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of its white flowers, rendering it highly ornamental. It was introduced in 1736, and flowers in May and June.
L. prostratum; Ammýrsine prostràta Swt., Loud. Hort. Brit., No. 28221.; A. Lyoni Swt. Hort. Brit., ed. 1830, p. 344.—Branches spreading. Leaves oblong. We had this plant some years ago, but have now lost it. It appeared distinct from L.thymifòlium Pers.; but, whether specifically so or not, we are uncertain.
LE'DUM L. The LEDUM. Lin. Syst. Decándria Monogynia. Identification. Lin. Gen., No. 546. ; Gærtn. Fruct., 2. p. 145. t. 112. ; Juss. Gen., 159.; Nutt, Gen.
Amer., 1. p. 275. Deridation. Ledon was the name applied by the ancients to a plant producing the substance called labdanum, and now known by the name of Cistus Ledon. In foliage, the Ledum of modern botanists bears some distant resemblance to the plant of the ancients.
Description, $c. Evergreen shrubs of small size, or decumbent; natives of Europe and North America.
a 1. L. PALU'STRE L. The Marsh Ledum. Identification. Lin. Sp., 651. ; Ed. Fl. Dan., t. 1031. ; Pursh F1. Amer. Sept., 1. p. 500.; Don's Mill.,
3. p.851. Synonymes. Lèdum silesiacum Clus. Pan., 68. ; Rosmarinum sylvés.
Bot. Cab., t. 560.; Hayne Abbild., t. 57. ; and our fig. 966.
gins, clothed with rusty tomentum beneath. Sta-
April and May.
vol.iii. p. 48., is a decumbent shrub, a native
of Hudson's Bay.
Amer., 1. p. 259. į Labrador Tea, Amer.
f. 1.; Lodd. Bot. Cab., t. 534. ; Fl. Dan., t. 567. ; and our fig. 967.
gins, clothed with rusty tomentum beneath. Stamens 5, about the length of the corolla. Flowers white. (Don's Mill., iii. p. 857.) A larger and broader-leaved shrub than L. palustre; growing to the height of from 2 ft. to 4 ft. ; the leaves of which are said to be used, in Labrador, as a substitute for tea. Bees are very fond of the flowers. A native of Canada, in mossy swamps; and of Greenland, Labrador, Newfoundland, and Hudson's Bay. This, or the preceding species, has lately been found in Ireland. It was introduced in 1763, and flowers in
967 April and May.
* 3. L. CANADE'NSE Lodd. The Canadian Ledum.
Flowers disposed in terminal umbellate corymbs, large.
Sect. III. VACCINIE'Æ D. Don. Identification. D. Don in Edinb. Phil. Journ., 17. p. 152. ; Don's Mill., 3. p. 851. Sect. Char., 8c. Anthers 2-celled. Ovary connate with the calyx. Disk
perigynous, nectariferous. Fruit baccate. Gemmation scaly. The genera in this section agree with Vaccínium in the ovary adhering to the calyx. (Don's Mill., iii.p. 851.) Deciduous and evergreen shrubs, natives of Europe and North America; cultivated in peat soil, and propagated, generally, by division of the plant, but sometimes by layers, and, when necessary, by cuttings or seeds.
VACCI'NIUM L. THE WHORTLEBERRY. Lin. Syst. Oct-Decándria
Gen., 162. ; Nutt. Gen. Amer., 1. p. 263. ; Lam. nii., 286.; Gærtn. Fruct., t. 28.; Don's MGI,
Description. The species are shrubs, varying in height from 6 in. to 10 ft., some natives of Europe, but the greater part of North America. They are gemmaceous, with the bud scales often permanent on the base of the small branches; and the leaves often beset with resinous dots. The flowers are pedicellate, and either in solitary racemes, or in tufts. They are generally drooping, inodorous, tinted with various shades of red or pink, never blue, and scarcely ever yellow. They are succeeded by berries, black, purple, bluish, or red, covered with a fine bloom, generally eatable: some of them agreeable, and excellent in tarts; and others austere, acid, and scarcely wholesome in a raw state. In general, it may be observed, that the species are in a good deal of confusion, from the whole of them never having been studied together in the same garden. We have followed the arrangement of G. Don, as the latest and best, not having had an opportunity ourselves of examining all the species said to be in cultivation in British gardens. The best collection of large plants of the genus Vaccinium, in England, is at White Knights; and of plants for sale, at Messrs. Loddiges's. Price, of the common sorts, from ls. 6d. to 2s. 6d. each; of the rarer kinds, from 3s. to 5s, each,
A. Leaves deciduous. a. Pedicels l-flowered, usually solitary, rarely twin, or fasciculate. 1. V. Myrti'llus L. The Little-Myrtle-like Whortleberry, or common
Bilberry, or Bleaberry. Identification. Lin. Sp., 498.; Ger. Emac., 1415.; Matth. Valgr., 1. p. 410. ; Cam. Epit., 135, ;
Smith Eng. Fl., 2. p 219.; Don's Mill., 3. p. 851. ; Lodd. Cat., ed. 1836. Engravings. Engl. Bot., t. 456. ; Fl. Dan., t. 974, ; and our fig. 969. Spec. Char., &c. Pedicels solitary, 1-flowered. Leaves serrated, ovate, smooth.
Stem acutely angular, smooth. Calyx hardly
writing this article (June 6. 1836), Mr. John Booth of the Floet-
of it for sale.
2. V, uligino'sum L. The bog Whortleberry, or great Bilberry.
entire, smooth. Branches terete. Taller than the common bilberry, and
it flourishes, at an elevation of between 2000 ft. and 3000 ft., on the Grampians; and at the height of 3500 ft. in Aberdeenshire. It is said to cover extensive tracts of land on the west coast of Greenland, along with Andrómeda tetragona. (Cassiope tetragona D. Don). On the Carpathian Mountains, it grows at an elevation of 6000 ft. (Watson.). It produces its flowers in April and May. The berries are agreeable, but inferior in flavour to those of V. Myrtillus : eaten in large quantities, they occasion giddiness, and a slight headache. In France, they are used to colour wines red; and in Siberia and Sweden they furnish an ardent spirit that
970 is highly volatile and intoxicating. They afford excellent sustenance to game. The leaves are added to Lycopodium alpinum by the Icelanders ; and a yellow dye, for colouring woollens, is produced by an infusion of the two plants. În gardens, it may be cultivated like the preceding species.
. 3. V. ANGUSTIFO'lium Ait. The narrow-leaved Whortleberry. Identification. Ait. Hort. Kew., ed. 2., vol. 2. p. 356. ; Don's Mill., 3. p. 852. Synonyme. 1. myrtilloldes Michr. Fl. Bor. Amer., 1. p. 234., Hook. in Bot. Mag., t. 3447., Engraving. Bot. Mag., t. 3447. Spec. Char., fc. Pedicels scattered, mostly solitary, l-flowered, naked.
Leaves lanceolate, nearly entire, downy at the ribs and margins. Berries large, and known by the name of bluets. (Don's Mill., iii. p. 852.) A shrub, nearly 2 ft. high; a native of Canada, about Hudson's Bay and Labrador; and of the high alpine woods of the Rocky Mountains, from the Atlantic to the Pacific. It was introduced in 1776, and flowers in April and May. In the Glasgow Botanic Garden it grows about 1 ft. high. The corolla is remarkable for its flagon-shaped appearance, and is of a pale yellowish green or white, tinged with red. The fruit is large, globose, blackish purple, and is highly esteemed by the inhabitants of the countries where the plant is indigenous .
** 4. V. CÆSPITO'sum Michx. The tufted Whortleberry. Identification. Michx. Fl. Bor. Amer., 1. p. 234. ; Don's Mill., 3. p. 852. Engraving. Bot. Mag., t. 3429. Spec. Char., fc. Flowers lateral, solitary, nearly sessile. Leaves somewhat
wedge-shaped, rounded, obluse, serrated, membranous, very smooth. A little shrub, with many crowded stems, from 2 in. to 4 in. high, very smooth in every part. Corolla of a short urceolate form. Berries nearly sessile, globose, and blue black, with a glaucous bloom. (Don's Mill., ii. p. 853.) It is a native of America, particularly about Hudson's Bay; and also in the Island of Sitcha, and on the Rocky Mountains. It was introduced in 1823, .and flowers in May. In the Glasgow Botanic Garden the blossoms of this species are numerous, and exceeding delicate and beautiful, being white, with a deep tinge of blush.
b. Flowers in sessile Tufts. ** 5. V. GALEZANS Michx. The Gale-like Whortleberry. Identification. Mich. Fl. Bor. Amer., 1. p. 232. ; Don's Mill., 3. p. 853. Synonyme. V. galifórmis Smith in Rees's Cycl., No. 16. Spec. Char., 8c. Flowers on very short stalks, in sessile tufts. Leaves sessile, lanccolate-wedge
shaped, slightly serrated, downy. Calyx pointed. Corollas ovate, much contracted at the mouth. Style prominent Flowers small, yellowish white. Berries small
, globular, black. Michaux describes this shrub as having the aspect of Myrica Gale, with slight downy branches. Leaves vary: ing. The pedicels, shorter than the flowers, burst from a bud composed of numerous crowded scales. (Don's Mill., ill. p. 853.) A shrub, growing to the height of 2 ft ; a native of Virginia and Carolina, in shady woods and swamps. It was introduced in 1806, and flowers in May and June.
6. V. TENEʼLLUM Ait, The delicate Whortleberry. Identification. Ait. Hort. Kew., ed. 2., vol. 2. p. 358. ; Don's Mill., 3. p. 853. Synonyme. V. pennsylvánicum Lam. Dict., p. 74., Michu. Fl. Bor. Amer., 1. p. 232, Hook, in
A low very
Spec. Char., fc. Flowers in dense sessile tufts. Leaves
nearly sessile, ovate-lanceolate, acuminated, finely
op 971 diges's. Variety. The mountains of Pennsylvania produce an immense variety of this
species, remarkable for the size and shape of the fruit, leaves, and flowers. Leaves sometimes 1 iv. long. (Don's Mill.)
7. V. LIGU’STRINUM Michx. The Privet-like Whortleberry. Identification. Michx. FI. Bor. Amer., 1. p. 283. ; Don's Mill., 3. p. 853. Spec. Char., fc. Flowers in tufts, and nearly sessile; as are the leaves, which
are also erect, lanceolate, mucronate, finely serrated, veiny and downy. Corolla longish and ovate. Branches angular. (Don's Mill., iii. p. 853.) An erect shrub, from 2 ft. to 3 ft. in height, with membranous leaves, furnished with conspicuous, often purple, veins. Scales of the flower buds often purplish. Corollas purplish red. Berries black. The leaves vary extremely in shape and size. It is a native of North America, from Pennsylvania to Virginia, in dry woods, common on the mountains; and flowering from May to July. There are plants of it at Messrs. Loddiges's.
c. Flowers disposed in Racemes. 8. V. PA'LLIDUM Ait. The pale-flowered Whortleberry. Identification. Ait. Hort. Kew., ed. 2., vol. 2. p. 355. ; Don's Mill., 3. p. 853. Spec. Char., &c. Racemes bracteate. Corolla cylindrically bell-shaped. Leaves ovate, acute, finely serrated. Don's Mill., iii. p. 853.) This low shrub is a native of North America, whence it was said to have been sent, in 1772, to the Kew Gardens, by Dr. Samuel Martin; but Pursh never met
It grows to the height of about 2 ft., and flowers in May and June. We believe it is not now to be found in British gardens.
9 9. V. ARBO'reum Marsh. The Tree Whortleberry. Identification. Marsh. in Michx. Fl. Bor. Amer., 1. p. 230. ; Don's Mill., 3. p. 853. ; Lodd. Cat., ed. 1836. Synonyme. V. diffusum Ait. Hort. Kew., ed. 2., 2. p. 556. Engraving. Bot. Cab., t. 1885. Spec. Char., &c. Pedicels axillary and solitary, or terminal and racemose,
naked. Leaves ovate, acute, with slight glandular serratures, polished above, and rather downy beneath. Corollas bell-shaped, acute. Stamens the length of the tube. Corollas white, tinged with red. Berries globular, black, almost dry. Branches terete, downy while young. (Don's Mill, iii. p. 853.). This species joins the solitary-flowered species with the racemosefowered species; the axillary flowers being solitary and pedicellate, and the terminal ones racemose. A native of North America, from North Carolina to Florida, in dry woods, on the rocky banks of rivers; where it grows to the height of from 10 ft. to 20 ft., forming a very elegant shrub, which flowers in May and June. It was introduced in 1765, and is occasionally to be met with in collections. There is a plant of this species, 10 ft. high, in the walled garden at White Knights, and there are plants at Messrs. Loddiges's.
fik 10. V. stami'NEUM L. The long-stamened Whortleberry. Identification. Lin. Sp., 498.; Don's Mill., 3. p. 853. Synonymes. v. álbum Pursh Fl. Amer. Sept., 1. p. 285.; V. elevatum Banks Herb., Lodd. Cat.,
Pluk. Mant., 22., Phyt., t. 339., f. 3.
with it in a wild state in America.