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Family PTEROMALIDAE

Subfamily SPHEGIGASTERINAE

Genus SPALANGIA Latreille, p. 535 Revision: Bouček, 1963. Mus. Nat. Pragae Acta Ent. 35: 429-512. drosophilae Ashmead. N., Cent., and S. America, West Indies. Hosts: Mero

myza americana Fh., Oscinella frit (L.), 0. minor (Ad.), O. carbonaria (Loew), 0. soror Macq., Hexacola sp., Loxotropa sp.,

Pseudogaurax anchora (Loew). Biology: Simmonds, 1952. Bul. Ent. Res. 43: 533.—Simmonds, 1953.

Bul. Ent. Res. 44: 773.—Simmonds, 1954. Bul. Ent. Res. 45: 527.

-Simmonds, 1956. Bul. Ent. Res. 47: 361-376. *endius Walker. Cosmopolitan. Hosts: Chrysomyia spp., Fannia leucosticta

(Meig.), F. scalaris (F.), Haematobia exigua Meig., H. irritans (L.), Musca domestica L., Stomoxys calcitrans (L.), Sarcophaga spp., Ophyra anthrax Meig., Ceratitis capitata (Wied.). Dacus

dorsalis Hend., D. ferrugineus (F.). Spalangia endius Walker, 1839. Monog. Chalc., v. 2, p. 96. g. Spalangia muscidarum var. stomoxysiae Girault, 1916 (syn. by Bouček,

1963, loc. cit. supra, p. 458). *Spalangia philippinensis Fullaway, 1917. Hawaii Ent. Soc. Proc. 3:

292. 9, 8. (Syn. by Bouček, 1963, loc. cit. supra, p. 458.) Spalangia muscidarum var. texensis Girault, 1920 (syn. by Bouček, 1963,

loc. cit. supra, p. 458). *erythromera brachyceps Bouček. ? Conn., ? Ont., ? Sask.; Europe. [N.

Amer. specimens ref. to this subsp. with hesitation.] Spalangia erythromera brachyceps Bouček, 1963. Mus. Nat. Pragae Acta

Ent. 35: 471-472. 4, 8. haematobiae Ashmead. Ont. and Alta. south to Va. and Tex. Taxonomy: Bouček, 1963, loc. cit. supra, pp. 475-476 (S. impuncta Ho

ward a possible syn.). muscae Howard. Syn. of nigra Latreille. muscarum Girault. Syn. of nigripes Curtis. muscidarum Richardson. Syn. of nigroaenea Curtis. *nigra Latreille. N. Amer.; Europe, West Indies, Hawaii. Hosts: Musca

domestica L., Haematobia irritans (L.), Stomoxys calcitrans (L.), Phorbia antiqua (Meig.), Dacus cucurbitae Coq., Rhagoletis com

pleta Cress. Spalangia nigra Latreille, 1805. Hist. Nat. Crust. Ins., v. 13, p. 288. *Spalangia hirta Haliday, 1833. Ent. Mag. 1: 334. $. (Syn. by Bouček,

1963, loc. cit. supra, p. 443.) Spalangia rugosicollis Ashmead, 1894 (Syn. by Bouček, 1963, loc. cit.

supra, p. 443). Spalangia muscae Howard, 1911 (syn. by Bouček, 1963, loc. cit. supra, p.

443). *nigripes Curtis. Holarctic: N. America, Europe, Asia. Hosts: Lucilia sp.,

Fannia leucosticta (Meig.), F. scalaris (F.), Musca domestica

domestica L., M. d. vicina Macq.. undet, muscids. Spalangia nigripes Curtis, 1839. Brit. Ent., v. 16 [3], fol. 740 (p. 2]. $. *Spalangia hyaloptera Foerster, 1850. Naturhist. Ver. der Preuss,

Rheinl. Verhandl. 7: 509.9, . (Syn by Bouček, 1963, loc. cit.

supra, p. 461.) *Spalangia formicaria Kieffer, 1905. Berlin Ent. Ztschr., 50: 1. $.

(Syn. by Bouček, 1963, loc. cit. supra, p. 461.) Spalangia muscarum Girault, 1920 (syn. by Bouček, 1963, loc. cit. supra,

p. 461).

*nigroaenea Curtis. Cosmopolitan. Hosts: Musca domestica domestica L., M.

d. vicina Macq., Musca spp., Haematobia exigua Meig., Stomoxys
calcitrans (L.), Sarcophaga spp., Chrysomyia spp., Lucilia spp.,

Paratheresia claripalpis (v. d. W.).
Spalangia nigroaenea Curtis, 1839. Brit. Ent., v. 16 [3], fol. 740 [p. 2].

.
Spalangia homalaspis Foerster, 1850. Naturhist. Ver. der Preuss.

Rheinl. Verhandl 7: 505. 4, ô, (Syn. by Bouček, 1963, loc. cit.

supra, p. 448.) *Spalangia astuta Foerster, 1851, ibid. 8: 1. f. (Syn. by Boučke, 1963.

loc. cit. supra, p. 448.) Spalangia muscidarum Richardson. 1913 (syn. by Bouček, 1963, loc. cit.

supra, p. 448). rugosicollis Ashmead. Syn. of nigra Latreille. stomoxysiae Girault. Syn. of endius Walker.

*Genus CEROCEPHALA Westwood Cerocephala Westwood, 1832. Mag. Zool. 2: Cl. ix, pl. 4.

Type: Cerocephala cornigera Westwood. By monotypy.
*Epimacrus Walker, 1833. Ent. Mag. 1: 368.

Type: Epimacrus rufus Walker. By monotypy.
*Sciatheras Ratzeburg, 1848. Ichn. der Forstins., v. 2, p. 209.

Type: Sciatheras trichotus Ratzeburg. By monotypy.
*Parasciatheras Masi, 1917. Nov. Zool. 24: 189.

Type: Cerocephala caelebs Masi. By monotypy.
*Proamotura Girault, 1920. Ins. Ins. Mens. 8: 143.

Type: Proamotura aquila Girault. By monotypy.
Taxonomy: Hedqvist, 1963, loc. cit. supra, pp. 127-128.

Insert in tribe Cerocephalini following Choetospila Westwood, p. 535. *dubarae Wallace. Pa. Host: Prob. Hadrobregmus carinatus (Say). Cerocephala dubarae Wallace, 1959. Brooklyn Ent. Soc. Bul. 54: 84. 9, .

Genus ACEROCEPHALA Gahan, p. 536 atroviolacea (Crawford). Colo., Calif. Host: Conophthorus flexilis Hopk.

Biology: Keen, 1958, loc. cit. supra, pp. 49, 98.

Genus ASAPHES Walker, p. 536 All species of Asaphes are believed to be secondary parasites of Aphididae. americanus Girault. Syn. of lucens (Provancher). californicus Girault. Colo., Wash., Oreg. fletcheri (Crawford). Syn. of lucens (Provancher). lucens (Provancher). N. B., Que., Ont., Maine south to N. C., west to Iowa

and Colo. Hosts: Aphidius testaceipes (Cress.), A. phorodontis Ashm., A. polygonaphis (Fh.), Diaretiella rapae (M'Int.), Praon

aguti Smith, P. simulans (Prov.). Megorismus fletcheri Crawford (syn. by Burks, 1964, loc. cit. supra, p.

1258). Asaphes americanus Girault (syn. by Burks, 1964, loc. cit. supra, p.

1258). Biology: Sekhar, 1958. Ent. Soc. Amer. Ann. 51: 1-8 (fletcheri).

Genus Hyperimerus Girault, p. 537 Transf. with included sp. to Torymidae, subfamily Monodontomerinae, following Glyphomerus Foerster, p. 530.

Genus DIPARA Walker, p. 537
*Tricoryphus Foerster, 1856. Hym. Stud., v. 2, p. 46.

Type: Tricoryphus fasciatus Thomson. Included by Thomson,

1876. *Hispanolelaps Mercet, 1927. Eos 3: 60.

Type: Hispanolelaps coxalis Mercet. Orig. desig. Taxonomy: Bouček, 1954. Mus. Nat. Pragae Acta Ent. 29: 52, 54.

The female of this genus is wingless, commonly taken in Berlese samples; the male is winged.

Genus APTEROLELAPS Ashmead, p. 537
Taxonomy: Delucchi, 1958. Bol. Zool. Agr. Bachic., ser. 2, 1: 56 (syn, of
Trichoryphus [!] Foerster).

Genus LAMPROTATUS Westwood, pp. 537–538
Delete Miscogaster Walker from syn.
Taxonomy: Delucchi, 1955. Lunds Univ. Aarsskr., n. s., 50 (20): 6-10.-

Peck, 1963, loc. cit. supra, pp. 606-608. abnormicolor (Girault). Transf. to Miscogaster Walker. auratus (Ashmead). Transf. to Miscogaster Walker. biguttus (Girault). Transf. to Miscogaster Walker. diaeus Walker. Maine, Minn. discoloripes (Girault). Transf. to Miscogaster Walker. flora (Girault). Transf. to Miscogaster Walker. keatsi (Girault). Transf. to Miscogaster Walker. marylandicus (Girault). Transf. to Miscogaster Walker. unguttus (Girault). Transf. to Miscogaster Walker.

Genus MISCOGASTER Walker (= Lamprotatus Westwood of Catalog, in part, pp. 537-538) Delete from syn. under Lamprotatus Westwood and transf. with following spp. to p. 538, following Lamprotatus. Taxonomy: Delucchi, 1955, loc. cit. supra, pp. 6-7, 55-56.—Peck, 1963,

loc. cit. supra, pp. 608-609 (transf. of spp. from Lamprotatus

Westwood to Miscogaster Walker). abnormicolor Girault. Transf. from Lamprotatus Westwood. auratus (Ashmead). Pa., Mich., Wis., Nebr. biguttata Girault. Transf. from Lamprotatus Westwood. discoloripes Girault. Transf. from Lamprotatus Westwood. flora Girault. Transf. from Lamprotatus Westwood. keatsi Girault. Transf. from Lamprotatus Westwood. marylandica Girault. Transf. from Lamprotatus Westwood. ungutta Girault. Transf. from Lamprotatus Westwood.

Genus SYNTOMOPUS Walker, p. 538 americanus Ashmead. N. Y. south to Fla., west to Oreg. and Calif.; Mexico.

Genus Chrysolampus Spinola, p. 539 Transf. with included species to Perilampidae, following Perilampus Latreille, p. 519.

Genus Elatus Walker, p. 539 Transf. with included species to Perilampidae, following Perilampus Latreille, p. 519.

Genus PACHYNEURON Walker, pp. 539-541 *Serimus Brèthes, 1913. Buenos Aires Mus. Nac. de Hist. Nat. Ann. 24:

90.

Type: Serimus argentinus Brèthes. Orig. desig. Taxonomy: De Santis, 1957. Univ. Nac. de La Plata, Notas del Mus. 19:

118. *Neopachyneuron Girault, 1917. Descr. Hym. Chalc. Var. cum Obs., pt.

5, p. 9.

Type: Pachyneuron eros Girault. By monotypy. Taxonomy: Peck, 1963, loc. cit. supra, p. 612. altiscutum Howard, ch. to Cook, teste Peck, 1963, loc. cit. supra, p. 613. N. B.,

D. C., S. C., Colo. Hosts: Cremifania nigricellulata Czerny,
Leucopis sp., Leucopina americana' Mall., Neoleucopis obscura

(Hal.), N. pinicola Mall. Biology: Brown and Clark, 1957 (1956). Canad. Ent. 88: 679-682. anthomyiae Howard. Host: Leucopis sp. eros Girault. B. C. mucronatum Girault. Tex., Ariz.; Mexico. Host: Assoc. with coccids on

Opuntia. virginicum Girault. Maine, Ill.

Genus CORUNA Walker, Sup. 1, p. 74 clavata Walker. B. C., Alaska; Europe.

Biology: Stary, 1962. Zool. Listy 11: 267.

Genus PACHYCREPOIDEUS Ashmead, p. 541
Anisopteromalia Bouček, 1954. Mus. Nat. Pragae, Acta Ent. 29: 57-60.

Type: Anisopteromalia crassinervis Bouček. Orig. desig. Taxonomy: Bouček, 1957 (1956). Casopis 53: 165. vindemiae (Rondani), corrected spelling of vindemmiae of Sup. 1, p. 75, teste

Peck, 1963, loc. cit. supra, p. 620. Hosts: Fannia canicularis (L.),
F. scalaris (Fab.), Calliphoru vicina R.-D., Phormia regina

(Meig.). Lucilia sericata (Meig.), Anastrepha sp.
Biology: Nostvik, 1954. Oikos 5: 195.-Steve, 1959. Jour. Econ. Ent. 52:

530.

Genus EUNEURA Walker, p. 541 lachni (Ashmead). N. B. and Maine south to Fla., west to B. C. and Calif.

Host: Pauesia ponderosae (Mues.) on Cinara sp.

Genus HALTICOPTERA Spinola, pp. 541-542
*Pachylarthrus Westwood, 1832. Phil. Mag., ser. 3, 1: 127.

Type: Pachylarthrus insignis Westwood. By monotypy. Taxonomy: Nikolskaja, 1952, loc. cit. supra, p. 249. aenea (Walker). Syn. of patellana Dalman. brodiei Ashmead. Not Halticoptera Spinola; transf. to Unplaced Species, p.

594. *patellana (Dalman). Holarctic. Diplolepis patellana Dalman, 1818. K. Svenska Vetensk-Akad. Handl.

39: 80. 9. Dicyclus aenea Walker, 1833 (syn. by Ferrière, 1952. Soc. Ven. di Stor.

Nat. Bol. 6: 172). Other syn., and hosts, under aenea in Catalog, p. 542. rosae Burks. Maine, Ont., Sask., Utah, Alaska.

Biology: Balduf, 1959. Ill. Biol. Monog. 26: 41-50, 170-173. stella Girault. Ariz. Host: Aciurina maculata (Cole).

*Genus SPHEGIGASTER Spinola

I=Trigonogastra Ashmead of Catalog, p. 542) Sphegigaster Spinola, 1811. Paris Mus. Hist. Nat. Ann. 17: 149.

Type: Diplolepis pallicornis Spinola. Desig. by Ashmead,

1904.
Taxonomy: Delucchi, 1958. Bol. Zool. Agr. e Bach., ser. 2, 1: 56.
*favicornis (Walker). B. C.; Europe. Host: Phyto yza ilicis Curtis.

Merismus flavicornis Walker, 1833. Ent. Mag. 1: 377. g.
Biology: Cameron, 1939. Bul. Ent. Res. 30: 178-180, 192-197.

Genus CYRTOGASTER Walker, p. 542
glasgowi Crawford. Mo., Tex., Calif.
vulgaris Walker. Wash.; Europe. Host: Phytomyza nigra Meig.

*Genus CAPELLIA Delucchi

( =Eurydinota Foerster of Catalog, p. 543) Capellia Delucchi, 1958. Bol. Zool. Agr. e Bach., ser. 2, 1: 59.

Type: Eurydinota rufiventris Girault. Orig. Desig. Taxonomy: Delucchi, 1958, loc. cit. supra, pp. 57-60. lividicorpus (Girault). Mass., B. C. Host: Coleophora laricella Hbn.

Biology: Schaffner, 1959, loc. cit. supra, p. 88. rufiventris (Girault). Miss., Minn., Calif. Host: Retinodiplosis sp. on pine.

Genus HETEROSCHEMA Gahan, p. 543 punctata (Ashmead). Miss., Mo.; West Indies. Host: Ophiomyia sp. in

Lippa seed heads. rugosopunctata (Ashmead). Tex.

Genus LOPHOCOMODIA Ashmead Transf. from Unplaced Genera, p. 593, to Sphegigasterini following He

teroschema Gahan, p. 543. americana Ashmead. Mich., Kans. Transf. from Unplaced Species, Sup. 1, p.

84, teste G. E. Wallace in litt.

Subfamily PTEROMALINAE
Genus MORANILA Cameron, Sup. 1, p. 75

(=Tomocera Howard of Catalog, p. 543) californica (Howard). Calif.; Mexico, Hawaii, South Sea Isls., Australia,

Africa.
Biology: Flanders, 1958. Jour. Econ. Ent. 51: 247.

Genus EUNOTUS Walker, p. 544 *cretaceus Walker. N. H., N. Y.; Europe. Host: Eriopeltis festucae Fonsc. Eunotus cretaceus Walker, 1834. Ent. Mag. 2: 298. g.

Genus SCUTELLISTA Motschulsky, p. 544 cyanea Motschulsky. Cosmopolitan. Biology: Clausen, 1956, loc. cit. supra, pp. 126, 128-129.–Flanders, 1958.

Jour. Econ. Ent. 51: 247.-Flanders, 1959. Jour. Econ. Ent. 52: 596-597.—Gexho, 1960. Tirana U. Shtet. Bul. Ser. Shken. Nat. 14: 55.--Talhouk, 1961. Entomophaga 6: 208.

*Genus MACROGLENES Westwood Macroglenes Westwood, 1832. Phil. Mag., ser. 3, 1: 127.

Type: Macroglenes oculatus Westwood. By monotypy. *Stenophrus Foerster, 1841. Beitr. Monog. Pterom., p. 40.

Type: Stenophrus compressus Foerster. By monotypy.

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