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*Urithreptis Foerster, 1868. Naturh. Ver. Rheinlande Verh. 25: 180 (syn.

teste Perkins, 1962, p. 462; Townes, Momoi, and Townes, 1965, p.
133).
Type: Not yet selected (Foerster spm., a Gelis , not now

recognized to species).
*Thaumatogelis Kupka in Schmiedeknecht, 1933. Opusc. Ichn. Sup., fasc.

17: 7-8 (syn. teste Perkins, 1962, pp. 392, 457).
Type: Pezomachus aquisgranensis Foerster. Desig. by Townes,

Momoi, and Townes, 1965.
*Cryptogelis Hellén, 1944. Notulae Ent. 24: 2.

Type: Pezomachus aquisgranensis Foerster. Desig. by

Townes, Momoi, and Townes, 1965. *Holcogelis Aubert, 1957. Münchner Ent. Ges. Mitt. 57: 226.

Type: Pezomachus corruptor Foerster. Orig. Desig. A revision will probably show this genus to be comprised of several segregates. obscurus (Cresson). Ont. Host: Ocnerostoma sp. tenellus (Say). Host: Coleophora laricella Hbn. urbanus (Brues). Que.

Biology: Finlayson, 1960. Canad. Ent. 92 (12): 930 (larval).

Genus GNYPETOMORPHA Foerster, p. 245 *Daetora Foerster, 1868. Naturh. Ver. Rheinlande Verh. 25: 175 (syn.

teste Perkins, 1962, p. 416).

Type: Hemiteles solutus Thomson. Desig. by Perkins, 1962. *Opisthostenus Foerster, 1868. Naturh. Ver. Rheinlande Verh. 25: 175

(syn. teste Townes, 1957. Proc. Ent. Soc. Wash. 59 (3): 114).
Type: Hemiteles (Opisthostenus) etorofuensis Uchida. Incl.

by Uchida, 1936.

*Genus XENOLYTUS Foerster

(=Sternocryptus Roman, p. 245) Xenolytus Foerster, 1868. Naturh. Ver. Rheinlande Verh. 25: 174.

Type: * Xenolytus rufipes Cameron) Xenolytus bitinctus

(Gmelin). Included by Cameron, 1906 (Feb.). Sternocryptus Roman (syn. teste Perkins, 1962, p. 462). bitinctus (Gmelin). *Xenolytus rufipes Cameron, 1906 (Feb.). So. African Mus. Ann. 5: 154.

. limatus (Cresson), n. comb. occidentalis (Harrington), n. comb. subspinosus (Provancher), n. comb.

ENDASYS subgenus ENDASYS Foerster, pp. 245–246 *Scinacopus Foerster, 1868. Naturh. Ver. Rheinlande Verh. 25: 185

(syn. teste Habermehl, 1912. Deut. Ent. Ztschr. 1912: 175; Per-
kins, 1962, p. 451).
Type:(Phygadeuon cnemargus Gravenhorst [Endasys]

parviventris cnemargus (Gravenhorst). Included by

Brischke, 1891. subclavatus (Say). Hosts: Neodiprion excitans Roh., N. lecontei (Fitch), N.

nanulus nanulus Schedl, N. pratti pratti (Dyar), N. sertifer (Geoff.), N. swainei Midd., N. virginiana Roh., Zadiprion grandis

(Roh.). Parasite: Euceros frigidus Cress. Biology: Finlayson, 1960. Canad. Ent. 92 (1): 25, 32.-Tripp, 1961.

Canad. Ent. 93 (1): 53.-Finlayson, 1963. Canad. Ent. 95 (5): 476-485, 491.-Bobb, 1963. Jour. Econ. Ent. 56 (5): 619, 620.

*Gonus THEROSCOPUS Foerster

Theroscopus Foerster, 1850. Arch. f. Naturgesch. 16 (1): 92.

Type: (Pesomachus pedestris Gravenhorst), Theroscopus

pedestris (Fabricius). Desig. by Viereck, 1914. Place in Hemitelini in Catalog, p. 247, before Eriplanus Foerster. An undescribed species occurs in the midwest.

Genus ERIPLANUS Foerster, p. 247 Chamerpes Foerster. Perkins (1962, pp. 392, 413) considers this a syn.

of Theroscopus Foerster. Phyrtus Foerster. "Perkins (1962, pp. 392, 445) considers this a syn. of

Theroscopus Foerster. *Thysiotorus Foerster, 1868. Naturh. Ver. Rheinlande Verh. 25: 181.

Perkins (1962, pp. 392, 458) considers this a syn. of Theroscopus
Foerster.
Type: (Hemiteles (Physiotorus) [sic] brevipennis Brischke)

= hemipterus (Fabricius) (teste Perkins, 1962, p. 458).

Desig. by Viereck, 1914. I am not at all sure that the above genera, listed by Perkins as synonyms of Theroscopus Foerster, belong here. They are left here until a much needed revision of the Hemitelini places them elsewhere.

Genus PHYGADEUON Gravenhorst, pp. 247-250, Sup. 1, p. 45 *Stibeutes Foerster, 1850. Arch. f. Naturgesch. 16 (1): 76 (syn. teste

Thomson, 1884. Opusc. Ent. f. 10, p. 948; Perkins, 1962, p. 453).
Type: Stibeules gravenhorstii Foerster. Desig. by Ashmead,

1900.
Apterophygas Foerster, 1868. Naturh. Rheinlande Verh. 25: 172

(syn. teste Perkins, 1962, p. 406).
Type: Apterophygus (Fst.) ? paradoxus Bridgman. Incl. by

Schmiedeknecht, 1897. *Gunopaches Foerster, 1868. Naturh. Ver. Rheinlande Verh. 25: 174

(syn. teste Perkins, 1962, p. 426).
Type: Gunopaches crassus Perkins. Incl. and desig. by Per-

kins, 1962. *Pantolispa Foerster, 1868. Naturh. Ver. Rheinlande Verh. 25: 178

(syn. teste Perkins, 1962, p. 442).
Type: Gunopaches crassus Perkins. Incl. and desig. by Per-

kins, 1962. *Bathymetis Foerster, 1868. Naturh. Ver. Rheinlande Verh. 25: 182

(syn. teste Perkins, 1962, p. 410).
Type: Phygadeuon (Bathymetis) cylindricus Brischke. Desig.

by Viereck, 1914. Homelys Foerster. Remove “Included by Roman, 1909" from type cita

tion and replace with: Incl. and desig. by Viereck, 1914. (See

Perkins, 1962, p. 428.) *Ernoctona Foerster, 1868. Naturh. Ver. Rheinlande Verh. 25: 183

(syn. teste Perkins, 1962, p. 423).
Type: Phygadeuon rugulosus Gravenhorst. Incl. and desig. by

Perkins, 1962.
Plesignathus Foerster. Delete type citation and transf. genus to syn. of

Polytribax Foerster, p. 257. Zaphleges Foerster. Misspelled in Index, p. 1284, as Zathleges. *? Odontoneura Foerster, 1868. Naturh. Ver. Rheinlande Verh. 25: 185.

Syn. (see Perkins, 1962, p. 440).
Type: Phygadeuon annulicornis Thomson. Desig. by Perkins,

1962. victoriensis Townes. Calif. Host: Fannia canicularis (L.). Centeterus canadensis Harrington. Add 1894 to bibliographic citation

and change vol. no. to 26.

Genus ISELIX Foerster, p. 250
Perkins, 1962, p. 432, considers this a syn. of Phygadeuon Gravenhorst.

*Genus CREMNODES Foerster

I=Caenomeris Foerster, p. 250)
Cremnodes Foerster, 1850. Arch. f. Naturgesch. 16 (1): 72.

Type: Ichneumon atricapillus Gravenhorst. Orig. desig. Caenomeris Foerster (syn. teste Perkins, 1962, p. 411). * Stygera Foerster, 1868. Naturh. Ver. Rheinlande Verh. 25: 176 (syn.

teste Perkins, 1962, p. 397, 454).
Type: Stygera rufipes Perkins. Incl. and desig. by Perkins,

1962.
*Cremnias Roman, 1939. Ent. Tidskr. 60 (3-4): 186. N. name, unneces-
sarily proposed.

Genus STILPNUS Gravenhorst, pp. 250–251 anthomyidiperda Viereck. Calif. Host: Fannia canicularis (L.)

Genus MESOLEPTUS Gravenhorst, p. 251
*Exolytus Foerster, 1868. Naturh. Ver. Rheinlande Verh. 25: 182.

Preocc.
Type: Ichneumon laevigatus Gravenhorst. Incl. and desig. by

Foerster, 1871.

Genus ATRACTODES Gravenhorst, pp. 251-253, Sup. 1, p. 45 Asyncrita Foerster. Perkins 1962, p. 408, considers this a valid genus.

Tribe HEMIGASTERINI

( = Aptesini of Catalog) Revision: Townes and Gupta, 1962. Amer. Ent. Inst. Mem. 2, 305 pp., figs.

*Genus JAVRA Cameron *Cnemocryptus Cameron, 1903. Mem. and Proc. Manchester Lit. Phil.

Soc. 47 (14): 38.
Type: (Cnemocryptus validicornis Cameron)=parviceps

Cameron. By monotypy. * Jadra Cameron, 1903. Mem. and Proc. Manchester Lit. Phil. Soc. 47

(14): 47.

Type: Javra parviceps Cameron. Desig. by Viereck, 1914. * Monocryptus Hellén, 1956. Notulae Ent. 36: 135. New syn.

Type: Cratocryptus opacus Thomson. By monotypy. Place as first genus in Hemigasterini. *glaesaria Townes. R. I., N. Y., Ont.

Javra glaesaria Townes, 1962. Amer. Ent. Inst. Mem. 2: 12, 13. $. *rugata Townes. Ohio, Va. Javra rugata Townes, 1962. Amer. Ent. Inst. Mem. 2: 12. 9.

*Genus PARMORTHA Townes Parmortha Townes 1962. In Townes and Gupta, Amer. Ent. Inst. Mem.

2: 8, 14.
Type: (Parmortha pleuralis atripes Townes) pleuralis albo-

maculata (Ashm.) n. comb., n. syn. (teste Momoi who

examined types). Place after Javra Cameron in tribe Hemigasterini. circumcincta circumcincta (Provancher). Canad. and Upper Austral Zones.

Transf. from Cubocephalus Ratzeburg (teste Townes, in Townes and Gupta, 1962, p. 24).

CO

-avenhorst

desig

5: 176

by Percs

circumcincta flavipes (Harrington). Colo., Alta., Yukon. Transf. from Cu

bocephalus Ratzeburg, p. 254 (teste Townes, in Townes and

Gupta, 1962, p. 23). *parvula (Gravenhorst). Alaska, B. C. to N. S. south to Oreg. and N. J.;

Europe. Hosts: Ametastegia glabrata (Fallén); sawfly in Ribes.
Cryptus parvulus Gravenhorst, 1829. Ichn. Europaea 2: 459 “Z”, f (“3”.

Apsilops cincticornis F.).
*Cryptus erythropus Gravenhorst, 1829. Ichn. Europaea 2: 469

.. Cubocephalus erythropus velox (Cresson). (syn. by Townes, in Townes

and Gupta, 1962, p. 16).
*pleuralis alpina Townes. N. H. (Mt. Washington). P. pleuralis pleuralis

Thomson occurs in Europe.
Parmortha pleuralis alpina Townes, 1962. in Townes and Gupta, Amer.

Ent. Inst. Mem. 2: 19, 22. $.
*pleuralis arctica Townes. Alaska, N. W. T., Que.
Parmortha pleuralis arctica Townes, 1962. In Townes and Gupta, Amer.

Ent. Inst. Mem. 2: 19. Ô, f. pleuralis signata (Provancher), changed status. Alaska, B. C., Wash., Idaho,

N. C. Host: Ametastegia glabrata (Fallén). Transf. from Cubocephalus Ratzeburg, p. 255 and reduced to subsp. rank (teste Townes, in Townes and Gupta, 1962. p. 20).

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Genus CRATOCRYPTUS Thomson
Cratocryptus Thomson. Removed from synonymy of Cubocephalus Ratze-

burg, p. 253. Valid genus (teste Townes in Townes and Gupta,

1962. Amer. Ent. Inst. Mem. 2: 9, 25). Place after *Parmortha Townes. * petilus Townes. Transcont. in Canad. Zone. Host: Cephaleia sp. Cratocryptus petilus Townes, 1962. In Townes and Gupta, Amer. Ent.

Inst. Mem. 2: 26. Ê, $.

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:

Genus CUBOCEPHALUS Ratzeburg, pp. 253–255
Chaeretymma Foerster, 1868. Naturh. Ver. Rheinlande Verh. 25: 187.

Transf. from syn. of Bathythrix Foerster, p. 231. Change type
desig. to:
Type: Cryptus anatorius Gravenhorst. Included (first sp.)

and desig. by Schmiedeknecht, 1890 (p. 117).
Cratocryptus Thomson, 1873. Remove from syn. Valid genus.
*Planocryptus Heinrich, 1949. Münchner Ent. Gesell. Mitt. 35-39: 56.

Type: *Planocryptus mirabilis Heinrich. By monotypy and

orig. desig. (Syn. teste Townes and Gupta, 1962, p. 92). Taxonomy: Perkins, 1962. Brit. Mus. (Nat. Hist.) Ent. Bul. 11 (8): 413

(Chaeretymma). alacris alacris (Cresson), changed status. Ont., Mass., N. Y., Pa., N. J., S.

C., Ind., Mich., Iowa, Kans. Reduced to subsp. rank (teste Townes

and Gupta, 1962, p. 93). alacris canadensis (Provancher), changed status. Transcont. in Canad. Zone.

Host: Hemitaxonus dubitatus (Nort.). Reduced to subsp. rank

(teste Townes and Gupta, 1962, p. 89). alacris erythropygus (Provancher), changed status. Atlantic to Wis., in Can

ad. and Transit. Zones. Reduced to subsp. rank (teste Townes

and Gupta, 1962, p. 92). alacris minutus (Cushman), changed status. B. C. to Calif. Hosts: Ametas

tegia glabrata (Fallén). Removed from syn. of canadensis Provancher and placed as subsp. of alacris (teste Townes and Gupta,

1962, p. 91). annectus Townes. Alaska, Yukon, B. C., Alta., Man., Que., N. S., south to

Calif., N. Mex., Mich., N. H.

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Phaeogenes nigricornis Provancher (syn. teste Townes and Gupta, 1962, p.

117). Cubocephalus atricornis Townes (syn. teste Townes and Gupta, 1962, p.

117). annulatus (Cresson). Alta., Conn., Maine, Minn., N. C., Ont., Vt. Host:

?Agrilus rubicola Abeille. Cryptus latus Provancher. Transf. to Ischnus Gravenhorst, p. 270, as

valid species. Mesostenus nitidus Provancher. Remove from syn.; a valid species. Cryptus ruficoxus Provancher. Retain as syn. (teste Townes and Gupta,

1962, p. 82). Mesostenus ruficoxus Provancher. Questionable syn, of Giraudia plana

Provancher, p. 257. Cryptus occidentalis Provancher. Place as syn, of Cubocephalus nitidus

Provancher. Phygadeuon inhabilis Provancher. Remove from syn.; a valid species. Phygadeuon nitidulus Provancher. Syn. of nitidus (Provancher). Mesostenus provancheri Dalla Torre. Questionable syn. of Giraudia

plana Provancher, p. 257. *aquilonius Townes and Gupta. Alaska, Yukon, N. W. T., Labrador, B. C.,

Man., Colo. Cubocephalus aquilonius Townes and Gupta, 1962. Amer. Ent. Inst.

Mem. 2: 30, 37, 53. g, f. *ardens Townes. Alaska, Colo., Wis., Mich., Ont., N. H. Cubocephalus ardens Townes, 1962. in Townes and Gupta, Amer. Ent.

Inst. Mem. 2: 34, 41, 109. , $. ashmeadii (Harrington). Rocky Mts. to Pacific in Canad. and Transit.

Zones. Removed from syn. of canadensis Provancher, p. 254 (teste

Townes and Gupta, 1962, p. 96). atricornis Townes. Syn. of annectus Townes. *atriclunis Townes and Gupta. B. C., Man., Ont., Que., Maine, Vt., Mass.,

Conn., N. Y., Pa., N. J., Mich., Minn. Cubocephalus atriclunis Townes and Gupta, 1962. Amer. Ent. Inst. Mem.

2: 31, 37, 56. 9, $. baldaufi (Dalla Torre). Maine, Mass., Ind., Minn. *brevicornis Taschenberg. Alaska, Yukon, Colo., Mich., Que.; Europe. Phygadeuon brevicornis Taschenberg, 1865. Ztschr. Gesam. Naturw.

Halle 25: 48. $. Taxonomy: Townes and Gupta, 1962, pp. 32, 38, 69. *caligneus Townes. N. C. (Mt. Mitchell). Cubocephalus caligneus Townes, 1962. In Townes and Gupta, Amer.

Ent. Inst. Mem. 2: 40, 109. $. *callicerus Townes. N. S., Que., Ont., Mich., Ohio, N. Y. in Alleghanian

Fauna. Cubocephalus callicerus Townes, 1962. In Townes and Gupta, Amer.

Ent. Inst. Mem. 2: 33, 41, 115. ô, 4. canadensis (Provancher). A subsp. of alacris (Cresson).

Chaeretymma Ashmeadii Harrington. Remove from syn.; a valid species. Chaeretymma minuta Cushman. Remove from syn.; a valid subsp. of

alacris (Cresson). *carnosus Townes. Que. and N. H. to Mich. Cubocephalus carnosus Townes, 1962. In Townes and Gupta. Amer.

Ent. Inst. Mem. 2: 35, 41, 114. Ô, f. cincticornis (Cresson). Mich., Pa., N. Y., Ont., Que. circumcinctus circumcinctus (Provancher). Transf. to Parmortha Townes. circumcinctus flavipes (Harrington). Transf. to Parmortha Townes.

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