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wood, being extremely hard, makes teeth
trasts finely with the red, yellow, or brown, bark of the other species. Varieties.
L. X. 2 leucocarpa Dec. Prod., iv. p. 335., N. Du Ham., i. p. 52., has
22. L. FLEXUO'SA Thunb. The flexible-stemmed Honeysuckle.
on short petioles, glabrous; petioles villous; nerves of leaves puberulous. Flowers axillary, few,
a. Hardy Species of Lonicera, belonging to the Division Chamæcérasi of the
Section Xylosteum, not yet introduced. L. hispida Pall., Led. Fl. Ross. Alt. III., t. 212., is a native of Siberia, growing to the height of 2 ft. or 3 ft.. with hispid branches, and pendulous greenish white flowers, which are succeeded by dark purple berries. C. Berries either distinct or joined together. Corolla very gibbous at the Base.
Erect bushy Shrubs. — Cuphánthæ Dec. Derivation. From kuphos, gibbous, and anthos, a flower ; in reference to the flower being gibbous on one side at the base,
** 23. L. INVOLUCRA'TA Banks. The involucrated Honeysuckle. Identification. Banks Herb. ex Spreng. Syst., 1. p. 759. ; Dec. Prod., 4. p. 836.; Don's Mill., 3. Synonyme. Xylosteum involucratum Richards. in Frank. First Journ., ed. 1., append. p. 6. Engravings. Our figs. 817, 818, 819. Spec. Char., 8c. Erect. Branches acutely tetragonal. Leaves ovate or oval, petiolate, membranous, beset with appressed hairs beneath. Peduncles axillary, 2-3-fowered. Bracteas 4; two outer ovate, two inner broad, obcordate, at length widening, clothed with glandular pubescence. Corolla pubescent, gibbous at the base on the outside; yellowish, tinged with red. Style exserted. (Don's Mill., iii, p. 449.) A shrub, 2 ft. to 3 ft.
high, native of North-west America, between lat. 54° and 64° (but probably confined to the vicinity of the Saskatchawan); thence to the Rocky Mountains. It was introduced in 1824, and flowers in May.
a. Hardy Species of Lonicera belonging to the Division Cuphánthæ of the
Section Xylosteum, which are not yet introduced. L. gibbdsa Wild., Xylosteum mexicanum H. B. et Kunth, is a native of Mexico, in woods, with the corolla scarlet.
L. Mociniana Dec., L. gibbosa Moc. et Sesse, is a native of Mexico, very nearly allied to the preceding species, but differs in the corolla being yellowish, and, when decaying, of a blood colour, permanent, and jagged, with the bracteas spreading. The berries are globose, and of a dark purple.
L. Ledebourii Eschsch., Don's Mill., S. p. 449. A native of California, so nearly allied to L. involu. cràta, as hardly to be distinguishable from it.
D. Berries two on each Peduncle, joined together in one, which is bi-umbilicate
at the Apex. Erect branching Shrubs.- Isìkæ Adans. Derivation. A name, the origin of which is unknown, employed by Adanson to designate this division of the genus,
24. L. ALPI'Gena H. The alpine Honeysuckle. Identification. Lin. Sp., 248. ; Dec. Prod., 4. p. 336. ; Don's Mill., 3. p. 449. Synonymes. Caprifdlium alpinum Lam. F. Fr.; Caprifolium alpigenum Gertn. Fruct., 1. p. 15.; Isika alpígena Börck.; Isica lùcida Mench; Xylósteum alpigenum Lodd. Cat. ; Chamæcérasus
alpígena Delarb. ; Cherry Woodbine; Heckenkirsche, Ger. Engravings. Jacq. Fl. Aust., t. 274.; N. Du Ham., 1. t. 16.; Mill.
Icon., t. 167. f. 2. ; Lob. Icon., t. 173.; and our figs. 820, 821. Spec. Char., 8c. Erect. Leaves oval-lanceolate, or elliptic; acute, glabrous, or pubescent, on very
820 short petioles, rather ciliated." Peduncles 2-flowered, shorter than the leaves. Corolla gibbous at the base, and greenish yellow tinged with red or purple. Berries red, and of the size and appearance of those of a cherry; whence it is called cherry woodbine by Johnson. Leaves large. (Don's Mill., iï. p. 449.). A shrub, from 3 ft. to 5 ft. high, a native of the middle and south of Europe, in subalpine places and mountains. Introduced in 1596, and flowering in April and May. One of the oldest and hardiest of our shrubs, and
of the easiest propagation and culture. Variety.
821 L. a. 2 sibirica Dec. Prod., iv. p. 336.; L.
sibirica Vest in Ræm. et Schult. Syst., 5.
25. L. (A.) MICROPHY'LLA Willd. The small-leaved Honeysuckle.
rather villous on both surfaces, and sometimes rounded at the base. Pe-
26. L. OBLONGIFO‘lia Hook. The oblong-leaved Honeysuckle.
. p. 450.) A shrub,
% 27. L. CÆRU'LEA L. The blue-berried Honeysuckle.
teon villdsum Micht. Fl. Bor. Amer., 1. p. 106., Richards, in Frankl. First Journ., ed. 2., append,
Delarb. Fl. du.; L. pyrenaica Pall. Fl. Ross., p. 58.; L Pallasii Led Fl. Ross. Alt. III., t. 131.
Led. Fl. Ross. Alt. II., t. 131.; and our figs. 823, 824.
fructiferous state. Bracteas 2, subulate, longer than the
ovaria. Tube of corolla glabrous, short, gibbous on one
side at the base; lobes of limb short, nearly equal.
There is no difference between the
and Kamtschatka. It was introduced in 1629, and flowers in March and April.
28. L. (c.) ORIENTA'Lis Lam. The Oriental Honeysuckle. Identification. Lam. Dict., 1. p. 731. ; Dec. Prod., 4. p. 357. ; Bieb. Fl. Taur. et Suppl, No. 39;
Don's Mill., 3. p. 450. Synonymes. L. caucásica Pall. Fl. Ross., 1. p. 57.; L. cærulea Güld. Itin., 1. p. 423., ez Pall. ; Cha
mæcérasus orientális laurifdlia Tourn. Cor., p. 42. Spec. Char., 8c. Erect. Leaves on very short petioles, ovate-lanceolate, acute,
quite entire, smoothish, peduncles 2-flowered, shorter than the leaves. Bracteas 2, setaceous. Berries joined in one, didymous and bi-umbilicate at the apex, 10-seeded. Berries black (Lam., Bieb.), dark blue (Pall.). Leaves stiffish, veiny, larger than in L. cærùlea. Flowers greenish yellow. (Don's Mill., iii. p. 450.) A shrub, growing to the height of from 3 ft. to 5 ft.; native of 'Iberia and Asia Minor, in woods. It was introduced in 1825, and flowers from April to June. Judging from the plants in the Hackney arboretum,
appears to be a variety of the preceding sort.
. 29. L. IBE'Rica Bieb. The Georgian Honeysuckle. Identification. Bieb. Fl. Taur., and Suppl., 895. ; Stev. Mém. Soc. Mosc., 3. p. 257. ; Dec. Prod., 4 p. 337.; Don's Mill., 3.
P. Synonyme. Xylósteon ibèricum Bieb. Cent. Pl. Rar., 1. t 13., er Suppl., and Lodd. Cat., ed. 1836. Engraving. Bieb. Cent. Fl. Rar., 1. t. 13., ex Suppl." Spec. Char., &c. Erect. Leaves petiolate, cordate, roundish, tomentose, or
pubescent. Peduncles 2-flowered, shorter than the leaves. Bracteas oblong, ciliated. Berries joined together to the middle,globose. Corollas lucid, of the form of those of L. alpígena. Ovarium tomentose. Berries bloodcoloured. Leaves like those of Cotoneaster vulgàris. (Don's Mill., iii. p. 450.) A shrub, growing to the height of from 3 ft. to 4 ft.; native of Georgia, about Teflis. It was introduced in 1824, and flowers in April and May. a. Hardy Species of the Genus Lonicera belonging to the Division Isìkæ of the
Section Xylosteum, not yet introduced. L. Webbia na Wall. (Dec. Prod., 4. p. 1336. ; Royle Nlust., p. 236.) is a native of the East Indies, in Sirinagur, with the habit of L. alpígena.
L. Govaníána Wall. (Dec. Prod., p. 337.) is a native of Sirmore, in the East Indies, and is nearly allied to L. alpígena. L. angustifolia Wall
. (Dec. Prod., 4. p. 337.) is a native of Nepal, with the branches smooth, and the leaves 15 lines long, and 4 lines broad. Corolla pale. Some other species, not sufficiently
known, but presumed to be hardy, natives of the East Indies and of Chili, are enumerated in Don's Miller and Royle's Ilustrations, to which we refer the curious collector.
SYMPHORICA'RPOS Dill. The St. Peter's Wort. Lin. Syst.
Pentándria Monogynia. Identification. Dill. Elth., p. 371.; Juss. Gen., p. 211. ; Manch Meth., p. 502. ; Dec. Prod., 4. p. 338 ;
Don's Mill., 3. p. 451. Synonymes. Symphoricárpa Neck. Elem., p. 220. ; Symphdria Pers. Ench., I. p. 214. ; Anisanthus
Willd. Rel. ; Lonicera sp. Lin. Derivation. From sumphoreõ to accumulate, and karpos, fruit; species bearing the fruit in groups. How it obtained the name of St. Peter's Wort we have not been able to ascertain.
Description, &c. Bushy deciduous shrubs, of the easiest culture in common garden soil, and readily increased by suckers, which they throw up in abundance. Price of plants, in London, from 6d. to 1s. each; at Bollwyller, 50 cents; and at New York, 374 cents.
l. S. vulga'ris Michx. The common St. Peter's Wort. Identification. Michx. F1. Bor. Amer., 1. p. 100. ; Dec. Prod , 4. p. 339.; Don's Mill., 3. p. 451. Synonymes. Lonicera Symphoricárpos Lin. Sp. 349. , S. parviflora Desf. Cat.; Symphòria conglome
ràta Pers. Ench., 1. p. 214. ; Symphdria glomerata Pursh Fl. Amer. Sept., p. 162. Engravings. Schmidt Baum., t. 115.; Dill. Elth., t. 278, f. 360. ; Hort. Angl., t. 20.; and our fig. 825.
Spec. Char., fc. Flowers disposed in axillary capitate clusters, composed of
and flowers in August and September. Variety.
S. v. 2 fölös variegatis, S. glomeràta fòliis
variegàtis Lodd. Cat., has the leaves
finely variegated with green and yellow, 2. S. RACEMO'Sus Michx. The racemose-flowered St. Peter's Wort, or
Snowberry. Identification. Michs. Fl. Bor. Amer., 1. p. 107. ; Dec. Prod., 4. p. 339.; Don's Mill., 3. p. 451. Synonymes. Symphdria racemosa Pursh Fl. Amer. Sept., 1. p. 162; S. leucocarpa Hort. Engravings. Bot. Mag., t. 2211. ; Lodd. Bot. Cab., t. 230.; and our fig. 826. Spec. Char., &c. Flowers disposed in nearly terminal, loose, interrupted racemes, which are often leafy. Corolla densely bearded inside. Style and stamens enclosed. Leaves glaucous beneath. Corolla rose-coloured. Berries large, white. This is a fine shrub, very common in our gardens, easily known by its large white berries, and small 826 red flowers. The S. elongata and S. heterophýlla Presl in Herb. Hænke, which were collected about Nootka Sound, do not differ from this species, in which the lower leaves are sometimes deeply sinuated. (Don's Mill., iii. p. 451.) A shrub, growing to the height of from 4 ft. to 8 ft.; native of North America, on mountains near Lake Mistassins, and on the banks of the Missouri; in Upper Canada it is abundant about the Saskatchawan, on the banks of the Columbia, and at Puget's Sound and Nootka Sound, north-west coast. It was introduced in 1817, and flowers from July to September. The flowers are succeeded by white fruit, about the size of a large black currant, but elliptical in form, which remain on the bush even after the leaves have dropped, and make a very fine appearance. In small gardens, this shrub is rather troublesome, from the numerous suckers it throws up from the roots ; but, as its flowers are much sought after by bees, and its berries are excellent food for game (See Gard. Mag., ix. p. 699., and x. p. 432.), that habit, when it is planted for these purposes, is found rather advantageous than otherwise. For gardens, it might be desirable to graft it on Lonicera Xylosteum, or some allied species of suitable habit. So grafted, standard high, it would form a very elegant small tree. App. i. Hardy Species of Symphoricárpos not yet introduced. S. occidentalis Richards. (Hook. Fl. Bor. Amer., i. 285.) is a native of British North America, in the woody country between lat. 540 and 64°, and known under the name of wolfberry. Dr. Richardson remarks of this plant, that it approaches very near to S. racemosus;, and Sir W. J. Hooker says, “ Among the numerous specimens in the herbarium, are some which appear almost as much allied to one species as the other : but the majority of the individuals of the two species are readily enough distinguished; those belonging to the S. occidentalis, by their larger, less glaucous, more rigid, and denser foliage (some of the leaves being 2 in. long); by the flowers arranged in dense drooping spikes, larger than in S. racemosus ; and by the prominent style and stamens." (Hook. Fl. Bor. Amer., I. p. 285.) We have given this quotation to show the very uncertain grounds on which what are called species are established; and, perhaps, it cannot be otherwise, so long as botanists are obliged to form their opinions from dried specimens. There is scarcely any tree or shrub that, by culture in different soils and situations, could not be made to vary in magnitude, and other particulars, as much as, or more than, is stated to be the case with these dried specimens of Symphoricárpos. We are very much inclined to think that, if the
species of all the genera of Capri. foliaceæ were cultivated for some years in the same garden, they would be reduced to less than half their present number,