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Salix sp.

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aulatus MacGillivray. Syn. of abnormis (Holmgren).
cogitatus MacGillivray. Syn. of stordalensis (Strand).
* fallax (Lepeletier). Nova Scotia, Ont., Man., Alta., N. W. T., Yukon,

Alaska; Circumboreal. Host: Salix sp.
Nematus fallax Lepeletier, 1823. Monog. Tenthred., p. 64. 6, 8.
Pontania quadrifasciuta MacGillivray, 1919 (syn. by Benson, 1962, loc.

cit. supra, p. 399).
*groenlandicus Malaise. Greenland, N. W. T., Alaska; Circumboreal. Host:

Prob. Salix sp.
Amauronematus groenlandicus Malaise, 1933. Skr. om Svalb. og Ischavet

53: 3. 4.
*hebes Konow. N. W. T.; prob. Circumpolar.
Amauronematus hebes Konow, 1907. Akad. Nauk. Fiz.—Mat. Otd. Zap.

18(3): 17. 9. *helleni Lindqvist. Que., Man., N. W. T.; Scandinavia.

Amauronematus helleni Lindqvist, 1941. Not. Ent. 21: 65. 6, ã.
*histrio (Lepeletier). Northeastern, west to Colo.; Circumboreal. Host:

Nematus histrio Lepeletier, 1823. Monog. Tenthred., p. 63. $.
Nematus luteotergum Norton, 1861 (syn. by Benson, 1962, loc. cit. supra,

p. 400).
*hulteni Malaise. Man., N. W. T., Yukon; Siberia.
Amauronematus variabilis var. hulteni Malaise, 1931. Arkiv för Zool.

23 A (8): 43. 4, . islandica (Kincaid). Alaska. Erroneously placed as a syn. of peninsularis

Kincaid in Catalog (teste Benson, 1960a, loc. cit. supra, p. 382). *itelmena (Malaise). Man.; Siberia. Host: Salix alexensis.

Pontopristia itelmena Malaise, 1931. Arkiv för Zool. 23 A(8): 54. f. *leptocephalus (Thomson). Man.; Arctic Eurasia. Nematus leptocephalus Thomson, 1862. Svenska Vetensk. Akad.

Förhandl. Ofvers. 19: 632. 4. *leucolaenus (Zaddach). Ont., Man., Sask., Alta., N. W. T., Yukon, Alaska. Nematus leucolaenus Zaddach, 1882. Phys. Okon. Ges. Königsb. Schr.

23: 196. 9. Pontania unga Kincaid 1900 (syn. by Benson, 1962, loc. cit. supra, p. 402). *longicauda (Hellén). Man., B. C.; Lapland. Nematus (Amauronematus) longicauda Hellén, 1948. Not. Ent. 27:

113. f. lorata (MacGillivray). Syn. of Pontania crassipes (Thomson). luteotergum (Norton). Syn. of histrio (Lepeletier). *microphyes (Foerster). Ont.; Europe. Host: Salix sp. Nematus microphyes Foerster, 1854. Naturh. Ver. Preuss. Rheinl. Verh.

11: 344. . neglectus (Kirby). Ont., Ill., Man., N. W. T., Colo., Yukon, B, C.; Lapland,

Siberia. Host: Salix sp. Transf. from Unplaced Nematinae, p.

54 (teste Benson 1962, loc. cit. supra, p. 400). *nitidipleuris Malaise. Greenland, Man.; Circumpolar. Amauronematus nitidi pleuris Malaise, 1931. Arkiv för Zool. 23 A(8):

45. . orbitalis Marlatt. Syn. of viduatus (Zetterstedt). peninsularis (Kincaid). Transf. to Phyllocolpa Benson. Delete islandica

Kincaid from syn. * polaris (Holmgren). N. W. T., Alta. Alaska; Circumboreal. Host: Salix sp.

Nematus polaris Holmgren, 1883. Ent. Tidskr. 4: 143. 4.

Salix sp.

Salix sp.

* pravas Konow. Alaska; N. Eurasia. Host: Salix sp.

Amauronematus pravus Konow, 1896. Termes. Fuzetek 18: 176. $. * sagmarius Konow. Ont., Man., Alta., N. W. T., Alaska; Circumboreal. Host:

Amauronematus sagmarius Konow, 1896. Termes. Fuzetek 18: 177. 4, . * semilacteus (Zaddach). B. C.; N. and Cent. Europe. Host: Salix sp. Nematus semilacteus Zaddach, 1883. Phys. Okon. Ges. Königsb. Schr.

24: 148. 4. *stordalensis (Strand). N. W. T., Alaska. Nematus stordalensis Strand, 1905. Second Norw. Arctic Exped. “Fram”

Rpt., no. 3, p. 7. 9, .. *Nematus marginifer Strand, 1905, loc. cit. supra, p. 8. Ô. (Syn. by

Benson, 1962, loc. cit. supra, p. 400.) Amauronematus cogitatus MacGillivray, 1919 (syn. by Benson, 1962, loc

cit. supra, p. 400). Amauronematus varianus MacGillivray, 1919 (syn. by Benson, 1962, loc

cit. supra, p. 400). suavis (Ruthe). Syn. of amentorum (Foerster). *tillbergi Malaise. N. W. T., Alaska; Arctic Europe and Siberia. Host:

Amauronematus tillbergi Malaise, 1920. Ent. Tidskr. 40: 125. 9. unga (Kincaid). Syn. of leucolaenus (Zaddach). *variator (Ruthe). Man., N. W. T., Yukon; Circumboreal. Host: Salix sp

Nematus variator Ruthe, 1859. Stett. Ent. Ztg. 20: 308. f. rarianus MacGillivray. Syn. of stordalensis (Strand). *viduatus (Zetterstedt). Ont., Sask., Oreg.; Europe.

Tenthredo viduata Zetterstedt, 1838. Ins. Lap., v. 1, p. 351. . Amauronematus orbitalis Marlatt, 1896 (syn. by Benson, 1962, loc. citi supra, p. 402).

Unplaced Nematinae, pp. 54–55 *Nematus desmodioides Walsh, 1866. Ent. Soc. Philad. Proc. 6: 257. 9, ..

[Has been considered the same as N. inquilinus Walsh, 1866; the

latter is also unplaced.] *Nematus latus Cresson, 1880. Amer. Ent. Soc. Trans. 8: 4. 9.

Nomenclature: Catalog, p. 43, under ventralis Say. Nematus neglectus Kirby. Transf. to Amauronematus Konow. Pontania salicum Cockerell in Aldrich, 1905. Smiths. Misc. Coll., v. 46, p.

163. Nom. nud.

EMPRIA subgenus EMPRIA Lepeletier, pp. 55–56 candidata (Fallén). N. Que. and N. W. T. west to Alta. and Yukon;

Circumpolar. Host: Betula sp.
Tenthredo candidata Fallén, 1807. Svenska Vetensk. Akad. Handl. 28:

105.
Distribution: Benson, 1962, loc. cit. supra, p. 390.

Genus ALLANTUS Panzer, pp. 58–59 basalis (Klug). Host: Rose.

Genus ARDIS Konow, p. 66 sulcata (Cameron). Delete from Catalog; a misidentification (teste D. R.

Smith, 1965. Pan-Pacific Ent. 41: 9). *brunniventris (Hartig). Holarctic; Ont. south to N. C. west to B. C. and

Calif.
Monophadnus brunniventris Hartig, 1837. Fam. Blattw. und Holzw., p.

274. 9.
Biology: Middlekauff, 1958. Pan-Pacific Ent. 43: 202 (sulcata Cameron).

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Genus LAGIUM Konow, p. 69 atroviolaceum (Norton). Wis., Kans. tardum (Norton). Kans.

Genus TENTHREDO Linnaeus, pp. 71-78
*colon Klug. Labrador, Que., Ont.; Holarctic. Hosts: Polyphagus.
Tenthredo (Allantus) colon Klug, 1814. Mag. Gesell. Naturf. Freunde

Berlin 8: 182. 9, 8.
Tenthredo nigricollis Kirby, 1882 (syn. by Benson, 1962, loc. cit. supra,

p. 392).
Tenthredo jocosa Provancher, 1882 (syn. by Benson, 1962, loc. cit. supra,

p. 392). Tenthredo livida of Catalog, not Linnaeus, p. 75 (syn. by Benson, 1962,

loc. cit. supra, p. 392).
*alaskana (Enslin). Syn. of devia (Konow).
*devia (Konow). Alaska; Holarctic.

Allantus devius Konow, 1900. Ent. Nachr. 26: 124. .
Allantus heraclei Kincaid, 1900 (syn. by Benson, 1959. Roy. Ent. Soc.

Lond. Proc. (B) 28: 98). Preocc.
* Allantus alaskanus Enslin, 1910. Rev. Russe d'Ent. 10: 371 (syn. by

Benson, 1959, loc. cit. supra, p. 98). N. name for heraclei Kincaid. jocosa Provancher. Syn. of colon Klug. livida of Catalog, not Linnaeus. Syn. of colon Klug. nigricollis Kirby. Syn. of colon Klug.

Unrecognized Species of Tenthredo Linnaeus, p. 78 heraclei Kincaid. Syn. of devia (Konow).

Genus MACROPHYA Dahlbom, pp. 79–82 bifasciata (Say), corrected spelling of bifasciatus of Catalog.

Superfamily SIRICOIDEA

Family SIRICIDAE

Genus SIREX Linnaeus, p. 83 Biology: Flanders, 1962. Canad. Ent. 94: 1133-1147. areolatus (Cresson). Adventive in Eastern States, emerging from lumber. behrensii (Cresson).

Morphology: Daly, 1963. Ent. Soc. Amer. Ann. 56: 301. californicus (Ashmead). Taxonomy: Benson, 1963. Ent. Mo. Mag. 98: 252 (subsp. of juvencus

Linnaeus). edwardsii Brullé. Ark. juvencus (Linnaeus).

Taxonomy: Benson, 1963, loc. cit. supra, p. 252 (subsp.) longicauda Middlekauff. Colo., Idaho, Utah, Oreg.; adventive in Eastern

States, emerging from lumber. Taxonomy: Middlekauff, 1962. Pan-Pac. Ent. 38: 31-32. g. varipes Walker. Adventive in Eastern States, and Britain, emerging from

lumber. Taxonomy: Benson, 1963, loc. cit. supra, p. 252 (hybrid of juvencus juvencus Linnaeus x juvencus californicus Ashmead).

Genus UROCERUS Geoffroy, p. 84 californicus Norton. Adventive in Eastern States, emerging from lumber.

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cressoni Norton. Minn.

Genus XERIS A. Costa, p. 84, Sup. 1, p. 17 morrisoni morrisoni (Cresson). Ariz. spectrum townesi Maa. Idaho, Ariz.

Genus TREMEX Jurine, pp. 84-85

Nomen Nudum in Tremex Jurine *Tremex hospes Cockerell, 1889. Colo. Biol. Assn. Rpt. 10: [3]. Nom. nud.

Family ORUSSIDAE Catalog: Guiglia, 1957. Mus. Civ. Stor. Nat. Genova Ann. 69: 48-59

(supplement).

Superfamily CEPHOIDEA

Family CEPHIDAE

Genus JANUS Stephens, p. 88 bimaculatus (Norton). Wis., Minn. integer (Norton). Wash.

Suborder APOCRITA

Superfamily ICHNEUMONOIDEA

Family BRACONIDAE
Taxonomy: Hellen, 1958. Soc. Fauna Flora Fennica, Fauna Fennica 4:

3-37.- Beardsley, 1961. Haw. Ent. Soc. Proc. 17: 333-366.-
Baltazar, 1962. Pacific Insects 4 (4): 750-771.-Marsh, 1963.

Ent. Soc. Amer. Ann. 56: 522-527.
Morphology: Riegel, 1948. Ent. Soc. Amer. Ann. 41: 439-449 (wings).-

Iwata, 1959. Kontyu 27: 231-238.-Oeser, 1961. Berlin Zool. Mus.

Mitt. 37: 70-71.
Larval_taxonomy and anatomy: Short, 1952. Roy Ent. Soc. London
Trans. 103: 67-84.

Subfamily APHIDIINAE This group has been given family rank by some authors, including Quilis, 1931 (Eos 7: 25, 27), Stelfox, 1941 (Roy. Irish Acad. Proc. 46 (B): 126-127), Stary, 1960 (Acta 'Soc. Ent. Čechosl. 57: 238_252) and Mackauer, 1961 (Beitr. z. Ent. 11: 792-803). Taxonomy: Stary, 1958. Acta Faun. Ent. Mus. Natl. Pragae 3: 53-96 +

12 pls.-Štary, 1960. Acta Soc. Ent. Čechosl. 57: 238-252.

Mackauer, 1961. Beitr. 2. Ent. 11: 96-154, 792-803.
Biology: Mackauer, 1961. Ztschr. f. Parasitenk. 20: 576-591.–Stary,
1962. Acta Soc. Ent. Čechosl. 59: 42-58.

Genus EPHEDRUS Haliday, p. 91
Embryology: Ivanova-Kasas, 1956. Ent. Obozr. 35: 245-261.
Taxonomy: Stelfox, 1941. Roy. Irish Acad. Proc. 46: 125-142.-Stary,

1958. Acta Faun. Ent. Mus. Natl. Pragae 3: 64-85. californicus Baker. B. C.

Ephedrus nevadensis Baker. Remove to syn. under persicae Froggatt.
Taxonomy: Mackauer, 1963. Canad. Ent. 95: 923.

incompletus (Provancher). N. B. Host: Macrosiphum agrimoniella (Ckll.). nevadensis Baker. Remove from syn. under californicus Baker and place

as syn. of persicae Froggatt, teste Mackauer, 1963. Ztschr. f. Angew. Ent. 52: 343-354; also Mackauer, 1963. Canad. Ent. 95:

924. nitidus Gahan. Syn. of persicae Froggatt, teste Mackauer, 1963. Ztschr. f.

Angew. Ent. 52: 343-354. *persicae Froggatt. Distribution world-wide. Hosts: Myzus persicae (Sulz.),

M. cerasi (F.), M. momonis Mats., M. mumecola Mats., M. ligustri (Mosley), Brachycaudus persicacola (Boisd.), B. cardui (L.), B. amygdalinus (Schout.), B. klugkisti (Börn.), B. helichrysi (Kalt.), B. lychnidis (L.), Brevicoryne brassicae (L.), Dysaphis plantaginea (Pass.), D. crataegi (Kalt.), D. devecta (Wikr.), Macrosiphum euphorbiae (Thos.), Allocotaphis quaestionis (Börn.), Toxoptera aurantii (Fonsc.), Aphis fabae Scop., A. idaei v. d. Goot, A. rubrorum (Börn.), A. craccivora Koch, A. medicaginis Koch, A. umbrella (Börn.), Longiunguis pyrarius (Pass.), Phorodon humuli (Schrank), Rhopalosiphum padi (L.), R. maidis Fitch,

Roepkea marchali (Börn.) Ephedrus persicae Froggatt, 1904. Agr. Gaz. 15: 611-612. 4. Ephedrus nevadensis Baker, 1909. (Syn. by Mackauer, 1963. Ztschr.

f. Angew. Ent. 52: 352.) Ephedrus nitidus Gahan, 1917. (Syn. by Mackauer, 1963, loc. cit. supra,

p. 352.) *Ephedrus vidali Quilis, 1931. Eos 7: 72. 9. (Syn. by Mackauer, 1963,

loc. cit. supra, p. 352.) * Ephedrus pulchellus Stelfox, 1941. Roy. Irish Acad. (B) 46: 133. $.

(Syn. by Mackauer, 1963, loc. cit. supra, p. 352.) *Ephedrus interstitialis Watanabe, 1941. Insecta Matsumurana 15: 139.

9. (Syn. by Mackauer, 1963, loc. cit. supra, p. 352.) * Ephedrus impressus Granger, 1949. Inst. Sci. Madagascar Mem. (A)

2: 412.9, 6. (Syn. by Mackauer, 1963, loc. cit. supra, p. 352.) * Ephedrus (E.) holmani Stary, 1958. Acta Faun. Ent. Mus. Natl.

Pragae 3(34): 63, 68-79. 4, 6. (Syn. by Mackauer, 1963, loc.

cit. supra, p. 352.) Taxonomy: Mackauer, 1963. Ztschr. f. Angew. Ent. 52: 343-354.

Genus PRAON Haliday, pp. 91-92
Taxonomy: Mackauer, 1959. Beitr. z. Ent. 9: 810-865 (revision of

European species).—Mackauer, 1961. Beitr. z. Ent. 11: 794. abjectum (Haliday). Change from abjectus. aguti C. F. Smith. N. B.; Calif. Hosts: Macrosiphum frigidicola (G. and P.),

Myzus persicae (Sulz.).
Biology: Sekhar, 1957. Ent. Soc. Amer. Ann. 50: 370-375.-Sekhar, 1959.

Currect Sci. 28: 333-335.-Sekhar, 1960. Canad. Jour. Zool. 38:

593-603. alaskense Ashmead. Change from alaskensis. americanum (Ashmead). Change from americanus. nanus Baker.

Taxonomy: Mackauer, 1963. Canad. Ent. 95: 925-926. occidentale Baker. Change from occidentalis.

Taxonomy: Mackauer, 1963. Canad. Ent. 95: 926-927.

Biology: Schlinger, 1960. Jour. Econ. Ent. 53: 151-154. palitans Muesebeck. Ariz., Calif., Colo., Kans., Nebr., Nev., N. Mex., Utah.

Hosts: Therioaphis maculata (Buckt.), T. riehmi (Börner). Praon exoletum palitans Muesebeck. Mackauer, 1959. Beitr, z. Ent. 9:

832, 870. Propagation: Finney, Putler and Dawson, 1960. Jour. Econ. Ent. 53:

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