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vesicarius euurae (Ashmead). Changed status. Alaska to Calif., Ariz., Colo.,

east to N. W. T., Ont. Que., Minn. Hosts: Pontania sp., P. californica Marl., P. ?desmodiodes Walsh; P. pacifica Marl., Euura

sp., Nematus sp. Scambus euurae (Ashmead). Reduced to subsp. rank (teste Walley,

1960. In Townes and Townes, p. 50). *vesicarius vesicarius (Ratzeburg). Alaska.

Pimpla vesicaria Ratzeburg, 1844. Ichn. d. Forstins., v. 1, p. 115. , .

*SCAMBUS subgenus ERYTHROSCAMBUS Walley Scambus subg. Lissoscambus Walley, 1960. In Townes and Townes, U. S.

Natl. Mus. Bul. 216 (Pt. 2):17, 25.
Type: Scanıbus (Lissoscambus) arizonensis Walley. Orig.

desig. and by monotypy. *arizonensis Walley. Colo., Ariz., Mexico. Scambus (Lissoscambus), arizonensis Walley, 1960. In Townes and

Townes, U. S. Natl. Mus. Bul. 216 (Pt. 2): 25. ô, 4.

*SCAMBUS subkerus ERYTHROSCAMBUS Walley Scambus subg. Erythroscambus Walley, 1960. In Townes and Townes,

1960. U. S. Natl. Mus. Bul. 216 (Pt. 2): 17, 77.

Type: Pimpla hirticauda Provancher. Orig. desig. hirticauda (Provancher). B. C., Calif., Ariz. Hosts: Gracillaria sp. on Qu

ercus garryana; Malacosoma pluviale (Dyar.).

Genus ALOPHOSTERNUM Cushman, p. 187

foliicola Cushman. W. Va., Calif. Hosts: Xenochalepus dorsalis (Thnbg.),

Paraclemensia acerifoliella (Fitch), "Cameraria aceriella?” (in
Maine).

Genus CALLIEPHIALTES Ashmead, pp. 187–188, Sup. 1, p. 37 comstockii (Cresson). Transf. to Exeristes Foerster. ferrugineus Cushman. Hosts: Hypsipyla grandella (Zell.) and Pectinophora

gossypiella (Saund.) in Puerto Rico. grapholithae (Cresson), Ont. Hosts: Acrobasis caryae (Grt.); A. hebescella

Hulst; A. rubrifasciella Pack.; Conotrachelus nenuphar (Herbst); Stagmatophora ceanothiella Cos.; Thyridopteryx ephemeraeformis (Haw.); Phylloxera gall; ?Carmenta texana; moth on Fagus

nuts; shucks of Carya nuts. notandus (Cresson). Transit. Zone. Host: Epiblema desertana Zell. nubilipennis (Viereck). Transf. to Dolichomitus as subsp. of terebrans Ratz. nucicola Cushman. Transf. to Apistephialtes Seyrig. petulca (Cresson). Transf. to Apistephialtes Seyrig. stultor (Davis). Transf. to Apistephialtes Seyrig as syn, of variatipes (Pro

vancher). thurberiae Cushman. Host: Gall of Disholcaspis sp. on Quercus oblongifolia. variati pes (Provancher). Transf. to Apistephialtes Seyrig.

*Genus APISTEPHIALTES Seyrig * Apistes Seyrig, 1927. Eos 3(2): 221. Preocc.

Type: (Apistes perversus Seyrig) =ascaniae (Rudow). By

monotypy. * Apistephialtes Seyrig, 1928. Eos 4 (3-4): 380. New name. Place after Calliephialtes Ashmead, p. 188 of Catalog; Sup. 1, p. 37.

*arcticus (Roman). Alaska, N. W. T.; Siberia. Ephialtes arcticus Roman, 1914. Acad. Imp. Sci. St. Petersbourg Mem.

ser. 8, cl. Phys. Math. 29 (7):6. $. *coracinus Townes. N. Y., N. J., Md., N. C., Tex. Apistephialtes coracinus Townes, 1960. In Townes and Townes, U. S.

Natl. Mus. Bul. 216 (Pt. 2): 88, 89, 99. 6, 9. *dentatus Townes. B. C. and Alta. to Calif., Colo. Hosts: Enoclerus

sphegeus (F.), Thanasimus nigriventris (Lec.). Apistephialies dentatus Townes, 1960. In Townes and Townes, U. S.

Natl. Mus. Bul. 216 (Pt. 2):88, 97. Ô, 9. *masoni Townes. Alaska, Yukon, N. W. T., Alta., Man., Ont. Apistephialtes masoni Townes, 1960. In Townes and Townes, U. S. Natl.

Mus. Bul. 216 (Pt. 2): 89, 93. f. nucicola (Cushman). B. C., Wash., Ariz., N. Mex., Colo. Hosts: Andricus

galls; "Cynips maculipennis; Disholcaspis eldoradensis (Beut.); cynipid gall on oak; nuts of Corylus; Pontania gall on salis; Gnorimoschema bacharisella Busck; Periploca ceanothiella (Co

sens); Proteoteras arizonae Kft. Calliephialtes nucicola Cushman (transf. by Townes and Townes, 1960,

pp. 88, 89, 95). petulcus (Cresson). Tex., Mex. Calliephialtes petulca (Cresson) (transf. by Townes and Townes, 1960,

pp. 88, 89, 97). tenuiventris (Holmgren). Hosts: Melanophila consputa Lec., Xiphydria sp.;

sawfly in bark. Pimpla tenuiventris (Holmgren) (transf. by Townes and Townes, 1960,

pp. 88, 89). Ephialies pusio Walsh (transf. and syn. by Townes and Townes, 1960, p.

89). variatipes (Provancher). Ont. to N. J. west to Minn. Host: Canarsia ulmiar

rosorella (Clem.). Calliephialtes variatipes (Provancher) (transf. by Townes and Townes,

1960, pp. 88, 89, 91). Calliephialtes stultor (Davis) (transf, and syn, by Townes and Townes,

1960, p. 92).

Genus EPHIALTES Gravenhorst, Sup. 1, p. 37

(=Pimpla of Catalog, pp. 188–189)
Closterocerus Hartig. Transf. to syn. of Dolichomitus Smith.
Dolichomitus Smith. Valid genus.
Diclosierocerus Viereck. Transf. to syn. of Dolichomitus Smith.

Exeristeroidea Viereck. Place as syn. of Dolichomitus Smith. brevis Morley. Alta. to Que. Hosts: Megachile inermis Prov., M. nivalis

Friese, M. sp. cephalotes (Holmgren). Transf. to Dolichomitus Smith. *decumbens (Townes), n. comb. B. C., Calif., Colo., Iowa. Pimpla decumbens Townes, 1960. In Townes and Townes, U. S. Natl.

Mus. Bul. 216 (Pt. 2): 102. , $. dolichosoma Viereck. Transf. to Dolichomitus Smith. gigas Walsh. Transf. to Dolichomitus Smith as syn. of messor perlongus

(Cresson). imperator (Kriechbaumer). Transf. to Dolichomitus Smith. irritator (Fabricius). Transf. to Dolichomitus Smith. macer Cresson. Host: "N. brevicornis” in Pinus ponderosa. Taxonomy (identity of species): Townes and Townes, 1960, pp. 104-105

(under Pimpla). perlongus (Cresson). Transf. to Dolichomitus Smith as subsp. of messor

(Gravenhorst). plerelas (Say). Transf. to Dolichomitus Smith.

pusio Walsh. Transf. to Apistephialtes Seyrig as syn. of tenuiventris (Holm

gren). pygmaeus (Walsh). Transf. to Dolichomitus Smith. *spatulata (Townes) n. comb. Maine and N. S. to N. C., west to B. C. and

Calif. Hosts: Ancistrocerus lineativentris Cameron; Rygchium

sp. Pimpla spatulata Townes, 1960. In Townes and Townes, U. S. Natl. Mus.

Bul. 216 (Pt. 2): 102, 106. Ô, f. tenuiventris Holmgren. Transf. to Apistephialtes Seyrig.

*Genus ANASTELGIS Townes Anastelgis Townes, 1960. In Townes and Townes, U. S. Natl. Mus. Bul.

216 (Pt. 2): 10, 109.

Type: Anastelgis terminalis Townes. Orig. desig.
Place after Ephialtes Gravenhorst, Sup. 1, p. 37 (= Pimpla of Catalog,

p. 189). *terminalis Townes. Wash., Calif. Anastelgis terminalis Townes, 1960. In Townes and Townes, U. S. Natl.

Mus. Bul. 216 (Pt. 2): 109, 110. ô, f.

Genus DOLICHOMITUS Smith Closterocerus Hartig. (Preocc.) Transf. from syn. of (Pimpla of Cata

log) =Ephialtes Grav., p. 188. Dolichomitus Smith. Transf. from syn. of (Pimpla of Catalog) =

Ephialtes Grav., p. 188. Valid genus.
Disclosterocerus Viereck. Transf. from syn. of (Pimpla of Catalog)=

Ephialtes Grav., p. 188.
Exeristoidea Viereck. Transf. from syn. of (Pimpla of Catalog)=

Ephialtes Grav., p. 188.
Place in Ephialtini on p. 189 after Anastelgis Townes (teste Townes and

Townes, 1960, p. 111). *aciculatus (Hellén). Yukon, B. C., Que., Europe. Host (in Europe) : Tetro

pium gabrieli Weise in Larix europea. Ephialies aciculatus Hellén, 1915. Acta Soc. Fauna et Flora Fennica 40:

23, 25. 9. *buccatus Townes. B. C., Oreg., Colo. Dolichomitus buccatus Townes, 1960. In Townes and Townes, U. S.

Natl. Mus. Bul. 216 (Pt. 2): 115, 141. 9. * californicus Townes. B. C. to Calif., Idaho, Ariz., Utah, Colo., N. Mex.

Hosts: Oeme costata Lec., ?Semanotus nicolas (White). Dolichomitus californicus Townes, 1960. In Townes and Townes, U. S.

Natl. Mus. Bul. 216 (Pt. 2): 113, 116, 146. Ô, f. cephalotes (Holmgren). Que., Sask. Pimpla cephalotes (Holmgren) (transf. by Townes and Townes, 1960,

pp. 115, 127). *cuspidatus Townes. Calif. Host: Monochamus maculosus Hald. Dolichomitus cuspidatus Townes, 1960. In Townes and Townes, U. S.

Natl. Mus. Bul. 216 (Pt. 2): 113, 114, 120. 9, 4. dolichosoma (Viereck). Ga., Miss., Kans., Colo. Pimpla dolichosoma (Viereck) (transf. by Townes and Townes, 1960, pp.

113, 114, 116). *flexilis Townes. Yukon, N. W. T., Man. Dolichomitus flexilis Townes, 1960. In Townes and Townes, U. S. Natl.

Mus. Bul. 216 (Pt. 2): 115, 142. 9. *foxleei Townes. B. C., Wash., Oreg., Calif., Alta., Idaho, Mont., Colo., Ont.,

Que., N. S. Maine. Host: Acanthocinus sp.

messor

Dolichomitus foxleei Townes, 1960. In Townes and Townes, U. S. Natl.

Mus. Bul. 216 (Pt. 2): 116, 145. f.
imperator (Kriechbaumer). Transcont, in Hudsonian, Canad. and Transit.

Zones. Hosts: Monochamus sp.; ? borers in conifers.
Pimpla imperator (Kriechbaumer) (transf. by Townes and Townes,

1960, pp. 114, 154). irritator (Fabricius). Hosts: Anoplodera proxima (Say), Megacyllene caryae

(Gahan). Elaphidionoides incertus (Newm.), E. parellelus
(Newm.), E. villosus (F.), Elaphidion sp. in Quercus, Graphisurus
sp., Melandrya striata Say, Obrium rufulum Gahan, Pachyta
lamed (L.), Pissodes approximatus Hopk., Stenocorus lineatus
(Oliv.), Ramosia tipuliformis (Clerck), Saperda discoidea (F.),

Synchroa punctata Newm., Xylotrechus annosus (Say).
Pimpla irritator (Fabricius) (transf. by Townes and Townes, 1960, pp.

113, 114, 137). messor perlongus (Cresson), changed status. Hosts: Saperda calcarata Say,

S. concolor Lec., S. moesta Lec. Dolichomitus messor

(Grav.) is European. Pimpla perlongus (Cresson) (transf. and reduced to subsp. by Townes

and Townes, 1960, pp. 132, 134). Pimpla gigas (Walsh) (syn. by Townes and Townes, 1960, p. 134). messor sparsus Townes. Yukon to Calif., east to Wyo., Colo., N. Mex.

Hosts: Buprestis confluenta Say, Saperda moesta LeC., S. m. tu

lari F. & J., S. sp., Xylocrius agassizi (LeC.). Dolichomitus messor sparsus Townes, 1960. In Townes and Townes, U. S.

Natl. Mus. Bul. 216 (Pt. 2): 132, 133. Ô, 4. * populneus (Ratzeburg). Ont., Sask., Colo., Wash.; Europe. Hosts: wood

borer in Populus sp.; Saperda populnea (L.) in Germany. Ephialtes populneus Ratzeburg, 1848. Die Ichn. d. Forstins., v. 2, p. 100.

8,

. pterelas (Say). Europe.

Pimpla pterelas (Say) (transf. by Townes and Townes, 1960, p. 150). pygmaeus (Walsh). N. H. to N. C. west to B. C. and Calif. Host: ?Plectrura

spinicauda Mann. Pimpla pygmaeus (Walsh) (transf. by Townes and Townes, 1960, pp.

113, 115, 149). *sericeus (Hartig). Transcont. in Canad. Zone; Europe. Hosts: buprestid

borer in Picea, ?Tetropium cinnamopterum Kby. Closterocerus sericeus Hartig, 1847. Ber. Naturw. Ver. Harzes f. Jahre

1846/7, col. 18. g. *laeniatus Townes. Calif., Ariz. Hosts: Chrysobothris edwardsii Horn. Dolichomitus taeniatus Townes, 1960. In Townes and Townes, U. S.

Natl. Mus. Bul. 216 (Pt. 2): 113, 114, 118. 8, f. terebrans nubilipennis (Viereck), changed status. Hosts: Pissodes dubius

Rand., P. engelmanni Hopk., P. fasciatus LeC., P. fraseri
Hopk., P. rotundatus LeC., Pissodes spp., Scolytus sp. Typical

terebrans (Ratz.) occurs in Europe.
Calliephialtes nubilipennis (Viereck) (transf. and reduced to subsp. by

Townes and Townes, 1960, p. 122). *tuberculatus tuberculatus (Fourcroy). Alaska, B. C. to Que. and N. B.,

south to N. Y. and Oreg. Europe. Hosts: Hylobius pinicola (Coup.) ; Monochamus sp., M. scutellatus (Say). Another subsp.

occurs in Japan. Ichneumon tuberculatus Fourcroy, 1785. Ent. Parisiensis, p. 385. 6. *vitticrus Townes. Que. and Ont. south to Pa.,

west to Man., Wis., Kans. Dolichomitus vitticrus Townes, 1960. In Townes and Townes, U. S. Natl.

Mus. Bul. 216 (Pt. 2): 114, 116. 8, 4.

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*Genus ACROPIMPLA Townes
* Selenaspis Roman, 1910. Ent. Tidskr. 31 (2-3): 191. Preocc.

Type: Hemipimpla alboscutellaris Szépligeti. Orig. desig.
Acropimpla Townes, 1960. In Townes and Townes, U. S. Natl. Mus. Bul.

216 (Pt. 2): 9, 159.

Type: Hemipimpla alboscutellaris Szépligeti. By autotypy. Townes designated Charitopim pla leucostoma Cameron as type-species of

Acropimpla but said “the unavailable name Selenaspis applies to the same zoological group as Acropimpla.” Art. 67 (i), Internatl. Code of Zool. Nomenclature, p. 65 says ". . . Type-fixation for either applies also to the other, despite any statement to the con

trary." Place on p. 189 before Iseropus Foerster. alboricta (Cresson). Scambus alboricta (Cresson) (transf. by Townes and Townes, 1960, pp.

161, 162). *pronexus Townes. N. B., Que., Ont., N. H., N. Y., Wyo., B. C., N. M.

Hosts: Glypta fumiferanae (Vier.), Choristoneura fumiferana

(Clem.) prob. secondary. Acropim pla pronexus Townes, 1960. In Townes and Townes, U. S. Natl.

Mus. Bul. 216 (Pt. 2): 161. Ô, f.

Genus ISEROPUS Foerster, pp. 189–190, Sup. 1, p. 37 *Cnemopim pla Cameron, 1903. Ent. 36: 159 (syn. teste Townes, Townes, and

Gupta, 1961, p. 19).

Type: Cnemopimpla pilosa Cameron. By monotypy. californiensis Cushman. Wash., Colo. Hosts: Malacosoma sp., M. fragile

(Stretch). coelebs (Walsh). Hosts: Dasychira plagiata (Wikr.); Hemerocampa sp.,

Malacosoma disstria Hbn., Metallus rohweri MacG., Olene sp. stercorator orgyiae (Ashmead), changed status. Transcont. in Canad. and

Transit. Zones. Hosts: Choristoneura rosaceana (Harr.), Ctenucha virginica_(Charp.), Halisidota sp., Hemerocampa sp., H. leucostigma (J. E. Sm.), H. vetusta (Bdvl.), Malacosoma sp., M.

disstria Hbn., Simyra henrici (Grt.), "pine tussock".
Iseropus orgyiae (Ashmead) (reduced to subsp. rank by Townes and

Townes, 1960, p. 168).
Iseropus stercorator brunneifrons (sic.) (Viereck) (syn. by Townes and
Townes, 1960, p. 168). Change to original spelling: bruneifrons.

Genus TROMATOBIA Foerster, p. 190
In type citation delete "Desig. by Viereck, 1914” and add: Desig. by

Ashmead, 1900.
* Austropim pla Brèthes, 1913. Anal. Mus. Nac. Hist. Nat. Buenos Aires

24: 40.

*Type: Austropimpla huebrichi Brèthes. Orig. desig. Syn. by DeSantis, 1956. La Plata Univ. Nac. Inst. Mus. Notas (Zool.)

18 (165): 305.
lateralis (Cresson). Syn. of notator (Fabricius).
*notator (Fabricius). Fla., N. C.

Pimpla notator Fabricius, 1804. Systema piezatorum, p. 115. f.
Tromatobia lateralis (Cresson) (syn. by Townes and Townes, 1960, p.

186).
*Ephialtes cressoni Dewitz, 1881. Berliner Ent. Ztschr. 25: 205. f.

(Syn. by Townes and Townes, 1960, p. 186.) *ovivora ovivora (Boheman). Transcont. in Huds., Çanad., Transit. and V.

Austral. Zones. Hosts: Araneus diadema L., A. solitaria (Emrtn.), Argiope avara Thor., A. argentata (F.), Cyrtophora californiensis Keys.

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