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strenua (Cresson), changed status. Raised to sp. rank and kansensis, a valid

sp., removed from syn. (teste Mitchell, 1962, loc. cit. supra, p. 247). Transcontinental, Md. to Fla., west to southern Calif.; Mexico (Baja California east to Chihuahua, south to Durango). Col

lects pollen from domestic and native Cucurbita. Taxonomy: Hurd and Linsley, 1964. Hilgardia 35: 411-421, figs. 1, 9, 10,

frontispiece. Biology and Larval Morphology: Bohart, 1964. Pan-Pacific Ent. 40: 174-182, 17 figs.

Genus MARTINAPIS Cockerell, p. 1222 luteicornis (Cockerell). On flowers of Cercidium, Dalea, Palafoxia. Biology: MacSwain, 1957. Pan-Pacific Ent. 33: 70.

*Genus MELISSOPTILA Holmberg Place after Martinapis Cockerell, p. 1222.

*MELISSOPTILA subgenus MELISSOPTILA Holmberg Melissoptila Holmberg, 1884. Cordoba. Acad. Nac. de Cien. Actas 5: 119.

Type: Melissoptila tandilensis Homberg. By monotypy. Thyreotremata Holmberg, 1887. Cordoba. Acad. Nac. de Cien. Bol. 10:

225. Nomen nudum. Thyreothremma Homberg, 1903. Mus. Nac. Buenos Aires An. (3) 2: 391.

Type: Thyreothremma rhopalocera Homberg (= Melissoptila

tandilensis Holmberg). Desig. by Sandhouse, 1943. The typical subgenus does not occur in North America.

*MELISSOPTILA subgenus PTILOMELISSA Moure Ptilomelissa Moure, 1943. Rev. de Ent. 14: 482.

Type: Prilomelissa ochromelaena Moure. By monotypy. *otomita (Cresson). Tex. (Brownsville); Mexico, Guatemala, Honduras. Melissodes otomita Cresson, 1878. Acad. Nat. Sci. Phila. Proc. 30: 209.

. *Melissodes pinguis Cresson, 1878. Acad. Nat. Sci. Phila. Proc. 30: 216. 4, 8.

Genus FLORILEGUS Robertson, p. 1222 condignus (Cresson). N. J., Fla. Visits several flowers, mostly in Labiatae,

Leguminosae, and Verbenaceae.

Genus MELISSODES Latreille, pp. 1222-1229 *Melissodes subg. Callimelissodes LaBerge, 1961. Kans. Univ. Sci. Bul.

42: 294.

Type: Melissodes lupina Cresson. Orig. desig. Taxonomy: LaBerge, 1961. Kans. Univ. Sci. Bul. 42: 283-663, 125 figs.

(Pt. III (final) of a gen. rev. treating the subgenera Callimelis

sodes and Eumelissodes.) ablusa Cockerell, changed status. Calif. (Millbrae, Bolinas). (Callimelis

sodes) Melissodes metenua ablusa Cockerell. Raised to sp. rank (teste LaBerge,

1961, loc. cit. supra, p. 320). agilis Cresson. South. Canada, U. S., except Fla.; Mexico (Chihuahua, Coa

huila, Durango). Has been recorded from a number of flowers, but apparently stores pollen of Helianthus almost entirely. Re

move subagilis, a valid sp., from syn. (Eumelissodes) *ambigua Smith. Syn. of rustica (Say). americana (Lepeletier). Transfer to Nomina Dubia in Melissodes, p. 1229

(teste LaBerge, 1961, loc. cit. supra, p. 654). *appressa LaBerge. Calif. Oligolectic on Compositae, preferably Gutierrezia,

Heterotheca, and Isocoma. (Eumelissodes)

Melissodes (Eumelissodes) appressa LaBerge, 1961. Kans. Univ. Sci.

Bul. 42: 616. $, ô. *assimilis Smith. Syn. of rustica (Say). asteris Robertson. Syn. of rustica (Say). atraticornis Cockerell. Syn. of confusa Cresson. *atrifera Cockerell. Syn. of montana Cresson. atrifera sandiarum Cockerell. Syn. of montana Cresson. autumnalis Robertson. Syn, of dentiventris Smith. *bicolorata LaBerge. Northern Calif., Nev., Utah. On flowers of Chrysoth

amnus, Melilotus, and Pentstemon. (Eumelissodes) Melissodes (Eumelissodes) bicolorata LaBerge, 1961. Kans. Univ. Sci.

Bul. 42: 441. $, g. bidentis Cockerell. N. Dak. and Minn. south to Tex., N. Y. Oligolectic on

Compositae, principally Heliantheae. (Eumelissodes) *bimatris La Berge. B. C. to Calif., east to Colo. and N. Mex. Probably

oligolectic on Compositae, principally Chrysothamnus. (Eumelis

sodes) Melissodes (Eumelissodes) bimatris LaBerge, 1961. Kans. Univ. Sci. Bul.

42: 431. f, . blakei Cockerell. Syn. of menuacha Cresson. boltoniae Robertson. Pa. to Minn. south to Fla, and Tex. Oligolectic on

Compositae. (Eumelissodes) Melissodes melandri Cockerell (syn. by LaBerge, 1961, loc. cit. supra, p.

482). *brevipyga La Berge. Ariz., Calif., Idaho. Oligolectic on Compositae, prefer

ably Aster and Isocoma. (Eumeliss es) Melissodes (Eumelissodes) brevipyga La Berge, 1961. Kans. Univ. Sci.

Bul. 42: 606, figs. 111-112. 4, ô. cerussata LaBerge. Calif. (San Bernardino Co.). On flowers of Geraea.

(Eumelissodes) Melissodes (Eumelissodes) cerussata LaBerge, 1961. Kans. Univ. Sci.

Bul. 42: 436. f. chrysothamni Cockerell. Syn. of semilupina Cockerell. *civica Cockerell. Syn. of confusa Cresson. *clarkiae LaBerge. Oreg., Calif. Taken on flowers of Clarkia. (Callimelis.

sodes) Melissodes (Callimelissodes) clarkiae LaBerge, 1961. Kans. Univ. Sci.

Bul. 42: 315, figs. 50-53. f, g. *colliciata Cockerell. Ariz., Mexico. (Melissodes)

Melissodes colliciata Cockerell, 1910. Ann. Mag. Nat. Hist. (8) 5: 257. g. Melissodes (Melissodes) elusa LaBerge (recorded in Sup. 1, p. 251] (syn.

by LaBerge, 1961, loc. cit. supra, p. 655). coloradensis Cresson. N. C., Ohio, Ind., Ill., Wis., Mo., Nebr., Kans., Wyo.,

Colo., N. Mex., Ariz., Utah, north. Calif. Oligolectic on Composi

tae, principally Helianthus." (Callimelissodes) composita Tucker. Mont. south to Ariz., N. Mex. On flowers of Aster, Grin

delia, Haplopappus and Thurberia. Nests in ground individually,

but many individuals use a communal entrance. (Callimelissodes) Biology: Hurd and Linsley, 1959. Ent. News 70: 141-146. confusa Cresson. Alta., Man. and Sask. south through Calif., Ariz, and N.

Mex. to southern Mexico (Veracruz and Oaxaca). Probably oligo

lectic on a wide range of Compositae. (Eumelissodes) Melissodes tenuitarsis Cockerell (syn. by LaBerge, 1961, loc. cit. supra, p. *Melissodes civica Cockerell, 1910. Ann. Mag. Nat. Hist. (8) 5: 258. 9.

(Syn. by LaBerge, 1961, loc. cit. supra, p. 462.) Melissodes atraticornis Cockerell (syn. by LaBerge, 1961, loc. cit. supra, p.

462). confusiformis confusiformis Cockerell. Syn. of coreopsis Robertson. confusiformis incondita Cockerell. Syn. of vernoniae Robertson. coreopsis Robertson. Alta. east to Minn., south to Ill., Tex, and Ariz. Oligo

lectic on Compositae, principally on Helianthus and related gen

era. (Eumelissodes) Melissodes semiagilis Cockerell (syn. by LaBerge, 1961, loc. cit. supra, p.

448). Melissodes confusiformis confusiformis Cockerell (syn. by LaBerge, 1961,

loc. cit. supra, p. 448). Melissodes helianthophila Cockerell (syn. by LaBerge, 1961, loc. cit.

supra, p. 448). denticulata Smith. Que. west to N. Dak., south to Fla, and Tex. Oligolectic

on Vernonia. (Eumelissodes). Melissodes rustica Say of Catalog, in part. M. denticulata is a valid sp.

not a syn. (teste LaBerge, 1961, loc. cit. supra, p. 511). Melissodes senilis Smith (syn. by LaBerge, 1961, loc. cit. supra, p. 511). Melissodes perplexa Cresson (syn. by LaBerge, 1961, loc. cit. supra, p

511). dentiventris Smith. Southeastern Canada, Mass. west to Kans., south to Ga.

and Tex. Oligolectic on Compositae, principally Aster. (Eumelis

sodes) Melissodes autumnalis Robertson (syn. by LaBerge, 1961, loc. cit. supra,

p. 403). Melissodes megacerata Cockerell (syn. by LaBerge, 1961, op. cit. supra,

p. 403). *elegans LaBerge. Tex., Kans. Probably oligolectic on Compositae. (Eume

lissodes) Melissodes (Eumelissodes) elegans LaBerge, 1961. Kans. Univ. Sci. Bul.

42: 490. , . elusa LaBerge. Syn. of * colliciata Cockerell. *exilis LaBerge. Ariz. (Tucson). On flowers of Aster and Viguiera. (Eume

lissodes) Melissodes (Eumelissodes) exilis LaBerge, 1961. Kans. Univ. Sci. Bul.

42: 648. 4, 6. *expolita LaBerge. Ariz., south. Calif.; Mexico (Sonora). On flowers of

Baileya, Chrysothamnus, and Éncelia. (Eumelissodes) Melissodes (Eumelissodes) expolita LaBerge, 1961. Kans. Univ. Sci.

Bull. 42: 505. 8, 8. *fasciatella LaBerge. Ariz. On flowers of Aplopappus, Erigeron, Gutierrezia

and Viguiera. (Eumelissodes) Melissodes (Eumelissodes) fasciatella LaBerge, 1961. Kans. Univ. Sci.

Bul. 42: 445. f. festinata Provancher. Syn. of rustica (Say). fremontii Cockerell . Syn. of hymenoxidis Cockerell. *fumosa LaBerge. Md. to Nebr, south to S. C., Ala., Miss. Oligolectic on

Compositae, preferably Solidago. (Eumelissodes)
Melissodes (Eumelissodes) fumosa LaBerge, 1961. Kans. Univ. Sci. Bul.

42: 486, figs. 90-91. 4, 9. *gelida LaBerge. Mont. and N. Dak. south to N. Mex. and Tex. Oligolectic

on Compositae, preferably on Helianthus. (Eumelissodes) Melissodes (Eumelissodes) gelida LaBerge, 1961. Kans. Univ. Sci. Bul. glenwoodensis Cockerell. N. Dak. south to N. Mex., west to Wash. and south

42: 575. 4, 6.

ern Calif. Apparently oligolectic on Compositae, principally on

Chrysothamnus. (Callimelissodes) grindeliae Cockerell. Minn. to Wash., south to southern Calif., Ariz., N.

Mex. Oligolectic on various Compositae. (Eumelissodes) helianthophila Cockerell. Syn. of coreopsis Robertson. herricki Cockerell. Transf. to Syntrichalonia LaBerge, p. 1230 as a syn. of

exquisita (Cresson). hewetti Cockerell. Syn. of submenuacha Cockerell. *hirsuta Smith. Syn. of montana Cresson. humilior Cockerell. Ariz., N. Mex., west Tex.; Mexico (Chihuahua). Oligo

lectic on Compositae. (Eumelissodes) Melissodes intermediella Cockerell (syn. by LaBerge, 1961, loc. cit. supra,

p. 592). *hurdi LaBerge. Calif. (Antioch, Oakley, Rio Vista, Turlock). On flowers of

Artemisia, Centromadia, Eriogonum, Grindelia, Gutierrezia, Less

ingia, and Solidago. (Eumelissodes) Melissodes (Eumelissodes) hurdi LaBerge, 1961. Kans. Univ. Sci. Bul.

42: 526. 4, 6. hymenoxidis Cockerell. Colo., Wyo., Utah, Mont., Calif. On flowers of Chry

sopsis, Grindelia, and Hymenoxys. (Eumelissodes) Melissodes fremontii Cockerell (syn. by LaBerge, 1961, loc. cit. supra, p.

561). Melissodes kelloggi Cockerell (syn. by LaBerge, 1961, loc. cit. supra, p.

561). illata Lovell and Cockerell. P. E. I. to Alta., south to N. C. in the mts, and

Ill. Oligolecticon Compositae, especially Aster and Solidago.

(Eumelissodes) intermedia Cresson. Transfer to Nomina Dubia in Melissodes, p. 1229 (teste

LaBerge, 1961, loc. cit. supra, p. 654). intermediella Cockerell. Syn. of humilior Cockerell. kelloggi Cockerell. Syn. of hymenoxidis Cockerell. lavata Cockerell. Syn. of menuacha Cresson. *limbus LaBerge. Ariz. and N. Mex. to central Mexico (Jalisco and Hi

dalgo). Oligolectic on_Compositae, preferably Aplopappus, Bai

leya, and Verbesina. (Eumelissodes) Melissodes (Eumelissodes) limbus LaBerge, 1961. Kans. Univ. Sci. Bul.

42: 585. 4, 6. lupina Cresson. Mont. to Wash., south to Colo., Utah, Nev., Calif.; Mexico

(Baja Calif.). Apparently oligolectic on Compositae. (Callimelis

sodes) *Melissodes catalinensis vanduzeei Cockerell, 1923. Calif. Acad. Sci.

Proc. (4) 12: 86. f. (Syn. by LaBerge, 1961, loc. cit. supra, p.

299.) *lustra LaBerge. Idaho, Oreg., Nev., Calif.; Mexico (Baja Calif.). Oligolec

tic on Compositae, principally Chrysothamnus, Gutierrezia and

Isocoma. (Callimelissodes)
Melissodes (Callimelissodes) lustra LaBerge, 1961. Kans. Univ. Sci. Bul.

42: 334, fig. 59. f, g. *lutulenta LaBerge. B. C. to Sask., south to Calif., Ariz. and Mexico (Guan

ajuato). Oligolectic on Compositae, principally Chrysothamnus,

Grindelia and Solidago. (Eumelissodes)
Melissodes (Eumelissodes) lutulenta LaBerge, 1961. Kans. Univ. Sci.

Bul. 42: 599. 4, G. manipularis Smith. Fla. to N. C., Va (?). On flowers of Chrysopsis and

Petalostemum. (Eumelissodes)

megacerata Cockerell. Syn. of dentiventris Smith. melandri Cockerell. Syn. of boltoniae Robertson. melanura (Cockerell). Calif., Nev. On flowers of Aster, Corethrogyne, Eri

geron, Eriogonum, Gutierrezia, Lessingia and Solidago. (Eumelis

sodes) menuacha Cresson, changed status. B. C., Alta, and N. Dak., south to Calif.,

Tex., and Ill.; Mexico (Chihuahua, Zacatecas). Probably oligolectic on Compositae, principally Grindelia and Solidago. Ch. from subsp. to sp. by LaBerge, 1961, loc. cit. supra, p. 419. Remove

submenuachus, a valid sp., from synonymy. (Eumelissodes) Melissodes pallida Robertson (syn. by LaBerge, 1961, loc. cit. supra, p.

419). Melissodes' mizeae Cockerell (syn. by LaBerge, 1961, loc. cit. supra, p.

419). Melissodes blakei Cockerell (syn. by LaBerge, 1961, loc. cit. supra, p.

419). Melissodes lavata Cockerell (syn. by LaBerge, 1961, loc. cit. supra, p.

419). Melissodes octobris Cockerell (syn, by LaBerge, 1961, loc. cit. supra, p.

419). menuachus semilu pina Cockerell. Raised to sp. rank. menuachus vernonensis Viereck. Syn. of pallidisignata Cockerell. metenua Cockerell, changed status. Wash. to northern Calif., Idaho, Wyo.,

Utah. On flowers of Cosmos, Eriogonum, and Melilotus. (Callime

lissodes) Melissodes metenua metenua Cockerell. Raised to sp. rank (teste La

Berge, 1961, loc. cit. supra, p. 312, figs. 46-49). metenua ablusa Cockerell. Raised to sp. rank. *micheneri LaBerge. Southern and central Calif. Oligolectic on Compositae,

preferably Chrysothamnus and Chrysopsis. (Eumelissodes) Melissodes (Eumelissodes) micheneri LaBerge, 1961. Kans. Univ. Sci.

Bul. 42: 642. 9, . microsticta Cockerell. B. C. to Sask. south to southern Calif., Nev., Utah.,

Colo., and Tex. Oligolectic on Compositae. (Eumelissodes) *minuscula LaBerge. Calif. Taken on flowers of Cressa and Heliotropum.

(Callimelissodes) Melissodes (Callimelissodes) minuscula LaBerge, 1961. Kans. Univ. Sci.

Bul. 42: 323. 4, . mizeae Cockerell. Syn. of menuacha Cresson. *monoensis LaBerge. Calif. (Mono Co.). On flowers of Chrysothamnus.

(Eumelissodes) Melissodes (Eumelissodes) monoensis LaBerge, 1961. Kans. Univ. Sci.

Bul. 42: 623. 4, . montana Cresson. Colo. and Utah, south through Tex., N. Mex., and Ariz. to

south. Mexico (Oaxaca). Oligolectic on Compositae. (Eumelis

sodes) *Melissodes hirsuta Smith, 1879. Descr. n. spp. Hym. Brit. Mus., p. 116.

Ô. (Syn. by LaBerge, 1961, loc. cit. supra, p. 469.) * Eucera oa jacana Dalla Torre, 1896. Cat. Hym. v. 10, p. 242. N. name

for hirsuta Smith, a secondary homonym in Eucera. *Melissodes atrifera Cockerell, 1910. Ann. and Mag. Nat. Hist (8) 5:

256. g. (Syn. by La Berge, 1961, loc. cit. supra, p. 469). Melissodes atrifera sandiarum Cockerell (syn. by LaBerge, 1961, loc. cit.

supra, p. 469). moorei Cockerell. Calif. Probably oligolectic on Compositae, principally

Grindelia and Hemizonia. (Eumelissodes) *nigracauda LaBerge. Calif. On flowers of Erigeron, Senecio, and Stephan

omeria. (Callimelissodes)

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