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LIST OF NEW BOOKS AND IMPOR-
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|| REPORT OF THE WEATHER.
VOL. XXIX. -
PART I. FOR 1810.
By whom Communications (Post-paid) are thankfully received.
(Price Fifteen Shillings half-bound.)
Printed by J. ADLARD, Duke-street, West-Smithfield
FEBRUARY 1, 1810.
(1 of Vol. 29.
• As long as those who write are ambitious of making Converts, and of giving their Opinions a Maximum o
lastence and Celebrity, the most extensively circulated Miscellany will repay with the greatett Effect the & Coriofty of those who read either for Amuriment or Inftruation."---JOHNSON,
ORIGINAL COMMUNICATIONS, For the Monthly Magazine. on medicinal aids, I shall leave Horstius, On the ORIGIN and PROGRESS of MNEMO, Marsilius, Johnstoo, and their disciples, KICS; and the QUACKERIES of its to explain for themselves. PROFESSORS in the siXTEENTH CEN- We now come to a consideration of TURY.
the third method, which forms indeed the M EMORY, or the power of retaining chief object of my present coinmunica
M and reviving ideas once impressed tion; the Topical Memory, or Loci of the on the mind, is a faculty, whose fullness Ancients, known by the name of Mneof vigour is rarely 'coeval with the for- monics, and a-kin to the Ars Memoramation of the human intellect. Man has tiva or Artificial Memory of the Motherefore recourse to art, for supplying derns. The principles on which this art those resources, which are denied to him is grounded will be adverted to hereby nature. As to the readjest means of after ;. and its practice, at least in the effecting this end, so indispensably re- present day, I shall abstain from enlarge quisite to the acquisition and retention ing upon, as that has been so ably deof knowledge, the philosophers and veloped on a former occasion.* I shall rhetoricians of every age are found at content myself, therefore, with a sumvariance: nor do they differ less widely, mary notice of the origin and progress of in pointing out the filtest mode of cul- this art among the ancients, previously tivating and improving the memory, than to entering upon a wider fieid; the quack. agriculturists differ as to the mode of eries of its professors, and the patronage cultivating and improving the same soil. conferred on them in the sixteenth Sume contend für the natural aids of a century. well-direcied practice and constant ex- The most important of human disercise: others scruple not to call in mien coveries owe their birth to accidental dicine to the assistance of the retentive causes; and I know not, therefore, why faculty; and many insist upon the agency chance should not be deemed as fruitful of impressions, derived from external a mother of invention, as necessity. objects, with which a certain association Simonides, the Cean, was indebted for of ideas is connected. In respect to the the invention of Mneinonics to a casu. first of these methods, we find Quince alıy. We are told, that this mercenary tilian among its warmest supporters: poett being hired at a supper to eulogize " I(, (says he,) I should be asked in what the prowess of his patron, Scopas, vice einsists the real and greatest art for im- tor in wrestling at the Olympic Games, proving the memory, I would say, in he was suddenly called away from table, labour and exercise, and that nothing is on being informeil, that two youths on so efficacious as learning much by heart, white horses were waiting for him at thinking mach, and this daily, if pos. sible." These maxims are strongly en * Vide, vol. xxiv. p. 105; et seq. Monthly forced by various modern writers; and Magazine, signed COMMON SENSE. amongst those of our own country, by + So Anacreon, Callimachus, and others, Beautie and knox, who may be consuited designate him, from the ardour with which with advantage, by such as feel an in- be prostituied the Muses for lucre: nor could Lerest in this subject. The second me- the Romans brand the works of a fellow-poct thod I have mentioned, as being founded
with a vyore opprobrious epithet, than "Simonidis Cantilena.' To this charge, ale
leged against Siinonides even in his * Si quis tamen unam maximamque a me
own times, Simonides more artfully chan urtem Memoriæ quærat, exercitatio est et wittily pleaded : "I had sather leave labot ; multa ediscere, multa cogitare, et si wherewithat for my enemies to prej upor fieri potest, quotidiè, potentissimum est. when I am dead, than become a burden to Int. Orat. lib. xi. c. 2.
my friends in my life-time." MONTELY MAG, No. 194.