. At Ruchill, the lady of William Baillie,

At Edinburgh, Mr John Easton, to Miss Esq. of Polkemmet, à son.-26. At Dal- Margaret Smith.-7. At Drummuie, Lieut. housie-castle, the Right Hon. Lady Robert

Col. J. G. Ross, 2d West India regiment, Ker, a daughter.--At Rotterdam, Mrs

to Barbara, second daughter of the late

Rev. Dr Bethune of Dornock.-9. At William Jay, a son.-27. At Findrack, Mrs Fraser, a son.-28. In Hanover-street, wick, Orkney, to Miss Sarle, daughter of

Lisbon, William Traill, Esq. of WoodEdinburgh, the lady of Dr Irving, deputy- Charles Sarle, Esq. of Lisbon.--10. At inspector of hospitals, a son._29.

At Crawfurdland-castle, the lady of William Howi: tor-general of imports and exports for Scot

Howden, Alexander Cleghorn, Esq. inspecson Crawford, Esq. a daughter.-30. At land, to Margaret, eldest daughter of Thos Inverness, the lady of Andrew M-Farlane, Farquharson, Esq. of Howden.-14. At Esq. a son.

Montrose, the Right Hon. the Earl of Kintore, to Miss Juliet Renny,

third daughter of the late Robert Renny, Esq. of Borrow..

field. 16. At the Manse of AnstrutherMay 15. Henry Blount, Esq. son of wester, Lieutenant Charles Gray of the Michael Blount. Esq. of Mapledurham, royal marines, to Jessie, daughter of the Oxon,

to Eliza, fourth daughter of the late late Thomas Carstairs, Esq. of King's Lord Petre. Colonel Macmahon of Tho- Barns. At Largnean, George Whitehorn mond, French consul at Cork, and knight Lawrence, Esq. to Jane Fordyce, eldest of the order of St Louis, to Mary, third daughter of the late Lieut.-Col. Wight of daughter of Thomas Austin, Esq. of Water Chapelearne.-17. At Greenock, Mr Wil. fall, co. Cork.-19. Francis Whitmarsh, liam Carrick, merchant, Glasgow, to Mary, Esq. of Lincoln's-inn, to Caroline Winston, second daughter of Mr Daniel M‘Lachlan,

MARRIAGES.

merchant, Greenock.-20. At Edinburgh, the restoration of the Pope, his funeral was Count Flahault, to the Hon. Miss Mercer attended by all the Cardinals. His riches Elphinstone of Aldie.-21. At London, are left to a brother, who is in the church, Charles Pasley, Esq. major in the service and resident in France.-14. At London, of the Hon. East India Company, and late Joseph Alder, Esq. of the firm of Hazard, charge-d'affaires at the Court of Persia, on Burne, and Co. Royal Exchange.-16. At the part of the Supreme Government of Barley Wood, Mrs Sarah More, sister of India, to Mary, eldest daughter of the late the celebrated Mrs Hannah More..At Simon M‘Tavish of Montreal, Canada, and Brighton, in her 22d year, Right Hon. Dunadry, N. B.-23. At Lancaster, Captain Lady Frances Browne, sister of the Earl of Wilson, R. N. son of the late Judge Kenmore.-16. Off Cape Finisterre, CapWilson of Howe, to Dorothea, daughter of tain Robert Foulis Preston of the Euphrates Charles Gibson, Esq. of:Quermore Park, frigate, aged 33.-At Bath, the Countess Lancashire.-- 24. At London, Charles Shaw of Newcommon.-23. At Gort, co. Galway, Lefevre, jun. eldest son of Charles Shaw in his 76th year, the Right Hon. John PenLefevre, Esq. M. P. of Heckfield, South. dergast Smyth, Viscount Gort, governor amptonshire, to Emma Laura, youngest of the county of Galway. At Pittodrie, daughter of the Right Hon. Lady Eliza- Aberdeenshire, the wife of Lieut.-Col. beth Whitbread.—30. The Rev. Henry Erskine of Pittodrie.-26. In the S2d year Wastell of Newborough, Northumberland, of his age, Thomas Salt, Esq. of Litchfield, to Anne, second daughter of Thomas Hen. father of Henry Salt, Esq. his Majesty's derson, Esq. chamberlain of Edinburgh. consul-general for Egypt.--28. At Dundee,

aged 60, Ebenezer Anderson, Esq. late

agent for the Bank of Scotland there. DEATHS.

June 2. At the advanced age of 108, CaMarch 13. At Sydney, Mr Walter Lang, therine Prescott of George Leigh Street, merchant, Van Diemen's Land, son of the Manchester. She retained her faculties in deceased Walter Lang, Esq. late one of the a wonderful degree, having learned to read magistrates of Glasgow.

her Bible, without the aid of spectacles, April 10. At Montreal, Lower Canada, partly in the Lancasterian School, and partRev. J. Mountain, D. D. brother of the ly in the St Clement's Sunday School in Bishop of Quebec, rector of Montreal and that town, since she was 100 years of age. of Peldon, Essex.-25. At Paris, W. Au. -At Brompton, J. Adams, Esq. late of gustus Miles, Esq. formerly private secre. Peterwell, Cardiganshire, and formerly M.P. tary to the late Right Hon. William Pitt. for Carmathen, aged 71.-4. At Brucefield

-26. At Vanceville, Virginia, John Pol. House, Clackmannanshire, Mrs Elizabeth lock, Esq. of Logie Green, W. S.-28. At Johnstone, wife of Lieut.-Col. Dalgleish of the Peace and Unity Hospital, Durham, Dalbeath, aged 44.-5. At Bath, in the 88th aged 101, Mrs Anne Dinsdale, who had year of her age, Lady Riddell, widow of been a widow 66 years. When 99, she the late Sir James Riddell, Bart. of Ardna. had the misfortune to have her thigh bone murchan and Sunart, Argyllshire. At broken, of which she was cured in the in- Myrehead, Maj. Gen. George Dyer of the firmary; and about six weeks previous to royal marines.-8. The Rev. Alexander her death, she had her shoulder dislocated, Macadam, minister of Nigg, Ross-shire, in of which she had also recovered.

the 69th year of his age.-9. At Brechin, May 10. In the House of Industry, in the 80th year of his age, Joseph Lowe, Chester, aged 39, Mr James Lewis, late of M.D.-12. At Larkfield, Robert Jamieson, the Chester, Glasgow, Haymarket Theatres, Esq. one of the magistrates of Glasgow. &c. Improving the characteristic of his At Kilwinning, the Rev. Robert Smith, late profession hastened his death.

He was minister of the gospel at Auchinleck, in the an actor of considerable reputation.At 84th year of his age, and 57th of his minise Antigua, aged 76, John Otto Bayer, Esq. try.-13. At Edgeworthstown, Ireland, a member of council in that island, and Richard Lovell Edgeworth, Esq. father of formerly in the 82d regiment.At Rome, the celebrated Miss Edgeworth.-15. At the celebrated Cardinal Maury, who was Roseneath, in the 83d year of his age, Mr in some measure under Bonaparte, and James M.Ewan, late one of the magistrates during the captivity of the Pope, the head of of Glasgow. At Chateau de la Challière, the catholic church. He fancied he saw a near Lausanne, Mrs Stratford Canning, change of colour in his lips, that denoted wife of his Majesty's envoy-extraordinary, his having swallowed poison ; and by tak- and minister plenipotentiary to the Swiss ing counterpoisons he killed himself. He cantons.-18. "In Buccleuch Place, Edin. lived the life of a miser, and persuaded burgh, Mrs Jane Moodie, wife of Mr Chas. himself that he was conspired against by Moodie of the Exchequer.-19. At Piersall mankind. He was born at Vaurias, hill Barracks, Edinburgh, the lady of Major near Avignon, 26th June 1746, and had Charles Irvine of the 6th dragoon guards. been created a Cardinal by Pius VI. 21st -20. While the tragedy of Jane Shore was February 1792. Although rather in dis- performing at the Leeds Theatre, in the grace since the downfall of his master and part of Dumont, Mr Cummins, that highly

respected veteran, had just repeated the be teem. Among the many instances of his nedictory words,

well-directed munificence and patriotism, “ Be witness for me, ye celestial hosts, may be mentioned an hospital, which he Such mercy, and such pardon, as my soul founded and liberally endowed some years Accords to thee, and begs of Heaven to shew ago in the county of Durham, for a conthee;

siderable number of aged persons; with May such befall me, at my latest hour" school attached for a large establishment of when he fell down on the stage, and in. boys and girls. In 1795, Mr Russel was stantly expired. The performance, of prominently instrumental in raising a large course, immediately closed.

For some body of infantry

in the county of Durham, time, Mr Cummins (the circumstances of to the expense of which he mainly contriwhose death so nearly resemble those of Mr buted; and subsequently, at the cost of Palmer) had laboured under that alarming several thousand pounds, entirely borne by malady designated by the name of ossifi- himself, he raised and equipped a numerous cation of the heart, or a change from the corps of sharp-shooters, esteemed one of the membraneous into a boney substance ; and most complete in the kingdom. During to this circumstance, added to the strength the late distresses, and up to the moment of his feelings in the mimic scene, his death of his death, he received and maintained is to be attributed.-21. George Leith, Esq. the poor, coming from all quarters, in barof Overhall, co. Aberdeen, and Bladud's racks constructed for the purpose, where Buildings, Bath. He was paying a morn every requisite comfort and accommodaing visit at the house of Robert Aberdein, tion was provided for them, while he kept Esq. when he fell from his chair and in- alive their habits of industry, by employing stantly expired.-23. At Edinburgh, Pa- such as were able in various works upon his trick Orr, Esq. of Bridgeston.At London, extensive estates. In short, it appeared the Right Hon. Dowager Viscountess Here. that the chief gratification arising to him ford.- At London, Mr Samuel Horracks of from the immense possessions which the Bread Street, aged 35.-24. At Edinburgh, honourable application of his talents had Mrs Jean Sommerville, relict of William accumulated, was the power they bestow. Donald, Esq. late merchant in Greenock. ed of more completely discharging the 25. At Ayr, Mrs Campbell, wife of Dugald duties of a good subject and a practical Campbell, Esq. of Skerrington, and daugh Christian. He has left a widow, the daughter of the late Hon. William Baillie of Pol. ter of the late Admiral Milbanke; one son, kemmet.-.-26. At West Calder, Mrs Muck Mat. Russel, Esq. M. P. for Saltash; and ersy, wife of the Rev. John Muckersy, mi. two daughters, one of whom is married to nister of that parish.-27. At Deal, Mr Lieut.-Col. Banbury, and the other to LieutAlexander Henry Hamilton of his Majesty's Gen. Sir Gordon Drummond, G. C. B. ship Severn, eldest son of Daniel Hamiltori, In St Giles's Workhouse, Thomas Wicham Esq. of Gilkerscleugh.-.-30. At Inveresk Kent, a very interesting old man, whose House, Dame Henrietta Johnstone, wife of hard fate has for several years past excited Sir James Gardiner Baird of Saughtonhall, the commiseration of many persons cotinectBart.At Flemington Mill, James Murray, ed with the arts, from believing him to be Esq. of Craigend.

the natural son of a Peer, the grandfather Lately-At Clifton, Lady Cosby, wife of of a Duke. He

used to say he was born at Lt.-Gen. Sir H. Cosby of Barnesville Park, Bradwell, near Tideswell in Derbyshire, in Gloucestershire, daughter of the late S. El 1744 ; had a good education given him ; liot, Esq. of Antigua, and eldest sister of and at a proper age was articled to Mr Jothe late Countess of Errol, the present Lady seph Wilton, a celebrated statuary of the Le Despenser, and Mrs Cambden Cope. day; and having acquired proficiency in At Brookehill, Woolwich, (at the house this art, went to Rome to complete his studies. of his brother, Captain Napier, R. A.) For many years afterwards he was employVernon Napier, Esq. youngest son of thé ed in the shops of several of our first artists; late J. Napier, Esq. of Tintonhall, Somer- but this employment somewhat failing him, set.Mary, the wife of Gen. J. Leveson and being a proficient in music, about the Gower, second daughter of the late P. Broke year 1795 he entered into the band of the of Broke's Hall in Nacton, and sister to 101st regiment, in which he remained till Sir P. B. V. Broke, Bart. captain of the about 1800; after which, for a short time, Shannon.-In York Place, Baker Street, in he kept a plaster figure shop in Whetstone his 73d year, William Lewis, Esq. former Park, near Holborn. About a year ago he ly of the East India company's civil ser. became too infirm to make his accustomed více, and member of the Council at Bom. calls on the private benefactors, by whom bay. At Brancepath Castle, Durham, in he has for some years been chiefly

, supporthis 83d year, W. Russel, Esq. whose mild ed, and some of whom are believed to have and amiable qualities had not less endear. tried every effort to get him provided for in ed him to his family and friends, than his a more appropriate way than in the comgenuine benevolence and public spirit had mon workhouse; but at fast starvation entitled him to universal respect and es. drove him thereto.

Oliver & Boyd, Printers, Edinburgh.

EDINBURGH MAGAZINE.

No. V.

AUGUST 1817.

VOL. I.

ORIGINAL COMMUNICATIONS.

OBSERVATIONS ON

the former book was

" idle and una “ Macbeth and King Richard III. profitable," that affords but an inade

an Essay, in answer to Remarks quate apology for multiplying the of on some of the characters of Shake fence, by writing another of the same

kind. speare; by J. P. Kemble.

I am aware, however, that on the

subject of which this little volume MR EDITOR,

treats, a book may claim the attention THOUGR arrived at that time of life of the public on slighter grounds than when men are supposed partial to past on any other topic. SHAKSPEARE is times, I will fairly own the superior so much the god of British idolatry, powers

of my countrymen, of the pre- that every work relating to him is posent times, in writing and composi- pular. Hence the numberless critics tion. Yet I may be allowed to re and commentators who have been read mark, that the confidence of publica- with avidity, not from their own metion is at least equal to the abilities, in rits, either of learning or of taste, but point of writing, possessed by the pre- merely because they criticised or comsent generation. Authorship, former- mented on Shakspeare, and, like the ly a rare and envied distinction, is now scholiasts on Homer, have borrowed so common as to lift a man (I should an importance from their illustrious say a person, for it is now as much a subject, with little intrinsic value in female as a male quality) but little their own productions. The works of above the mass of men around him; Shakspeare are, not to speak it proand if we cannot say, with quite as fanely," the Bible of the drama to us. much justice as formerly, “Scribimus Their commentators, like those of that indocti doctique,”—for I will own there sacred book, are received with an inis more literature among us than our terest which their subject only could fathers and mothers possessed, confer on sometimes very dull and may at least say, that every thing is frivolous productions. One author of published which is written, whether considerable eminence produced an altogether worthy of publication or Essay, very similar to Mr Kemble's,,

to prove the valour of Falstaff: Mr I am sorry that, in my opinion, the Kemble enters now, for the first time, present volume

тау. be classed among the field of authorship, to vindicate those which it might be held unne the personal courage of Macbeth,-to cessary to publish, because our respect controvert the degrading distinction for the author would incline us to which Mr Whately had supposed bewish, that nothing should come from tween that personage and Richard III. his pen which the public should think The first, according to that critic, unworthy of him. It is indeed an “ having not intrepidity, like Richard, answer to another book or pamphlet but merely resolution, proceeding from of Mr Whately, sanctioned by an edi- exertion, not from nature,-betraytor of eminence, Mr Steevens. But if ing, in enterprise, a degree of fear,

we

not.

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