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Colonization and establishment: Van den Bosch, et. al., 1959. Jour Econ.

Ent. 52: 136-141.–Barnes, 1960. Jour. Econ. Ent. 53: 1094-1096. Biology: Van den Bosch, et al., 1959. Jour. Econ. Ent. 52: 142-154.

Schlinger and Hall, 1959. Jour. Econ. Ent. 52: 154-157.

Schlinger and Hall, 1960. Ent. Soc. Amer. Ann. 53: 144-159. Taxonomy: Mackauer, 1959. Beitr. z. Ent. 9: 829-833, 870. pequodorum Viereck. Remove from syn. under simulans (Provancher). Re

places simulans of Catalog and authors, not Provancher (teste M. J. P. Mackauer, in litt.). U. S. and south. Canada. Hosts: Acerthosiphon pisum (Harris); Macrosiphum euphorbiae

(Thomas). simulans (Provancher). Ont.; Md. Host: Dactynotus rudbeckiae (Fitch).

Not simulans (Provancher) of authors and Catalog, which is really pequodorum Viereck (teste Mackauer, in litt.). Remove

pequodorum Viereck from syn. and treat as valid sp. unicum C. F. Smith. Change from unicus. Calif. Hosts: Aphis rumicis L.,

Macrosiphum ambrosiae (Thomas), M. rosae (L.), Myzus per

sicae (Sulz.), Phorodon menthae_ (Buckt.). Biology: Schlinger and Hall, 1960. Ent. Soc. Amer. Ann. 53: 411.

Schlinger, 1960. Jour. Econ. Ent. 53: 151-154. virginiense Ashmead. Change from virginiensis.

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Genus MONOCTONUS Haliday, p. 92 *crepidis (Haliday). Que., N. B.

Aphidius crepidis Haliday, 1834. Ent. Mag. 2: 94. 9, *Monoclonus paludum Marshall, 1896. In André, Spec. Hym. Eur. Alg.

5: 548. 9. Taxonomy: Stary, 1959. Acta Soc. Ent. Čechosl. 56: 246-247. Biology: Griffiths, 1960. Bul. Ent. Res. 51: 303-319.-Griffiths, 1961.

Bul. Ent. Res. 52: 147-161.

*Genus EUAPHIDIUS Mackaver Aphidius subg. Euaphidius Mackauer, 1961. Beitr. z. Ent. 11: 110.

Type: Aphidius pterocommae Ashmead. Orig. desig. Euaphidius Mackauer, changed status. Mackauer, 1961, Beitr. z. Ent.

11: 801. Insert in Aphidiinae following Monoctonus Haliday, p. 92. pterocommae (Ashmead). N. B., Mich., Iowa, Utah. Hosts: Pterocomma

bicolor (Oestl.), Clavigerus populifoliae (Fitch). Transf. from

Aphidius Nees, p. 94, teste Mackauer, 1961. Beitr. z. Ent. 11: 110. Aphidius gregarius Marshall, 1896. In. André, Spec. Hym. Eur. Alg.

5: 569. Syn. by Mackauer, 1961, loc. cit. supra, p. 110. Aphidius pterocommae Marshall, 1896. In André, Spec. Hym. Eur. Alg.

5: 578. Syn. by Mackauer, 1961, loc. cit. supra, p. 110.

Genus XENOSTIGMUS C. F. Smith

(=Aphidius subgenus Xenostigmus C. F. Smith, p. 92) Raised to generic rank (teste Stary, 1960. Acta Soc. Ent. Čechosl. 57: 238, 247, 251).

Taxonomy: Mackauer, 1961. Beitr. z. Ent. 11: 801. bifasciatus (Ashmead). Calif.

Taxonomy: Stary, 1960, loc. cit. supra, p. 251.

APHIDIUS subgenus PROTAPHIDIUS Ashmead, pp. 92–93 Protaphidius Ashmead (= Coelonotus Foerster, preocc.) is not known to occur in North America, teste Stary, 1958. Acta Faun. Ént. Mus. Natl. Pragae 3: 90. All species in Catalog are transf. to Pauesia Quilis.

*Genus PAUESIA Quilis

1

Pauesia Quilis, 1931. Eos 7: 67.

Type: Pauesia albuferensis Quilis. Orig. desig.
Place in Aphidiinae after Xenostigmus C. F. Smith, p. 92.
Aphidius subg. Protaphidius of Catalog and authors. (Syn. by Stary,

through Paraphidius Stary, 1961. Acta Ent. Mus. Natl. Pragae
34: 22). All species listed in Catalog under Aphidius subg.
Protaphidius, pp. 92-93, are to be transf. to Pauesia and all are
to be cited as n. combs., except californicus (Ashmead) which was
transf. to Pauesia by Stary, 1961; all adjectival names are to
have feminine endings and all author names are to be in paren-

theses.
Aphidius subg. Paraphidius Stary, 1958. Acta Faun. Ent. Mus. Natl.

Pragae 3: 91.

Type: Aphidius californicus Ashmead. Monob. and orig. desig. Paraphidius Stary, 1960. Acta Faun. Ent. Mus. Natl. Pragae 6: 5.

(Changed status). Taxonomy: Stary, 1960. Acta Faun. Ent. Mus. Natl. Pragae 6: 5-44 (re

vision of European species). californica (Ashmead). Va.; Ont. *ponderosae (Muesebeck). B. C.; Calif. Host: Cinara sp. Aphidius (Protaphidius) ponderosa

osae Muesebeck, 1958. Ent. News 69: 141. 4, s.

Genus APHIDIUS Nees, pp. 92-96 *Incubus Schrank, 1802. Fauna Boica, v. 2, p. 173.

Type: Ichneumon aphidum Linnaeus. By monotypy. Incubus Schrank suppressed, and Aphidius Nees placed on Official List of Generic Names with Aphidius avenae Haliday as type, Opinion 284, Internatl. Comm. Zool. Nomencl., October, 1954.

The groups treated in the Catalog as subgenera of Aphidius are now considered valid genera, teste Stary, 1960. Acta Faun. Ent. Mus. Natl. Pragae 6: 6.-Stary, 1960. Acta Soc. Ent. Čechosl. 57: 238.

Embryology: Ivanova-Kasas, 1956. Ent. Obozr. 35: 245-261. *alius Muesebeck. Calif. Host: Macrosiphum rosae (L.).

Aphidius (Aphidius) alius Muesebeck, 1958. Ent. News 69: 142.
Biology: Schlinger and Hall, 1960. Ent. Soc. Amer. Ann. 53: 405.-

Schlinger, 1960. Jour. Econ. Ent. 53: 151-154. coloratus Baker.

Taxonomy: Mackauer, 1963. Canad. Ent. 95: 928-930. confusus Ashmead. Hosts: Macrosiphum rudbeckiae (Fitch), M. rosae (L.). Biology: Schlinger and Hall, 1960. Ent. Soc. Amer. Ann. 53: 405.

Schlinger, 1960. Jour. Econ. Ent. 53: 151-154. delicatus Baker.

Taxonomy: Mackauer, 1963. Canad. Ent. 95: 928. ferruginosus Baker, changed status.

Taxonomy: Mackauer, 1963. Canad. Ent. 95: 930-931.
* matricariae Haliday. Holarctic. Hosts: Aphis fabae Scop., A. gossypii

Glov., A. helianthi Monell, A. nasturtii Kalt., A. rumicis L., A.
umbrella (Börner), Anuraphis crataegifoliae (Fitch), Aula-
corthum solani (Kalt.), Brachycaudus amygdalinus (Schout.), B.
cardui (L.), B. helichrysi (Kalt.), B. lychnidis (L.), Calaphis sp.,
Capitophorus sp., Dactynotus rudbeckiae (Fitch), Galiobium
langei Börner, Liosomaphis berberidis (Kalt.), Macrosiphoniella
abrotani (Wlkr.), Macrosiphum rosae (L.), Metopolophium dir-
hodum (Wikr.), Myzus ajugae Schout., M. certus (Wikr.), M.
ornatus Laing, Nasonovia ribis-nigri (Mosl.), Neomyzus circum-
flexus (Buckt.), Ovatus sp. Phorodon humuli (Schrank),

Rhopalosiphum padi (L.), Sappaphis mali (Ferr.), S. plantaginea

(Pass.), Schizaphis graminum (Rond.).
* Aphidius cirsii Haliday, 1834. Ent. Mag. 2: 101. 4. Preocc. (Syn. by

Schlinger and Mackauer, 1963. Ent. Soc. Amer. Ann. 56: 648.)
Aphidius matricariae Haliday, 1834. Ent. Mag. 2: 103. 4, 8.
Aphidius arundinis Haliday, 1834. Ent. Mag. 2: 104. f. (Syn. by

Schlinger and Mackauer, 1963, loc. cit. supra, p. 648.)
Aphidius phorodontis Ashmead, 1889 (1888). U. s. Natl. Mus. Proc. 11:

658, 662. 9, 8. (Syn. by Schlinger and Mackauer, 1963, loc. cit.

supra, p. 648.) * Aphidius polygoni Marshall, 1896. In André, Spec. Hym. Eur. Alg., v.

5, p. 602. $. (Syn. by Schlinger and Mackauer, 1963, loc. cit.

supra, p. 648.) * Aphidius lychnidis Marshall, 1896. In André, Spec. Hym. Eur. Alg., v.

5, p. 607. Ē. (Syn. by Schlinger and Mackauer, 1963, loc. cit.

supra, p. 648.) *Aphidius valentinus Quilis, 1931. Eos 7: 46.9. (Syn. by Schlinger

and Mackauer, 1963, loc. cit. supra, p. 648.) * Aphidius affinis Quilis, 1931. Eos. 7: 48. $, . (Syn. by Schlinger

and Mackauer, 1963, loc. cit. supra, p. 648.) * Aphidius renominatus Hincks, 1943. Ent. Monthly Mag. 79: 44. N.

name for A. cirsii Haliday, preocc. (Syn. by Schlinger and

Mackauer, 1963, loc. cit. supra, p. 648.)
Aphidius nigriteleus C. F. Smith, 1944. Aphidiinae of No. Amer., pp. 51,

61. 9, 8. (Syn, by Schlinger and Mackauer, 1963, loc. cit. supra,

pp. 648-649.) Taxonomy, biology, distribution, hosts: Schlinger and Mackauer, 1963.

Ent. Soc. Amer. Ann. 56: 648-653. nigripes Ashmead. N. B., N. C., Kans., Minn., Calif. Hosts: Macrosiphum

avenae (F.), Aphis nasturtii Kalt., Dactynotus ambrosiae

(Thomas). Biology: Schlinger, 1960. Jour. Econ. Ent. 53: 151-154. nigriteleus C. F. Smith. Syn. of matricariae Haliday. ohioensis C. F. Smith. N. B. Host: Dactynotus rudbeckiae (Fitch). pisivorus C. F. Smith. Syn. of pulcher Baker. phorodontis Ashmead. Syn. of matricariae Haliday. polygonaphis (Fitch). N. B. pulcher Baker. North Amer. Aphidius pisidorus C. F. Smith. (Syn. by Mackauer, 1963, Canad. Ent.

95: 931-932.) Taxonomy: Mackauer, 1963, loc. cit. supra, pp. 931-932. ribis Haliday. B. C.

Biology: Schlinger and Hall, 1960. Ent. Soc. Amer. Ann. 53: 407. rosae Haliday. Delete from Catalog. I have seen no authentically identified

specimens of this species from No. America. The records given

under rosae in the Catalog apparently apply to nigripes Ashmead. *salicis Haliday. Europe; N. B., Ont., Calif. Host: Cavariella aegopodii

(Scop.) Aphidius salicis Haliday, 1834. Ent. Mag. 2: 102. f, g. *smithi Sharma and Subba Rao. India; Calif., Wash., Idaho, Colo., Kans.,

Wis., Hawaii. Host: Acyrthosiphon pisum (Harris).
Aphidius (Aphidius) smithi Sharma and Subba Rao, 1959 (1958). Indian

Jour. Ent. 20: 183. 4, .
Biology: Hagen and Schlinger, 1960. Calif. Agr. 14: 5.-Wiackowski,
1962. Polskie Pismo Ent. 32: 253-310.

Genus LYSAPHIDUS C. F. Smith

(=Aphidius subgenus Lysaphidus C. F. Smith, p. 95) Raised to generic rank (teste Stary, 1960. Acta Soc. Ent. Čechosl. 57:

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238, 248, 250). Author names of the contained species are placed in parentheses.

Taxonomy: Narayanan, et al., 1962. Beitr, z. Ent. 12: 676-677. adelocarinus (C. F. Smith). N. B., Calif. Hosts: Aphis helianthi Monell,

Capitophorus shepherdiaé G. and B. rosaphidis (C. F. Smith). N. B.

Genus LYSIPHLEBUS Foerster (=Aphidius subgenus Lysiphlebus Foerster, pp. 95-96) Raised to generic rank (teste Mackauer, 1960. Portici Lab. Ent. Agr. Bol. 18: 230-236.–Stary, 1960. Acta Soc. Ent. Čechosl. 57: 238, 248, 250). Place in parentheses author names of knowltoni and utahensis and remove parentheses from author of flavidus. Taxonomy: Mackauer, 1960, loc. cit. supra, pp. 230-236.-Mackauer,

1960. Beitr. z. Ent. 10: 582-623.-Stary, 1961. Polskie Pismo Ent.

31: 97-103. chrysoaphidis C. F. Smith. Syn, of testaceipes (Cresson). *distinctus Mackauer. Nev. Host: Microsiphum acophorum S. & K. Lysiphlebus (Lysiphlebus) distinctus Mackauer, 1960. Portici Lab. Ent.

Agr. Bol. 18: 236. f, g. fuscicornis (Ashmead). Transf. from Diaeretus Foerster, p. 97, teste

Mackauer, 1960. Portici Lab. Ent. Agr. Bol. 18: 240. salicaphis (Fitch). Transf. from Diaeretus Foerster, p. 97, teste Mackauer,

1960. Portici Lab. Ent. Agr. Bol. 18: 243.
testaceipes (Cresson). South. Canada, all Continental U. S.; Mexico, West

Indies, Central and S. America, Hawaii. Hosts: Aphis fabae
Scop., A. pseudohederae Theob., A. spiraecola Patch, Rhopalo-

siphum maidis (Fitch).
Aphidius (Lysiphlebus) chrysoaphidis C. F. Smith, 1944. Aphidiinae

of No. Amer., pp. 77, 78. 9, 8. Syn. by Mackauer, 1960. Portici

Lab. Ent. Agr. Bol. 18: 245.
Biology: Schlinger and Hall, 1960. Ent. Soc. Amer. Ann. 53: 407-409.

TRIOXYS subgenus TRIOXYS Haliday, pp. 96-97
utilis Muesebeck. Ariz., Calif., Nev., N. Mex., Utah; Mexico, Iraq, Iran,

Israel, Turkey. Hosts: Therioaphis maculata (Buckt.), T. riehmi

(Börner).
Propagation: Finney, Putler, and Dawson, 1960. Jour. Econ. Ent. 53:

658.
Distribution and importance: Van den Bosch, 1957. Jour. Econ. Ent.

50: 353-356.
Colonization and establishment: Van den Bosch, et al., 1959. Jour. Econ.

Ent. 52: 136-141.–Barnes, 1960. Jour. Econ. Ent. 53: 1094-1096.
Biology: Van den Bosch, et al., 1957. Jour. Econ. Ent. 52: 142-154.-

Schlinger and Hall, 1959. Jour. Econ. Ent. 52: 154-157.
Schlinger and Hall, 1961. Ent. Soc. Amer. Ann. 54: 34-45.—Hall,
Schlinger and Van den Bosch, 1962. Ent. Soc. Amer. Ann. 55:

566-568.
Taxonomy: Mackauer, 1959. Beitr, z. Ent. 9: 168, 872.-Hall, Schlinger

and Van den Bosch, 1962. Ent. Soc. Amer. Ann. 55: 566-588.

TRIOXYS subgenus ACANTHOCAUDUS C. F. Smith, p. 97
*schlingeri Muesebeck. B. C. (near Lytton). Host: Macrosiphum ambrosiae

(Thomas).
Trioxys (Acanthocaudus) schlingeri Muesebeck, 1958. Ent. News 69:
144. 9, đ.

Genus DIAERETUS Foerster, p. 97
Delete from Catalog. No North American species known. Transf. rapae
(M'Intosh) to Diaeretiella Stary, with chenopodiaphidis (Ashmead) as syn.

under rapae; transf. fuscicornis (Ashmead) and salicaphis (Fitch) to Lysiphlebus Foerster.

*Genus DIAERETIELLA Stary
Diaeretus of authors, not Foerster.
Diaeretiella Stary, 1960. Acta Soc. Ent. Čechosl. 57: 242, 248.

Type: Aphidius rapae M’Intosh. Orig. desig.
Insert in Aphidiinae after Lysiphlebus Foerster, p. 96.
Taxonomy: Stary, 1961. Acta Ent. Mus. Natl. Pragae 34: 383-397.-

Mackauer, 1961. Beitr. z. Ent. 11: 801. rapae (M’Intosh). Distribution virtually world-wide. Hosts: Cuernavaca

noxius (Mordv.), Aphis acanthi Schrank, A. rumicis L., A. nasturtii Kalt., Calaphis betulaecolens (Fitch), Euceraphis betulae (Koch), Hayhurstia atriplicis (L.), Hyadaphis foeniculi (Pass.), Macrosiphum euphorbiae (Thos.), Rhopalosiphum maidis

Fitch), Myzaphis beibienkoi Narzyk., Schizaphis scirpi (Kittle). Lipolexis chenopodiaphidis Ashmead. (Šyn. by Stary, 1961. Acta Ent.

Mus. Natl. Pragae 34: 385.) * Diaeretus nipponensis Viereck, 1911. U. S. Natl. Mus. Proc. 40: 182.

8, 9. (Syn. by Stary, 1961, loc. cit. supra, p. 385). *Diaeretus napus Quilis, 1931. Eos 7: 71. $. (Syn. by Stary, 1961, loc.

cit. supra, p. 385.) * Aphidius affinis Quilis, 1931. Eos 7: 48. 9, 8. (Syn. by Stary, 1961,

loc. cit. supra, p. 385.). * Diaeretus plesiorapae Blanchard, 1940. Rev. Chil. Hist. Nat. 44: 45.

$, . (Syn. by Stary, 1961, loc. cit. supra, p. 385.) *Diaeretus aphidum Mukerji and Chaterjee, 1950. Roy. Ent. Soc., London

Proc. (B) 19: 4. 9, . (Syn. by Stary, 1961, loc. cit. supra, p. 385.)

*Genus BOREOGALBA Mackauer Boreogalba Mackauer, 1962. Canad. Ent. 94: 1107.

Type: Boreogalba gladifer Mackauer. By monotypy and

orig. desig. Insert in Aphidiinae after Diaeretus Foerster, p. 97. * gladifer Mackauer. Que. (Great Whale River).

Boreogalba gladifer Mackauer, 1962. Canad. Ent. 94: 1108. .

Subfamily EUPHORINAE

Tribe METEORINI

Genus METEORUS Haliday, pp. 98-101 acronyctae Muesebeck. Host: Halisodota ingens Hy. Edw. angustipennis Muesebeck. W. Va. argyrotaeniae Johansen. Wis. autographae Muesebeck. Host: Autoplusia egena (Gn.). bakeri Cook and Davis. Wis. Host: Dasychira plagiata (Wlkr.). campestris Viereck. Maine. *clinophthalmicus Shenefelt. Wis. (Nekoosa). Meteorus clinophthalmicus Shenefelt, 1961. Ent. Soc. Wash. Proc. 63:

276. f, . dimidiatus (Cresson). Hosts: Epizeuxis sp., Platynota stultana Wlsm. fumipennis Muesebeck. Ariz. hypophlaei Cushman. Idaho. indagator (Riley). Host: Dioryctria auranticella (Grote).

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