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wolf. She made a few steps into and called a waiting-maid, whom the room ; her knife and her hands she commanded to open the winwere stained red.

dow. Then, as though they were "Good God! what is it?' doing something perfectly natural, Nothing,' she said.

the two of them lifted up the “She threw the knife into a body and threw it into the waters corner, and said with great nonchal- of the river, which engulfed it. ance,—'It was my husband. He Ma foi ! the adventure was would have killed us. I preferred becoming too oriental for to be beforehand. Come and help Parisian. I confess that I was me to throw the body into the seized with an insane terror, and, water.'

without waiting to bid adieu, I “I remained stupefied, regard- fled like a madman. How did I ing her with horror, whilst she get out ? I absolutely cannot tell. also gazed at me, but her eyes only In about ten minutes I found myexpressed unmitigated contempt, self in the streets, through which as she said in a tone which I I ran as if pursued by a legion of shall never forget — Frenchmen devils. On reaching home I locked ind ed ! What absurd nervous and double-locked myself in, curs

ing Nissá and all the houris of the “She shrugged her shoulders, East.

ness !'

III.

“ What a night I spent ! It in the direst anxiety, not daring was not until morning that I fell to go out. The evening came into a heavy sleep. When I without my having taken any awoke the sun was already high steps, and still without any news and streaming into my room. I of Nissá. Had she been arrested ? was thoroughly cowed and de- What had become of her? I went moralised. What had happened? to bed early, but without being A man cannot disappear without able to sleep. At last, on the justice intervening. Nissá had second day, I could no longer renot even attempted to hide the strain myself. I decided to go deed. Her maid had seen and and see my friend the Sartip. I helped it. I should be implicated preferred anything to the terrible in the affair, and the bare idea of uncertainty in which I was. I being mentioned even in connec

felt sure that Mahamad Aga tion with such a crime was appal- would not leave home before his ling, and made my hair stand on breakfast. I got to his palace, end. Should I confide all to the accordingly, about noon.

I was French Minister? Unfortunately duly announced and admitted. he had just gone off on a holiday, The Sartip was lolling at his ease and the first secretary was too on a sofa, peacefully smoking his young for me to confide in.

In chibouque. any case, my whole future career “Ah! so it's you, is it?' said was blighted. It was indeed a he, on seeing me. How are pretty termination to my mission you ?' for the Minister of Fine Arts.

Very well, thanks.'

"By the way,' he continued, “The whole day I thus remained ' have you heard the news ?'

VOL, CXLIX. —NO. DCCCCVI.

2 M

"But yesi

16. The n? 1 ... news? ever, I succeeded in answeringVotI ... I know nothing • How? ... he ... has ... he

“You remember Ismatulla, the has disappeared! Bah! it is very rich merchant of the old suburbs?'

very curious !' 16.1f I rem ...'

". Yes --Pry curious,' and the the husband of Sartip looked at me fixedly. I Nissií, don't you know, whom I could no longer restrain myself. was telling you about ?'

I was just about to confess all, “I felt myself growing red, when he said, 'Ile was to have flushing to the very roots of my started for Tihrán, when suddenly hair. It was all over; the crime ... he has flown.

There have was discovered, and I dared not been no more news about him.' anticipate the end of the adven " For the second time the Sartip ture. I stammered out, 'Ye...s looked me straight in the face.

“The poor devil!' continued There was a short silence. Then, the Sartip: my dear fellow, he putling it long jet of smoke, he has suddenly disappeared.' added with calm tranquillity, “I was halt suttocated.

Ilow- "Ciod is great!'"

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UNDER the above title a sump- each. Thus we also see plainly tuous volume comes to us from the natural order in which musical America—not in rivalry to work invention has invariably progressso splendid as that of Messrs Hip- ed: first, the manufacture of inkins and Gibb, whose exquisite struments of percussion, including coloured plates have recently all varieties of drums, castanets, familiarised us with all the most cymbals, bells, and rattles ; secondcelebrated musical instruments of ly, all manner of wind instruments, European nations in times past from the Æolian harp and rudest and present, but rather designed form of bagpipes to the musical to illustrate the gradual improve- clarionet or stately organ; and ment of such instruments from thirdly, the invention of stringed their most primitive types as found instruments, and the discovery of amongst numerous races, savage the effect of divers materials in and semi-civilised, in Asia, Africa, producing diversity of tone, proAmerica, and various widely scat- gressing froin the single - stringed tered groups of islands. Not that banjo to the most perfect of pianoEurope is omitted - on the con fortes. trary, many curious specimens are To glance first at the music of shown of French, Spanish, Italian, TIIE CHINESE.

One of the many Russian, and other instruments. anomalies in that strange race is

The work is illustrated by 270 that with all their vaunted revermost careful drawings in pen and ence for the teachings of Confuink by Mr Brown, from specimens cius, and notwithstanding all he in the splendid collection which said in favour of music, they now his mother purposes presenting deem its pursuit the lowest of to the New York Metropolitan callings; and though music holds Museum of Arts.

a prominent and essential place in The first half of the volume is all solemn ceremonials of worship, devoted to the music of China, as also on such occasions as births, Japan, Corea, India, Siam, and weddings, and funerals, profesBurmah. The second half treats of sional musicians are looked upon the music of the Arabs, Persians, with contempt, and their ranks Turks, and of all the negro races, are recruited from the lowest of the Indians of North and South the people, the respectable ChiAmerica, and of divers peoples, nese deeming it below their own ranging from Greenland to the dignity to perform on any instruEquatorial Isles.

ment. A great mass of very interesting And yet it is recorded of Coninformation is thus accumulated, fucius that when, in the days of and we are enabled to see at a his poverty and starvation, his glance the musical development of disciples marvelled that he should these various nations, and what continue to sing and play as usual, instruments find most favour with he taught them that “the wise

Musical Instruments and their Homes. By Mrs J. Crosby Brown and Wm. Adams Brown. Published by Dodd, Mead, & Co., New York. Agents in England, Messrs Ellis & Elvey, 29 New Bond et, London,

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man seeks by music to strengthen music was so pathetic that the the weakness of his soul; the wild beasts were spell-bound, and thoughtless one uses it to stifle gathered around him to listen, a his fears." Theoretically, there thousand years before they paid fore, music is held in reverence. the same tribute to Orpheus.

One of the nine tribunals which Now wealthy nobles have dohave charge of the general affairs mestic musicians; and troops of of the empire supervises the wandering minstrels, largely conmusical rites and ceremonies. The sisting of blind men, wander about Mandarins of music rank higher the country armed with drums, than those of mathematics, and castanets, flutes, clarionets, twohave their college in the enclosure stringed violins, three-stringed and of the Imperial Palace." Notwith-moon-shaped guitars, all of which standing the wholesale destruction they try-most ineffectually—to of musical treatises and instru- play in unison, with a result truly ments in the year 246 B.C., the appalling to Western ears. These library at Peking is said to con- orchestras, however, attain their tain 182 works on the subject highest capacity of ear-torture of music, chiefly most abstruse when accompanying theatrical retheories ; and the Imperial Board presentations — the one ideal of watches over all new compositions excellence apparently consisting in order that the style of ancient in the amount of noise which can music may be preserved, and that be produced. At other times which in bygone ages was pre- Chinese inusic is both shrill and scribed for every evil in life may monotonous to a degree. Its pitch be rigidly adhered to. Thus is always considerably higher than music, like all other arts and our own, and the melodies sciences in China, is cramped by neither major nor minor, but waver the strait-waistcoat of antiquity. between the two.

Never were practice and precept The basis of all Chinese music more curiously divorced than in is the division of the octave into this extraordinary reverence for twelve tones called Lüs. These “ the spiritual principle repre were in very early times—about sented by the sound of music,” as 1.C. 2700—represented by a comdistinguished from “the material bination of twelve pieces of bamprinciple, represented by the in- boo, of the same size but of various struments themselves.” And yet lengths.

Afterwards these were the Chinese believe music to made of copper, and when these have been reduced to an art by were found to be affected by atthe Emperor Fu lIsi, 2852 1.C., mospheric changes, marble or jade and to have been further de was substituted, as being in no veloped about a hundred years measure affected by heat or cold, later by Juang Ti, the Yellow dryness or humidity. These Lüs Emperor. llence in the oldest were used solely to determine the musical scale the lowest note was pitch of the music, and so regulate called Emperor, the next Prime all the instruments in an orchestra. Minister, a third Loyal Subjects, This use of sonorous stone for and so on.

musical purposes is almost peculiar In the year 228.4 B.C. the Em to China. The Siamese have marble peror Shun (himself a most erudite flutes; and it is recorded that the composer) appointed as the Censor ancient Peruvians had a musical of music a certain Kouei, whose instrument of green stone, about

are

are

a foot long and an inch and a half Emperor. Confucius, however, was wide, arched in the centre, where so enraptured with their melody it was pierced by a small hole, and that now every Confucian, as well thus suspended. When struck like as every Imperial temple, possesses a gong the sound produced was one of these “Kings.' singularly musical. With these A simpler form of the stone exceptions, however, the Chinese chime, but one likewise reserved alone seem to have discovered the only for religious services, is the melody to be extracted from stone. T'se King, which stands outside This they extol as one of the most the temples. It consists of only beautiful of all sounds, ranking one large stone, suspended from a midway between the sounds of frame by a strong cord passing wood and metal, and more clear through a hole bored at the apex. and pure in tone than either of It is struck with a hammer, to these.

give a single note at the end of Three species of sonorous stone each verse in the service. in use,

that which is most The Chinese also employ sonohighly prized being the Yu, of rous stone in the manufacture of which large water-worn boulders two varieties of flutes, the object are found near the mountain tor- being to avoid the changes to rents in the province of Yun-nam. which bamboo is liable in varying It is very hard, and takes a polish temperature. like agate. Its colour varies great They recognise eight distinct ly, and affects its value, the most musical sounds as the product of melodious tones being obtained as many different materials. These from the whey-coloured Yu, after are the sound of skin, of stone, of which ranks light-blue, then sky- metal, of silk, of wood, of bamboo, blue, indigo, light-yellow, orange, of gourd, and of baked earth. dark-red, and pale-green. These From skin they obtain drums; stones, which are of very great from metal, gongs and bells. Stone weight, are rarely found more is fashioned into stone chimes, than two feet in length. Among silk into stringed instruments, the treasures of the Imperial Palace wood makes castanets and vibratat Peking, however, are a set three ing instruments, flutes and mouthfeet eight inches in length, sup- organs are produced from bamboo posed to be unique.

and gourds, while horns and the These stones are bung so that body of certain drums are made they can be struck successively, of baked earth, as is also the forming a King,” or great-stone Hsuan, a curious cone, ornamented chime. Sixteen stones, each shaped with designs of dragons, clouds, like a carpenter's square, are sus- &c., and pierced with six holes, pended in two rows of eight, one one at the apex to blow through, above the other, in a handsome three in front, and two behind. frame. The thicker the stone, It is used only in Confucian the deeper is its tone when struck, ceremonies, and is said to have and most skilful carving is re been invented B.C. 2700. quisite to obtain a gradation of Equally ancient is the Chêng or tone. So highly these mouth-organ (known in Japan as musical stones prized, that 2000 the Sho), which consists of a gourd years before Christ they were into which are inserted seventeen brought to China as tribute, re slim bamboos of divers lengths, served for the sole use of the each having at the ase a little

were

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