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BIRTHS, MARRIAGES, AND DEATHS.

BIRTHS.

friesshire. At the British ambassador's March 15. At Lisbon, the Lady of Colo hotel, Paris, Lieut. Thomas Lillie, of the nel A. Ross, a daughter.—17. At Rossie, 23d royal Welsh fusileers, youngest son of the lady of Colonel Oliphant of Rossie, a J. Lillie, Esq. of Drimdoe, Ireland, to daughter. 18. At Cambdenhill, Kensing- Elizabeth, eldest daughter of Robert Hunton, the lady of Sir James M'Gregor, a son. ter, Esq. of Kew, Surrey.-At Foyers, In-20. At Deal, the lady of Captain William verness-shire, Captain Thomas Fraser, 83d M‘Culloch, R. N. a son.--21. At Mavis regiment, to Miss Fraser, only daughter of bank-house, the lady of Major Charles Simon Fraser, Esq. of Foyers.--24. At M'Gregor, 70th regiment, a daughter. Rose Terrace, Perth, George Ballingall, 22. At Milton, Lady Hunter Blair, a son Esq. surgeon of the 33d regiment, to Jessie, and heir.--23. At Logie-Elphinstone, Mrs daughter of the late James Ballingall, Esq. Horn Elphinston, a son.-24. At Edin of Perth.-27. At Ghent, Major Henry burgh, the lady of H. St George Tucker, Balneavis, 27th regiment, to Georgina, Esq. a son.-25. At Edinburgh, the lady second daughter of Colonel Graham, Lieut.of James Wedderburn, Esq. his Majesty's governor of St Mawes.—29. At Edinburgh, solicitor-general for Scotland, a son.-28. Frederick Mackenzie Fraser, Esq. captain, At Brighton, the lady of the Hon. D. M. 78th regiment, to Miss Emmeline Sophia Erskine, a son.-30. At Balloan, Mrs M.Leod, daughter of the late Alex. Hume, Fraser, Culduthil, a son.-Lately, at Castle Esq. of Harris. Bona, Isle of Man, the Right Hon. Lady April 8. Lieut.-Colonel A. Anderson, Sarah Murray, a daughter. Lately, at the C.B.K.T.S. colonel of the 12th Portuguese seat of her father, Sir E. Harvey, K. C. B. infantry, to Elizabeth, eldest daughter of the lady of John Drummond, jun. Esq. of the late Thomas Bigge, Esq. of Bromptontwin sons.

row,

Middlesex.-10. At St James's church, April 14. At the palace of the Bishop of London, Charles, Earl of March, eldest son Norwich, the lady of the Rey. Archdeacon of the Duke of Richmond, to Lady. Caroline Bathurst, a daughter. At Lisson Grove, Paget, eldest daughter of the Marquis of North, the Countess of Rothes, a daughter. Anglesea.-17. Sir William Hoste, Bart. -17. At Edinburgh, the lady of Captain R. N. to the Right Hon. Lady Harriett Barclay, R. N. a daughter.—18. At Clon- Walpole, daughter of the Earl of Orford.caird Castle, the lady of Robert Cuningham, 24. At Edinburgh, Farquhard Campbell, Esq. a daughter.-19. At Dunse Castle, Esq. of Huntington, to Miss Penuel Jane the lady of William Hay, Esq. of Drum- Baillie, daughter of the late Hon. William melzier, a daughter.--At Arbuthnot-house, Baillie of Polkemmet. At the house of his the Viscountess of Arbuthnot, a daughter. Grace the Duke of Wellington, Colonel

-22. At Clumber Park, the Duchess of Hervey, aid-de-camp to the Prince Regent, Newcastle, a son.-26. At Houndwood- and military secretary of the Duke of Wel. house, the lady of Captain Coulson, R.N. a lington, to Louisa Catharine, daughter of daughter. - At Glen-Stewart, the Marchion. Richard Caton, Esq. of Maryland, U.S. ess of Queensberry, a daughter.

25. At Drumsheugh-house, Colonel Charles Fraser of Inveralochy and Castle Fraser,

M. P. to Jane, fourth daughter of Sir John March 15. At Guernsey, John Peddie, Hay of Smithfield and Haystoun, Bart.--Esq. major of brigade to the forces of that 29. At Northumberland-house, London, island, to Louisa, daughter of the late Wil. Earl Percy, to Lady Charlotte Clive, eldest liam Peter Price, Esq.–13. At Perth, James daughter of Earl Powis. Lately, Colonel Stewart Robertson, Esq. of Edradynate, to Cunyngham of Malshanger, to Miss GerDorothea, youngest daughter of the late trude H. Kimpton, Brompton. -Lately, Adam Stewart, Esq. of Cluny. At the Colonel James Campbell,

of the 94th regt. English ambassador's hotel, Paris, Thomas to Lady Dorothea L. Cuffe. Clifton, Esq. of Lytham-hall, Lancashire, to Mrs Campbell, widow of the late David Campbell, Esq. of Killdaloig, Argyleshire. Jan. 27. At Kingston, Jamaica, at the --19. At Edinburgh, Robert Hunter, Esq. great age of upwards of 130 years, Lucretia. late of the island of Jamaica, to Helen, Stewart, a free black woman.

She was youngest daughter of the late Patrick War. brought to that island a few days after the ner, Esq. of Ardeer.-20. At St George's dreadful earthquake which destroyed Port church, Hanover-square, London, Major. Royal in 1692, and had seen her fourth General Sir Thomas Sidney Beckwith, to generation. Mary, eldest daughter of the late Sir Wil. March 15. At Edinburgh, Lieut.-Col. liam Douglas, Bart. of Kelhead, Dum. J. Ainslie, of the Hon. East India Com

MARRIAGES.

DEATHS.

pany's service.--15. At Rudding Park, ster of that Parish.-7. At his apartments, Yorkshire, the Right Hon. Kathrine, Dow- Macclesfield Street, Mr Thomas Hearney ager-Countess of Aberdeen, aged 83.–18. well known for his British antiquities, his At Wick, Mrs Ann Innes, relict of Captain drawings, and particularly his accurate and John Sutherland of Wester.--22. At Col. unrivalled delineations of Gothic architeclampton, Devon, William Chisholm of ture.-10. At Tiverton, Charles Maxwell, Chisholm, Esq.-23. At London, in Upper Esq. late of Dalswinton, aged 82.-11. At Seymour Street, George Paterson, Esq. of Catcomb House, near Portsmouth, Lady the Hon. East India Company's service. Curtis, relict of Sir Roger Curtis, Bart. At Woolwich, Lieut.-Colonel Foy of the At Mauldslie Castle, the Right Honourable royal artillery.-24. In Tonbridge Place, the Earl of Hyndford. His private chaJohn Dunbar, Esq. late of Penang.-28. racter was highly estimable. Few noblemen At Edinburgh, William Wight, Esq. for. have been so much beloved. The greater merly of the island of Jamaica.-31. In part of his time was devoted to agricultural Cumberland Place, London, the Right Hon. pursuits at Westraw, and to the embellishLady Frances Douglas, wife of the Hon. ment of his princely seat at Mauldslie. He John Douglas, and eldest daughter of the was one of the most skilful farmers in a disEarl of Harewood.In October last, at trict particularly distinguished for the exSierra Leone, Robert Hogan, Esq. LL.D. cellence of its farming. Mauldslie, his his Majesty's chief justice and admiralty patrimonial inheritance, is now separated judge in that settlement. As a gentleman from the Hyndford estate. It has fallen to and a scholar, a sincere friend and a social his Lordship's sister, Mrs Nisbet of Carphin. companion, Dr Hogan had not a superior. Sir John Anstruther, Bart. succeeds to the But to describe him solely by these qualities entailed estate. The title is extinct.--14. would fall far short of his merits. Dr Hogan At Maybole, Samuel Wheatley, aged 97, had not been many months in the possession who at that advanced age retained all his of a situation from which he looked forward faculties to the last.-Mr Owen O'Toole to honour and emolument, when he was of Pepperland, county of Wicklow, at the seized with a fever (the effect of the climate), advanced age of 105 years. He was the which in a few days put a period to his life. lineal descendent of the famous O'Toole, He was a native of the county of Limerick, whose resistance to Cromwell has been so in Ireland.—Lately, in Vernon Place, Lon- celebrated. A short time before his death, don, Charles Combe, M.D. F.R.S. aged 73. he walked twenty miles in one day.-15. In -Lately, at Kensington, the Rev. William George's Square, Edinburgh, Mary ErBeloe,

rector of Allhallows, and prebendary skine, eldest daughter of the late Rev. Dr of St Paul's Cathedral. Mr B. was a native John Erskine of Carnock, one of the miniof Norwich, where his father followed the sters of Edinburgh, and spouse of De business of a china-man; and was educated Charles Stewart of Dunearn.--16. At Edinat the university of Cambridge. He obtained burgh, Mr Henry Moncrief, clerk to the the vicarage of Earlsham, with Bowthorpe signet.-17. At Dundee, Dr Thomas Conannexed ; and in 1796 the rectory of Afl. stable, late minister of the united parishes hallows. He was for many years assistant of Liff and Bervie.-19. At Abercromby librarian of the British Museum, and highly Place, Edinburgh, Miss Jane Ross, youngrespectable as a scholar. As an author, he est daughter of the late Lord Ankerville. was chiefly known as a compiler ; and in 20. At London, in the 45th year of his age, association with the Rev. Robert Nares, the Colonel Mitchell of the 51st regiment. This Rev. William Tooke, and the late Mr gallant officer served several campaigns in Morrison, he prepared for the press an edi- the Peninsula, under the Duke of Wellinga tion of the “ Biographical Dictionary,” in ton, with great credit and distinction; and 15 vols 8vo, and was, with the Rev. Robert lastly, at the memorable battle of Waterloo, Nares, a principal conductor of the “ British where he commanded a brigade of infantry, Critic.” Amongst his separate publications --23. At Jedburgh, Joseph Pringle, Esq. are, “ The History of Herodotus, from the of Ferney-green, late consul-general at MaGreek, with Notes,” 4. vols 8vo; “ The deira.--24. At Edinburgh, Mary, Lady Attic Nights of Aulus Gellius, translated," Rollo, widow of James, Lord Rollo.20. 3 vols 8vo; “ Anecdotes of Literature and On the Steyne, Brighton, Mrs Brisbane, Scarce books,” 6 vols 8vo. Lately, at relict of Admiral Brisbane. Lately, the Cambridge, the Rev. Robert Tyrwhitt, M.A. Hon. Thomas Clifford, youngest son of the formerly fellow of Jesus College, aged 82. late, and brother of the present, Lord -Lately, at Bath, the Right Hon. Alex. Clifford. Lately, at Dent, Yorkshire, Mrs Thomson, Lord Chief Baron of the Court King, at the age of 111 years. On the of Exchequer, aged 72.

14th September last, at Meerat, Bengal, April 2. At Cullen Wood, near Dublin, Major James Lumsdaine, in the Hon. James Ross, Esq. of Pitcailnic.4. At East India Company's service, eldest son Dunbar Lodge, Mrs Hay relict of the of the late William Lumsdaine, Esq. W.S. Hon. William Hay of Lawfield.-5. At Edinburgh. Ewes Manse, the Rey. John Laurie, mini

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SOME ACCOUNT OF THE WERNERIAN to this view, it will be .well to illusa

NATURAL HISTORY SOCIETY OF trate its truth, and to trace the insenEDINBURGH.

sible though progressive influence that

has been exercised on the minds of To determine the utility of Natural many, by one enlightened, zealous, History, it is scarcely necessary to do and persevering individual. more than to enumerate its various The state of mineralogical knowbranches, by which it will be seen in ledge, within the last forty years, was its most convincing form. In truth, the confessedly low in every part of the correctness of this opinion requires no world, as it consisted of little more proof, since the general attention which than an acquaintance with the more has, within a few years, been excited valuable substances, and of a catalogue to the study of every department of of localities. On the Continent of Eunatural knowledge, must have renderrope, the first steps towards improveed every illustration that can be offered ment were made; while, in our counperfectly familiar to our readers. This try, though so rich in its mineral treasbeing the admitted fact, the impor. ures, scarcelya work appeared, with the tance of all attempts to facilitate such exception of Williams' Mineral Kingstudies, to excite ardour, and to stia dom, and Price's Cornwall, that cona. mulate exertion, will be fully appre- tained accurate observations. Yet, in ciated. Under the influence of this the midst of this most deplorable igconviction, we make no apology for norance of the works of nature, her submitting to the public the following most secret mysteries were resolved sketch of the rise, progress, and pre- with a boldness and temerity scarcely sent state of the Wernerian Natural to be surpassed by the flights of ParaHistory Society of Edinburgh, as well celsus, or of Arnoldus de Ville Nova. as a few general observations on that It would be a fruitless and unprofitbranch of natural history to which able task to give even a sketch of these some of its most distinguished mem- whimsical, though often ingenious, bers have hitherto devoted their ta- fancies. lents. The history of this society is, The individual to whom mineralin fact, so intimately blended with the ogy is most deeply indebted, is the progress of mineralogical science in well-known Werner of Freyberg. He Great Britain, as to make it impossi- has taught the vast importance of acble to notice the one and neglect the curate observation, and patient invesother. To this society, we, without ion. He has shown, that in this hesitation, refer not only a large share science, as in every other, facts should of the enthusiasm that has been kin- not be made to bend to hypothesis ; dled, but some of the most interesting but that every man who wishes to ob observations on the internal structure tain accurate views, should begin - his of Great Britain that have yet been career unfettered by theory--and that presented to the world. In addition the result must be a more accurate

and extensive acquaintance with the the doctrines of which the author may materials of this globe. He has fure be considered the most illustrious ther shown, that certain relations ex- champion. Public attention having ist among these various materials been strongly excited on these topics, and although his own particular them by the impugning of Dr Hution's ories, and even his views respecting creed by Professor Jameson, the conindividual relations, may be occasion- test became keen; and the result has ally erroneous, yet still he is entitled been, to establish, very universally, to the high praise of having pointed the important fact, that the science of out the true mode of inquiry, and of mineralogy is only to be acquired by. having given that direction to the patient labour, and that theory is as study of nature which experience has useless as contemptible, unless supe shown to be decidedly good.

ported by a - cloud of facts.” While this illustrious man was si In this state of general scientific exlently pursuing his useful career in citement, those who felt anxious to Germany, other philosophers in this render it beneficial, naturally sought country, of high talent, boldly struck for channels through which its inout general views, which, though not fluence might be judiciously directed. remarkable for accuracy, entitled their The most obvious was the establish

hors to the character of genius and ment of societies, which, while proof fancy. Dr Hutton of Edinburgh · tecting and encouraging every branch took a decided lead in this matter. of natural history, would afford due He communicated his hypothetical 0- support to mineralogical science in pinions to the world, first through the all its parts, whether regarded as fure medium of the Edinburgh Transac- nishing materials for the philosophic tions; and subsequently, in 1795, they'inquirer, or as directing the operations were republished in a separate form. of the practical mineralogist. SeveIt would be foreign to our purpose ral societies, for promoting the knowhere to criticize this ingenious theory, ledge of nature, have been long estababounding in splendid views, which, lished; yet they have been so conunfortunately, are too often unsup- fined (not indeed by their regulations, ported by facts. Had Dr Hutton but by the habits and peculiar associstudied nature, and then theorized, ations of their leading members) that his genius would, in all probability, few have ever been bold enough to inhave illustrated many difficult points; troduce topics which, if not considered but it is obvious, from his own works, innovations, would excite little or no that he has frequently reversed this general interest. Perhaps this might order of proceeding.

arise from the scope of the older socieWhile these dazzling speculations ties being too extensive. But whatallured the votaries of Hutton, the ever may have been the cause, the efe present Professor of natural history in fects are certain. To supply this dethe university of Edinburgh first be- fect, and to rouse a certain interest in came known to the world as a scien- the neglected though highly interesttific man, by his Mineralogy of Arran ing walks of science, was an object of and Shetland, published in 1799; and importance to every one who had perafterwards, in 1801, by his Mineralogy ceived and felt the inconveniences reof the Scottish Isles. In these works sulting from the old system. Profesa he gave a flattering earnest of his ac sor Jameson (who may be considered curate views in the study of science, the founder of mineralogical science in and of his indefatigable zeal in the at Great Britain) had contemplated the tainment of it. His labours are ben object of this sketch soon after his refore mankind; and his success is best turn from Germany; and as the pubattested by the admiration of those lic attention had been strongly solicited who owe their scientific acquirements by his valuable works, to one departand habits to his instruction and un ment of natural history, it was conwearied enthusiasm.

sidered a favourable opportunity to About 1804, Mr Playfair's beauti- bring together, in an organized form, ful and eloquent Illustrations of the such individuals as were desirous of Huttonian Theory were first published. extending the bounds of our natural In this work, all that eloquence, fine knowledge in general, without limittaste, and infinite ingenuity could do, ing the tendencies of its original were united to vindicate and establish founders. Accordingly, on the 12th

January 1808, Professor Jameson, contain undeniable proofs of freedom Doctors Wright, Macknight, Barclay, of discussion. and Thomson, Colonel Fullerton, The society has now existed upMessrs Anderson, Neill, and Walker wards of nine years, during which (now Sir Patrick Walker), held their period its records have been graced first meeting, and “resolved to associate with the names of all the most distinthemselves into a society for the purpose guished philosophers of Europe and of promoting the study of natural his- America ; and although unaided by tory; and in honour of the illustrious the advantages of wealth, it has silentWerner of Freyberg, to assume thely pursued its useful career, and has, name of the Wernerian Natural His- both directly and indirectly, contritory Society." Professor Jameson was buted most essentially to the well-doelected the first president; Doctors ing of science. Most of the active Wright: Macknight, Barclay, and members of this society are professionThomson, the vice-presidents; Mr al men, whose daily engagements cirWalker, the treasurer; and Mr Neill, cumscribe the sphere of their scientific the secretary. Honorary and other utility; yet, notwithstanding this and members were elected ; and among the other disadvantages, they have explorfirst of the former, the society has the ed a large portion of country-have honour of enumerating the illustrious contributed several valuable papers, names of Werner, Sir Joseph Banks, which have been published, besides and Kirwan. At the same time, it others of equal importance, which will, was resolved that a charter should be in due season, appear at the bar of the applied for; and accordingly, this be public. While the individual meming done, the Lord Provost and Ma- bers are thus co-operating in their efgistrates of Edinburgh, by virtue of forts, the society, as a body, has not authority vested in them, granted the been negligent of its more immecharter on the 10th February 1808; diate duties. One complete volume of thus solemnly incorporating the so- memoirs, containing several very vaciety.

luable papers, and one half volume, The objects of the Wernerian Nat- have been already published. The seural History Society are sufficiently cond half of the second volume is also defined by the resolution which we ready for publication. The merits of have extracted. They are simply the these volumes are sufficiently known general promotion of every branch of to the scientific world; and as ananatural science ; at the same time, it lyses of their contents have been foris to be understood, that its fostering merly given elsewhere, it is unnecescare has, from obvious causes, hitherto sary for us to enter into such details. been chiefly bestowed on mineralogical We trust, that the part on the eve of science. Some, who are more disposed appearing will justify the expectations to cavil than to reflect, have objected excited by its predecessors, to the distinctive title assumed by the The course hitherto adopted by the founders of this society, as narrowing Wernerian Society has been unquesits scope. Werner, it is true, is chief- tionably good-though not so brilliant ly, if not exclusively, known in Britain as it might have been, had it possessed as a distinguished mineralogist. His some advantages not wholly unknown knowledge, however, extends to every to others. Upon the whole, however, branch of natural science, and is re we are disposed to think, that a quiet garded, by those who have possessed unobtrusive career, in which solid the singular advantage of his instruc- foundations for future distinction and tion, as equally remarkable for its ac- lasting reputation are laid, is to be curacy as for its extent.

preferred to that rapid course which The honourable compliment paid to dazzles for a while, but leaves no fixed his merits, as a man of science, ought and permanent impression. When, to be considered, what it really is, indeed, we recall the circumstances as analogous to similar distinctions under which it was first established bestowed on Linnæus in this coun when we recollect the odium which try, and on other eminent men on was attached to the very name, we the continent. The name implies no cheerfully offer the tribute so merited determination blindly to support Wer- by him, to whose intelligence, liberaliner's peculiar views be shown ty, and unwearied diligence, we owe from the published memoirs, which all that true spirit of mineralogical

-as may

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