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Melissodes (Callimelissodes) nigracauda LaBerge, 1961. Kans. Univ. Sci.

Bul 42: 327, figs. 54-57. 4, ô. nigrosignata Cockerell. (Synonymized under rivalis Cresson in Sup. 1, p.

252.) Remove nigrosignata pallidisignata Cockerell, a valid sp.,

from synonymy in Catalog, p. 1227. nivea Robertson. N. Y. to Minn. and Kans., south to N. C., Ala., and Miss.

Probably oligolectic on Compositae. (Eumelissodes) *oajacana (Dalla Torre). Syn. of montana Cresson. *ochraea LaBerge. South. Calif., Ariz. Taken on flowers of Gutierrezia and

Isocoma. (Eumelissodes)
Melissodes (Eumelissodes) ochraea LaBerge, 1961. Kans. Univ. Sci. Bul.

42: 428. 4, 6. octobris Cockerell. Syn. of menuacha Cresson. pallida Robertson. Syn. of menuacha Cresson. pallidisignata Cockerell, changed status. B. C. to Man., south through south.

Calif. and N. Mex. to central Mexico (Aguascalientes). Oligolectic on Compositae, especially Chrysothamnus, Erigeron, Grindelia,

Isocoma, and Layia. (Eumelissodes) Melissodes nigrosignata Cockerell of Catalog, in part. M. pallidisignata is

a valid sp., not a syn. (teste LaBerge, 1961, loc. cit. supra, p. 529). Melissodes menuachus vernonensis Viereck' (syn. by LaBerge, 1961, loc.

cit. supra, p. 529). Melissodes praelauta Cockerell (syn. by LaBerge, 1961, loc. cit. supra, p.

529). Biology: Thorp and Chemsak, 1964. Pan-Pacific Ent. 40: 75-83, 2 figs. paroselae Cockerell. (Melissodes) Biology: Linsley, 1962. Ent. Soc. Amer. Ann. 55: 161, fig. 8.-Butler,

Todd, McGregor and Werner, 1962. Univ. Ariz. Agr. Expt. Sta.

Tech. Bul. 139: 1-11. *paucipuncta LaBerge. Ariz. Possibly oligolectic on Opuntia. (Eumelis

sodes) Melissodes (Eumelissodes) paucipuncta LaBerge, 1961. Kans. Univ. Sci.

Bul. 42: 650. 4, Ô. * paulula LaBerge. Wash. to southern Calif. Oligolectic on Compositae, pref

erably Gutierrezia, Isocoma, and Solidago. (Eumelissodes) Melissodes (Eumelissodes) paulula LaBerge, 1961. Kans. Univ. Sci. Bul.

42: 631. 4, . pecosella Cockerell. Syn. of subagilis Cockerell. pennsylvanica (Lepeletier). Transfer to Nomina Dubia in Melissodes, p. 1229

(teste LaBerge, 1961, loc. cit. supra, p. 654). perlusa Cockerell, changed status. Alta. and Man., south to Iowa and Ariz.

Probably oligolectic on Helianthus. (Eumelissodes) Melissodes semiagilis Çockerell, in part. M. perlusa is a valid sp. (teste

LaBerge, 1961, loc. cit. supra, p. 409). perplexa Cresson. Syn. of denticulata Smith. *perpolita LaBerge. Ariz., Colo., Utah (?). On flowers of Aster, Chaema

taxis and Grindelia. (Eumelissodes) Melissodes (Eumelissodes) perpolita LaBerge, 1961. Kans. Univ. Sci.

Bul. 42: 443. 4, ô. personatella Cockerell. Central and southern Calif. Oligolectic on Composi

tae, principally Gutierrezia. (Eumelissodes) *pexa LaBerge. Ariz.; Mexico (Coahuila, Chihuahua). On flowers of Lepi

dium. (Eumelissodes) Melissodes (Eumelissodes) pexa LaBerge, 1961. Kans. Univ. Sci. Bul.

42: 621. 9, 8.

*pilleata LaBerge. N. C. On flowers of Aster, Chrysopsis, Gerardia, and

Kuhnistera. (Eumelissodes) Melissodes (Eumelissodes) pilleata LaBerge, 1961. Kans. Univ. Sci. Bul.

42: 459. ^, 6. *plumosa LaBerge. Wash. to Calif., N. Dak. (?). Visits flowers of Encelia

and Helianthus. (Callimelissodes) Melissodes (Callimelissodes) plumosa LaBerge, 1961. Kans. Univ. Sci.

Bul. 42: 308, figs. 42-45. f, g. praelauta Cockerell. Syn. of pallidisignata Cockerell. *pullatella LaBerge. Oreg. On flowers of Grindelia. (Eumelissodes) Melissodes (Eumelissodes) pullatella LaBerge, 1961. Kans. Univ. Sci.

Bul. 42: 620. 4. *relucens LaBerge. Tex. (El Paso and Big Bend Natl. Pk.). Taken on

flowers of Isocoma. (Eumelissodes) Melissodes (Eumelissodes) relucens LaBerge, 1961. Kans. Univ. Sci. Bul.

42: 437. 4, 6. robustior Cockerell. Wash., Oreg., Idaho, Nev., Calif. Oligolectic on Compo

sitae, preferably Helianthus. (Eumelissodes) Biology: MacSwain, 1958. Pan-Pacific Ent. 34: 40.-Chemsak and

Thorp, 1962. Pan-Pacific Ent. 38: 53-55. rustica (Say). N. S. to Sask., south to Ga., La., N. Mex. and southern Mexico

(Oaxaca), but not known in Tex, and Okla. Oligolectic on Compositae. Remove denticulata Smith, a valid sp., and its synonym sen

ilis Smith, from synonymy. (Eumelissodes) *Melissodes assimilis Smith, 1879. Descr. n. spp. Hym. Brit. Mus., P

114. $. (Syn. by LaBerge, 1961, loc. cit. supra, p. 543.) * Melissodes ambigua Smith, 1879. Descr, n. spp. Hym. Brit. Mus., p.

116. 9. (Syn. by LaBerge, 1961, loc. cit. supra, p. 543.) Melissodes festinata Provancher (syn. by LaBerge, 1961, loc. cit. supra,

p. 543). Melissodes asteris Robertson (syn. by LaBerge, 1961, loc. cit. supra, p

543). saponellus Cockerell. Wash., Oreg., Utah, Colo. On flowers of Bahia, Chaen

actis, Sphaeralcea and Alsike clover. (Eumelissodes) semiagilis Cockerell. Syn. of coreopsis Robertson; transfer perlusa, a valid

sp., from synonymy. semilupina Cockerell, changed status. B. C. south to Calif., east to Colo. and

N. Mex. Oligolectic on flowers of Chrysothamnus. (Eumelis

sodes) Melissodes menuachus semilupina Cockerell. Raised to sp. rank (teste

LaBerge, 1961, loc. cit. supra, p. 425). Melissodes chrysothamni Cockerell (syn. by LaBerge, 1961, loc. cit.

supra, p. 425). semitristis Cockerell. Syn. of tristis Cockerell. snowii Cresson. Alta., Man., Colo., N. Mex., Nebr., N. Dak. Probably oligo

lectic on Compositae, principally Helianthus. (Eumelissodes) stearnsi Cockerell. Wash., Oreg., Calif. Visiting many flowers. (Callimelis

sodes) subagilis Cockerell. Minn., Alta. and Wash. south to northern Calif., Ariz.

and Tex. Oligolectic on Grindelia. (Eumelissodes) Melissodes agilis Cresson of Catalog, in part. M. subagilis is a valid sp.

not a syn. (teste LaBerge, 1961, loc. cit. supra, p. 579). Melissodes pecosella Cockerell (syn. by LaBerge, 1961, loc. cit. supra, p.

579). Xenoglossodes excurrens melanaspis (Cockerell) (syn. by LaBerge, 1961,

loc. cit. supra, p. 579). Xenoglossodes albertensis Cockerell (syn. by LaBerge, 1961, loc. cit.

supra, p. 579).

subillata LaBerge. Que. to Sask., south to N. C. and Ill. Oligolectic on

Compositae. (Eumelissodes)
Melissodes (Eumelissodes) subillata LaBerge, 1961. Kans. Univ. Sci.

Bul. 42: 568, figs. 99-101. 4, ĝ. submenuacha Cockerell, changed status. Ariz., N. Mex., western Tex. On

flowers of Aplopappus, Bidens, Cleome, Helianthus, Hymenothrix, Isocoma, Medicago and Verbesina; probably oligolectic on Compo

sitae. (Eumelissodes) Melissodes menuachus menuachus Cresson of Catalog, in part. M. sub

menuacha is a valid sp.. not a syn. (teste LaBerge, 1961, loc. cit.

supra, p. 414). Melissodes hewetti Cockerell (syn. by LaBerge, 1961, loc. cit. supra, p.

414). tenuitarsis Cockerell. Syn. of confusa Cresson. tepida yumensis LaBerge. (Melissodes) Biology: Butler, Todd, McGregor and Werner, 1962. Univ. Ariz. Agr.

Expt. Sta. Tech. Bul. 139: 1-11. thelypodii thelypodii Cockerell. (Melissodes) Biology: Butler, Todd, McGregor and Werner, 1962, Univ. Ariz. Agr.

Expt. Sta. Tech. Bul. 139: 1-11. *tincta LaBerge. Minn, and Mich. south to Tex. and Fla. Oligolectic on

Compositae, preferably Aster and Chrysopsis. (Eumelissodes) Melissodes (Eumelissodes) tincta LaBerge, 1961. Kans. Univ. Sci. Bul.

42: 493. 8, 8. *tribas LaBerge. Calif. (San Diego). (Callimelissodes) Melissodes (Callimelissodes) tribas LaBerge, 1961. Kans. Univ. Sci. Bul.

42: 326. f. trinodis Robertson. Southeast. Canada, Kans. and N. Dak. east to Maine and

Ga. Oligolectic on Compositae, principally Helianthus. (Eumelis

sodes) tristis Cockerell. Nebr. to Calif., south through Tex. and Ariz. to southern

Mexico (Puebla). Visits flowers of Leguminosae, Compositae and

Malvaceae. (Eumelissodes)
Melissodes semitristis Cockerell (syn. by LaBerge, 1961, loc. cit. supra, p.

473). Biology: Linsley, 1962. Ent. Soc. Amer. Ann. 55: 161, fig. 8. tuckeri Cockerell. Mont., S. Dak., Nebr., Kans., Tex. On flowers of Aster

and Heterotheca. (Callimelissodes) *utahenis LaBerge. Utah and Nev., south to south. Calif. and Ariz., Nebr.

On flowers of Chaemataxis, Chrysothamnus and Gutierrezia.

(Eumelissodes) Melissodes (Eumelissodes) utahensis LaBerge, 1961. Kans. Univ. Sci.

Bul. 42: 602, figs. 109-110. 4, Q. *vanduzeei Cockerell. Syn. of lupina Cresson. velutina (Cockerell). South. and cent. Calif. Oligolectic on Polemoniaceae,

principally Hugelia. (Eumelissodes) verbesinarum Cockerell, changed status. Transf, from Xenoglossodes, p.

1230. Wash, to southern Calif., east to Nev, and Tex.; Mexico (Chihuahua to Jalisco). Oligolectic on various Compositae. (Eu

melissodes) *vernalis LaBerge. Wash, and Nev, to southern Calif. and Ariz.; Mexico

(Baja California, Sonora, and Hidalgo). Oligolectic on Composi

tae, preferably Encelia and Geraea. (Eumelissodes) Melissodes (Eumelissodes) vernalis LaBerge, 1961. Kans. Univ. Sci. Bul.

42: 608, figs. 113-114. 4, m. vernoniae Robertson. Ind., Minn., and Idaho, south to N. Mex, and Tex.

Oligolectic on Vernonia, and perhaps other Compositae. (Eumelissodes)

Melissodes confusiformis incondita Cockerell (syn. by LaBerge, 1961, loc.

cit. supra, p. 517). wheeleri Cockerell. Mich, and N. Dak. south to La, and Ariz. Oligolectic on

Compositae, preferably on Gaillardia, Helianthus and Rudbeckia. (Eumelissodes)

Nomina Dubia in Mellissodes Latreille Place after Genus Melissodes, p. 1229. americana (Lepeletier). Transf. from p. 1223. intermedia Cresson. Transf. from p. 1225. pennsylvanica (Lepeletier). Transf. from p. 1227. philadelphica (Lepeletier). Transf. from synonymy of Peponapis pruinosa

pruinosa (Say), p. 1221.

Genus SVASTRA Holmberg, Sup. 1, p. 253

SVASTRA subgenus BRACHYMELISSODES LaBerge, Sup. 1, p. 253 brevicornis (Cresson). Iowa.

SVASTRA subgenus EPIMELISSODES Ashmead, Sup. 1, p. 254 machaerantherae (Cockerell). N. Mex., Ariz., Calif. On flowers of Asclepias,

Baccharis, Cryptantha, Haplopappus, Helenium, Kallstroemia and

Melilotus. obliqua obliqua (Say).

Biology: Rozen, 1964. Amer. Mus. Novitates no. 2170, pp. 1-13, 15 figs. *pallidior LaBerge. Calif. (Riverside Co.). On flowers of Hoffmanseggia. Svastra (Epimelissodes) pallidior LaBerge, 1963. Kans. Ent. Soc. Jour.

36: 52. 4, . sila (LaBerge). On flowers of Heterotheca. Mexico (Baja Calif.).

Genus XENOGLOSSODES Ashmead, pp. 1229-1230 albertensis Cockerell. Transf. to Melissodes as a syn. of subagilis Cockerell. excurrens melanaspis (Cockerell). Transf. to Melissodes as a syn. of subgailis

Cockerell. excurrens verbesinarum (Cockerell). Transf. to Melissodes as a valid sp.

*Genus SYNTRICHALONIA LaBerge Syntrichalonia LaBerge, 1957. Amer. Mus. Novitates 1837: 10.

Type: Melissodes exquisita Cresson. By monotypy and orig.

desig. Place before Tetralonia Spinola, p. 1230. *exquisita (Cresson). N. Mex.; Mexico. Melissodes exquisita Cresson, 1878. Acad. Nat. Sci. Phila. Proc. 30: 213.

오. Melissodes herricki Cockerell (transf. from Melissodes, p. 1225, and syn. by LaBerge, 1957. Amer. Mus. Novitates 1837: 10).

Genus TETRALONIA Spinola, pp. 1230–1233 atriventris (Smith). Ga., Minn. On flowers of Aesculus, Astragalus, Lu

pinus, Mertensia, Robinia, and Vicia. Tetralonia robertsoni Cockerell. Syn. by Mitchell, 1962, loc. cit. supra, p.

313. belfragei (Cresson). Mich. Visits many flowers. fulvohirta (Cresson). On flowers of Elaeagnus and Vicia. hamata Bradley. Md. to Ga., west to Wis. and Miss. Visits a large number

of flowers, particularly Leguminosae, Rosaceae, Labiatae, and Compositae.

dilecta (Cresson). Syn. of speciosa (Cresson). robertsoni Cockerell. Syn. of atriventris (Smith). rosae (Robertson). Va. Visits chiefly Labiatae, Leguminosae, Rosaceae, and

Scrophulariaceae. speciosa (Cresson). Tetralonia dilecta (Cresson). Syn. by Mitchell, 1962, loc. cit. supra, p.

321. *venusta carinata Timberlake. Calif. (San Benito and Tuolumne Counties). Tetralonia venusta carinata Timberlake, 1961. Pan-Pacific Ent. 37: 212.

. *venusta venusta Timberlake. Calif., Nev. On flowers of Oenothera and Lar

Tetralonia venusta Timberlake, 1961. Pan-Pacific Ent. 37: 209.9, .

rea.

ANTHOPHORA subgenus ANTHOPHORA Latreille, pp. 1233-1237 abrupta Say. Fla., La. On many flowers, especially Labiatae, Leguminosae

and Rosaceae. bomboides bomboides Kirby. Ga. On flowers of Ceanothus and Pentstemon montana Cresson.

Biology: Linsley, 1962. Ent. Soc. Amer. Ann. 55: 161, fig. 9. occidentalis Cresson. Nests in clay banks.

Biology: Hobbs, Nummi and Virostek, 1961. Canad. Ent. 93: 142-148. raui Rohwer. Colo. to N. Y. smithii Cresson.

Biology: Linsley, 1962. Ent. Soc. Amer. Ann. 55: 161-162, fig. 9. urbana urbana Cresson.

Biology: Linsley, 1962. Ent. Soc. Amer. Ann. 55: 161, fig. 9. ursina ursina Cresson. New England states. On a number of flowers, parti

cularly Leguminosae and Scrophulariaceae. walshii Cresson. On flowers of Abutilon, Baptisia, Blephila, Cassia, Chamae

crista, Cirsium, Helianthus, Lespedeza, Lobelia, Petalostemum, Ruellia and Teucrium.

ANTHOPHORA subgenus CLISODON Patton, p. 1237 furcata terminalis Cresson. Maine, Wis. Nests in borings in wood. On

flowers of Blephilia, Medicago, Monarda, Pentstemon, Prunella,

Rosa, Salvia, and Scutellaria.
Biology: Medler, 1964. Canad. Ent. 96: 1332-1336, 4 figs.

Anthophora subgenus Amegilla Friese, p. 1237
Delete this heading and synonymy and transfer component species to
Anthophora subg. Anthophora, pp. 1233-1237. Amegilla does not occur in
North America (teste Michener, 1960. Queensland Nat. 16: 63).

Genus EMPHOROPSIS Ashmead, pp. 1239–1240
Psithyrus subg. Laboriopsithyrus Frison, p. 1254, was automatically syn-

onymized under Empho opsis, when Mitchell (1962, loc cit. supra,

p. 332) transferred its genotype to Emphoropsis. *excellens Timberlake. Calif. (Kern Co.).

Emphoropsis excellens Timberlake, 1962. Ent. News 73: 36. 4, .. floridana fedorensis Cockerell. Change to laboriosa fedorensis. floridana floridana (Smith). Syn. of laboriosa laboriosa (Fabricius). laboriosa fedorensis Cockerell. Replaces the heading floridana fedorensis

Cockerell.

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