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1962. Canad. Ent. 94: 673.—Timofeeva, 1963. Zashch. Rast.

Vred. i Boleznei. 8: 44. luteola Howard. Calif.

Biology: Poinar, 1964. Jour. Ent. 57: 382. meritoria Gahan. Ariz., Calif. pergandiella Howard. Host: Trialeurodes abutilonea (Hald.). quaintancei Howard. Ill. Host: Trialeurodes abutilonea (Hald.). variegata Howard. Host: Aleurothrixus floccosus (Mask.).

Genus ASPIDIOTIPHAGUS Howard, pp. 438–439 Taxonomy: Alam, 1956. Roy. Ent. Soc. London Trans. 108: 359. citrinus citrinus (Craw). Biology: Bénassy, 1958. Entomophaga 3: 104.—Hughes, 1960. Fla. Ent.

43: 90.-Bénassy, 1961. Ann. Epiphyt., ser. C, 12: 42. lounsburyi (Berlese and Paoli). Taxonomy: Muma, 1959. Jour. Econ. Ent. 52: 579.-Annecke, 1963.

Ent. Soc. S. Afr. Jour. 26: 206.

*Genus COCCOPHAGOIDES Girault Coccophagoides Girault, 1915. Queensland Mus. Mem. 4: 58.

Type: Coccophagus abnormicornis Girault. Orig. desig. *Diaspiniphagus Silvestri, 1927. Lab. Zool. Gen. e Agr. Portici Bol. 20:

35.

Type: Prospalta similis Masi. Orig. desig.
Taxonomy: Compere, 1936. Univ. Calif. Pubs., Ent. 6: 292.

Place in Aphelininae following Aneristus Howard, p. 439. fuscipennis (Girault). D. C. Transf. from Prospaltella Howard, teste H.

Compere, in litt. *kuwanai (Silvestri). Conn., N. Y., N. J., Ohio, Calif.; Japan. Host: Aspi

diotus perniciosus (Comst.). Diaspiniphagus kuwanae Silvestri, 1927. Lab. Zool. Portici Bol. 20: 39.

9. Taxonomy: Compere, 1936, loc. cit. supra, p. 293. Biology: Flanders, 1960. Jour. Econ. Ent. 53: 757.

Nomenclature: Peck, 1963, loc. cit. supra, p. 294. *similis (Masi). N. Amer.; Europe. Host: Aspidiotus perniciosus (Comst.).

Prospalta similis Masi, 1908. Lab. Zool. Portici Bol. 3: 148. 9. * Prospaltella ilicis Mercet, 1921. R. Soc. Esp. Hist. Nat. 50: 304. $. (Syn.

by Silvestri, 1927, loc. cit. supra, p. 36.) Distribution: Flanders, 1960, loc. cit. supra, p. 757.

Genus COCCOPHAGUS Westwood, pp. 439-441 Taxonomy: Alam, 1956, loc. cit. supra, pp. 358, 363.—Tachikawa, 1957.

Japan. Jour. Appl. Ent. and Zool. 1: 61.—Zinna, 1961. Lab. Ent.

Agr. Portici Bol. 19: 303. albicoxa Howard. Hosts: Toumeyella pinicola Ferris, T. parvicornis (Ckll.). *basalis Compere. Calif.; Brazil.

Coccophagus basalis Compere, 1939. Calif. Univ. Pubs., Ent. 7: 86. 4. Biology: Flanders, Bartlett, Fisher, 1961. Ent. Soc. Amer. Ann. 54:

227-236. capensis Compere. Calif.; S. Africa, Australia.

Biology: Clausen, 1956, loc. cit. supra, p. 93. cowperi Girault. Tex., Calif.; Africa, Israel. Hosts: Saissetia oleae (Bern.),

S. nigra (Niet.), Coccus hesperidum (L.). Incorrectly listed in
Catalog, p. 441, as a syn. of lycimnia (Walker).

Taxonomy: Compere, 1931. U. S. Natl. Mus. Proc. 78 (7): 57, 60.

Flanders, 1953. Ent. Soc. Amer. Ann. 46: 90-91.–Alam, 1956, loc.

cit. supra, pp. 363-364. Biology: Clausen, 1956, loc. cit. supra, p. 94.-Flanders, 1959. Jour.

Econ. Ent. 52: 597. flavifrons Howard. Pa., Md., S. C., Ohio, Tex. Hosts: Phenacaspis pinifoliae

(Fitch), ?Coccus hesperidum (L.). gurneyi Compere. Calif.; Australia, Africa. Biology: Clausen, 1956, loc. cit. supra, p. 94.–Bartlett and Lloyd, 1958.

Jour. Econ. Ent. 51: 92. lycimnia (Walker). Delete cowperi Girault from syn. Biology: Clausen, 1956, loc. cit. supra, pp. 94-95.-Peterson, 1962. Can

ad. Ent. 94: 740.-Sonina, 1962. Akad. Nauk. Uzbek. SSR, Biol. Zhur. 3: 62.-Sugonjaev, 1962. Akad. Nauk. SSSR Izv., Ser. Biol

5: 755.-Phillips, 1963. Canad. Ent. 95: 402. *pulvinariae Compere. Calif.; Africa. Hosts: Coccus hesperidum (L.), Sais

setia nigra (Niet.), S. oleae (Bern.). Coccophagus pulvinariae Compere, Mar. 1931. U. S. Natl. Mus. Proc. 78

(7): 53. $, . *Coccophagus eritraensis Compere, Apr. 1931. Univ. Calif. Pubs., Ent. 5:

254. 9, 8. (Syn. by Flanders, 1959. Jour. Econ. Ent. 52: 597.) Biology: Clausen, 1956, loc. cit. supra, pp. 94-95.-Flanders, 1959, loc.

cit. supra, p. 597. rusti Compere. Calif.; Africa.

Biology: Clausen, 1956, loc. cit. supra, p. 95. scutellaris (Dalman). Fla., Oreg. Host: Saissetia nigra (Niet.). Biology: Flanders, 1959. Jour. Econ. Ent. 52: 74.--Sonina, 1962. Akad.

Nauk. Uzbek. SSR., Biol. Zhur. 3: 62. trifasciatus Compere. Transf. to Lounsburyia Compere and Annecke, infra. yoshidai Nakayama, corrected spelling of yoshidae Nakayama of Sup. 1, p.

66, teste Peck, 1963, loc. cit. supra, p. 318.
Biology: Sugonyaev and Peng, 1960. Ent. Obozr. 39: 702, 706.

*Genus LOUNSBURYIA Compere and Annecke Lounsburyia Compere and Annecke, 1961. Ent. Soc. S. Afr. Jour. 24:

28-29.

Type: Coccophagus trifasciatus Compere. Orig. desig. Insert in Aphelininae after Coccophagus Westwood, p. 441. trifasciata (Compere). Transf. from Coccophagus Westwood, teste Compere

and Annecke, 1961, loc. cit. supra, p. 29. Biology: Clausen, 1956, loc. cit. supra, p. 95.

Subfamily TETRASTICHINAE
Taxonomy: Ferrière, 1960. Acta Hym. (Japan) 1: 105-106 (key to gen-

era).

Genus Thripoctenus Crawford, p. 442 petiolata Ashmead. Ariz.

Genus Thripoctenus Crawford, p. 442 Transf. to syn. under Ceranisus Walker in the Entedontinae, p. 460; included spp. to be transf. to Ceranisus.

Genus TETRASTICHUS Haliday

I= Tetrastichus Walker of Catalog, pp. 443–450) Paromphaloidomyiia Girault, 1917; Catalog, p. 452. N. syn.; types exa

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?*Lygellus Giard, 1896. Soc. Biol. Paris C. R. 1896: 839.

Type: Lygellus epilachnae Giard. By monotypy. *Myiomisa Rondani, 1877. Soc. Ent. Ital. Bul. 9: 189 (syn. by Bouček,

1961. Min. Sel. Kruzy. Moldav. S.S.R. Trudy 7: 28).

Type: Myiomisa microscopica Rondani. By monotypy. Taxonomy: Graham, 1961. Ent. Mo. Mag. 97: 34-64 (Aprostocetus).

Burks, 1962. Bul. Zool. Nomencl. 19: 306 (request for suppression of Tetrastichus Walker, 1842, and validation of Tetrastichus Haliday, 1844).-Hedqvist, 1963, loc. cit.

supra, pp.

146-147 (Aprostocetus).-Int. Comn. Zool. Nomencl., 1965. Bul. Zool. Nomencl. 22: 26 (Opinion 720, suppression of Tetrastichus Walker,

1842). argyrus Burks. Syn, of homeri (Girault). asparagi Crawford. Syn. of coeruleus (Nees). *auplopus Burks. Va. Host: Reared from cell of Auplopus sp.

Tetrastichus au plopus Burks, 1963. Biol. Soc. Wash. Proc. 76: 55. 4. *barbarae Burks. Oreg. Host: Barbara colfaxiana (Kearf.), prob. secon

dary. Tetrastichus barbarae Burks, 1963. Biol. Soc. Wash. Proc. 76: 52. 4, bruchivorus Gahan. Introd. from France and recovered in N. C., but prob.

not est. in U.S. bruchophagi Gahan.

Taxonomy: Butler and Hansen, 1958. Pan-Pacific Ent. 34: 224, 226. *byersi Burks. Mich., Ind. Hosts: Pupae of Dolichopeza americana Need

ham, D. walleyi (Alex.).
Tetrastichus byersi Burks, 1963. Biol. Soc. Wash. Proc. 76: 53. $, .
carinatus Forbes. Syn. of charoba (Walker).
*charoba (Walker). Generally dist. in U. S. and Canada; Europe, Asia.

Cirrospilus charoba Walker, 1840. Ann. Nat. Hist. 4: 30. 6.
Tetrastichus carinatus Forbes, 1885 (syn. by Graham, loc. cit. supra, p.

51 (Aprostocetus]). [Note: C. charoba Walk. selected by Graham from 13 other apparently, but not certainly, synonymous names, although it does not have priority. Article 23 (b) of Int. Code of Zool. Nomencl. would not preserve carinatus Forbes for this sp. if this selection is accepted.] chlamytis Ashmead. Mo., Ark., Kans., Tex., Utah. *clito (Walker). Ont.; Europe. Host: Cassida rubiginosa Müll.

Cirrospilus clito Walker, 1840. Ann. Nat. Hist. 4: 30. 6, ã.

Taxonomy: Peck, 1963, loc. cit. supra, p. 128. coerulescens Ashmead. Mich., Wis., Minn., N. Mex., Ariz., Calif. Hosts; Cho

ristoneura fumiferana Clem., C. pinus Free., Dichomeris margin

ella (Fab.); prob. secondaries. Biology: Wester, 1956. Ent. Soc. Wash. Proc. 58: 284.-Schaffner, 1959,

loc. cit. supra, p. 82. *coeruleus (Nees). Wash.; Europe. Eulophus coeruleus Nees, 1834. Hym. Ichn. Affin. Monog., v. 2, p. 174.

4. Tetrastichus asparagi Crawford, 1909 (syn. by Graham, 1961, loc. cit.

supra, p. 39 (Aprostocetus]). [Strict application of Article 23 (b) of Int. Code of Zool. Nomencl.

would require retention of the name asparagi Crawford for this

sp.] dolosus Gahan. Ariz. faustus Burks. Minn.

Biology: Balduf, 1959. Ill. Biol. Monog. 26, p. 146.

*garryana Burks. B. C., Oreg. Hosts: Besbicus mirabilis (Kinsey), several

cynipid galls on Quercus garryana. Tetrastichus garryana Burks, 1963. Biol. Soc. Wash. Proc. 76: 49. 4, .

Biology: Evans, 1963. Canad. Ent. 95: 1002-1005. gibboni (Girault). Okla. hagenowii (Ratzeburg). Biology: Cameron, 1955. Bul. Ent. Res. 46: 137-147.–Cameron, 1957.

Bul. Ent. Res. 48: 205-206.–Roth and Willis, 1960. Smithsn.

Misc. Coll. 141: 249-253. homeri (Girault), n. comb. Va., S. C., Ga., Fla., Iowa. Host: Asteromyia sp.

leaf gall on Solidago. Transf. from Paromphaloidomyiia Girault;

types examined. Tetrastichus argyrus Burks, 1943, n. syn.; types examined. *incertus (Ratzeburg). Mass., Pa., N. J., Md.; Europe. Host: Hypera pos

tica (Gyll.). Eulophus incertus Ratzeburg. 1844. Ichn. der Forstins., v. 1, p. 168. Biology: Chamberlin, 1925. Jour. Econ. Ent. 18: 597.—Coles and

Puttler, 1963. Jour. Econ. Ent. 56: 610-611. johnsoni Ashmead. N. H., Md., Mo. Host: Prepupae of Dipogon sayi sayi

Banks. longicorpus (Girault). Calif. malacosomae Girault.

Biology: Langston, 1957. Calif. Univ. Pubs. Ent. 14: 26-27. marcovitchi (Crawford). Ind., Ill., Wis., N. Dak.

Biology: Giese and Benjamin, 1959. For. Sci. 5: 205. marylandensis (Girault).

Biology: Schaffner, 1959, loc. cit. supra, pp. 82-83. *megachilidis Burks. Fla., Ohio, Ariz. Hosts: Prepupae of Megachile

(Litomegachile) gentilis Cress., M. (Melanosaurus) xylocopoides

Smith.
Tetrastichus megachilidis Burks, 1963. Biol. Soc. Wash. Proc. 76: 57. 9,

2. Biology: Butler and Wargo, 1963. Pan-Pacific Ent. 39: 205. melanis Burks. N. H., Fla., Minn. [Prob. a syn. of the European coccinellae

Kurdjumov.] Biology: Newcomer, 1958. Pan-Pacific Ent. 34: 89. *milleri Burks. Calif. Host: Sec. parasite of Recurvaria milleri (Busck).

Tetrastichus milleri Burks, 1963. Biol. Soc. Wash. Proc. 76: 56. f. modestus Howard. N. H. Host: Apanteles pyraustae Vier.

Biology: Schaffner, 1959, loc. cit. supra, p. 83. *nordi Burks. Mich. Host: Agrilus sp.

Tetrastichus nordi Burks, 1963. Biol. Soc. Wash. Proc. 76: 51. 9, 8. oecanthivorus compar Gahan. Md., Ark., Okla. paracholus Burks. Ont., N. C., Wis., Minn. *pausiris (Walker). Ont.; Europe. Host: Dasyneura leguminicola (Lint.).

Cirrospilus pausiris Walker, 1839. Monog. Chalc., p. 327.

Taxonomy: Peck, 1963, loc. cit. supra, p. 143. phegus Burks. Syn. of racemariae Ashmead. *phidippi Burks. Ariz. Host: Eggs of Phidippus opifex (McCook).

Tetrastichus phidippi Burks, 1963. Biol. Soc. Wash. Proc. 76: 60. f, ã. * politi Burks. Va. Host: Galls of Xanthoteras politum (Bass.).

Tetrastichus politi Burks, 1963. Biol. Soc. Wash. Proc. 76: 48. 4, 8.

*pompilicola Graham. Newfoundland. Host: Anoplius nigerrimus (Scop.). Tetrastichus pom pilicola Graham in Lindroth and Graham, 1960. Opusc.

Ent. 25: 94. f. productus Riley. Que., Minn. Host: Janus abbreviatus (Say); delete Phyto

phaga destructor (Say). *psyllaephagus Burks. Ariz. Host: Nymph of Trioza collaris Crawford. Tetrastichus psyllaephagus Burks, 1963. Biol. Soc. Wash. Proc. 76: 54.

4,8. Biology: Čazier, 1964. Pan-Pacific Ent. 40: 71. racemariae Ashmead. Ont. south to Fla., west to Calif.

Tetrastichus phegus Burks (syn. by Judd, 1963. Canad. Field-Nat. 77:

63).

rapo of Catalog. Syn. of sinope Walker.
silvaticus Gahan. N. B. south to Conn., west to Wash. and Calif.
*sinope (Walker). Cosmopolitan. Host: Apanteles glomeratus (L.).

Cirrospilus sinope Walker, 1839. Monog. Chalc., v. 1, p. 295. 4.
Tetrastichus rapo of Catalog and authors, long. misdet. teste Graham,

1961, loc. cit. supra, p. 38.
strobilus Burks. Host: (?) Barbara colfaxiana (Kearf.).

Biology: Keen, 1958, loc. cit. supra, pp. 95-96. triozae Burks. Hosts: Arytaina minuta Cwfd., Calophya californica Schw.,

C. nigrella Jens., C. triozomima Schw., Euphalerus vermiculosus
Cwfd., Pexopsylla cercocarpi Jens., Trioza albifrons Cwfd., T.

beameri. Biology: Jensen, 1957. Higardia 27: 79-80, 86-96. trisulcatus Provancher. Taxonomy: Finlayson, 1963. Canad. Ent. 95: 498 (imm. stages).

Burks, 1964, loc. cit. supra, p. 1262 (types). turionum (Hartig). Ont. Biology: Clausen, 1956, loc. cit. supra, pp. 130-131.—Juillet, 1959. Can

ad. Ent. 91: 716-718.-Schaffner, 1959, loc. cit. supra, p. 83.—Ad

lung, 1962. Ztschr. Angew. Ent. 50: 456. varicornis (Girault). Maine, Mass. Host: Epinotia nanana (Treit.).

Biology: Schaffner, 1959, loc. cit. supra, p. 83. venustus Gahan. Que., Maine, Minn., Nebr.

Taxonomy: Butler and Hansen. 1958. Pan-Pacific Ent. 34: 224-226. whitmani (Girault).

Biology: Giese and Benjamin, 1959. For. Sci. 5: 205. xanthomelaenae (Rondani). Taxonomy;

Bouček, 1957. Acta Ent. Mus. Nat. Pragae 31: 117 (gallerucae Fonsc.).—Peck, 1963, loc. cit. supra, pp. 132-133 (gallerucae

Fonsc.). xanthops (Ratzeburg). B. C. Host: Coleophora laricella Hbn.

Biology: Schaffner, 1959, loc. cit. supra, p. 83.

Genus APROSTOCETUS Westwood, pp. 450-451 canadensis Ashmead. Syn. of daira (Walker). *daira (Walker). Que., Ont., Ohio, Nebr.; Europe.

Cirrospilus daira Walker, 1839. Monog. Chalc., v. 1, p. 330. 9.
Aprostocetus canadensis Ashmead (syn. by Graham, 1961. Ent. Mo. Mag.
97:47).

Genus SYNTOMOSPHYRUM Foerster, pp. 451-452
Tetrastichomyia Girault, 1916, n. syn. Transf. from syn. under Miotropis

Thomson, p. 454; types examined.
Taxonomy: Graham, 1961. Ent. Mo. Mag. 97: 36 (Aprostocetus).

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