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1955. Accad. Naz. dei Lincei Atti, Mem., Cl. Sci., ser. 8, 5: 3.-
Grandi, 1956. Bologna Univ. Ist. di Ent. Bol. 21: 111.–Mrak,
1957. Food Tech. 11: 547.—Kuttamathiathu, 1958. Ann. Sci.

Nat., Zool. et Biol. Anim., ser. 11, 20: 201.
Nomenclature: I.C.Z.N., 1964. Opinion 694, Bul. Zool. Nomencl. 21: 32

(validation of Cynips psenes Linnaeus, 1758).

Family TORYMIDAE

Subfamily IDARNINAE

Genus COLYOSTICHUS Mayr, p. 519 brevicaudis Mayr, corrected spelling of brevicauda of Catalog, teste Peck,

1963, loc. cit. supra, p. 530.

*Genus NEOSYCOPHILA Grandi

I=Sycophila of Catalog, p. 519)
Neosycophila Grandi, 1923. Genova Mus. Civ. di Stor. Nat. Ann. 51: 106.

Type: Neosycophila omeomorpha Grandi. Orig. desig.
The genus Sycophila Walker is a member of the Eurytomidae, teste E.
F. Riek, in litt.

Subfamily TORYMINAE

Genus ALLOTORYMUS Huber, p. 520 splendens (Provancher).

Taxonomy: Burks, 1964, loc. cit. supra, p. 1262.

Genus TORYMUS Dalman, pp. 520–527 baccharidis (Huber). Host: Rhopalomyia californica Felt.

Biology: Doutt, 1961. Ent. Soc. Amer. Ann. 54: 51 (baccharicidis). bedeguaris (Linnaeus). Que., Ont., Ill., Iowa, Nebr., Wash.; Europe.

Biology: Judd, 1959. Canad. Ent. 91: 728-730. brevis Breland. Minn. californicus californicus (Ashmead). Delete Conn. and Fla. from dist. capillaceus (Huber). Tex., Ariz., Calif. Delete Conn. from dist. citripes (Huber). Host: Gall of Euaresta bullans (Wied.) on Atriplex. druparum Boheman. Syn. of varians (Walker). duplicatus (Huber). Que, and N. H., south to Fla. west to Nebr. fagopirum (Provancher), corrected spelling of fagopyrum of Catalog, teste

Peck, 1963, loc. cit. supra, p. 541. Taxonomy: Burks, 1964, loc. cit. supra, p. 1256. flavicoxa (Osten Sacken). Cleonymus superbus Provancher, 1888 (syn. by Burks, 1964, loc. cit.

supra, p. 1257). fullawayi (Huber). Host: Dryocosmus dubiosus (Full.). fulvus (Huber). Md., Iowa. koebelei (Huber). Host: Rhopalomyia californica Felt.

Biology: Doutt, 1961, loc. cit. supra, p. 51. longicauda (Provancher).

Taxonomy: Burks, 1964, loc. cit. supra, p. 1256. pachypsyllae (Ashmead). Ohio, Kans., Idaho. Host: Pachypsylla celtidis

mamma Riley.

pilularidis (Huber). Host: Rhopalomyia californica Felt. Biology: Doutt, 1961, loc. cit. supra, p. 51.—Burks, 1965. Ent. News 76:

74-76. *rugglesi Milliron. Del., Md., Va. Host: Ilex opaca seeds.

Torymus rugglesi Milliron, 1959. Ent. Soc. Amer. Ann. 52: 52.4, 8.
scalaris (Huber). Kans.
strobiloides (Huber). Ont.
superbus (Provancher). Syn. of flavicoxa (Osten Sacken).
umbilicatus (Gahan). Md. south to Fla., west to Calif.; Mexico.
*varians (Walker). N. C., Man.; Europe.

Callimome varians Walker, 1833. Ent. Mag. 1: 122. 4.
Torymus druparum Boheman, 1834 (1833) (syn. by Olsson, 1957.

Växtskyd. 21: 58). Taxonomy: Eady, 1958. Ent. Mo. Mag. 94: 260 (Syntomaspis Foerster). vesiculi Moser. Idaho.

Genus DIOMORUS Walker, p. 527 biorhizae Ashmead. Prob. a sp. of Torymus; type apparently lost. Transf. to

Unplaced Species, p. 594. viridis (Provancher),

Taxonomy: Burks, 1964, loc. cit. supra, p. 1259. zabriskiei Cresson. Hosts: Crossocerus fergusoni Pate, Epicrossocerus inso

lens (Fox), Ectemnius (Hypocrabro) spiniferus (Fox), E. (H.) paucimaculatus (Pack.), Euplilis (Corynopus) rufigaster (Pack.),

E. (C.) arapaho Pate. Biology: Krombein, 1960. Ent. News 71: 32, 67.—Krombein, 1964. Biol.

Soc. Wash. Proc. 77: 102-103.

Subfamily MONODONTOMERINAE Taxonomy: Szelényi, 1957. Mus. Nat. Hung. Ann. Hist.-Nat., n.s., 8:

381-388 (key to genera).-Szelényi, 1960. Acad. Sci. Hung., Acta Zool. 5: 141-146 (rev. key to genera).

Genus LIODONTOMERUS Gahan, p. 528 insuetus Gahan. Nebr., Okla., Utah, Calif. Hosts: Bruchophagus kolobovae

Fed., B. roddi (Guss.), B. platyptera (Walk.). Biology: Neunzig and Gyrisco, 1959. Jour. Econ. Ent. 52: 899-901. longfellowi (Girault). N. Y., Md., Va., W. Va., Ohio, Mich., Iowa, Utah.

Hosts: Bruchophagus platyptera complex.
Biology: Neunzig and Gyrisco, 1959, loc. cit. supra, pp. 899-901.
perplexus Gahan. Holarctic. Hosts: Bruchophagus platyptera complex.
Biology: Neunzig and Gyrisco, 1959, loc. cit. supra, pp. 899-901.

Genus MONODONTOMERUS Westwood, pp. 528-529 aereus Walker. Holarctic; India. Biology: Clausen, 1956, loc. cit. supra, pp. 114-116.-Wilbert, 1960. En

tomophaga 5: 203.-Blunck and Wilbert, 1962. Ztschr. f. Angew.

Ent. 50: 203. dentipes (Dalman). Holarctic. Monodontomerus viridaeneus Provancher (syn. by Burks, 1964, loc. cit.

supra, p. 1259). Biology: Finlayson and Finlayson, 1958. Canad. Ent. 90: 558-559.

Taxonomy: Finlayson, 1960. Canad. Ent. 92: 37, 39, 44 (imm. stages). *mexicanus Gahan. Ind., Calif.; Mexico. Hosts: Trypoxylon mexicanum

Sauss., Stenodynerus vagus (Sauss.).

Monodontomerus mexicanus Gahan, 1941. U. S. Natl. Mus. Proc. 90:

468. 4, f. *minor (Ratzeburg). Conn., N. Y. south to Va. west to Calif.; Europe.

Hosts: Thyridopteryx ephemeraeformis (Haw.), Phryganidia californica Pack., Samia cynthia (Drury); recorded as hyperparasite

of Lepidoptera in European lit. Torymus minor Ratzeburg, 1848. Ichn. der Forstins., v. 2, p. 178. 4, 8. Monodontomerus subobsoletus Gahan (syn. by Steffan, 1952. Paris Mus.

d'Hist. Nat. Bul., ser. 2, 24: 293). Biology: Allen, 1962. U. S. Dept. Agr. Tech. Bul. 1265, p. 102. montivagus Ashmead. Host: Megachile rotundata (Fab.). obscurus Westwood. Holarctic; Pa., Md., Ga., W. Va., Idaho. Host: Mega

chile rotundata (Fab.). Taxonomy: Steffan, 1952, loc. cit. supra, pp. 289, 290.-Eady, 1958. Ent.

Mo. Mag. 94: 269. subobsoletus Gahan. Syn. of minor (Ratzeburg).

Genus ZAGLYPTONOTUS Crawford, pp. 529–530 schwarzi Crawford. Idaho.

Genus GLYPHOMERUS Foerster, p. 530 stigma (Fabricius). Nebr. Delete Monodontomerus viridaeneus Provancher

from syn. and trans. to syn. under Monodontomerus dentipes

(Dalman).
Taxonomy: Burks, 1964, loc. cit. supra, p. 1259.

Genus HYPERIMERUS Girault, p. 537 Transf. with included species from Pteromalidae, tribe Asaphini, and insert in Toryminae, following Glyphomerus Foerster, p. 530. corvus Girault. Hosts: Hemerobius sp., Sympherobius sp.

Genus PSEUDOTORYMUS Masi, p. 530 lazulellus (Ashmead). N. B., Que., and Conn., west to Minn.

Genus ANTISTROPHOPLEX Crawford, p. 531 bicoloripes Crawford. Iowa. Host: Antistrophus pisum Walsh gall on Lygo

desmia.
Biology: Brandhorst, 1964. Ent. Soc. Amer. Ann. 57: 74-77.

Genus MICRODONTOMERUS Crawford, p. 531 anthonomi (Crawford). Calif. Host: Leptochilus sp. fumipennis Crawford. Wyo. south to N. Mex., west to Wash., Oreg., Calif.

Host: Malacosoma californicum (Pack.).
Biology: Langston, 1957. Univ. Calif. Pubs., Ent. 14: 29-30.

Genus ROPTROCERUS Ratzeburg, Sup. 1, pp. 73, 76

I=Pachyceras Ratzeburg of Catalog, p. 549) Taxonomy: Hedqvist, 1963, loc. cit. supra, p. 61. xylophagorum (Ratzeburg). Que. and N. H. south to N. C. and La., west to

B. C., Wash., and Ariz.
Biology: Reid, 1957. Canad. Ent. 89: 6-7.
Taxonomy: Hedqvist, 1963, loc. cit. supra, pp. 61-62, 66-70 (eccoptogastri

Ratzeburg a syn.).—Burks, 1964, loc. cit. supra, p. 1261 (rectus
Provancher).

Subfamily MEGASTIGMINAE

Genus MEGASTIGMUS Dalman, pp. 531-533
*Epimegastigmus Girault, 1915. Queensland Mus. Mem. 4: 297, 307.

Type: Xanthosomoides fulvipes Girault. Orig. desig. Taxonomy: Milliron, 1949. Amer. Midland Nat. 41: 263. Biology: Lessmann, 1962. Ztschr. f. Angew. Ent. 49: 363-371 (imm.

stages).—Lessmann, 1962. Ztschr. f. Angew. Ent. 50: 233-241

(host plants). aculeatus aculeatus (Swederus). Ill. Taxonomy and Biology: Balduf, 1957. Ent. Soc. Amer. Ann. 50:

479-483.–Balduf, 1959. Ill. Biol. Monog. 26, pp. 124-130. Nomenclature: Peck, 1963, loc. cit. supra, p. 578 (var.). aculeatus nigroflavus Hoffmeyer. N. J., and Pa. south to Va., west to Ill.;

Japan, Russia.
Nomenclature: Peck, 1963, loc. cit. supra, p. 579 (var.).

Biology: Balduf, 1959, loc. cit. supra, pp. 124-126. albifrons Walker.

Biology: Keen, 1958, loc. cit. supra, pp. 102-105. americanus Milliron. Cited as slossonae Crosby in Catalog in error; latter is

a nomen nudum, not validated through citation in synonymy. See

Art. 11,d of Int. Code Zool. Nomencl. brevicaudis Ratzeburg, corrected spelling of brevicauda of Catalog. lasiocarpae Crosby. Alta., B. C., Wash. Delete Conn. from distb.

Biology: Keen, 1958, loc. cit. supra, p. 105. milleri Milliron.

Biology: Keen, 1958, loc. cit. supra, p. 106. nigrovariegatus Ashmead. Biology and Taxonomy: Balduf, 1957, loc. cit. supra, pp. 478-483.–Bal

duf, 1959, loc. cit. supra, pp. 130-145. picea montana Milliron.

Biology: Keen, 1958, loc. cit. supra, p. 106 (var.). picea picea Rohwer.

Nomenclature: Peck, 1963, loc. cit. supra, p. 584 (var.).

Biology: Keen, 1958, loc. cit. supra, p. 106. pinus pinus Parfitt.

Nomenclature: Peck, 1963, loc. cit. supra, p. 585 (var.).
Biology: Hussey and Klingler, 1954. Ent. Mo. Mag. 90: 198-201 (pinus

Parfitt and var. crosbyi Hoffmeyer).-Keen, 1958, loc. cit. supra,

pp. 106-108.—Hussey, 1959. Ent. Mo. Mag. 95: 237. pinus marginatus Hoffmeyer.

Nomenclature: Peck, 1963, loc. cit. supra, p. 586 (var.). rafni Hoffmeyer.

Biology: Keen, 1958, loc. cit. supra, pp. 108-110. slossonae Crosby. Nomen nudum; see americanus Milliron. specularis Walley.

Biology: Hedlin, 1957 (1956). Canad. Ent. 88: 691-697. spermotrophus nigrodorsatus Milliron.

Biology: Keen, 1958, loc. cit. supra, p. 111 (var.). spermotrophus spermotrophus Wachtl.

Nomenclature: Peck, 1963, loc. cit. supra, p. 587 (var.).
Biology: Hussey, 1955. Roy. Ent. Soc. London Trans. 106: 133-151.-

Hedlin, 1958. Ent. Soc. B. C. Proc. 55: 37.-Keen, 1958, loc. cit.

supra, pp. 110-111.-Hussey, 1959. Ent. Mo. Mag. 95: 237. tsugae heterophyllae Milliron.

Biology: Keen, 1958, loc. cit. supra, p. 111 (var.). tsugae tsugae Crosby.

Nomenclature: Peck, 1963, loc. cit. supra, p. 588 (var.).
Biology: Keen, 1958, loc. cit. supra, p. 111.

* Genus EUMEGASTIGMUS Hussey Eumegastigmus Hussey, 1956. Roy. Ent. Soc., London, Proc., ser. B, 25:

157.

Type: Eumegastigmus hypogea Hussey. Orig. desig. Insert in Megastigminae following Megastigmus Dalman, p. 533. *transvaalensis Hussey. Calif.; S. Africa, Canary Isls. Host: Seeds of

Schinus molle.
Eumegastigmus transvaalensis Hussey, 1956. Roy. Ent. Soc., London

Proc., ser. B, 25: 161. 4, 6.
Biology: Harper and Lockwood, 1961. Calif. Dept. Agr. Bul. 50: 129.

Subfamily PODAGRIONINAE

Placed in Torymidae in Sup. 1, p. 82.
Taxonomy: Ferrière, 1955. Soc. Roy. Ent. Belg. Mem. 27: 207 (Poda-

grionidae).

Genus PODAGRION Spinola, p. 583 *Cyanostola Saussure in Grandidier, 1890. Hist. Madagascar 20, Hym. 1, pl. 15, fig. 30.

Type: Cyanostola coerulea Saussure. By monotypy. *Podagrionella Girault, 1913. Arch. f. Naturgesch. 79 (A) pt. 6: 96.

Type: Podagrionella bella Girault. By monotypy. *Pachytomoidella Girault, 1913. Wis. Nat. Hist. Soc. Bul. 11: 40.

Type: Pachytomoidella magnicladus Girault. Orig. desig. * Propodagrion Girault, 1915. Queensland Mus. Mem. 4: 287.

Type: Propodagrion worcesteri Girault. Orig. desig. *Propachytomoides Girault, 1917. Ins. Ins. Mens. 5: 152.

Type: Propachytomoides semialbiclavus Girault. Orig. desig. Taxonomy: Ferrière, 1955, loc. cit. supra, p. 216. * brasiliense Howard. Fla.; West Indies. Host: Mantid egg mass. Podagrion brasiliensis Howard, 1894. Linn. Soc. London, Jour., Zool. 25:

83. $. Taxonomy: Gahan, 1951. Canad. Ent. 83: 176. crassiclava Gahan. Fla.; Mexico. *mantidiphagum Girault. Ariz.; Mexico, West Indies. Host: Egg mass of

undet. mantid. Podagrion mantidiphagum Girault, 1917. Ent. 50: 37. %, . mantis Ashmead. Calif.; Mexico, Hawaii.

Biology: Gurney, 1959. Ent. Soc. Wash. Proc. 61: 23.

Family ORMYRIDAE

Genus ORMYRUS Westwood, pp. 533-534 *Wania Risbec, 1951. Inst. Franc. d'Afr. Noire Mém. 13: 294.

Type: Wania ornata Risbec. By monotypy. Taxonomy: Peck, 1963, loc. cit. supra, p. 591. brunneipes Provancher, May 1887. Que. and Ont. south to Fla. west to Mich.

and Ill. Hosts: Listed under ventricosus Ashmead in Catalog, p.

534. Ormyrus ventricosus Ashmead, Nov. 1887 (syn. by Burks, loc. cit. supra,

p. 1259). vaccinjicola Ashmead.

Biology: Judd, 1959. Amer. Micro. Soc. Trans. 78: 213-214. ventricosus Ashmead. Syn. of brunneipes Provancher.

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