« PreviousContinue »
C. of Good
50,000 guilders.-In the choice of colonists, their discern: CH A P. ment and prudence were conspicuous. They suffered no thieves and strumpets to poison the infant society with the vices for which they had been expelled from Europe. But, their choice by advantageous promises, faithfully performed, the com- of colonists. pany induced laborious peasants, and honest artificers to emigrate to the Cape *. They defrayed the expenses of the voyage ; and provided the colonists with subsistence, tools, implements of agriculture and cattle. To each, they gave a portion of land, on condition that, in three years, he should have cultivated enough to enable him to support himself, and to contribute to the defence of the colony t. They also agreed to bring back to Europe, gratis, those to whose conftitutions the climate might be unfavourable, and who had full liberty to dispose of their effects to the best advantage. For the reception of the colonists, the company erected vil lages, each containing 30 houses, a church, an hospital, a town-house and a public kitchen-garden. To furnish the colony with females, girls from the orphan-houses in Hol
* Since I wrote Ø 128 and 129, I have heard it objected, that, in time of war, it would be improper to encourage colonization; as the people who might be expected to become colonists, are wanted for the armies.—The objectors, however, would do well to recollect, that, of all people, those who are disposed to become soldiers are, generally speaking, the most unfit for any new colonial undertaking; and that such being taken off by the war, a greater proportion of sober and industrious per. sons will be left, from among whom to make a prudent felection. Besides, that the war itself, and the general posture of public affairs, have disposed many worthy people, throughout Europe, to embark in any undertaking, likely to afford them more peace and security than they expect to enjoy in their respective countries.
+ The company, however, at present, never part with the property of the land; but rent is at the annual rate of about 25 dollars, for every 60 acres.
C. of Good
HOPE. Expense very great.
CHA P. land, were sent out, with superintendants to educate them
at the Cape ; and, on their marriage, the company assigned
302.. The expense incurred by the company, in establish-
303. Those difficulties were of a kind which nothing short af cool, Dutch perseverance could have overcome. This extremity of Africa consists of black and barren mountains of granite, without any volcanic productions. The cultivated spots near the town, are of tiff clay, with a little fand and small stones; but towards Falfe Bay, the arable soil is almost entirely sandy. The colony of Stellenbosh is said to have the best foil of any at the Cape, but even that produces no very extraordinary proofs of natural fertility*.-Lions, leopards, tyger-cats, hyænas, jackals, and several other wild beasts, infest the Cape, now and then, even to this day.
304. Yet this country is not without it's advantages.The air and water, as in most other mountainous tracts, are good, in the same proportion as the soil is bad. Though the summer heats are sometimes excessive, the winters are so mild that ice is scarcely ever seen about the town. But,
* The Dutch have, ftri&tly speaking, four colonies in this part of Africa, namely the Cape, properly so called, Stellenbosh, Drakenstein and Waveren. The farms in many places are very much scattered.
C. op Good
on the mountains, especially far inland, there are hard C HA P.
* The flesh of the hippopotamus, is eaten at the Cape. In Mr Forster's opinion, it's taste is that of coarse beef, but the fat rather resembles marrow. It's tulks are the best of ivory.
C. or Good
C HA P. it's superiority to all other parts of that continent. But it's
situation and climate are not now it's only excellencies, as a
proper for seamen after long voyages.
tion which this colony cost, during the uncommonly tedious
flour, biscuit, wines of various forts, brandy, butter, cheese, Farming.
and salted provisions. —No country feeds a greater number
306. The Dutch East India company seem, for some time,
Tenure of lands.
C. of Good
tivation, but the manufacture, of several valuable articles, C HA P.
307. Still the conduct of the company, or, perhaps more Dutch and properly, of their predecessors, has been liberality itself
, policy conwhen compared with the extortion and oppression of the trafted. Cape Verd company of Portugal. : (See § 234.) were not a little pleased,” says. Forster, “ with the contrast between this colony and the Portuguese island of S. Jago. There we had taken notice of a tropical country, with a tolerable appearance, and capable of improvement; but utterly neglected by it's lazy and oppressed inhabitants. Here, onthe contrary, we saw a neat, well built town, all white, Cape town. rising in the midst of a desert, surrounded by broken masses of black and dreary mountains; or, in other words, the picture of successful industry.” The town contains many store-houses of the Dutch East India company, and tolerable fortifications. Here, as in other Dutch towns,
* I cannot help transcribing from Dr. Forster's voyage, which lies open before me,