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paid for help to the poor.

Was but the action of healthy imagthis stupidity or cruelty ? Was ination, causing one being to feel the mind of Dives so lulled by for and with another. Imaginacomfort and dulled by an overfed tion itself is but the offspring carcass as to be incapable of realis- of memory and experience; what ing the sufferings of Lazarus, or of we have never known we perceiving what an ugly footnote only depict in our minds by comhis presence on the premises fur- parison with what we have known. nished to the gorgeous text of the Eye hath not seen, nor ear heard, rich man's life? or did he actually neither have entered into the heart derive pleasure from the evil con of man to conceive ” things which trast between his own ease and transcend his experience. We the beggar's misery? If the latter could imagine neither joy nor was the case, then it was only an sorrow had we never smiled or extreme instance of what may wept ; and it is incredible to be commonly observed, that the those who have not watched the delight of possession is enhanced process, how dwarfed or warped to base minds by the fact that the imagination may become in others have to go without. No one accustomed to have everything man can eat his own weight in done and found for him ; who has much less than six weeks: the never known what it is to feel a motive that makes a rich man want without the means of satisload his table with provisions far fying it. When the imagination beyond the capacity of his guests is dwarfed, the result is stupidity; (as is commonly done) is not hospi- when it is warped, cruelty: and tality but ostentation. A. has a it is the peculiarity of these two dinner of six courses served, so vices, that they are devoid even of B. is unhappy unless he that quality which permits the amaze his guests with one of seven. employment of other kinds of A. cannot afford six courses : B. guilt as artistic material. Unaccomplishes seven, and the only lovely in themselves, they do not gratification he gets out of the even by contrast enhance their feat is that he has done what A. corresponding virtues. Stupidity has to deny himself.

is of no service as a foil for wit But it is more likely that stupid- and wisdom; cruelty adds no whit ity-inertness of intellect, either to the sweetness of mercy. Thereinnate or acquired—was the source fore it behoves every one who conof Dives's wickedness. Observe, it cerns himself with the harmony of is neither the poverty and suffer this world to wage unrelenting ing of Lazarus that it is impossi- war against these two “lothely ble to bring into harmony with the worms." wealthy establishment ; poverty It ought never to be forgotten and pain are necessary ingredients that man is not naturally stupid : in many a beautiful composition. he has a reasonable soul, and, in The rich man's gate should be the modest recognition of that gift, surest place for the poor man to naturalists have dubbed him Homo go to for succour; his presence sapiens. There are born fools, of there completes the picture. The course, but these are abnormal irreconcilable discord lies in the cripples; the law is, stultus fit, non fact that his ion was

ur – the fool is made, not cared for, his wounds untended, born. But it is otherwise with excopt by the dogs. Sympathy is cruelty. There remains in every

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human character the core of a are born cruel, and that mercy is savage, vengeful nature, the heart a matter of education. Many a of the predatory animal, dominated fair day is darkened by one witand in some degree concealed by nessing a cruel act. Such was one Christianity (the one creed which of the first bright mornings of softens men's hearts), civilisation, the present laggard spring. On a and education, but neither domin

near London a couple ated nor concealed among certain of clowns were observed intently races where these have had no watching some object in the grass. sway. It may be asked of those Four or five decently dressed whose habit it is to extol the past people had been attracted to look at the expense of the present, on, and the curiosity of one passwhether some progress has not ing having been excited, he also been made in teaching men to be joined the group, only to witmerciful not only to their fellows ness a piece of brutality the rebut also to the lower animals. A collection of which haunted him couple of centuries ago—the very for many days. A lizard, than heyday of the good old times—it which there is no more shapely seems hardly to have dawned on or harmless creature (with a pedimen's minds that the sufferings gree, moreover, that puts to shame of brutes were worthy of serious the proudest human families, for consideration. Great scandal was it is the heir of the mighty caused when, in 1722, the Rev. saurians of Pleiocene times), had James Granger (the eponymous

come out to bask in the welcome founder of the school of Granger- sun.

These trousered monsters ites) preached a sermon against had caught it and cut it in two, in cruelty to animals, and printed it order to watch the movements of under the title of • Apology for the the mutilated parts, and laughed Brute Creation, or Abuse of Ani- (Lord ! is there anything so cruel mals censured. His parishioners as laughter ?) as the head and tail were indignant, and it is recorded moved in different directions. that the mention of horses and So these two, cruelty and stupiddogs was resented as a prostitution ity, remain, the perpetual foes of of the dignity of the pulpit, and sweetness and light, each an inwas thought to be a proof of the tolerable discord in the harmony excellent man's insanity.

of creation. The hatefulness of All honour to Mr Granger, and cruelty makes many people doubt grateful honour to the men and the possibility of eternal punishwomen who work so diligently ment. They feel it impossible to now to carry on the work he so believe that God would permit the well begun. There is plenty left existence of creatures whose whole for us all to do. Many cruel occupation is to be the infliction practices have been put down of torment. Let any one who has by law, and there prevails among visited, say, the marble-quarries most people such a degree of ten- of Carrara, and witnessed the lifeder mercy towards their speech- long misery borne by the wretched less fellow - creatures would oxen hauling the heavy blocks, make Mr Granger's parishioners doubt, if he can, that men are somerub their eyes and wonder what times as relentlessly cruel as any kind of finikin folk we had be- devils. Nay, but there is worse

But froin time to time one than this and nearer home. The gets a painful reminder that men following ugly little vignette ap

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pears in this day's Standard,' mighty and grand—as in the congiving an awful glimpse into that trast of continent with ocean, or hell which human beings create for floating cloud with massive mouneach other in this life :

tain—as well as the small and

exquisite, as in the bursting of “William Walters, il labourer, was scarlet flower from grey hull, of yesterday, at Cardiff Police Court, tender leaf from harsh twig, or charged with murdering his wife. One witness said that he sew Walters brilliant insect from dry chrysalis. kick the woman twice in the back. There is no room for stupidity in She was then lying upon the floor, the mind that has been wakened and cried, “Oh, don't, Bill ; I am to this limitless harmony, and gone. Another witness stated that penetrated by the light of beauty, Walters dragged his wife through the in which cruelty cannot exist, for passage, holding her by the hands it is the dark places of the earth and rolling her over with his feet. He left her upon the pavement, and

that are the habitations of cruelty. she died.”

There is plenty of needless suffer

iny inflicted upon animals still ; It often occurs to some of us but any one who remembers agrito doubt whether much of the cultural life as it was five-andtime and money we spend in twenty years ago, must have afflicting young souls with com observed gratefully the greater pulsory education is not sheer consideration shown to workwaste. One result seems to be the horses and cattle by the present rearing of children to aspirations generation of farm-servants, esfar beyond the humble callings of pecially in the northern part of their parents, and by so much to this island. Scotland has for cenunfit them for lowly duties which turies led the van of education, must be exacted somewhere; but and her people seem still to mainperhaps this is only the initial jar tain that honourable place, inasincident to novelty. The true end much as they display in a greater of education is to equip the student, degree than their southern fellownot to unfit him : surely toil may subjects that sure token of true be lightened to the workman whose culture--gentleness to dumb anisenses are trained to apprehend the mals. scale of nature's contrasts, the

HIERBERT MAXWELL.

WAYS AND WILMS OF FRESH-WATER FISHES.

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SOME authorities on matters per the tangle and lay himself down taining to angling would have us by the brook for a side-cast upbelieve that the fish are more wide- stream, without so much as startawake than they used to be, and ling the moor-hen that is feeding that tackle on finer and near at hand, is an interesting and scientific principles, with far more common enough sight with us. elaborate baiting, is now required. If pike have come out of good This is certainly made to perfec- waters they are a fine enough tion; and yet there is something fish for the table, but as a game far more necessary to success than sporting fish the pike is all that all this, and that is a knowledge of can be desired. When he has the haunts and the habits of the smashed up everything, and left fish angled for. As a rule, fish are me considering the vexatious incivery much like “humans" in hav- dents that are apt to attend his ing varying ways of living and of capture, I have found him more behaving themselves in different than I could desire. Now and localities. What will serve the again great brutes, about which angler in one county or even in the rustics have legends, rush from one part of the same county, will their haunts in the roots of flag, be quite useless in another. reed, and tangle, and seize a jack of

This is why the rustic angler, three or four pounds by the middle an agricultural labourer perhaps, -one that the angler was in the will, with his primitive fishing-gear, act of landing-close to the bank. get a good basket of fish, to the Then, for a brief space, may be great astonishment of those less à tearing struggle; smash fortunate fishers who may be using go the first and second joints of the latest of modern appliances. your rod and a part of your line, The rustic knows the run and the with the hooked jack,—and all is lie of the water, accurately to a

I have known some younger yard. From his childhood he has members of the rustic angling combeen familiar with it; he knows, munity to be so unnerved by mistoo, the favourite foods of the fish haps of the kind that nothing as the seasons vary.

lle is well could induce them to fish again in aware, also, how necessary it is to or near the water where this had hide himself by all possible means occurred. They sum the creatures from the sight of the fish : ils he up as “ dangerous to get near with says, “They eyes is mortal quick; either hand or foot. they sees you lots o' times afore I prefer the middle-sized fish for you gets à glint on 'em.” His sport and for the table. knowledge of woodcraft gives him One of the pike's favourite the knack of moving quietly; and haunts I know well. Changes what a valuable habit or gift that have take place since I first reof quiet action is, either in gentle member it, but it is not greatly or simple folks! The latter may altered. The old mill, as grey and not practise it at all times, but as dusty as of old, stands yet surthey can when it is necessary. To rounded by woods. There is the see a great fellow come through road winding between heath and

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over.

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bracken towards the upland moors; as they put it, “knowed what they and there, too, is the other road, was arter,” would gather on the lined on either side with forest- foot-plank bridge, with the full timber, which leads to a secluded consent of the miller, who was hamlet. The large rush-and-al

wroth about a lot of his young der-fringed mill-pool is as it was, ducks that had lost the number of but the causeway

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the their mess through those voracious rustics call it— with its sloping pike. The lads had noticed that weir-boards “splash-boords" when the gudgeon shoaled on the exists no longer. On each side of stones the pike were on the watch. this stone-covered cart-road, which Now and again a small pike would was protected by posts and rails, sail on the causeway, poise himself the pool extended, and a plank for a moment, and then make a foot-bridge running directly over rush for them, causing a dire comthe sloping splash-boards was used motion. Soine threw themselves by the customers who came from clean out of the water, others the hamlet to the mill.

made for the pond never to return general rule the water on the again. You could see fierce rushes causeway was about six inches and swirls where the pike were deep, but sometimes it was more. quite ready for them. Some, in The miller's horses and cattle were their fright, would venture too constantly passing to and fro over near the current that ran over the it during the day.

splash - boards, and, after vain efOn this waterway in the day- forts to recover themselves, would time the small fish delighted to wriggle down, tail first, into the congregate, for food and warmth other side of the mill-pool, to be were there; but in the gudgeon instantly snapped up by the pike season these little beauties would there. Roach and small trout the come in shoals just at the dusk of monsters could have in abundance; the evening from a small stream that was their common food, easy that ran in near by, and they fed enough to get' whenever they reon the stones of the causeway, quired it; it would have been which had been warmed by the useless to try to capture them with sun. Aquatic insect-life was there either of these : but gudgeon were in great abundance. As the small a luxury which they tried their stream ran round a little bend hardest to procure when it was direct on to the cart-track, the possible. gudgeon had no occasion to swim Now gudgeon are, at certain in the mill-pool; it would have times troubled by some law been fatal for them to venture known to themselves—compelled, there. The pike knew, however, like eels, to make down-stream. when the toothsome, luscious little Let any one curious in such matfishes were feeding on the stones, ters, who knows their haunts, and they would gather on both watch them gather for days—if sides of the causeway for the pur- there is any fall in the waterpose of better acquaintance, if before they will finally allow thempossible. When the head of water selves to be carried over, tail first, in that particular season was high into the current below. They do enough in the pond to cause a run not all go over at the same timeover the splash-boards into the a few, the finest fish, slip over first, pool, certain friends of mine, who, in small companies, as if to show

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