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The Aftershocks of the Quetta Earthquake. Within three days after the main shock, nearly twenty shocks were felt in the vicinity of Quetta. Of these, the one which occurred on June

2nd at 9h. 16m. 338. G.M.T. was the most severe. In table 7 are given the times of arrival of the P and S waves from this shock at different observatories. The differences between the observed and calculated times of travel are also tabulated assuming the epicentre of the earthquake to have been the same as that of the Quetta earthquake and using Jeffreys-Bullen normal tables.

TABLE 7.-Epc: 29°6 N., 66°.5 E.; to: 9h 16m 338.

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Agra
Bombay
Calcutta.
Kodaikanal
Colombo
Budapest
Zagreb
Hongkong
Peichico
Stuttgart
Manila
Batavia
Kew
Amboina

10.45 12.1 20.85 21.9 26.0 40-4 42:3 43.2 44.5 47.1 52.2 52.7 51.15 67.7

m.
2 19
2 53
4 37
4 54
5 25
7 36
7 51
7 57
8 10
8 28

9 06
e 9 52
i 9 14
e 10 00

m. 8. 4 07 5 08 8 32 8 59 10 10 13 18 14 17 14 23 14 44 15 21 16 29 17 51 16 44 18 17

Sec. -17

3 8 15

12 -24

6 -1

1

73

-1 -56

0 -96

Except for the large discrepancies between the observed and calculated values at Batavia and Amboina, the differences at the other stations are not sufficiently systematic to justify any change in the position of the epicentre.

In table 8 are given the phases of the main shock and aftershocks identifiable in the seismograms of the Agra Observatory.

TABLE 8.-Phases of aftershocks from Agra seismograms.

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The S-P interval corresponding to 10°.45, the distance between Agra and the epicentre of the Quetta Earthquake is, according to Jeffreys-Bullen normal table 1m 57s and according to Jeffreys' continental surface focus tables 2m 028.* In all the shocks listed in table 8, the measured intervals are smaller, the mean value being only 1" 50$. In at least four of the shocks recorded, however, there is a second S phase 88 to 128 after the first. If the second S is taken as the normal S, the first one would perhaps correspond to the "curtsey” often observed a few seconds before the normal S; but it should be mentioned that the first S in most of the cases now considered was very clear and began with an impetus.

Other fairly clear phases are observed at om 599, 2M 20%, 2m 55% and 3m 088 after P. The third of these probably corresponds to Sg the transverse wave whose path lies wholly above the lower

* According to Macelwane's tables, the corresponding interval is 2m 098 and accord. ing to Gutenberg and Richter 2m 028.

boundary of the granitic layer and the last to L the long wave. In the seismograms of the aftershocks recorded at Bombay, the times of incidence of the phases are difficult to determine with any precision, both P and S being generally emergent. Except that all the shocks occurred at nearly the same distance, no detailed information about travel-times can be obtained with their aid.

SUMMARY.

A Seismological study of the Baluchistan (Quetta) earthquake

of May 31, 1935. The times of arrival of the P waves from the Quetta Earthquake at different observatories throughout the world have been analysed and the position of the epicentre bas been determined to be 29o.6 N., 66°.5 E, and the epicentral time to be 300 21h 32m 589.5 G.M.T. Among the prominent features of the seismograms were the gradual increase of amplitude interrupted by larger and larger impulses and the large amplitudes of the long waves compared with those of the preliminary, suggesting block movement and a shallow depth of focus. An analysis of the S-Presiduals using Jeffreys and Bullen's normal tables showed that its mean value was about +3 sec. suggesting a depth of focus definitely less than the normal depth (10km.) and possibly also a complex process at origin. The energy of the earthquake is estimated to be about 1021 ergs. The phases of the aftershocks as noted in the Agra seismograms have also been tabulated.

SEISMOGRAMS OF THE BALUCHISTAN (QUETTA) EARTH

QUAKE OF MAY 31, 1935.
PLATE 25, Fig. 1.-Bombay (Milne-Shaw), N.-S. Component.
Fig. 2

E.-W. Component.
PLATE 26.-Agra (Omori), N.-S. Component.
PLATE 27.–Calcutta (Omori).
PLATE 28.-Kew, N.-S., E.-W. and Z Components.

CONTRIBUTIONS TO THE GEOLOGY OF THE PROVINCE OF YUNNAN

IN WESTERN CHINA. (10) THE DISTRIBUTION, AGE AND
RELATIONSHIPS OF THE RED BEDS. BY J. Coggin BROWN,
O.B.E., D.Sc., M.I.M.M. (With Plates 29 & 30.)

CONTENTS.

PAGE.

514

618

518

522

1.--DISTRIBUTION AND GENERAL CHARACTERISTICS
II.--AGE

A. Opinions of Earlier Observers
B. Opinions of Later Observers
C. The Alleged Existence of Devonian Red Beds in North-Central

Yunnan
D. Further Considerations on the Age of the Red Beds
III.-THE RED BEDS OF SURROUNDING REGIONS

530

532

541

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IV.-PALÆOGEOGRAPHY OF THE YUNNANESE REGION IN PERMO-TRIAS

SIC TIMES.

562

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.

569

V.-ACKNOWLEDGMENTS AND NOTES ON THE Maps
VI.-BIBLIOGRAPHY

570

1.-DISTRIBUTION AND GENERAL CHARACTERISTICS.

East of the Mekong, a great part of Central Yunnan is covered by a formation in which unfossiliferous red sandstones and shales

predominate; extending over thousands of Introduction.

square miles and occupying a much larger

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